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brian m folk resume Brian Folk Rides Incredible Year End Run to World Finals Victory, World Championship! Over the course of baroque a career spanning nearly 2-decades, sportsman drag racer Brian Folk has amassed a resume that is is the nearly unmatched among his peers. Entering the 2007 season, Folk had won seven IHRA national events, and art period nine NHRA national events (including the prestigious U.S. Romeo Translation? Nationals). He has claimed IHRA division titles on baroque art period, five occasions, twice won the Moroso 5-Day Bracket Championship, and kohlberg’s theory claimed countless big dollar bracket triumphs. Baroque Art Period? Over the last decade, Folk has finished in the national top ten an salome bible, incredible seven times (four times in IHRA, and baroque three times in on Romeo and Juliet: A True, NHRA).

Despite his consistently phenomenal performances, the one major accomplishment that had eluded Folk a?s he entered the 2007 season was the pinnacle of sportsman drag racing: a World Championship. Despite another strong, consistent season behind the wheel of his venerable Super Rod Cavalier, Folk looked relegated to another top ten finish in 2007. Defending Super Rod champion Steve Furr was nearly unbeatable throughout much of the baroque, early and mid-stages of the 2007 season, amassing a stunning five event victories in salome bible, his Nitroplate Camaro. When Brian Folk entered his final Pro-Am event of the 2007 campaign (IHRA sportsman competitors claim points both at the Summit Pro-Am Series events and baroque art period Torco Nitro Jam National events) at Osceola Dragway in and juliet scene translation, September, it appeared as though Folk and the remainder of the art period, Super Rod field were competing for second place. It was in balcony scene translation, Osceola, however, that Folks fortunes began to change, based on what would originally be considered an unlucky break. In Friday night testing, Folk destroyed the baroque art period, engine in origin halloween, his familiar Cavalier. Baroque Art Period? Without a viable spare on to carl, the premises, and in contention for a sixth IHRA Division Championship, Folk enlisted Hank Mulligan, a family friend to drive to art period their Folk Race Cars shop, pick up the romeo and juliet balcony, teams new Camaro Roadster (which the Folk team had built from the ground up throughout the season, and had tested just once), and art period bring the machine to not taken Indiana for baroque art period eliminations the salome bible, following day.

Unbeknownst to Folk at the time, that decision would jumpstart one of the most phenomenal runs in art period, IHRA Sportsman history. Folk drove the of essay, Camaro Roadster to back-to-back victories at art period Osceola, not only to carl rogers, problems when: claiming the Division 5 Super Rod title, but also giving him an outside shot at challenging Furr for the World Championship. A week later, Folk extended the baroque art period, cars unbeaten streak to an unheard of origin 14-0 when he drove to baroque art period a victory at and juliet scene translation the re-scheduled IHRA Suzuki Motor City Nationals in baroque, Milan, MI. Suddenly, the romeo and juliet, Super Rod championship that had seemingly been determined months before was very much in art period, question: as Folk went ahead of Steve Furr by theory, a single round with his back-to-back-to-back triumphs. Furr answered the baroque art period, call at is the about the Presidents Cup Nationals in baroque, Budds Creek, MD, improving his score by one round and tying Folk atop the halloween, national standings with just one event remaining: the art period, IHRA World Finals in Rockingham, NC. Salome Bible? Coming into the event, Furr definitely held the baroque art period, edge- despite the and juliet balcony scene translation, tie atop the standings, and baroque art period the fact that both racers were improving a second round loss: Furr would win the tie-breaker should the bad blood quotes, two finish the season dead-locked. Folk also had the apparent disadvantage of competing in baroque, Rockingham, where he had never won an event, while Furr had dominated 9.90 competition at what is the not taken the facility over baroque the last several seasons (including a stunning victory at last seasons World Finals to halloween dramatically win the 2006 championship). As eliminations commenced Sunday evening, both competitors displayed their resolve, and is was apparent that the battle would run deep into eliminations. Both Furr and Folk won their first and baroque art period second round matches, each improving their previous score by one round and remaining tied with one-another in the points battle. As the ladder fell, the to carl rogers, psychological develop, two were on baroque art period, a crash course to collide in origin, round four with the art period, World Championship on origin halloween, the line.

In round three, however, Furr staged up alongside longtime Georgia competitor Peabody Harrell. Baroque? There, despite an excellent run, Furr came up just short. Essay On Romeo Tragedy? His .013 induced 9.885 pushed him under the baroque, 9.90 index by salome bible, just .002 more than Harrell, who posted a .017 and 9.887. Folk, who was paired with North Carolina standout and baroque art period former IHRA World Champion Steve Corker, watched from the water box, knowing that with Furrs defeat just one win light stood between him and halloween his long awaited World Championship. Baroque? Folk and salome bible Corker left together, with Corkers .021 holding a slight advantage over baroque art period Folks .024. Balcony? Like Furr and baroque Harrell, Corker would break-out, with a 9.893 on the 9.90 standard, while Folks safe 9.929 would claim the round win and the IHRA World Championship.

A jubilant Folk would then go on is the road not taken about, to the art period, event win, knocking out what road, James Sessoms in baroque art period, the final round to origin claim the IHRA World Nationals victory, and art period put an exclamation point on his championship season. The Folk Race Cars Camaro is still undefeated in IHRA Super Rod competition, as Folk won his final two Summit Pro-Am events in salome bible, Osceola, and his final two IHRA Torco Nitro Jam National events at baroque art period Milan and origin halloween Rockingham, posting an baroque, unprecedented 20 round win streak. I dont even know what to kohlberg’s of moral reasoning say, exclaimed Folk after his victory. Baroque Art Period? No one could have seen this coming, no one! Its absolutely amazing! And with that, Brian Folk is romeo and juliet your 2007 IHRA Super Rod World Champion. In addition to Folks Super Rod triumph, he also finished fourth in IHRA Top Dragster standings. Art Period? Brians brother Nick also posted two top ten finishes: 3rd in Stock Eliminator, and rogers, psychological develop when: 5th in Top Dragster.

Both Brian and baroque Nick also earned division titles in 2007, with Brian claiming the Division 5 Super Rod Championship and Nick winning the Division 4 Stock title.

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Myself Essays For Kids Essays and Research Papers. nowadays. It is transparent. Most homes have connected computers or Internet-enabled devices and baroque, internet is available anywhere. As prices of according to carl rogers, psychological problems when:, technology . Baroque? drop, computers and digital devices may replace television as we know it. Example Of Essay? As Jan Hawing said on his essay found on The World at Your Fingertips: Education Technology Opens Doors, how technology brings the empowerment into the hands of people using it. Integration Integration is the process of inter-connecting one system with another system in baroque art period order. Data integration , Data management , Enterprise application integration 1228 Words | 6 Pages. Hi, I am an international student from Czech Republic and Essay, I am applying for college preparatory boarding school in USA. This is my short essay . Art Period? (100-200 words), topic is salome bible, Tell us about yourself and why you would like to baroque art period, become a part of our school family. My story is similar like the quotes story of art period, thousand of other children: My father struggled with alcohol and salome bible, drug problems which caused him to leave my mother and me, so I grew up with only my mother.

Nevertheless, I realized what I want from my. Boarding house , Boarding school , English language 971 Words | 3 Pages. Breakfast Club Essay, Myself Relating to Characters. Essay The Breakfast Club The Breakfast Club is a story about five teenagers put in Saturday detention. Each character gives a face to most . of the high school stereotypes. The brain, the athlete, the basket case, the princess and the criminal.

Each are given their own seat and baroque, the instructions to sit for eight hours and write an essay on who they think they are. Each of them, having very strong personalities, will fight, cry, laugh and learn from each other, making friendships that would have. Stereotype , Suicide , Suicide methods 880 Words | 3 Pages. Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra Campus Santo Tomas de Aquino Name Mario Ceballos ID 2009-5513 Teacher Jamila Hussain Topic Childhood . obesity in the United States Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Cause and effect essay Childhood obesity in bad blood the United States Recently a big problem has presented in the children from United States. Obesity is a huge issue nowadays, according to the to the American Obesity Associaction between 16 and art period, 33 percent of and juliet scene, children. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 601 Words | 3 Pages. Some of the baroque art period following content has been altered to maintain anonymity. Road Not Taken About? MSU standards for intellectual honesty apply to art period, scholarship application . essays . Essays copied in whole or in part from these samples or any other applicants work will be rejected and may result in disciplinary action.

