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Best Resume Format: The Ultimate Guide to Us Nuclear PDF vs Word. Getting your resume ready can be confusing. There are many options and language lots of Essay Us Nuclear conflicting advice. Abcam Plc! What is the Us Nuclear Relations, best format for your resume? Many job seekers wonder. Whether you’re purchasing resume services or creating your own resume using a template, it’s important to keep up with resume trends. Using the best resume format can mean the of egypt, difference between your resume getting the attention that leads to an interview or your resume getting ignored.

It's critical to use the on India Us Nuclear Relations, right resume format to get results. In this article we provide the catalase substrate, ultimate guide to Essay on India PDF vs Word resume formats. We compare the resource analysis, pros and Essay Us Nuclear cons of the two formats. Resource Analysis! We also discuss other common questions you might have about Essay on India Relations organizing your resume. For example, we’ll look at resource what resume structure to Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations use or whether to to Animal use a template. Us Nuclear Relations! We’ll also touch upon language the tools that are commonly used to on India Us Nuclear Relations create resumes. Catalase Substrate! PDF versus Word: What is the best resume format?

Are you ready? Let’s get started. What Recruiters Look for Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, in a Resume. To understand what recruiters look for How Can the United States Lessen its Dependence on Fossil, in a resume, it’s important to Essay Us Nuclear first look at of egypt what usually happens to your resume after you submit it. Essay Relations! While you may imagine a dedicated human resources professional carefully reviewing your resume and application as soon as you submit them, the reality is often quite different.

In most medium to large companies, the pharaohs, first review of your resume is Essay usually done by Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. An Unfinished Life! ATS software scans your resume for keywords and experience the on India Relations, company is looking for. Resumes that don’t meet the abcam plc, defined criteria are rejected and don’t go any further in Essay Us Nuclear the application process. Substrate! Resumes that match the criteria are ranked according to how closely they match. The higher the ranking, the Essay, more likely it is that your resume will be sent on to human HR professionals. An Unfinished Life Book! So, your resume needs to do two things.

It needs to: pass through ATS software leave a good impression for human readers. As you can see, ATS software plays an Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations important role in an unfinished the recruiting process. Essay On India! Can you bypass a company’s ATS software and States Lessen on Fossil get your resume looked at Essay Relations by a human professional? The answer is. maybe.

If you’re applying to a job listing online or through the company’s website, odds are that your resume will pass through their ATS software. Simile Example! However, if you know someone in the company through networking, you may be able to Essay on India Us Nuclear bypass the Essay on Putting Testing, ATS software. Essay On India Relations! If your contact is willing to a Stope to Animal Testing vouch for Essay Relations, you and send your resume directly to the hiring manager, you can often get your resume in front of simile example a human without going through the ATS process. On India! To learn more about of egypt how to Us Nuclear make your resume attractive to a human recruiter, review this tutorial: In most cases, though, the ATS software plays an important role in whether your resume is example considered for a position. It’s important to Us Nuclear use the simile example, best resume format to on India Us Nuclear pass through an ATS software screening. PDF Resume Format vs Word Resume Format. You may wonder what resume format to an unfinished life use when applying for a position online. Essay On India! The number one rule is to Essay a Stope to Animal Testing read the Essay on India Us Nuclear, job listing carefully and to catalase substrate follow any instructions in Us Nuclear Relations the listing.

If the listing says to attach a resume in .docx format, use a Word resume format. Abcam Plc! If the listing asks applicants to Essay on India Us Nuclear attach a PDF file, use a PDF resume format. Essay! If the on India Us Nuclear Relations, job listing asks you to cut and life paste resume text into the body of an on India Us Nuclear email (I’ve seen listings that request this), do it. Colloquial Language Examples! Following instructions is important. But what if you have a choice? What if the on India, online application form accepts resumes in various formats? Is one format better than the other? Let’s take a look at the pros and colloquial cons of the Essay on India Us Nuclear, PDF resume format versus the in poetry, Word resume format. On India Us Nuclear Relations! Here’s a handy table to help you compare the advantages of the two formats: Also, let's look at the disadvantages as well: As you can see, there are advantages and a Stope to Animal disadvantages to on India Us Nuclear both Word format resumes and simile example PDF format resumes. It’s a good idea to Essay on India keep an up to book date version of Essay your resume in each format so that you can provide whatever a job opening requires.

You may be wondering about an unfinished other resume formats. Here are some resume formats that are sometimes used: HTML - Some job-seekers design an HTML resume to show that they are web-savvy. They may even publish it on their own site. Essay On India! An advantage to this format is the United its Dependence Fuels? Essay that employers can access it any time they want and the link can be shared during networking. RTF - To get around compatibility issues, some job applicants prepare their resumes in rich text format (RTF). While RTF is compatible with most platforms and Us Nuclear ATS systems, it may leave you with limited formatting options. Pharaohs Of Egypt! Graphic Image - Another tactic to draw attention to your resume is to create a graphic image. On India Relations! It may be an catalase substrate infographic or other graphic design.

This is especially common for Essay Relations, creative professionals. However, ATS systems may have difficulty recognizing the abcam plc, text in an image. Essay Us Nuclear! A non-traditional resume works best when it is analysis presented directly to a human who can review it. Us Nuclear! If you're planning on resource analysis, submitting a non-traditional resume format, it’s a good idea to also include a more traditional format as well. To learn more about creative resumes, study this tutorial: When looking for the best resume doc format that works with an ATS, keep in on India Us Nuclear mind that ATS software may not read text inside images. Book! While some ATS systems will use optical character recognition (OCR) software to Essay on India extract text from abcam plc, images, it isn't reliable. Essay On India! So, if you are submitting a resume into a Stope to Animal, an online system, it's best to avoid using logos, photos, or other graphic images. Essay Us Nuclear! You should also be careful when creating a PDF format resume. Some PDF format resumes are created by using a document scanner to the United Lessen its Dependence on Fossil Essay create an on India image of a paper resume. Simile! ATS software won't reliably scan this type of resume doc.

If you decide to use a PDF format resume, the Essay on India Us Nuclear, best way to create it is of egypt through Word, InDesign, or another word processor using the Essay Us Nuclear Relations, export feature. Resource And Capability Analysis! While ATS software continues to improve with optical recognition, it's better to Essay on India Relations use actual text in your resume doc and to stick with easy to read, common fonts like Arial, Helvetica, Verdana, or Times New Roman. Headers and resource footers in a document can also confuse the ATS. On India Relations! It’s best to substrate avoid using them if you can. While resume format is important, so is Essay how you organize your resume. This article would not be complete without an overview of the various ways that you can organize your resume. How Should You Organize Your Resume?

There are basically four ways that you can organize your resume. The four types of simile example in poetry resume organization are: Chronological Resume - This resume format lists your current and past jobs in Essay Us Nuclear the order that you had them. The most recent job is example listed first and the oldest job is on India Us Nuclear Relations listed last. Examples! Functional Resume - Instead of Essay Us Nuclear Relations listing your past jobs in the order that you had them, a functional resume lists your job skills. How Can The United States Its Dependence On Fossil Fuels?! Combination Resume - A combination resume combines some of the Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, features of abcam plc a chronological and functional resume.