Essay #1 Score: 4.0 For as long as I can remember Ive known what I wanted to do with my life. Science has always been a passion of mine, and medicine in particular has interested me for some time. Dedicating. College , Experience , German language 1196 Words | 4 Pages. matter what children are doing, they are always surrounded by advertisements. Whether it is watching television, Reading a book/magazine, or browsing the on Romeo and Juliet: Tragedy . internet; advertisements are everywhere. Baroque Art Period? Eric Schlosser has a good point when he argues in his essay Kid Kustomers that more advertisements are being directed towards children each day. It is not only directed toward children, but influencing children to road, beg their parents for baroque art period, products they do not need or even want. As in, the stuff they see on and juliet balcony, television. Advertising , Burbank, California , Disney Channel 1468 Words | 4 Pages.

EssayForum Unanswered [2] / Urgent [3] Home / Speeches / 'Good morning friends!'; Introducing Myself - college speech . answers: 2 Sarath Kumar Oct 31, 2013, 11:19am #1 Introducing Myself - college speech Good morning friends! My name is art period, Sarath Kumar. I'm going to introduce myself.I have born and grown up in Vizianagaram and I'm studying first year BSC computer science in this prestigeous college, Vizianagaram. To Carl Psychological Problems Develop? As for my family, I've just one brother older than me. Baroque? My father.

1995 singles , Attention , Employment 746 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the salome bible techniques used to baroque, convince the on Romeo and Juliet: A True reader to adopt a particular way of thinking about text one and text two? The feature article, the Overprotected . kid written by Hannah Rosin published in baroque art period the Atlantic uses the techniques of Descriptive language, anecdote and factual evidence to persuade the reader to adopt a particular way of thinking. The feature article poses the romeo and juliet balcony scene theory that children of the 21st century are missing out on childhood development and experiences due to the increasing overprotection. 21st century , Academy Award for Best Picture , Child 817 Words | 2 Pages.

Countryside Is Safe For Kids Essay. ?Targets: Select poems which support or contradict the viewpoint directly. Targets: Aim to remain focused and baroque, concise in your answer throughout the of essay . essay . Thoughts: For this task I created a slightly more detailed plan before completing the art period essay . I think that I have improved greatly to reach my benchmark on this task. In Songs of Innocence and Experience, The countryside is of essay, a place where children can play safely consider the art period ways in romeo balcony scene translation which Blake presents the relationship between the countryside. Alliteration , Child , Childhood 2196 Words | 4 Pages. ?Running Head: COMMUNICATION VIA THE KID 1 Interpersonal Communication as lost . from the movie The Kid COMMUNICATION VIA THE KID 2 The interpersonal communication in the movie The Kid is unique in some aspects. Russ, the middle aged character, has an baroque, indifference to everyone he communicates with at the beginning of the movie. As the movie progresses, you can see how Russs interpersonal communication.

Communication , Graphic communication , Interpersonal communication 809 Words | 3 Pages. Duritz hides from his hurt and salome bible, loneliness by working all the art period time, being thoughtless and insensitive to everyone he meets, and forgetting his feelings and Essay and Juliet:, . that he ever had them. But he can't escape his feelings. Duritz meets a pudgy, unhappy little kid named Rusty (Spencer Breslin) who turns out to be none other than Duritz himself, circa 1968. At first, Duritz is embarrassed by his younger self. He says, I look at him and all I see is awful memories -- memories I've been spending most of my life. Amy Tong , Dog , Marriage 891 Words | 3 Pages. Easy Essay Topics for Kids It is always good to baroque, begin with essays where children can describe something.

The . topic should be about according rogers, problems develop when: something that the kids already know, like, their home or family. Such type of essay topics will aid them to learn to organize their thoughts in a constructive manner. After children select their topic, they can make points about them, before actually writing the main essay . Here are some good essay topics for kids which they will be able to write easily. . Essay , Essays , Mobile phone 444 Words | 2 Pages. writing this essay right now. I know what you are probably thinking right now, reader. Baroque? You are thinking somthing along the lines of, Another . essay about how a horny teacher and how said teachers inability to keep it in bad blood his pants turned you on baroque art period, to writing (see what I did there, kids ?) Boring! Before you give up on both this essay and myself , let me assure you that this essay is both based in is the road truth and unique. While there are a million teacher unzips pants and in baroque doing so changes a kids opinion of. Classroom , Creative class , Creative writing 2258 Words | 5 Pages. Kids or No Kids Candance Bacco March 3, 2013 The title of my paper is called Kids or No Kids . . Today married couples have a big decision on whether or not they want kids . I start out my paper by road talking about how important this decision is and how it effects other people.

Then I start to talk about all the pros of having kids . After that I point out all the cons of having children. The next part of the paper is all about the pros and cons of not having kids . As you will see there are a lot. Child , Debut albums , Form of the baroque art period Good 1027 Words | 3 Pages. writing, the topic sentence nearly always works best at the beginning of a paragraph so that the reader knows what to according to carl psychological problems, expect. Don't count on your readers to . guess what your paragraph is going to be about. NOTE: The first and last paragraphs of an essay are exceptions to this rule. In both instances, readers already know you're leading up to something, and you can save the topic sentence to baroque, make a strong paragraph ending. Expand on the Topic Sentences The body of example of essay, a paragraph develops and demonstrates. Logic , Marshall McLuhan , Paragraph 637 Words | 4 Pages. Exploratory Essay Kids in Competitve Sports. question whether or not they should sign their kids up for a competitive sports team.

Although many parents are skeptical of putting their . child in on such an emotional journey, everybody gets a taste of competitiveness sometime in their life, especially in the competitive workforce. There are so many reasons to consider whether or not it is baroque, healthy to involve their innocent children in such a competitive atmosphere at a young age. Romeo And Juliet Balcony Scene? Many parents who put their kids into sports at a young age often grew up. Anxiety , Childhood , Learning 1142 Words | 4 Pages. ?Katie Luther English 118, Instructor Griffin 7/9/2013 Essay #1 Audience: Class Mates and teacher Caution! Kids At . Play!

I loved growing up in art period my neighborhood. What Is The Road Not Taken? I lived on a street called Hemming Way and it was a beautiful street where each house seemed to stand on its own hill, almost like royalty. My house was a deep dark red and it had bright green grass out baroque art period front and a beautiful garden that consisted of roses, dandelions, and jasmines. There were trees and quotes, mountains everywhere. English-language films , Jump , Play 865 Words | 3 Pages. maybe connected to low self esteem and image, a clear example of this can be shown in the time it has taken for me to baroque art period, write this piece of of essay, work, I decided . that I would base what I had learnt on the course, theory and group work around my beliefs about baroque art period myself and my abilities. Main I realised that I was not taught how to learn as a child and due to this I formed my own beliefs around.

I decided that by having an understanding of different learning styles may help me find what approach works best. Cognition , Essay , Mind 849 Words | 3 Pages. A friend of mine asked me to bad blood, write an essay about myself .and I wondered that I did experience many writings but none of them . Art Period? were my own. Undoubtedly its difficult to tell you about Essay and Juliet: A True me but lets start from art period a scratch. I am Adeela Abbasi, born at Deena near Mangla in 1988.

Being the elder of my family with two siblings a brother and a sister, I enjoyed the love of every relation at what is the road about utmost level. Baroque Art Period? My father belongs to a construction business and my mom is a house wife. Essay On Romeo And Juliet: Tragedy? Papa, having charismatic personality. Allah , Islamic banking , Management 809 Words | 2 Pages. ?Nadia Testroet Eikum AP English December 13, 2014 About Myself In 1914, World War I began and was commonly referred to baroque, around the world as . The War To End All Wars and The Great War. As volunteers for according rogers, psychological problems when:, the war ran out, the government had to art period, go into a draft. As names were getting pulled, the rogers, psychological when: soon to be soldiers were being pulled out as just a number, not even a name. Following the conclusion of art period, World War I was the emergence of The Great Depression. Millions of people were out of of essay, work, and. Federal government of the United States , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 797 Words | 4 Pages. The Art of the Essay It is the fall of 2008, and art period, a 14 year old kid is sitting in his Freshman Introductory English class. . Classes essentially just started and like always, the new freshmen are still giddy in and juliet scene translation the excitement of art period, a new school with new classes. Kids walk around with their class schedules in what is the road about their back pockets, stopping and art period, investigating the potential of what is the not taken, each and every one of their friends' list of classes.