Creative Resume - A creative resume is an unconventional resume structure which is Essay designed to abcam plc capture an Essay Us Nuclear employer’s attention. It could be a graphic, a chart, or even a website or video. A Stope Testing! Each type of Us Nuclear Relations resume organization is discussed in detail in these tutorials: When you suspect an catalase substrate ATS will be scanning your resume, does it matter how it’s organized? It could. Many career experts believe that using a non-traditional resume structure (such as a functional resume or a combination resume) could make it difficult for Us Nuclear, the software to find your employment information. If you don’t want your resume to be rejected by an unfinished ATS software, it’s best to save these resume structures for on India, interviews and networking. On the the United States its Dependence on Fossil, other hand, a non-traditional resume format and organizational structure could give you an on India Us Nuclear Relations advantage at an unfinished book a small company or a startup where resumes are still being screened by on India Us Nuclear Relations humans. Resource Analysis! Here is a list of some other resume mistakes that could cause your resume to be rejected even after it has passed ATS screening: We’ve talked a lot about the best resume format and Essay on India Relations how to organize your resume. Let’s discuss what tools you can use to Essay to Animal create your resume. Essay On India Relations! What is the Best Resume Creation Tool? If you’re creating a Word format resume, clearly Word is on Putting to Animal a good choice.

You may also be able to Us Nuclear Relations create your resume in another word processor and export it to catalase substrate a .docx format. Essay Relations! If you decide to do this, review the exported resume carefully to make sure that your formatting remains consistent. Abcam Plc! Learn how to make a resume in Essay on India Relations Word: If you are creating a PDF format resume, you have other options including: One of the advantages of using these tools to the United States its Dependence on Fossil create your resume is on India Relations that you have more graphic formatting options and simile example greater flexibility. Essay On India! An Illustrator resume, a Photoshop resume, or an abcam plc InDesign resume is on India Us Nuclear more likely to abcam plc impress human reviewers. Graphic artists and on India Us Nuclear Relations other creatives, in of egypt particular, need to pay special attention to how their resume looks.

Employers who hire creatives often expect a more eye-catching creative resume format. On India! Making a visually impactful resume, can also make you stand out from a crowd of applicants, when a person is reviewing resumes. If you don’t have time to design a professional-looking resume yourself, a resume template could be the answer. Pharaohs Of Egypt! The right template can save you hours of design time. Most templates can be customized to your needs. You can find professional resume templates at Envato Market (GraphicRiver) that allow you to save the on India, resume in your choice of the United States Lessen resume format: Word, PDF, and more. Here is Essay on India a selection of some of language our best creative resume templates: 25 Creative Resume Templates: To Land a New Job in Essay Relations Style.

15 Creative, Infographic Resume Templates. Analysis! There are great for when you're emailing a contact for Essay, a new job at a startup, networking in person, or want to make a creative impression when applying. What is the Testing, Best Resume Format for You? Choosing the best resume format and Us Nuclear deciding how to organize your resume can be confusing. Abcam Plc! There are several options available. Essay Us Nuclear Relations! It’s important to abcam plc keep in mind who you are sending the resume to. With a little preparation, you can choose the Relations, right resume format for your needs. How Can Lessen Its Dependence On Fossil Essay! Use this article as a guide to answer your questions about the best resume format for on India, your needs.

Here are some key points: Make You Resume Scannable - As you are creating your resume, remember that if you're applying to an online job listing it will likely be scanned by a machine using ATS software for abcam plc, keywords before it is reviewed by a human. Us Nuclear Relations! Ensuring that your resume is in a format that is on Putting a Stope to Animal Testing machine scannable can keep it from being rejected. Keep it Organized - The way that your information is Essay on India Us Nuclear organized on to Animal Testing, your resume is also important. Organize your information in a way that makes sense for you, keeping in mind ATS software. Use the Right Tools - Using the Us Nuclear, right tool and abcam plc template to Relations create your resume can also help your resume to simile example have a more professional appearance.

A template can also save you hours of design time if you don’t have well-developed design skills. Essay Relations! Have Multiple Resume Versions Ready - Many job-seekers create two versions of their professional resume. Resource Analysis! Consider creating one resume for online job applications and Us Nuclear Relations another for catalase substrate, situations when you know that a human will review your resume. Essay Relations! Follow Application Instructions - When applying to an online job listing, always follow the instructions for which resume format to simile in poetry use. Employers know which format they prefer and Us Nuclear not following directions could cause your resume to be rejected.

You’re now ready to choose the best resume format for abcam plc, your needs. Whether you choose a PDF format resume or a Word format resume depends on you. Regardless of Essay on India Relations your choice, best wishes on of egypt, your job hunt! Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by Essay Relations our community membersyou can be involved too!

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Poor Spelling? It Could Be a Brain Problem. I am a creative speller. I can think of Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, so many ways to spell a word, I can include three or four ways to abcam plc spell one word differently within one article. Most of our children are very good spellers. Three of Essay on India, my adult children have done professional proofreading work. I know how to teach spelling I just can’t remember how to spell the words. Unfortunately two of my children were blessed with my poor spelling genes.

We are not alone. William Shakespeare, Thomas Jefferson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Herman Melville, Woodrow Wilson, and colloquial examples, John Irving were also poor spellers. Some people just can’t spell. All through school and college all my papers came back covered in Us Nuclear Relations, red circles marked “Good content, work on your spelling.” Imagine how thrilled I was to find an life book article in the Washington Post by a journalist that admitted to being a lousy speller! All his school papers came back with red circles too. The article is “Why Stevie Can’t Spell,” by Essay on India Us Nuclear, Steve Hendrix. In his 14-year professional life as a writer Steve Hendrix has to rely on editors to correct his horrific spelling. A teacher convinced him the problem could be from pharaohs of egypt, his schooling and had him try a remedial program. On India Us Nuclear. He performed poorly on simile a pre-test, diligently studied form many weeks, and then did even poorer on a post-test. Steve ended up getting several brain scans.

He found out that the recent ability to scan brains demonstrates how poor spellers can usually use the front reading part of on India Us Nuclear, their brains, but have a problem accessing the back spelling part. I AM THE WORLD’S WORST SPELLER. I have been all my life. On Putting A Stope To Animal Testing. My homework — from Miss Pedrow’s third-grade language arts class to Dr. Gurevitch’s doctoral seminar in persuasion and attitude change — all came back with the measles, solid red marks from top to bottom. Essay On India. “Good writing, atrocious spelling” was the verdict of just about pharaohs, every essay contest I ever entered (even those I won). I don’t misspell just hard words (diaphanous, anyone? soliloquy?); I misspell words like “maybe” and “because” and “famous.” I misspell my own mother’s name, Elfreida.

My misspelling is epic. It’s rich and vibrant and ever changing. It can even be fun. “I think of them as little puzzles,” my Post editor K.C. Summers once said of the find-the-funny-word challenge inherent in proofing my raw efforts. But mostly it’s just hugely embarrassing to Essay on India Relations be a professional writer who is routinely laughed out of Scrabble games. Not to mention perilous. Abcam Plc. I was put on probation at an Atlanta newspaper for Essay on India, causing excessive spelling trauma on deadline (a kindly copy editor began covering for catalase, me). Us Nuclear Relations. And I’ve watched every editor I’ve ever worked for go through a sort of abcam plc, five-step process of realization (disbelief, anger, anger, resignation, anger) before finally assigning some beleaguered proofreader to shadow my every keystroke. At this paper, when one of my howlers (partician when I meant partition) made it into print and drew a rebuke from the ombudsman, I reminded K.C. — ha-ha! — of on India Relations, her “little puzzle” comment from happier days.

“I really think of them more like little land mines,” she said this time. Let’s take one example: itinerary. Iteneriary is one of the dozens of words that bring me to a complete standstill. I can be typing along at a brisk pace when my brain feeds a word like itenirary down to my flying fingers, and an unfinished, they freeze over Essay on India the keyboard like mummified buzzard claws. Itinerary. I-T . . . In Poetry. E? . . . I? Pretty sure it’s I. N is easy. Another E? or is it A? . . . R . . . Essay Us Nuclear. Two Rs? A? A-R-Y. Essay On Putting A Stope Testing. Itinerrary. I once spell-checked a 2,000-word article I had written for the Post’s Travel section and on India Relations, found I had spelled itinerary four ways, none of them correctly.

It was a pitiful tally, made worse by the fact that it blinked at substrate me in the middle of Essay on India Relations, a newsroom filled with some of the best writers — and life book, spellers — in the country. I could hear them all around me, blithely tapping out the 100,000-plus words that go into the paper every morning, most spelled correctly on the first go. People who write for big-city newspapers are supposed to be able to on India Relations spell. Abcam Plc. The island of on India Us Nuclear, misfit toys, this is not. Being humiliated by spell-check is colloquial, pretty much a daily occurrence for me, but something about seeing four errant itineraries spurred me to action. I sat and repeated the word over and over and over, out loud, the way you memorize a phone number: I-T-I-N-E-R-A-R-Y. I was going to screw that simple nine-letter pattern into my brain if I had to on India Relations repeat it 10,000 times. Hey, I can do it with an ATM number. Surely I could do it with the substrate language I use every day to on India make my living. The chance to test myself came up within a day or two, as I worked on a story about backpacking through Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. “But as the weather soured again, the catalase evening meal became more than an item on on India Us Nuclear the . . Book. .”

And I nailed it. Itinerary. Essay On India Us Nuclear. I believe it was the first time — in either my 14-year professional life as a writer or my 39-year personal life as, um, a person — that I ever spelled itinerary correctly without any kind of pharaohs of egypt, assist from a dictionary, computer, copy editor or wife. The next week, I got it wrong again. Itenerry. The other day, I spelled it itenirary…

Twenty percent of the population has trouble accessing the spelling part of the on India Relations brain. …Richard Gentry thinks the research is now clear — it’s in the brain. Recent studies using functional MRI analysis have not only begun to map the examples areas of the brain we use in reading and writing, they’ve shown how a neurological glitch in about 20 percent of people may make them chronically poor spellers. In brief, according to on India Us Nuclear Relations Gentry’s summary in his book The Science of Spelling , when a kindergartner is learning to read, two areas of the left side of abcam plc, her brain are principally engaged, one in the left inferior frontal gyrus and the other back in Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, the left parieto-temporal system. On Putting Testing. These two areas are where the constituent sounds, or phonemes, of a word are recognized, the /k/, /a/ and /t/ sounds of cat, for example, and Essay Relations, then where they are broken up and examples, put together to Essay Us Nuclear make a complete word: /k/+ /a/+ /t/= cat. Both of these areas of the colloquial examples brain are relatively slow and analytical, methodically dissecting words into bits to understand what they mean. Think of how a 5-year-old sounds out words. But at some point, usually a year or two after the learning process begins, she crosses a cognitive threshold and shifts from being a beginning reader to a fluent reader, a skill that relies on a third area of the Essay on India Relations brain, the left occipito-temporal. Instead of analyzing parts to identify the word, this area instantly recognizes the entire word. Reading goes from a halting letter-by-letter toil to a lovely word-by-word glide.

“It’s like sailing on a nice breezy day,” says Sally Shaywitz, the Yale neuroscientist who conducted most of the simile example research cited by Gentry. Essay On India Us Nuclear. “Reading becomes a pleasure.” That third zone — the “word form area” — is your personal dictionary. Once you have read a word five or six times correctly, your brain has stored a model of it that includes all the word’s important features: how to pronounce it, how to spell it and what it means. That is, unless you’re one of about 20 percent of readers who have trouble bringing the areas in the back of the brain on line. For them, according to example functional MRI scans, the left parieto-temporal and occipito-temporal stay relatively quiet, with most of the reading activity remaining in on India, the frontal area. They may build up compensatory pathways, but they’re not reading the normal way. What researchers think they are seeing in those scans is dyslexia in action. And some of pharaohs, them think it’s also the neurological core of bad spelling. “If you don’t activate Area C, you’ll never be a good speller,” Gentry argues. “That’s where you ‘see’ a complete word in your mind’s eye, whether you’re reading it or writing it. Essay. And if you can’t visualize it, you’re just winging it based on what it sounds like.

In a language with as many irregularly spelled words as English, you’re going to be wrong a lot of the time.” Researchers have long known that spelling and reading are tightly linked. Pharaohs. Shaywitz says spelling is probably the more difficult of the two processes. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. “Reading is transforming letters into pharaohs sound,” she says. “Spelling is just the reverse, but you don’t start with something you can see on Essay on India Us Nuclear a page.” The dyslexia Shaywitz sees in pharaohs, her lab may explain why some people can never learn to spell. “Poor spelling may well be the Essay on India last remnant of to Animal, dyslexia that a person has otherwise compensated for,” she says. “But it’s something we haven’t looked at directly.” And what would she hypothesize about Essay on India Relations, a person — a good-hearted, mid-career journalist, say — who writes tens of thousands of words a year, reads millions more, and still can’t pass a grade-school spelling quiz?

“I’d like to colloquial examples study that person,” she says… …The MRI confirms it. The Shaywitzes see the lights go on in the on India Us Nuclear usual reading areas of the left hemisphere. But they also find an unusual level of action on the right side of my brain, in the areas where dyslexics tend to build new pathways to substrate make up for misfires in the normal ones. “It all fits together, our clinical exams and our neurobiological exams,” Shaywitz says. “You had the underlying threads of dyslexia, but you’ve compensated for it really, really well. When you have time, you do well. But when you have to do things very quickly, it’s not automatic.

Your autopilot, for spelling and for reading, just isn’t there.” As a youngster, Shaywitz says, I was probably getting just enough information and pleasure from reading to push through some amount of dyslexic drag. And the more I read, the more compensatory tricks my brain wired into Essay on India Us Nuclear itself until I became fluent, at least under relaxed conditions. Of Egypt. It’s only when the Relations heat is on that my reading goes a little wobbly and, even more often, my spelling collapses in a heap. The Science of book, Spelling. J. Richard Gentry, mentioned in the article, is an expert in spelling instruction he wrote The Science of Spelling . His site is . If you or your children have trouble with spelling, check out Gentry’s book My Kid Can’t Spell! . In this book Gentry offers timely and practical solutions to many of the problems parents face. It’s packed with tools, guidelines, and strategies that parents can use immediately.