Freshman English, Freshman Science, Algebra I, World History, and Fundamentals. American football , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1980 Words | 5 Pages. Happy Marriages, Happy Kids On a sunny day, a father wants his family to baroque, go mountain climbing, but the mother prefers to go to the . mall to buy shoes for the kids . Example Of Essay? Even though it is a very normal conversation in baroque a family, the way parents solve this conflict could make a big deal to the kids . Siegel, author of 7 Essential Lessons Your Kids Learn from what is the road not taken Your Marriage, states that how you and your husband talk to each other, how you listen, and how you work out your differences shape the beliefs. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 1333 Words | 4 Pages. In The Introductory Paragraph To This Essay About Essays.

?In the introductory paragraph to this essay about essays I will tell you that you dont need an art period, introductory paragraph, at least . not of the 1) topic sentence 2) structural methodology 3) thesis statement varity that we were all taught in high school. What you do need is That Thing; maybe a question, a fear or a fury. It makes your blood boil. Its all you can talk about when you sit down with your friends over a glass of wine or two or five, or maybe you cant talk about it with anyone, just your. Education , Essay , Essays 1304 Words | 4 Pages. try to figure out by myself . To Carl Rogers,? I was very sacred I didnt know what I am going to art period, do. I decided I am not going to sit here and do nothing.

Next . Quotes? morning I went to college and asked the baroque art period administration lady what is assessment test, and where I have to take the test and what should I study. She explained me everything about assessment test. Salome Bible? I took my assessment test without getting any help from baroque my brother. Bad Blood Quotes? I was really happy that I am ready for some responsibility of myself . But now there is baroque, new. Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages. Allen Eckles Mrs. Konczakowski 12 CP LA period 1 23 August 2012 Token kid In school social circles, I always find myself . Romeo? becoming The Token Black kid . Most people just naturally assume by baroque the tan skin and curly hair that I must be half black. They mistakenly assume that many of the accomplishments I have made are due to Essay on Romeo Aristotelian, the fact that I am mixed. It is true that I am mixed, but not with African American, but with the Latino culture.

My mother was born in the Dominican Republic, and my. African American , Black Hispanic and Latino Americans , Black people 1337 Words | 4 Pages. Gerard Jones is quite a fan of The Hulk and Tarzan comic books. Art Period? In his essay Violent Media is Good for Kids Jones argues that . the violence in those and other comics teach valuable lessons that will help children understand difficult emotions. Jones states that in try (ing) to protect our children from their own feelings and fantasies, we shelter them not against violence but against power and Essay and Juliet:, selfhood. Throughout the essay Jones relies on personal anecdotes that reveal his opinions about violence. Fantastic Four , Graphic novel , Marvel Comics 1310 Words | 4 Pages. two smoothest scoops of vanilla (359) which shows the authors use for humorous imagery to express Sammys mannerisms. Baroque? Updike also describes the on Romeo Tragedy females . with terms that could be found offensive. Sammy often refers to one of the girls as the chunky kid and also says one of the other girls has one of baroque, those chubby berry faces (356). Sammy also calls the customers a whole list of names, witch, bums, sheep, and pigs. This is to carl when:, another example of how the author uses language to express Sammys attitude.

360 , Comedy , Feeling 1197 Words | 3 Pages. stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as . the baroque art period news tries to stimulate our fears by romeo scene translation announcing a danger in baroque our water supply, a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into the world of the essay . This is done with a few choice words at romeo balcony scene the beginning of the essay : the infamous hook. Baroque? It is not easy to romeo translation, think of baroque art period, how to make someone want to according develop when:, read an essay about a novel. Its not even easy to.

Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. She borrows sugar, wheat flour and other sundries from all the Neighbours but never returns what she borrows. She is fat and ugly but she considers . herself very beautiful. Art Period? My neighbours Many of us live in housing estates. I live in one myself . The one thing about living in a housing estate is that we have many neighbours. Next to my house on and juliet balcony scene, the right lives a family whose parents seem to be always scolding the children. I do not know them very well because they always appear angry. Never. Family , Feces , Friendly 593 Words | 2 Pages. expand my skills to the fullest. To me a good education will equip me for art period, a better job opputunity in my career field.

Without having the proper education I . would not be able to support my future dreams, my kids well being and example, I would not be able to art period, provide a stable home to and Juliet: Aristotelian, live in for my kids and I because, It will be much harder to find a job that I enjoy doing that will pay me enough to baroque art period, pay my bills. A higher education is very important to me because, it's my ultimate goal to develop new skills. College , Education in the People's Republic of China , Gymnasium 866 Words | 2 Pages. ?Chris Hartwick Personal Essay I have thought about this for bad blood quotes, a couple of days and I am still wrapping my head around the idea of . putting it on baroque art period, paper. Being forty -five, I have a lot of what road not taken, experiences both good and bad but it is not as easy as I thought to pick just one. I decided to pick one that I have been experiencing every day for the last year and baroque, a half. At most this is an abbreviated version of is the not taken about, my experience. I have been unemployed twice since September 2010. Baroque? The first job I was laid.

High school , Prince , Rake 1617 Words | 4 Pages. *note: certain places and peoples' names have been censored* Essay topic: We are interested in of essay learning more . about art period you and the context in which you have grown up, formed your aspirations and accomplished your academic successes. Please describe the factors and challenges that have most shaped your personal life and aspirations. How have these factors caused you to road about, grow? Coming to America was not easy for baroque art period, my parents, especially considering. Accept , Anxiety , High school 913 Words | 3 Pages. _____________________________________ Date ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts . are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Salome Bible? Use one of the hooks from the six choices on side 2. Dont forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and vehicle). Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages.

cast your mind back to the last time you stood your ground as your nine-year-old begged for yet another pair of trainers, or your 14-year-old threatened to art period, . Bad Blood? fail his exams unless he could go out with his friends midweek ? bankrolled by you? Pampered kids can grow up to be dysfunctional within society Can you, hand on heart, say that you have never once given in to the petulant insistence that everyone else I know has one, even when you knew, deep down, that you shouldn't? We all love our children. Child , Child discipline , CHILD syndrome 3138 Words | 6 Pages. Problem Kids will be kids . Time and time again, this phrase has been used to dismiss the countless cases of bullying that take . place in schools across the baroque art period country.

Such a carefree attitude towards a violent and brutal problem like bullying is a disturbing trend to see. Every year thousands of kids fall victim to schoolyard and bad blood quotes, online bulling. A child who has suffered from baroque art period bullying is road about, 2 to 9 times more likely to commit or attempt suicide (Teen Health) and more often then not, cruelty from peers. Abuse , Aggression , Bullying 881 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of the Kids Are All Right.

Analysis of The Kids Are All Right by Susan Faludi Kids are crawling around in the dirt, screaming, and have not yet had their . diapers changed because the day care provider seems to be in a trance watching the latest episode of the Montel Williams show. One of the art period workers strikes a child because she won't stop crying about how hungry she is. The other worker just sits in scene translation her chair drinking Jack Daniels with a little Coke mixed in. Not all is well at the Wee World Child Center. But is baroque art period, this. Audience theory , Babysitting , Childcare 882 Words | 3 Pages. noteworthy personal essays are written by famous personal essay authors. I think reading a personal essay is like . having a deep conversation with someone. I am reminded of the drunken heart to according to carl problems when:, hearts I had in high school with fellow friends out on the ranch.

A personal essay is baroque art period, a story filled with feelings, sounds, comparisons, parallel to me, parallel to everyone somehow. Sitting down at about a computer wondering why a personal essay is so popular, thinking about the other essays I have written and. Essay , Writing 2749 Words | 7 Pages. n this reflective essay , I want to baroque art period, talk about and Juliet: A True Tragedy my situation. Art Period? When I was thirteen , I survived something really difficult. I got through it and and juliet balcony translation, . became a different person. I was the person that used to baroque, talk a lot, a naughty one and I liked to make fun of romeo and juliet balcony scene translation, other people. But certainly,in a mean time, I became a different person, and I cant even imagine it. Art Period? Six years ago, at aged thirteen,as a young girl have knew nothing about the US. I had come to America. At that time, English is the most difficult.

2008 singles , Dance-pop songs , Debut albums 970 Words | 3 Pages. September 11th, 2012 Asmaa Salem Narrative Essay I am an average 16 year who just cant wait to grow up and face the real world and not . have to worry about any rules or restrictions. On January 12th, 1996, my parents named me Asmaa, so I have to stick with that name for the rest of what road about, my life. Personally, I like the name because its the name of art period, a very great person; more of a hero in Islam. Names in my family go with a pattern; but this only and juliet scene, goes for girls. The pattern is the double A at the. 2008 albums , Debut albums , Frustration 1565 Words | 4 Pages. ?Anthony Santos September 18, 2013 Narrative Essay Professor Wang Unfamiliar Territory I recall the baroque art period nerves, sweat, and some . tears of my first day of public school in salome bible an unfamiliar environment.

I was vulnerable and invisible to all the chaos occurring in my peripheral vision. Baroque Art Period? All I remember is romeo and juliet, seeing an endless sea of faces from all different colors, backgrounds, and baroque, ages. In the moment, I perceived that anyone who survived this madness would be considered invincible. This experience. Cafeteria , High school , Private school 825 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay (Proving Myself to My Dad) course, Johnny Walker Whiskey. My father and I never had a typical, father-daughter relationship. Not Taken? He never taught how to do anything else but drive . and ride a motorcycle, which he taught me out baroque of the necessity for me to be able to to carl rogers, psychological develop, transport myself , not as a bonding experience. He would repeatedly tell me that no daughter of him would become a carpenter or a mechanic, which were and baroque art period, still are two of my interests.

I never learned about hand tools, cars, playing soccer, fishing, off roading, hunting. 2007 singles , Family , Man 1483 Words | 4 Pages. ?Social Media Marketing Note On Smo Marketing Essay Social Media Optimization can be defined as a process of achieving Marketing Communication . and Branding goals through the use of salome bible, various Social Media Websites. It is a process to optimize web sites, so that they are easily connected or interlaced with online communities and community websites. Primarily the Focus of Social Media Optimization is to drive traffic from Sources other than the Search Engines. Social media can take many different forms.

Blog , Facebook , Instant messaging 1777 Words | 6 Pages. Green) This little line from one of my favorite books helped me start my journey of self-discovery. Before, I really did consider myself as . Art Period? someone very unextraordinary. To the world, Im just an what not taken, average girl that nobody will ever notice. Art Period? Maybe I never will be noticed in an extraordinary way, but Im determined to make my mark. But first things first, I had to discover myself and define who I really am. My first moment of according to carl psychological problems, self-discovery began, actually, when I first developed my love for books.

And that. Adolf Hitler , Dragon , Essay 1624 Words | 4 Pages. Essay - Effect of Media on Kids - Apa.Doc Uploaded Successfully. COVER PAGE HOW DOES MEDIA AFFECT KIDS ? Student: Supervisor: HOW DOES MEDIA AFFECT KIDS ? There has been an . on-going debate whether or not media influences a childs behavior. There isnt a doubt that the media has an impact on a child, but is it so influential that it can make a child do something that they would have never thought of baroque, doing until they see it on the television? According to example, Dr. Susan Villani (1999), there is art period, a significant amount of evidence linking behavioral effects. Aggression , Behavior , Media influence 1291 Words | 4 Pages. Effect On Kids Video games have a positive and balcony scene translation, negative effect on kids . Video games affect the kids health, for . example lead to cardiovascular implication.

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Emilio Jacinto#8217;s Trading Cooperative. A1457 Cooperatives: Principles and practices in the 21st century Kimberly A. Zeuli and baroque art period Robert Cropp ABOUT THE COVER IMAGE: The twin pines is a familiar symbol for cooperatives in the United States. The Cooperative League of the USA, which eventually became the National Cooperative Business Association (NCBA), adopted it as their logo in 1922. The pine tree is an ancient symbol of endurance and immortality. The two pines represent mutual cooperationpeople helping people. COOPERATIVES: ii Chapter 1 An introduction to cooperatives 1 Chapter 2 Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world 5. Chapter 3 Cooperative history, trends, and laws in to carl rogers, when: the United States 59 Chapter 8 Procedures for organizing a cooperative 69 Chapter 9 A summary of baroque cooperative benefits and limitations 77 Notes 81 Glossary 85 Cooperative resources IN 49 Chapter 7 Cooperative financial management PRACTICES 39 Chapter 6 Cooperative roles, responsibilities, and road about communication #038; 27 Chapter 5 Alternative business models in the United States PRINCIPLES 15 Chapter 4 Cooperative classification Contents Publication notes ? 89 THE 21ST CENTURY i Publication notes This publication is the fourth and most extensive revision of the Marvin A.

Schaars text, Cooperatives, Principles and Practices, University of art period Wisconsin ExtensionMadison, Publication A1457, July 1980. What has come to be known simply as the Schaars book, was originally written in bad blood quotes 1936 by baroque, Chris L. Christensen, Asher Hobson, Henry Bakken, R. K. Froker, and Marvin Schaars, all faculty in the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of WisconsinMadison. Since its first publication, the Schaars book has served as a basic reference for cooperative members and leaders, cooperative instructors and development specialists, and students of cooperatives throughout the United. Although we focus on cooperative businesses in the United States, and draw most of our references from the agricultural sector, most of the books content is pertinent to cooperatives anywhere, in any sector. Readers are encouraged to seek out to carl rogers, psychological problems when: other publications that deal more extensively with cooperative laws in their own states and countries, and provide more detailed information on consumer, service and worker-owned cooperatives and baroque credit unions. Example Of Essay. ii Kimberly Zeuli and baroque Robert Cropp, Assistant Professor and Professor Emeritus in example of essay the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of WisconsinMadison, re responsible for all of the editing and most of the art period revised text. The following individuals also contributed to various chapters: David Erickson, Director of Member Relations, Wisconsin Federation of Cooperatives E. G. Nadeau, Director of Research, Planning and Development, Cooperative Development Services David Trechter, Professor, University of Wisconsin River Falls Richard Vilstrup, Professor Emeritus, Department of Animal Science and Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of WisconsinMadison This revision would not have been possible without generous funding from The Cooperative. Foundation, Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER 1 ? An introduction to cooperatives According to of essay, the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA): a cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise.

Cooperative leaders around the world recognize the ICA, a non-governmental organization with over baroque art period 230 member organAlthough the word cooperaizations from over 100 countries, as a leading tive can be applied to many uthority on cooperative definition and values. 2 different types of group activities, in this publication The ICA definition recognizes the essential the term is is the about, used to reference element of cooperatives: membership is voluntary. Coercion is the antithesis of cooperation. Persons a formal business model, compelled to act contrary to their wishes are not which has relatively recent origins. Art Period. The earliest coopera- truly cooperating. Example. True cooperation with others arises from a belief in mutual help; it cant be tive associations were created in Europe and North dictated. In authentic cooperatives, persons join The first signs of. America during the 17th and voluntarily and have the baroque art period freedom to quit the cooporganized hunting 18th centuries. These associ- erative at any time. What Not Taken. 3 The forced collectives prevaactivity based around lent in the former Soviet Union, for example, were ations were precursors to communities are associated with not true cooperatives. Baroque Art Period. cooperatives. According Psychological Problems Develop. The pioneers Homo erectus, of the Rochdale Society in Another widely accepted cooperative definition is modern human 19th-century England are ancestors who lived the one adopted by the United States Department between 500,000 and celebrated for launching the f Agriculture (USDA) in 1987: A cooperative is a 1. 5 million years ago modern cooperative user-owned, user-controlled business that distributes in Africa. movement.

The unique conbenefits on baroque, the basis of use. This definition captures tribution of early cooperative organizers in what are generally considered the three primary England was codifying a guiding set of principles cooperative principles: user ownership, user and instigating the creation of new laws that control, and proportional distribution of benefits. helped foster cooperative business development. The user-owner principle implies that the people. Today, cooperatives are found in nearly all countries. Chapters 2 and 3 trace the remarkable history who use the according psychological problems develop co-op (members) help finance the coof cooperative development internationally and in baroque art period op and therefore, own the and juliet scene translation co-op. Members are responsible for providing at least some of the the United States. cooperatives capital. The equity capital contribution of each member should be in equal proportion to that members use (patronage) of the coop. Art Period. This shared financing creates joint ownership The cooperative model has been adapted to (part of the according rogers, problems develop ICA cooperative definition). numerous and varied businesses. In 1942 Ivan G roups of art period individuals around the world and throughout time have worked together in pursuit of according rogers, problems develop when: common goals.

Examples of cooperation, or collective action, can be traced back to baroque, our prehistoric predecessors who recognized the advantages of hunting, gathering, and living in romeo balcony scene groups rather than on their own. What is art period, a cooperative? Emelianoff, a respected cooperative scholar, remarked that the diversity of cooperatives is kaleidoscopic and of essay their variability is literally infinite. 1 As a consequence of this diversity, no universally accepted definition of a cooperative exists. Two definitions, however, are commonly used. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The user-control concept means that members of the baroque art period co-op govern the business directly by voting on significant and long-term business decisions and indirectly through their representatives on example, the board of directors. Cooperative statutes and bylaws usually dictate that only active co-op members (those who use the co-op) can become voting directors, although non-members sometimes serve on baroque art period, boards in a non-voting, advisory THE 21ST CENTURY 1 capacity. Advisory directors are becoming more common in large agricultural cooperatives in the. United States, where complex financial and business operations require the expertise of financial and industry experts. Only co-op members can vote to elect their board of directors and on other cooperative actions.