Good Spellers, Please Give Us Struggling Spellers a Break. Good spellers, please give us struggling spellers a break. On India Relations. Just becasue we can’t spell doesn’t mean we don’t have something meaningful to say. Bear with an occasional creative spelled word. Of Egypt. It isn’t becasue we are too lazy or undisciplined to take the time to Us Nuclear Relations learn to simile spell well or to look it up. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Some of us are just brain damaged. #128578; If you find a spelling mistake on my blogs (and you will) don’t be disappointed. Use the article in your homeschool assignments.

Have you child(ren) find the misspelled words. I’ll be happy generously provide several. And hey, what about those doctor’s lousy handwriting skills? Spelling Resources Workbooks. Any spelling advise I mean advice errr advise or you know what I mean. Please add to catalase the comments.

Subscribe for 65 pages from The Heart Wisdom Teaching Approach (pdf) Success! Now check your email to for your download link. Free Printable Rosh Hashanah Printable Card. Oh I am right there with you – I rely on Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations the FF spellcheck a lot of some times for words like receive because I ALWAYS put the i before e, even though I know it’s the other way! Hehe, it’s no wonder mom hasn’t gotten to edit my novel yet – it’s gonna take a few times around to abcam plc help with the spelling and grammar – I have a knack for on India, writing the substrate tense, even though when I am writing it I think the right one! Good to know I’m not the Essay on India only one and right up with some amazing people – including you! Until I was 14 and someone finally told me, I spelled “pretty” P R I T T Y! I am an author on language examples communication skills so how “embarassing” is that! My editor always tells me that Spell Check won’t help you if you spell the wrong word the “write” way! I just think whoever decided the spelling of Essay Relations, certain words were just WRONG. An Unfinished Life Book. Pretty SHOULD be spelled P R I T T Y. In fact, why not spell it P R I T I? I think I’ll blog about that.

Aha, so this is what it’s all about. Essay On India. From my early years, I’ve been a pretty good speller, though I do tend to make a lot of typing errors (hitting two keys at example in poetry once, for instance). For the record, your spelling errors have been few enough that I always attributed them to typos, if that makes you feel any better. #128578; This does, however, explain my friend Michelle. Her spelling is on India Us Nuclear, AWFUL. I mean, so bad that sometimes I can’t, no matter how hard I try, figure out language what she meant. And yet, she reads a lot! It was always a mystery to me how she could read even more than I do and never remember how to spell words that she probably read on a near-daily basis. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Now I understand.

I’m going to send her the link to of egypt this post. I’m sure she’ll appreciate knowing why her spelling is on India Relations, so terrible, as well. Thanks for the interesting article! I have always told parents to relax about spelling, that some people are just poor spellers and that’s all there is to it. Wow, now there’s research to back that theory up. I have also noticed that some of the smartest people are the worst spellers. The creative ones who have a lot of talent and a lot to say are sometimes the worst spellers.

Maybe God lets them have that little thorn to keep them humble. I can spell every word correctly, but I can’t come up with the substrate creative and interesting writing that some poor spellers can. Which skill is the most important? I have a Masters Degree and can’t spell worth a darn. It has always been frustrating. Many of Us Nuclear Relations, my friends admit to the same problem. Thank you, Penney.

Now, I have a good explanation for my creative and colloquial language, talented third grade son. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. He is extremely bright in abcam plc, every way except spelling. Essay. God is colloquial examples, keeping him humble for sure. Good thing spelling doesn’t count against us in Essay Us Nuclear Relations, Heaven! I can’t believe that someone will think that God would cause someone too not be able to spell properly as a way to humble them.

That notion makes me even more frustrated over not being able to spell. Penney, if u knew what it felt like having a bad case of not being able to language spell, u”ll probably want to jump off the Essay Us Nuclear Relations next bridge. Just so u know I had trouble spelling the pharaohs of egypt following: It’s not a brain problem, it’s just poor proof-reading and lack of common sense… or plain poetic license! I agree not being able to spell is the Relations worst, it’s very very embarrassing, it shows your colleges your work is poor not efficient and it makes you not want to write anything. How do you over come this.. I would pay 1000 dollars to be able to examples spell correctly. I’ll never forget when I misspelled “of.” It may have been nearly 25 yrs. ago, but it’s one of those memories that is ingrained in such detail. On India Relations. Try sounding that one out. Thanks English language; you’re the catalase best. I have to thank you for on India Us Nuclear Relations, the efforts you have put in penning.

this website. I really hope to see the same. high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal website now #128521; i am a 34 year old man that cant spell or read. Colloquial Examples. my mother had a very difficult birth. Essay Relations. i was born blue and an enlarged heart and there were some problems with my lungs. i have stuggled my whole life with a severe learning disability that still affects me to this day. the doctors allowed my mothe to an unfinished book go past her due date by over three and a half weeks. my ambelical cord was extremely thin when i was born and the doctors told her that i would most likely not live out the night. i have suffered mental problems but the worst is having to on India Relations have my wife fill out papers for me or read me the label off something. i can’t fill out my own bills of write her a love letter or read my children cat in the hat or any other book. Abcam Plc. it is not my fault that i am this and i can still get no help. Essay Us Nuclear. social security wont help they say that what happened during birth and my learning disability is not a disability. i’m for the most part ok and happy with my life but not only do i suffer because of someone elses mistakes but my loved ones suffer right along with me. Hello, my name is Norm.

I am 35 years old I was born 3 months before my do date. I can read and my math skills are good the only thing is I can’t spell. I have been picked on my hole life. I have been looked at as pathetic and stupid because of this fact all my life. I have lost friends and girl friends and I have been looked at as a joke. I have an life I.Q. Of 137 and I’m proud of that but with the Essay Relations fact that I can’t spell I often are not taken Seiressly by my friends and others at work. I was actually picked on my my superior officer in the Navy for it.

To be honest I thought I was alone. With social media so intergraded in everyday life it’s hard to hide like I use to and it’s depressing. Now that I know there are others out there like me I feel better so thank you for sharing this. Is there a name for colloquial language, this disorder at Relations pressing?? I found this article to be very helpful I have for a long time been trying to figure out simile example in poetry why I am such a bad speller now that I know it has something to do with the brain and Essay, I’m in that 20 percent population. I thought I was going to have to life book carry a dictionary around for the rest of my life. I have a very similar problem but only on India Us Nuclear not as bad. Does it still count as dyslexia?

I often wondered why I couldn’t spell, I excelled at school but even in my senior years I would have to do “Lines” and catalase substrate, do the correction 100 times, it didn’t work. Essay On India. It’s a hit and miss sometimes i”d write a word and know its wrong but can’t figure out the correct spelling. Of Egypt. Glad to know its my brain… brother had (he’s dead now) dyslexia and I have been reading since since I was a little girl. As I get older it bothers me less. Essay On India. We are all in good company. I have problems spelling but I can read everything I think the problem is us we need to try a little harder and stop making excuses about our parents if u believe in your self and stop letting others come in your life trying to put u down and pharaohs of egypt, make u feel bad about a problem that can be fixed believe in Essay, your self its going to simile take time to learn the words if you have got older now but don’t give up. I’m still trying I’m a working prograse but I’m not giving up I don’t care what people thank are say about my spelling because ant know one profit the best spell have problems.

I have always excelled at spelling. Essay On India. I am terrible at math. Over 400 Illustrations to color and wide margins for an unfinished life, journaling.

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RESUME BUKU : “DI BAWAH CENGKERAMAN ASING” KARYA : WAWAN TUNGGUL AMETUNG. Untuk mendownload file, silakan klik link berikut ini : DARI BANGUN HINGGA TIDUR, DIKUASAI ASING. Pernahkan anda menyadari, dari bangun tidur, beraktifitas, hingga tidur lagi, semua yang berkaitan dengan kegiatan kita sehari-hari telah dikuasai bangsa asing? Tengok saja mulai dari minum aqua, teh, susu, mandi dengan sabun dan sikat gigi, makan nasi, buah, lalu berangkat kerja naik mobil, bus, motor atau bajaj, kemudian ingin berbelanja di supermarket, mengambil uang atau menabung di bank swasta, sampai dengan membangun rumah dengan semen, semua sudah dikuasai atau bermerk perusahaan asing. Jika disebutkan satu-persatu, maka ketergantungan kita dengan perusahaan asing bakal panjang dan memalukan. Essay. Realitanya, bangsa kita sebenarnya telah dijajah bangsa asing. Catalase. Kalau dulu sebatas Belanda dan Jepang, sekarang ini beragam bangsa asing mencengkeram negeri kita. Us Nuclear Relations. Derasnya investasi asing dan peralihan kepemilikan lokal menjadi milik asing malah mendapat berbagai alasan pembelaan dari para pengamat dan pejabat pemerintah Indonesia yang pro life book bangsa asing. Persoalannya, kita tidak menolak perdagangan global dan investasi asing.

Yang menjadi persoalan adalah bagaimana perusahaan asing begitu dahsyatnya menguasai pasar di Indonesia sementara kita hanya menjadi penonton di negeri sendiri. Pengusaha lokal membangun usaha, ketika sudah maju lalu sahamnya dijual ke perusahaan asing, sehingga mereka mendapat fresh money yang besar. On India. Dengan penjualan tersebut, mereka tak mempedulikan nasionalisme, yang penting bagaimana cari untung. Examples. Celakanya, cara berpikir para pengusaha lokal tersebut diadopsi mentah-mentah oleh para birokrat, para pengelola negeri ini. Jadi, kalau sekarang ini perusahaan asing bisa merajalela dan begitu menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia, besar kemungkinan ada unsur kesengajaan dari pihak kita. Essay On India Relations. Dan hal ini patut dipertanyakan. Abcam Plc. Bukankah dengan membiarkan perusahaan asing menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia sama saja kita menyerahkan diri di bawah cengkeraman atau dijajah bangsa asing, dan kita semakin tidak punya harga diri, serta keberanian. Kondisi merajalelanya perusahaan asing menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia sengaja diciptakan oleh bangsa kita sendiri lantaran para pengelola negeri ini telah terjangkit mental korup, mental suap. Essay On India. Kondisi ketidakmampuan terhadap pihak asing diakibatkan oleh lemahnya hukum, karena nyatanya undang-undang atau perangkat peraturan lainnya dapat dibuat sesuai pesanan pihak asing.

Pengakuan John Perkins dalam bukunya Confessions of an abcam plc, Economic Hit Man semakin membuka mata kita sekaligus membuktikan bahwa pihak asing ternyata ikut mempengaruhi kebijakan pemerintah kita. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Perkins menjelaskan bahwa dirinya berperan sebagai agen perusak ekonomi yang beroperasi di Indonesia untuk menjadikan ekonomi Indonesia tergantung dan dikuasai asing, dengan berkedok sebagai konsultan pemerintah. Catalase Substrate. Bahkan dijelaskan ada konspirasi yang melibatkan lembaga-lembaga internasional yang selama ini kita percayai untuk membantu kita keluar dari krisis ekonomi. Bicara soal serbuan investasi asing di Indonesia tidak semata-mata karena hitung-hitungan ekonomis dan kebutuhan turut serta dalam trend pasar global tetapi ada agenda tersembunyi yaitu pihak asing sangat ingin menguasai pasar dan mengeruk sumber ekonomi kita. Essay Us Nuclear. Karena bagaimanapun juga, negeri dengan 220 juta penduduk beserta limpahan hasil buminya ini merupakan jarahan yang potensial dan menarik untuk dikuasai. Dampak dari cengkeraman asing di bidang ekonomi ternyata berimbas pada budaya kita. Substrate. Nilai-nilai barat telah merasupi dalam segala kehidupan untuk sekedar mendapat label modern. Essay On India Relations. Tidak saja dari gaya hidup, tapi juga perilaku, bahkan hingga penggunaan bahasa. Catalase. Tidak berlebihan jika kita dikatakan “ bangsa tanpa identitas ”. Menyedihkan, memang! Ketika di berbagai Negara di dunia berupaya mempertahankan mati-matian bahasa ibu mereka dari serbuan bahasa inggris, di Indonesia malah sebaliknya.

Kita telah membiarkan terlalu jauh pengaruh bahasa inggris masuk ke segala kehidupan sehari-hari, baik dalam perkataan (meskipun salah), tingkah laku, sampai dalam dunia bisnis, dan pendidikan. Essay On India. Sehingga bangsa kita semakin terperosok tidak memiliki identitas. Essay To Animal Testing. Hal inipun dibiarkan terus menerus oleh pemerintah maupun lembaga negara seperti DPR. Di era sekarang ini, paradigma berpikir kita dibuat terbolak-balik bahwa barangsiapa tidak menguasai tidak menguasai bahasa inggris akan terbelakang dan kampungan.Futurolog John Nasbitt dalam bukunya Global Paradox mengatakan, “Ketika bahasa inggris menjadi bahasa kedua semua orang, bahasa pertama, bahasa ibu mereka, menjadi lebih penting dan dipertahankan dengan lebih giat”. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Akan tetapi orang Indonesia justru kebalikannya. An Unfinished. Orang Indonesia malah mati-matian membela sok keinggris-inggrisan. Bahwa bahasa inggris menjadi bahasa universal dan bahasa internasional, tidak diragukan lagi. Us Nuclear. Akan tetapi, ketika bahasa inggris sudah merasuk terlalu jauh mempengaruhi bahasa negara mereka, maka pemerintah (bukan di Indonesia!) pun berusaha mati-matian untuk melindungi bahasa mereka sendiri. Ketika presiden Soeharto baru saja naik tahta, melalui konferensi di Jenewa, November 1967 untuk mendapat utangan atau pinjaman guna modal pembangunan negerinya, kekayaan alam Indonesia harus dibagi-bagikan kepada perusahaan transnasional raksasa, dan dengan harga murah pula. Freeport mendapat bukit di Timika, Papua untuk mengeksplorasi tembaga.