Voting rights are generally tied to membership statususually one-member, one-voteand not to the level of investment in or patronage of the cooperative. Cooperative law in a number of states in the United States and in other countries, however, also permits proportional voting. Instead of one vote per member, voting rights are based on salome bible, the volume of business the member transacted he previous year with the cooperative. Generally, however, there is also a maximum number of votes any member may cast to prevent control by baroque art period, a minority of members. For example, a grain cooperative might permit one vote to be cast for Essay on Romeo A True Aristotelian Tragedy, each 1,000 bushels of grain marketed the year before, but any single member would be limited to a maximum of ten votes. Democratic control is maintained by baroque, tying voting rights to patronage. Equitable voting rights, or democratic control (as written in the ICA definition), are a hallmark of cooperatives. Distribution of Essay on Romeo and Juliet: A True Aristotelian Tragedy benefits on the basis of use, escribes the principle of proportionality, another key foundation for cooperatives. Members should share the benefits, costs, and risks of doing business in equal proportion to their patronage. The proportional basis is fair, easily explained (transparent), and entirely feasible from an operational standpoint.

To do otherwise distorts the individual contributions of art period members and diminishes their incentives to join and patronize the cooperative. 2 Co-op benefits may include better prices for goods and services, improved services, and dependable sources of inputs and markets for outputs. Most ooperatives also realize annual net profits, all or part of which are returned to Tragedy, members in proportion to their patronage (thus, they are aptly called patronage refunds). Cooperatives can also return a portion of their profits as dividends on investment. In the baroque United States, however, federal and most state statutes set an 8 percent maximum on annual dividend payments. The purpose of these limits is to assure that the benefits of a cooperative accrue to those who use it most rather than to those who may have the most invested; the importance of what not taken about capital is subordinated. Art Period. Today, some co-op leaders and scholars consider his dividend restriction arbitrary and harmful to cooperatives. From their perspective, the 8 percent maximum makes investing in cooperatives less attractive than investing in other forms of business. It makes cooperatives less competitive as well, especially in the agricultural processing sector, which requires a lot of capital for start-up and growth.

An overview of the federal laws that govern cooperatives in A True Tragedy the United States is baroque, included in chapter 3. Why cooperate? People who organize and belong to cooperatives do so for a variety of and Juliet: Aristotelian Tragedy economic, social, and even political reasons. Cooperating with others has often proven to be a satisfactory way of achieving ones own objectives while at the same time assisting others in achieving theirs. Farmers create farm supply and art period marketing cooperatives to help them maximize their net profits. This requires both effective marketing of their products for better prices as well as keeping input costs as low as possible. The farmers recognize that they are usually more efficient and knowledgeable as producers than as marketers or purchasers. By selling and buying in larger volumes they can also usually achieve better prices. Salome Bible. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER.

Employees organize bargaining associations and labor unions to negotiate collectively with management and owners. In some cases, employees form worker-owned cooperatives. As the name suggests, a worker-owned cooperative is owned and controlled by baroque art period, its employees. 4 Employees establish bargaining units and cooperatives in the hopes of increasing their wages and fringe benefits, improving their general working conditions, and ensuring job security. Road. Cooperatives do not, as is sometimes assumed, contradict the goals of capitalism. If that were the case, cooperatives would not play such an important role in the American economy. About 48,000 cooperatives, operating in nearly every business sector imaginable, serve 120 million members, or roughly 4 out of 10 Americans. Baroque. 5 The top 100 cooperatives in the United States, ranked by revenue, individually generated at least $346 million in revenue during 2002 and in romeo balcony scene translation the aggregate, $119 billion. 6 They represent agriculture, finance, grocery, hardware, healthcare, recreation, and energy industries (figure 1. 1).

An introduction to cooperatives Consumer cooperatives are established to baroque art period, sell the products a group of salome bible consumers want but cannot find elsewhere at affordable prices. The consumer embers are primarily interested in improving their purchasing powerthe quantity of baroque art period goods and services they can buy with their income. They naturally wish to according to carl rogers, psychological problems develop when:, get as much as possible for their money in terms of quantity and baroque quality. As owners, the members have a say in what products their stores carry. 1 ? Cooperatives are especially important to agriculture. In 2002, 3,140 agricultural cooperatives provided roughly 3. Is The Road Not Taken. 1 million farmers (many farmers are members of baroque art period more than one cooperative) with agricultural marketing, farm supplies, and other farm-related services. They captured 28 percent of the market share.

Figure 1. 1. Top 100 revenue generating cooperatives in and Juliet: Tragedy the U. S. by sector, 2002 PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY 3 In terms of non-agricultural cooperatives, 84 million Americans are members of 9,569 credit unions, 865 electric co-ops serve 37 million people in baroque 47 states, over and Juliet: Aristotelian Tragedy 1. 5 million families live in housing cooperatives, and over 3 million people are members of 5,000 food cooperatives. 8 The involvement of so many people in cooperatives in such a highly competitive economy reflects the general satisfaction of members toward their companies and the apparent efficiency and art period solid inancial performance of these businesses. Chapter 4 provides a more comprehensive discussion of the various types of cooperatives and the extent of their economic success in the United States. In short, cooperatives are organized to serve member needs and are focused on generating member benefits rather than returns to investors. This member-driven orientation makes them fundamentally different from other corporations. Additional cooperative structural characteristics and guiding principles further distinguish them from other business models. In most countries, the cooperative model represents only one of several ifferent ways a business can choose to legally organize. Chapter 5 presents a comparison of the what is the not taken six major alternative business models in the United States. Cooperative management and development To prosper, cooperatives must be well organized, well financed, well managed, and governed well by a committed membership. They must be progressive, adapting to art period, changing business climates, and responsive to their members changing needs.

Members, the board of salome bible directors, and management each have responsibilities within the cooperative. Strong, viable cooperatives require all three groups to baroque art period, do their share. Chapter 6 describes each groups unique and important role. 4 Although capital, employees, business volume, and good management practices are all very important for successful operations, a co-ops members are its most important asset. Of Essay. Cooperative success also hinges on effective member education and communication. Indeed, providing education, training, and information to members is one of the seven cooperative principles adopted by the ICA.

The unique education needs of cooperatives and baroque the essential elements for a successful education and communication program are also discussed in chapter 6. Cooperative financing is also critical and in todays complex cooperative organizations it can be quite complicated. Adequate capital is and juliet balcony scene translation, one of the fundamental principles of sound business operation and at the same time one of the biggest challenges facing cooperatives today. Baroque. Financing options must be consistent with principles of cooperation as well as with federal and state laws. Essay Tragedy. Chapter 7 lays out the main concepts behind cooperative financing, including alternative sources of capital and equity redemption plans. As with other business forms, cooperatives should be established only to meet a well-defined need in baroque art period he market. Before cooperatives are created, advance research should be done by a steering committee to ensure sufficient support by other potential members in the community. Chapter 8 discusses in greater detail the what not taken about procedure for organizing cooperatives. A good feasibility study, strong membership drives, and a comprehensive business plan are essential ingredients.

A final analysis of the cooperative models benefits and baroque limitations, to members and the broader community, is according develop, presented in chapter 9. Baroque. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Revolutionary roots in England The first cooperative businesses created in Europe rose during periods of great social upheaval and not taken distress caused by dramatic shifts in baroque agricultural and industrial production practices. Prior to is the, the Industrial Revolution (about 1750-1850), most families in England and other parts of Europe were largely self-sufficient, creating enough food and goods for their subsistence and small amounts for trading. The Industrial Revolution introduced the factory system of production and was marked by a rapid succession of remarkable inventions that accelerated the industrialization of business. Examples of inventions during this period include smelting iron with coal instead of art period charcoal, the otton gin and power loom, and the steam engine. The writings of Adam Smith at the time, especially his advocacy of the laissez faire principle (no government intervention in the economy), further spurred the revolution. The industrial system gradually replaced cottage industries and home-based production.

Workers were required to move into cities to example of essay, find work. Away from land, their families were increasingly integrated into a market economy; instead of pro- PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN ducing most of their household requirements, especially food, they had no other choice but to baroque, purchase them. Advances in production were not, nfortunately, accompanied by fair labor standards. Workers were typically paid very low wages and were subjected to harsh working conditions. 10 People remaining in of essay rural areas were not much better off. An agricultural revolution was already well underway in the 18th century. The introduction of new cultivation methods and crop varieties supported a dramatic change in art period land tenure patterns.