Alcoa mendapat bauksit, sekelompok konsorsium Eropa mendapat nikel di Papua Barat, sekelompok perusahaan Amerika, Jepang, dan Prancis giliran mendapat pengelolaan hutan-hutan tropis di Sumatera, Kalimantan dan Papua Barat. Kekuatan Asing Pengaruhi Kebijakan Politik dan Hukum. Tulisan Lisa Pease dalam artikelnya “JFK, Indonesia, CIA and a Stope to Animal Testing, Freeport” di majalah Probe (1996), yang juga tersimpan dalam National Archieve, Washington DC, semestinya dapat membukakan mata kita, bahwa begitu dahsyatnya kekuatan raksasa bisnis asing mempengaruhi kebijakan politik dan hukum di Indonesia yang notabene sebagai negara yang berdaulat. Lisa Pease dalam artikelnya mengisahkan bagaimana riwayat Freeport Sulphur yang sempat hancur lebur gara-gara peralihan pemerintahan di Cuba, tahun 1959. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Freeport terkena imbas nasionalisasi perusahaan asing di Cuba oleh Fidel Castro. Agustus 1959 Direktur Freeport Sulphur, Forbes Wilson bertemu dengan Jan van Gruisen, Direktur Pelaksana East Borneo Company, perusahaan pertambangan Belanda. Language Examples. Wilson tertarik cerita Gruisen mengenai Gunung Erstberg (Gunung Tembaga) di Irian Barat. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Wilson pun menjelajah kawasan Gunung Erstberg selama beberapa bulan. Simile. Pada 1 Februari 1960, Freeport Sulphur dan East Borneo Company menjalin kerjasama untuk mengeksplorasi biji tembaga di Gunung Erstberg. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Wilson mengkalkulasi bahwa dengan kekayaan biji tembaga yang ada di Gunung Erstberg, maka hanya dalam tempo 3 tahun saja investasi itu sudah breake event point alias balik modal.

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Tak ayal lagi, keberhasilan menggulingkan Presiden Soekarno dengan peristiwa G-30-S sebagai pemicunya (yang akhirnya berimbas kepada keuntungan bagi Freeport) adalah didalangi oleh CIA. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Hal ini terbukti dan terungkap dari pengakuan seorang mantan pejabat CIA, Ralph McGehee, yang mengungkapkan bahwa tipu muslihat CIA untuk mengadu domba telah diterapkan di Indonesia. Of Egypt. Kesaksian McGehee ini makin diperkuat oleh pernyataan Nixon, ketika diwawancarai Duta Besar Green di tahun 1967. Ketika UU No. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. 1/1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) disahkan tahun 1967, perusahaan asing yang pertama kali kontraknya ditandatangani Soeharto adalah Freeport. Of Egypt. Perusahaan ini sangat canggih bermain di segala lini. Relations. Di bawah komando Augustus C. Abcam Plc. Long, yang dekat dengan pusat kekuasaan di Gedung Putih, tidak hanya Freeport yang mujur, tapi juga Texaco dan perusahaan minyak lainnya. Tahun 1980, Freeport bergabung dengan McMoRan (perusahaan eksplorasi dan pengembangan minyak) yang dinahkodai “Jim Bob” Moffett. On India Us Nuclear. Freeport McMoRan sangat cepat menapak menjadi raksasa dunia, dengan keuntungan diperkirakan lebih dari 1,5 milyar dolar AS/tahun. Seorang eksekutif Freeport, George A. Simile Example In Poetry. Mealey dalam bukunya Grasberg menyebut saat ini Freeport McMoRan merupakan tambang tembaga dengan deposit ketiga terbesar di dunia.

Sedang untuk emas menempati yang pertama. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Disebutkan, tersimpan cadangan tembaga sebesar 40,3 milyar pond dan emas 52,1 milyar pon di area Gunung Grasberg. Dengan kekayaan Gunung Grasberg (Tembagapura), pemerintah Indonesia masih mengemis-ngemis mencari pinjaman kesana-kemari. Simile Example In Poetry. Padahal, cadangan emas dan tembaga yang dapat membayar seluruh utang Indonesia malah diserahkan kepada pihak asing. Untuk melindungi dan mengamankan investasi bangsa asing, pemerintah Presiden Soeharto pun menerbitkan UU No. Us Nuclear. 1 tahun 1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA). Simile. Dan sejak saat itu, bahkan boleh jadi sampai hari ini, kendali ekonomi Indonesia telah berada di tangan bangsa asing, dari mulai IGGI sampai IMF. Saat ini bangsa Indonesia, disadari atau pun tidak, sedang mengalami penjajahan gaya baru.

Bangsa asing melalui perusahaan-perusahaan multinasional masuk dengan segala cara untuk dapat melakukan eksploitasi kekayaan Indonesia. On India. Selain melalui sistem politik, mereka juga masuk melalui sistem ekonomi. Melalui mekanisme FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), yaitu investasi langsung luar negeri dimana sebuah perusahaan asing menanamkan modal jangka panjangnya di Indonesia, bangsa asing dapat secara langsung menguasai perusahaan di Indonesia termasuk menguasai kebijakan ekonomi dan hukum di Indonesia. Berikut merupakan praktik-praktik FDI yang lumrah kita temui: Penguasaan saham mayoritas. On Putting A Stope. Penanaman modal untuk pendirian perusahaan baru. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Reinvestasi pendapatan perusahaan. Catalase. Penyediaan fasilitas pendanaan dan lisensi penggunaan teknologi oleh induk perusahaan di luar negeri pada anak perusahaan/afiliasi yang berada di Indonesia. Us Nuclear Relations. Joint venture dengan perusahaan Indonesia. Dengan mekanisme-mekanisme diatas, perusahaan multinasional melakukan eksploitasi terhadap kekayaan alam dan potensi ekonomis negeri ini, mulai dari pertambangan tembaga dan emas hingga perkebunan kelapa sawit.

Dengan investasi langsung, perusahaan-perusahaan asing tersebut dapat secara langsung mengendalikan manajemen dan produksi perusahaan yang dikuasainya. Tidak dapat dipungkiri, bagi negara kita yang sedang berkembang investasi asing juga memberikan keuntungan karena mampu menutup financing gap yang tidak mampu ditutup oleh Pemerintah. Of Egypt. FDI juga dianggap lebih menguntungkan dibandingkan dengan pinjaman luar negeri. Essay On India Relations. Banyak pengamat ekonomi menyatakan bahwa dana investasi asing merupakan penyumbang dana terbesar bagi pembangunan. Example. Investasi asing juga mendorong pertumbuhan, sumber tumbuhnya teknologi, proses produksi, sistem organisasi, dan berbagai keuntungan lainnya. Yang menjadi persoalan, pengaruh asing telah mempengaruhi kebijakan-kebijakan pemerintah dengan sedemikian kuatnya. Relations. Pemerintah banyak membuat regulasi (dan bahkan melanggar regulasi yang telah sebelumnya dibuat) yang menguntungkan investor asing dan mengabaikan kepentingan rakyat. Language Examples. Dengan kekuasaan dan bantuan regulasi dan hukum yang dibuat oleh Pemerintah kita, investor-investor asing dapat secara leluasa mematikan pesaing-pesaing dari perusahaan domestik serta melakukan mobilisasi komoditas dari Indonesia ke negeri mereka. Yang menjadi pertanyaan, bagaimana investor asing mampu mempengaruhi pengambilan kebijakan oleh Pemerintah? Banyak indikasi yang menunjukkan bahwa investor asing memberikan bantuan dana dalam proses penyusunan Undang-undang, bantuan melalui lembaga donor, serta melalui Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) untuk mengkritisi pembuatan Undang-undang tersebut dan menyuarakan kepentingan mereka. Us Nuclear. Beberapa produk undang-undang dan peraturan yang nyata-nyata lebih memihak kepentingan asing dibandingkan kepentingan nasional antara lain UU Migas, UU Sumber Daya Air, RUU Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) dan berbagai peraturan di bidang PMA.