Scattered, small plots of farmland were aggregated into large, enclosed estates, primarily for the purpose of grazing sheep and other live- The historical development of to carl rogers, cooperative businesses cannot be disconnected from the social and baroque conomic forces that shaped them. Co-ops then, as now, were created in times and places of economic stress and social upheaval. 9 stock. Between 1760 and 1843, nearly seven million acres of bad blood agricultural land in baroque England were enclosed in estates. As a result, large numbers of small farmers were driven from their land into neighboring towns and villages with few remaining jobs. A movement towards greater freedom of expression was another hallmark of this revolutionary period. The citizens of bad blood quotes England began to publicly dissent with government policies, taking issue with the baroque art period status quo and demanding more personal ights. Therefore, the widespread poverty, unemployment, and general social deterioration that were left in the wake of the industrial and agricultural revolutions were met with a public outcry to Essay on Romeo A True, the government for improved working and living conditions.

THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the art period world T he historical development of cooperative businesses cannot be disconnected from the social and salome bible economic forces that shaped them. Co-ops then, as now, were created in times and baroque places of economic stress and social upheaval. 9 Ancient records and archeological discoveries oint to the existence of cooperative organizations created by early civilizations in diverse parts of the world (China, Greece, Egypt, etc. ). But it is the founders of the Rochdale Society in 19th century England who are celebrated for launching the modern cooperative movement. The Rochdale pioneers, and the early European cooperative thinkers and organizers who laid the salome bible foundation for their success, are responsible for codifying a guiding set of principles that helped guide the development of cooperatives across the world. 2 ? 5 Early cooperative societies Robert Owen and In the absence of public assistance, the people of. Charles Fourier Europe established various types of self-help organizations. Baroque Art Period. Mutual fire insurance companies Cooperative visionaries existed in on Romeo and Juliet: A True London and Paris as early as 1530, although the first highly successful and art period wellknown example was organized in England in 1696, the Amicable Contributionship. 11 The people of England also created Mutual Aid Societies (they eventually became known as Friendly Societies) that offered financial payments and assistance to what is the road, members in times of sickness, unemployment, or death.

12 By the mid-18th century many well-established societies were already in operation. They were legalized with the passing of the first Friendly Society Act (also called the baroque Rose Act) in 1793. A number of bills were introduced in the 19th century to encourage Friendly Societies since they lessened the public burden. 13 Workers organized labor unions to bargain with employers for bad blood, more favorable working conditions and to lobby the government for improved labor legislation. Cooperative or quasi-cooperative industrial businesses were in operation in baroque art period England by 1760.

Most were consumer-controlled organizations focused on flour milling and baking industries. Cooperative orn mills for grinding flour appeared in to carl rogers, when: a number of cities shortly after the turn of the art period 19th century to cut the cost of romeo translation flour and prevent tampering by greedy millers. Purchasing cooperatives already existed in most Western European countries by the 18th century. The Weavers Society in Fenwick, Scotland (often referred to as penny capitalists) began to purchase supplies as a group in 1769. 14 The precursors to mutuals and baroque unions were guilds, the associations of merchants, artisans, and craftsmen that date back to Medieval times.

Guilds had binding rules for salome bible, production and business practices. Although guilds were created partially in an attempt to establish local trade monopolies, they incorporated socialist practices: member control, equitable treatment of all members, and financial support of baroque members who were ill or faced family crises. 6 Often men wish to escape the example realities of life, and when they do, they dream of baroque art period Utopias. 15 The first cooperative movement, that is, the establishment of a coherent argument for the cooperative form of organization, gained momentum in the early 19th century with the scene writings and advocacy efforts of Robert Robert Owen (1771- Owen and William King in 858):The Father England and Charles Fourier in of Cooperation. France. Robert Owen and baroque art period Charles Fourier were both well-known Utopian Socialists; not only did they envision ideal societies, they tried to create them in Europe and the United States. And Juliet Balcony Scene Translation. 16 Robert Owen (1771-1858) was a prominent industrialist who began to advocate the establishment of a new type of baroque art period community to alleviate the of essay poverty and suffering caused by the Industrial Revolution. Art Period. Charles Fourier (1772-1837) was a bourgeois, famous French social philosopher whose plans for self-reliant communities were motivated by the French Revolution and his view hat the working class was being dehumanized and repressed.

They both envisioned rural villages composed of farms and small-scale industry, all operated cooperatively by the citizens who would also live together communally. Owen originally conceived of these communities as a solution for unemployment, but later believed (like Fourier) that they were a better alternative to private capitalism and competition, providing self-employment opportunities and other conditions that would provide universal happiness. Fourier called his planned communal cities phalanxes. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Fourier never found philanthropists willing to fund he creation of a phalanx. After his death, several were attempted in France and A True more than thirty organized in the United States. 18 The most notable in the United States were Brook Farm, near Cambridge, Massachusetts (1842-1846), and one in Fond du Lac County (now the city of Ripon), Wisconsin (1845-1850). The phalanxes suffered from a conflict between treating everyone equally and rewarding those who provided more capital and labor. Art Period. The phalanx model, however, influenced the salome bible successful kibbutzim in Israel (discussed later). Owen was a visionary idealist, not a realistic cooperative developer. He was not at all interested, therefore, in helping the early consumer cooperatives in England:Joint stock retailing is not the baroque Social System which we contemplateand will not form any part of the arrangements in the New Moral World. 19 In 1839 he did not even bother to respond to an urgent request by Charles Howarth to visit Rochdale, England to romeo balcony translation, discuss organizational plans for a new retail cooperative. Owens attack upon individualism, the family, competition, private property, the market economy, and organized religion, alienated many people from cooperation and provoked condemnation of cooperatives from various religious groups.

Even so, Owen is often called the father of cooperation. Despite his failures, Owen continued preaching that cooperative production and living were the best medicines for the ills of society. His advocacy stimulated the creation of baroque cooperative societies, labor exchanges (where handicrafts were traded based on the amount of labor involved in their making), and trade unions. Although most of the organizations he started lasted only a short time, PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN they provided the groundwork for another generation of cooperative development in Europe and North America. Balcony Scene. William King A cooperative developer and pragmatist Dr. William King (1786-1865), another social reformer in England, was in many respects more responsible than Robert Owen for spreading the cooperative idea and for the actual organization of cooperatives. Although he accepted much of art period Owens social philosophy, he disagreed on how to reach those goals.

King was more realistic about cooperatives, advocating and inspiring the development of consumer cooperatives across England. As a physician, King became interested in improving the welfare of the according to carl problems develop working people of Brighton, England. He was involved in organizing numerous ocial and art period educational institutions, including an example of essay, infants school, a mechanics institute, and a library. Between 1828 and 1830, King published (at his own expense) a small magazine called The Cooperator that was widely distributed throughout England. Its 28 issues were a source of inspiration, information, and instruction on cooperation in theory as well as in practice.

The magazine advocated a more realistic type of cooperation within reach of the working class. King believed that cooperatives should start small with the original capital supplied by members, a significant deviation from Owen and Fouriers arge-scale operations funded by wealthy investors. King did not necessarily object to Owens self-sustaining cooperative communities, as long as they were funded with the members own capital and were restricted to Christians. King was a religious fundamentalist who believed that biblical scripture should guide the ethics and art period operations of cooperatives. Bad Blood Quotes. He also taught that cooperatives should not pay patronage refunds, but instead reinvest all net profits to increase the scope of their activities and to employ as many members as possible. King also proposed the following guidelines for consumer cooperatives: THE 1ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Owen and Fourier were not abstract thinkers; they laid out very specific details for art period, their communities. Bad Blood Quotes. For instance, they believed that the communities should contain 1,000-1,800 people living on a relatively small tract of land. Fourier was more explicit: the baroque area should be three square miles. 17 Wealthy supporters of of essay Owens ideas were willing to finance the creation of such communities.

Four were eventually created: New Harmony, Indiana (USA); Orbiston, Scotland; Ralahine, Ireland; and art period Queenswood, England. All ultimately failed. 2 ? 7 1) members should pay cash for all merchandise purchased at romeo and juliet balcony translation the cooperative; (2) the co-op should adopt democratic principles of governance; and (3) it should publicize the cooperative movement. In addition to art period, the advocacy of Owen and King, the cooperative movement in England was supported by a number of short-lived cooperative journals, which were circulated between 1825 and 1830. Cooperative congresses also advocated and promoted cooperation; the first took place in 1830 in salome bible Manchester, the second in 1831 in Birmingham, and the third in baroque 1832 in London. Owens influence and rhetoric were exhibited in these and is the road later congresses. For instance, the Third Congress stated that the grand ultimate object of art period all cooperative societies is community on land. What began with a few cooperative societies in 1826 quickly grew to about 300 consumer cooperatives by 1830, many patterned after Kings Brighton Cooperative Trading Association. Kings ideas may have also influenced early American cooperatives. A treasurer of a cooperative in on Romeo and Juliet: A True Brighton, England, William Bryan, helped organize a consumer cooperative in baroque art period New York City in 1830. King was compelled to salome bible, discontinue his active role in the cooperative movement in the late 1830s for wo reasons: his medical practice was suffering and poor management and internal discontent plagued individual co-op stores.

By 1840, the cooperative movement in England was basically at a standstill and Kings ideas were forgotten, ignored in the cooperative literature for several decades. Baroque. The Rochdale Pioneers In the first wave of consumer cooperatives, a shortlived society was created in Rochdale, England in Essay and Juliet: A True Aristotelian 1833. James Smithies, one of the original organizers, was inspired by Kings cooperative magazine and shared it with his co-founders. Their ultimate cooperative goals, however, echoed Owens teachings. Although their first co-op effort failed after only two years, a core group of baroque art period 28 continued to work actively for social reform and eventually created the prototype cooperative model for a modest shop on Toad Lane in 1844. A True Aristotelian. The so-called Rochdale Pioneers were ambitious and had lofty goals for their co-op: (1) to sell provisions at the store; (2) to purchase homes for their members; (3) to manufacture goods their members needed; and (4) to provide employment for their members who were either out of work or poorly paid. In sum, they wanted to establish a self-supporting home colony of united interests nd to arrange the powers of production, distribution, education, and government in baroque art period the interests of its members. In addition, they hoped to open a temperance hotel in one of the cooperative houses to promote sobriety. The foundation for the Rochdale cooperative was built upon the intelligent combination of various ideas that had been tried by on Romeo and Juliet: Tragedy, previous cooperatives. The Pioneers learned from the co-op failures of the baroque art period past. For example, the business practices they adopted for their small store, later called the Rochdale Principles (sidebar), were novel primarily in their combination; many had been borrowed rom other cooperatives.

The original Rochdale Cooperative shop on Toad Lane. Example Of Essay. It is baroque art period, now preserved as a museum. 8 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER The Industrial and Provident Societies Act, authorized in England in 1852, was a major development in the cooperative movement. Prior to the enactment of this law, the on Romeo and Juliet: Friendly Societies Acts of 1834 and 1846 regulated the baroque art period registration of cooperatives, even though these acts were designed for mutual-aid groups and not for businesses engaged in trade. Therefore, the consumer cooperatives did not have the proper legal protection essential for quotes, their business operations. The acts further prevented them from selling to art period, people other than their members. 1. Voting is by members on a democratic (one-member, one-vote) basis. 2. Membership is open. 3. Equity is provided by members. 4. Equity ownership share of individual members is limited.

5. Net income is distributed to members as patronage refunds on a cost basis. 6. Romeo Balcony. Dividends on equity capital are limited. 7. Exchange of goods and services at baroque market prices. 8. Aristotelian Tragedy. Duty to educate. 9. Cash trading only. 10. No unusual risk assumption. 11. Political and religious neutrality.

12. Baroque. Equality in membership (no discrimination y gender). Adapted from David Barton,Principles, in David Cobia (ed. Romeo And Juliet Scene. ), Cooperatives in baroque art period Agriculture. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989. Some of the Rochdale Principles, such as democratic control (one-member, one-vote) and limited dividends on equity capital, are still followed by most cooperatives around the world. Other principles, such as cash trading, are clearly outdated in of essay most countries where credit cards and (in agricultural co-ops) seasonal loans are the norm. As a set of guiding principles, they are not necessarily appropriate for all types of cooperatives in all locations. They are after all a product of a historical period and economy and were meant to baroque art period, govern a small retail store (see chapter 4 for further discussion of cooperative principles).

The phenomenal success of the Rochdale cooperative, which is still in operation today, was just the boost that the cooperative movement in England needed. What Is The Road. Rochdale became the cooperative beacon for others to follow. Baroque. It provided the organizational pattern that became the prototype for other cooperatives and spurred on the cooperative movement in Europe and North America. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The Industrial and Provident Societies Act rovided both important legal protections for the cooperatives while also imposing some operating restrictions. It protected the property of the according to carl rogers, psychological when: societies, gave binding legal authority for their rules, safeguarded the savings of their investors, allowed them to sell to non-members, and art period provided legal status so that an bad blood, association could sue fraudulent officials.

It allowed cooperatives to pay patronage refunds on purchases but limited dividends on art period, shares of quotes stock to five percent. Although members still faced unlimited liability for cooperative debts, share limits of baroque ? 100 per member were enforced. The passage of the salome bible Industrial and Provident Societies Act of baroque 1862 loosened some of the restrictions and provided limited liability for members, meaning they would be liable only for co-op debts less than or equal to the value of example of essay their stock. Share limits were increased to ? 200 per member and cooperatives were permitted to invest in other cooperatives. As a result of art period these changes, the organization of the North of England Co-operative Society became possible. Established in 1863 to create cost savings for members by purchasing a variety of goods in bulk, today the Co-operative Group comprises a family of is the road not taken businesses employed n a wide range of activities (food, finance, farms, funerals, etc. ). It is a unique consumer-owned business that is the largest of baroque art period its kind in according to carl psychological problems develop the world.

THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world The first cooperative law Rochdale cooperative principles 2 ? 9 The beginnings of baroque cooperative credit During the 1840s, later called the Hungry Forties, famine and extreme hardship spread throughout Europe. A blight ruined potato crops in many European countries, although Ireland was the most severely hit, during 1845-47. The shortage of potatoes drove up other food prices. Low fishing yields further exacerbated the food shortage, which caused millions of deaths and led to severe economic depression, high unemployment, and bad blood political unrest in the region. The Communist Manifesto was published in 1848.

During this same year, F. Baroque Art Period. W. Essay On Romeo And Juliet: Tragedy. Raiffeisen, a mayor of a group of villages in Northern Germany, created a cooperative society to alleviate some of the suffering in his community. The cooperative gave potatoes and bread to the poor. He soon realized, however, that charity alone could not solve the problems of baroque poor farmers; they needed to become self-sufficient and earn more money. Raiffeisen hen started to organize loan societies, which embraced various cooperative features. Although Raiffeisen continued to advocate self-help, his first societies were mainly efforts to transfer money from the rich to the poor. In 1862, he helped the rural farmers of the little town of Anhausen organize a truly cooperative loan society.

Early agricultural marketing and develop when: farm supply cooperatives in Europe Denmark is generally regarded as the most outstanding example of early and successful cooperative farm marketing and farm supply organizations. 20 The first cooperative creamery in Denmark was established in 1875 at art period Kaslunde. Example. The early ooperative creameries incorporated some significant improvements in the butter-making process, including a standardized grading system. The high quality butter was marketed under a government brand to reflect their supervision of the grading. The first cooperative creameries were very successful. News of baroque their success and popularity spread to other rural areas of salome bible Denmark; many others were soon organized throughout the country.

These developments took place without government assistance or subsidies. The early and striking success of cooperatives in Denmark can be primarily attributed to the role of the Folk High School. An institution unique to the country, this school educated young adults in baroque rural areas. The schools were inspired by the philosopher and clergyman, Bishop Nikolai (N. S. F. ) Grundtvig (1783-1873), and popularized by Kristen Meanwhile, Herman Schulze had created a somewhat similar credit institution among artisans Kold, an educator. Grundtvig established the bad blood quotes first in Eilenburg in baroque art period 1850. According Rogers, Develop. He further refined this model Folk High School in 1844; the one created by Kold in baroque art period 1851, however, was more successful and what road not taken about widely to fit the credit needs of baroque art period artisans and other smallscale industries and developed other credit organi- replicated.

The mission of the schools was to enlighten Danish citizens (beyond what they were zations. Raiffeisen may have been familiar with learning in Essay on Romeo Aristotelian Tragedy primary schools) so they could particithese organizations and used them to inform his pate in the governance of the baroque kingdom. They were own co-op development efforts. Both the not meant to be vocational or cooperative training Raiffeisen and Schulze cooperative bank models schools but rather designed to expose students to rapidly spread across Europe. Features of both new ideas and what is the about experiences. Today, we would call models were used to art period, form credit unions in North them liberal arts schools. Numerous such schools America. Incidentally, the Credit Union National still thrive in Denmark. Although supported finanAssociations headquarters in Essay Aristotelian Tragedy Madison, Wisconsin was called Raiffeisen House for a number of art period years. cially by the state, they are free to set their own curricula and are required to be nonvocational and without examinations. 10 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Cooperatives around the world The cooperative movement gradually spread around the world in the 19th century (table 2. 1).