Investasi Uang Panas: Penyebab Rupiah Terpuruk. Selain FDI, bentuk investasi yang lebih memberikan pengaruh yang signifikan bagi negara Indonesia adalah dalam bentuk hot money , yaitu dana-dana investasi jangka pendek dengan mobilitas tinggi yang masuk ke pasar keuangan. Catalase Substrate. Teorinya, investor/speculator menanamkan uangnya ke saham, obligasi negara maupun swasta maupun Sertifikat Bank Indonesia (SBI). Relations. Hot money sangat likuid sehingga sangat mempengaruhi kondisi perekonomian Indonesia, dimana saat hot money tersebut keluar dari Indonesia, maka secara otomatis runtuhlah nilai mata uang Rupiah. Sejarah pernah menunjukkan betapa negeri ini pernah terguncang akibat hot money . On Putting To Animal Testing. Pada tahun 1997, uang panas yang beredar di Indonesia sekitar 36,8 milyar dolar AS, lebih besar dari cadangan devisa yang dimiliki Indonesia, dimana dua pertiga dari jumlah terrsebut dalam bentuk saham dan sisanya dalam bentuk surat utang. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Ketika krisis moneter menerpa, banyak spekulator yang menarik uangnya yang berada di Indonesia. Colloquial. Jumlah cadangan devisa yang lebih kecil dibandingkan jumlah hot money yang ditarik menyebabkan Pemerintah harus mencari utang ke IMF untuk menutup cadangan devisa. Essay On India Relations. Akibatnya, nilai tukar rupiah terhadap dolar pun jatuh sampai menembus angka Rp12.000,-/dolar AS. Saat ini pun sebenarnya perekonomian Indonesia pun rentan akibat uang panas ini.

Data 2006 menunjukkan bahwa jumlah uang panas yang beredar di Indonesia dalam bentuk SBI, SUN dan di pasar modal senilai 24,3 – 28,3 milyar dolar AS. In Poetry. Dapat kita bayangkan apabila dana sebesar itu keluar dari Indonesia secara tiba-tiba maka nilai tukar rupiah akan runtuh dan perekonomian akan ambruk. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Secara positif, mengalirnya hot money ke dalam negeri akan meningkatkan cadangan devisa di Bank Indonesia. Colloquial Language. Data 2006 menunjukkan bahwa pada akhir 2006, cadangan devisa Indonesia sebesar 42,6 milyar dolar AS. On India Us Nuclear. Jumlah tersebut termasuk besar, namun kondisi perekonomian Indonesia tetap saja sangat rentan karena hot money senilai 24,3 – 28,3 milyar dolar AS dapat secara tiba-tiba keluar dari Indonesia. Example In Poetry. Keadaan berbeda dialami oleh Malaysia, Singapura dan China dimana dana yang masuk ke negara-negara tersebut bukan dalam bentuk hot money , melainkan dalam bentuk FDI sehingga tidak rentan terhadap krisis. Kebijakan moneter Amerika Serikat dan intervensi pasar oleh Bank Indonesia merupakan dua hal yang dapat menyebabkan perubahan yang sangat dinamis terhadap kondisi hot money di Indonesia. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Contohnya terjadi pada bulan Juli 2003 dimana Gubernur Bank Sentral Amerika Serikat mengindikasikan prospek ekonomi AS yang terus membaik. Language Examples. Apabila ekonomi membaik, maka tentu saja nilai dolar As akan menguat.

Mendengar berita ini, investor pun melepaskan uang yang dipegangnya selain dolar AS, antara lain yen, euro dan rupiah, untuk mendapatkan dolar Amerika. Us Nuclear. Akibatnya dalam waktu singkat, nilai tukar rupiah anjlok dari Rp8.400 ke Rp8.700 per substrate, dolar AS. Essay On India Relations. Untuk dapat mempertahankan nilai tukar rupiah, Bank Indonesia melakukan intervensi pasar dengan menjual cadangan dolar dan membeli rupiah. Colloquial Language Examples. Yang menjadi masalah, kemampuan intervensi pasar BI ini pun sangat terbatas. Kesimpulan yang dapat kita ambil, Indonesia berada dalam kondisi yang sangat rentan terhadap permainan dari investor asing.

Ini diakibatkan oleh keikutsertaan Indonesia dalam pasar bebas, sedangkan ketahanan diri yang rendah serta ketergantungan asing yang sangat tinggi. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Dalam kondisi ini, sangatlah tidak mungkin untuk mencegah aliran dana asing ke Indonesia. Simile. Yang bisa dilakukan hanyalah memperbaiki kondisi ekonomi agar lebih kompetitif, kuat dan lebih efisien dibandingkan negara lain. Buku The Confession of Essay Relations, An Economic Hit Man (John Perkins) menguraikan cara kerja organisasi seperti IMF, Bank Dunia, dan sejumlah bank internasional yang menggunakan data ilmiah dan pendekatan kultural memberi informasi kepada para kepala negara dunia ketiga tentang angka pertumbuhan ekonomi yang optimistik, dengan tujuan agar negara-negara tersebut mau memperbesar utang luar negeri. Catalase Substrate. Makin besar utang luar negeri, makin lemah daya tawar suatu negara terhadap hegemoni dan praktik imperialisme negara adidaya. Essay Relations. Akibatnya, negara pengutang tak bisa mengelak segala permintaan dari negara donor.

Strategi ini dikenal dengan jebakan utang atau the substrate, debt trap. Apabila negara dunia ketiga tidak terjebak, strategi yang lebih kasar dijalankan dengan para spekulator valas yang merupakan kaki tangan negara pendonor. On India Relations. Tujuannya agar nilai mata uangnya melemah. Language Examples. Ketika bank sentral negara itu sudah tidak mempunyai cadangan devisa yang besar untuk mengintervensi pasar, maka dengan terpaksa (atau dipaksa) mereka meminjam dana ke IMF atau Bank Dunia untuk meningkatkan cadangan devisa negara dan masuklah mereka ke dalam debt trap. Pada tahun 1997 terjadi aksi jual para spekulator yang membuat panik investor. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Rupiah menjadi sangat terpuruk sehingga diperlukan dana bantuan IMF untuk meningkatkan cadangan devisa. Pharaohs. Utang Indonesia semakin besar. Essay. Untuk membayar bunganya, Indonesia harus menjual beberapa BUMN (privatisasi) karena sebagian besar dana negara telah dipakai untuk membayar cicilan pokok utang.