Another notable cooperative advocate is Sir Horace Plunkett (1854-1932), an Irishman (who spent 10 years as a cattle rancher in the United. States in the 1800s) famous for advocating the benefits of agricultural cooperatives in Ireland and beyond. 21 He was instrumental in creating an international cooperative movement and promoting the cooperative principle of political neutrality. To Carl Develop When:. The Irish Cooperative Organization Society (formerly the Irish Agricultural Organization Society), originally founded by Plunkett in 1894, is located in The Plunkett House in Dublin. Today, cooperative businesses are found in nearly all countries, from the developing nations of Africa, Asia, and South America to the industrial countries of art period Europe and North America. Northern Europe, where the cooperative movement took hold very early, still contains a strong cooperative presence, especially in agriculture. Many of the cooperatives in these countries have long histories and are extremely successful. To Carl Rogers, Psychological Problems Develop. However, as is the baroque case in Essay A True Aristotelian Tragedy the United States (see chapter 3), economic pressures have been met with cooperative mergers and consolidations. As a result, cooperative numbers in these countries appear quite low (tables 2. Baroque. 2 and 2. 3).

Cooperative numbers in India, even on a per capita basis, are by comparison astounding. In the rogers, problems develop when: case of India and other countries with relatively high ooperative numbers, this situation typically reflects the baroque art period existence of numerous, local cooperatives. More cooperatives do not imply necessarily that the cooperative sector as a whole is stronger or more competitive, however. The spread of the cooperative business model from 18th century England to such diverse countries as India, Korea and Uganda, points to romeo and juliet scene, the universal adaptability and diversity of the cooperative model. Cooperative businesses are found in nearly all countries, from the developing nations of Africa, Asia, and South America to the industrial countries of Europe and North America. PRINCIPLES PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Folk High Schools created trained, rural leadership. They also established bonds of trust among those who came to live and study at the schools. The students developed a willingness to think together, work together, and play togetherin short, to cooperate. Baroque Art Period. Although not an intended outcome, the spirit of cooperation produced in these schools has been, without doubt, an important factor in the growth of Denmarks cooperative movement. 2 ? 11 Table 2. 1. Historical cooperative statistics for rogers, psychological, selected countries Country.

First co-op First co-op law Membership (% of population) Albania 1946 NA NA Austria 1794 1873 47. Art Period. 4 Belgium 1848 1873 35. And Juliet. 4 Czech Republic 1852 1873 13. 4 Denmark 1851 NA 34. 2 Finland 1870 1901 45. 8 France 1750 1887 30. 1 Germany 1845 1867 27. 9 Greece 1780 1914 9. 9 Iceland 1844 1937 20. Baroque. 0 Ireland 1859 1893 59. 5 Italy 1806 1886 13.

3 Lithuania 1869 1917 6. 8 Luxembourg 1808 1884 4. Bad Blood. 8 Netherlands 1860 1855 41. Art Period. 1 Norway 1851 1935 36. Bad Blood. 4 Poland 1816 1920 NA Portugal 1871 1867 21. 9 Romania 1852 1903 28. 5 Russia 1825 1907 9. Baroque Art Period. 5 Spain 1838 1885 11. 1 Sweden 1850 1895 53.

7 Switzerland 1816 1881 50. 1 Turkey 1863 867 12. 9 United Kingdom 1750 1852 16. 6 United States 1752 1865 56. 7 Yugoslavia 1870 1925 6. 5 NA = not available Source: Adapted from Shaffer, J. Example Of Essay. (1999). Baroque Art Period. Historical dictionary of the cooperative movement. London: Scarecrow Press, Inc. (pp. Salome Bible. 437-39).

12 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Region Number of art period countries Organizations Individual members Societies Africa 12 19 27,214 9,561,443 Americas 18 61 43,945 182,486,437 Asia 28 64 480,648 414,383,079 Europe 35 88 197,293 118,473,862 Total 93 232 749,100 724,904,821 Source: International Co-operative Alliance, www. coop. org/statistics. html (July 1,1998). Table 2. 3. Agriculture cooperative statistics from select countries Number of on Romeo and Juliet: A True co-ops Country Membership (millions) Brazil 4,744 3. 74 Canada 7,880 14. Art Period. 52 Columbia 1,936 4. 82 Denmark 1,446 1. 39 Egypt 6,992 4. 28 46 1. 07 23,573 17. Is The. 49 Finland France Germany 9,112 21. 64 India 446,784 182. 92 Israel 256 0. 03 Japan 3,860 42. 84 NA 0. 63 Morocco 9,635 0. 68 Norway 4,259 1. 59 Repub. Korea 7,669 17. 07 15,106 Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Table 2. 2. Baroque. Cooperatives and membership by international region 2 ? 4. 78 Mexico Sweden Switzerland Uganda United Kingdom United States Zambia 16 1. 51 3,131 0. 4 42 9. 04 27,076 156.

19 2,174 0. Essay Tragedy. 57 Source: International Co-operative Alliance, www. coop. org/statistics. html (April 26, 2002). PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY 13 14 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER The driving forces behind cooperative development in the United States include the following five interrelated dynamics: 1. Market failure (monopoly power, excess supply, missing markets, etc. ). 2. Economic crises (depressions and recessions). 3. New technology. 4. Farm organizations and cooperative advocates. 5. Favorable public policy (presidential interest, legislative initiatives at both state and federal evels, and judicial interpretation). The relative importance of these forces at different periods will become apparent as we trace the path of cooperative development. Since some of the most significant contributions Americans have made to the cooperative model and movement have been in the agricultural sector, farm cooperatives will dominate this discussion. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The first American cooperatives The first recognized cooperative business in art period the United States (a mutual insurance company) was founded in 1752, almost a quarter-century before the birth of the what is the not taken country (America achieved independence in 1776). Benjamin Franklin, one of the signers of the baroque art period Declaration of Independence, worked with other members of fire fighting associations to salome bible, create the first successful fire insurance company in the colonies: The Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire.

24 Franklin had already formed the Union Fire Company in 1736, which became the model for art period, volunteer fire fighting companies. Franklin had witnessed the success and importance of mutual societies when he was living in England. The Philadelphia Contributionship was based on a similar London association created in 1696. 25 Although European models and European immigrant cultures remained influential, it was in agriculture that co-ops began to take root in new and according rogers, develop when: distinctive North American forms. 26 Cooperative history, trends, Cooperative history, trends, and art period laws in the United States and laws in the United States C ooperatives are neither indigenous to according to carl when:, the United States, nor are they an American invention. As Fairbairn reminds us,The idea of the co-op was both imported by baroque art period, the colonists from Europe and also independently developed and adapted by settlers of scene European origin under North American conditions. 22 Pilgrims coming to he new world on the Mayflower in 1620 signed the Mayflower Compact, which described the operations of an organization, or constitution, with cooperative characteristics. Baroque Art Period. Once they arrived, the early settlers worked together collectively to clear the land, build homes and communities, start farming, and provide protection for example of essay, their families. 23 The overview of cooperative development in art period the United States provided here supports the idea that cooperatives in the United States are both an artifact of bad blood quotes early settlers European heritage and a collective response to harsh living conditions in rural areas. ? American farmers first attempted to organize in 1785 with the establishment of the Philadelphia Society for Promotion of Agriculture.

The first formal farmer cooperatives were created in 1810: a dairy cooperative in Goshen, Connecticut, and a cheese manufacturing cooperative in baroque South Trenton, New Jersey. On the heels of bad blood these organizations, other cooperatives involving different commodities were formed in many parts of the country (table 3. 1). There was no identified coordinated leadership and most cooperatives restricted their operations to baroque, their local community. Most of he early agricultural cooperatives were ultimately unsuccessful. THE 21ST CENTURY 15 Table 3. 1. Selected early cooperatives and mutuals in the United States Year Cooperative 1752 Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) 1810 Dairy cooperative (Goshen, Conneticut) and cheese cooperative (South Trenton, New Jersey) 1820 Hog marketing, slaughtering, and packing cooperative (Granville, Ohio) 1853 Irrigation cooperative (Tulare County, California) 1857 Grain elevator (Madison, Wisconsin) 1862 Tobacco marketing cooperative (Connecticut) 1863. Havent found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected]

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