Dalam bab ini dinyatakan empat indikator utama masuknya neoliberalisme ekonomi yaitu: Pemerintah menghapuskan berbagai subsidi dan menyerahkan harga-harga bidang strategis ke mekanisme pasar; Privatisasi BUMN dengan menjualnya ke pihak swasta, baik nasional maupun asing; Nilai kurs rupiah diambangkan secara bebas (floating rate) sesuai mekanisme pasar; Indonesia dituntut komitmennya terhadap WTO dan GATT. Sejumlah bank swasta nasional kini telah dikuasai asing, misalnya BCA, Bank Niaga, BII, Bank Haga, Bank Swadesi, dan lain-lain. Abcam Plc. Akibatnya, mereka memiliki kekuatan untuk mendominasi perekonomian nasional Indonesia. Relations. Sebagai contoh, dana masyarakat yang telah disedot pada periode per on Putting a Stope to Animal Testing, Agustus 2006 mencapai Rp500,9 triliun, lebih besar dari bank pemerintah yang hanya mencapai Rp440,2 triliun. Relations. Bank swasta asing dinilai kurang memperhatikan sektor UKM, terlihat dari kucuran kredit yang hanya sebesar 6,8% dari total kredit yang disalurkan. Example In Poetry. Dari sini dikatakan bahwa industri perbankan yang merupakan jantung perekonomian telah diserahkan kepada negara asing. Industri telekomunikasi di Indonesia, yang dalam konteks ini adalah operator seluler, telah dikuasai pihak asing. Us Nuclear. Pada penghujung tahun 2002, 41,94% saham pemerintah di Indosat dijual pada ST Telemedia Pte Ltd, Singapura. Abcam Plc. 35% saham Telkomsel telah dimiliki SingTel.

Sekitar 42% saham Indosat dimiliki SingTel. Us Nuclear Relations. Excelcomindo Pratama dikuasai Telecom Malaysia. Masuknya investor asing adalah sesuatu yang tak bisa dicegah karena bisnis telekomunikasi tidak mengenal batas wilayah negara. Essay Testing. Infrastruktur telekomunikasi menjadi aset yang sangat penting bagi terjaminnya keamanan informasi dan rahasia negara. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Jika ini digenggam negara lain, tentu keterjaminan, keamanan dan kelancaran informasi menjadi taruhannya. Berdasarkan data INSA tahun 2005, kegiatan ekspor impor yang dilakukan kapal asing sebanyak 96,59% dan angkutan kargo dalam negeri yang dilayani kapal asing sebesar 46,8%.

Menurut buku ini, ini menunjukkan adanya dominasi asing di bidang pelayaran di Indonesia. Colloquial Examples. Hal ini dikatakan sebagai akibat dari lemahnya hukum yang dibuat pemerintah. Beberapa peraturan yang mendukung pernyataan tersebut adalah sebagai berikut: Inpres Nomor 4 Tahun 1985. Essay Relations. Inpres ini menggalakkan ekspor nonmigas namun mematikan sektor pelayaran nasional karena memperbolehkan kapal asing dari mana pun masuk dan bersandar selama membantu kelancaran ekspor nasional. Substrate. Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 82 Tahun 1999 tentang Angkutan di Perairan, yang mengharuskan perusahaan pelayaran memiliki kapal. On India Us Nuclear. Hal ini susah dilakukan karena pemerintah tidak mengeluarkan kebijakan yang mempermudah kredit perbankan bagi industri pelayaran untuk memperbaharui kapal, dan harga kapal pun tidak murah. On Putting A Stope Testing. Inpres Nomor 5 Tahun 2005 tentang Pemberdayaan Industri Pelayaran Nasional. Essay On India Relations. Inpres ini menyebutkan muatan pelayaran antarpulau di dalam negeri wajib diangkut dengan kapal berbendera Indonesia dan dioperasikan oleh perusahaan pelayaran nasional. Catalase. Terdapat pertanyaan berapa lama yang dibutuhkan untuk membangun industri kapal nasional tanpa kemudahan pembiayaan. Azas ini menyatakan bahwa pengangkutan muatan domestik hanya oleh kapal berbendera milik negara tersebut.

Ini telah diterapkan di antaranya di AS dan Cina. On India Relations. Penerapan azas ini di Indonesia diyakini akan mampu meningkatkan daya saing produk-produk dalam negeri. Menurut Undang-undang, seharusnya bidang penerbangan tertutup bagi pemodal asing. On Putting To Animal. Namun pada nyatanya, perusahaan asing telah beroperasi dengan membawa penumpang lokal dalam penerbangan. Indonesia dan Singapura melakukan perjanjian kerjasama yang memperbolehkan maskapai Singapura untuk membawa langsung penumpangnya ke Indonesia, begitu pula sebaliknya dengan Garuda Indonesia pun diperbolehkan membawa penumpangnya ke Singapura. On India Relations. Namun setelah perjanjian tersebut mulai berlaku, Singapura mulai membawa penumpangnya ke Jakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar.

Indonesia pun melakukan protes karena Singapore Airlines telah menyalahi perjanjian kerjasama dengan melayani penerbangan ke berbagai wilayah di Indonesia; sementara Garuda Indonesia hanya ke Singapura. Abcam Plc. Namun pihak Singapura pun berdalih karena dalam isi kontrak disebutkan bahwa rute penerbangan adalah Singapura – Indonesia, dan Jakarta, Surabaya dan Bali merupakan bagian dari wilayah Indonesia. Menurut Pasal 6 ayat 1 UU No. On India Us Nuclear Relations. 1 Tahun 1967 tentang PMA dijelaskan bahwa sektor penerbangan termasuk ke dalam bidang usaha yang tertutup untuk penanaman modal asing secara penguasaan penuh. Book. Pada Pasal 39 UU No. On India. 15 Tahun 1992 juga disebutkan bahwa perusahaan angkutan udara asing dilarang melakukan angkutan udara niaga di dalam negeri. Of Egypt. Namun hal tersebut bertolak belakang dengan apa yang dilakukan oleh Air Asia milik Malaysia yang telah beroperasi mengangkut penumpang lokal sejak tahun 2004. Essay Relations. Hal ini bisa terjadi karena adanya peraturan yang bertolak belakang dengan peraturan di atas yaitu Keppres Nomor 118 Tahun 2000 yang menyebutkan bahwa dalam bidang penerbangan tidak termasuk dalam daftar bidang usaha yang tertutup bagi penanaman modal asing. An Unfinished Book. Hal inilah yang menjadi acuan atas penyimpangan tersebut, lebih anehnya lagi sebuah Keppres dapat mengalahkan Undang-undang yang mempunyai kedudukan yang lebih tinggi.

Garuda Indonesia termasuk kategori maskapai terlemah di Asia. Essay Relations. Hal ini diperkuat lagi dengan kinerja keuangan yang negatif, sehingga ada kemungkinan untuk diprivatisasi. Pharaohs Of Egypt. Banyak pihak asing yang telah berminat untuk menguasai saham Garuda, ini berarti ada potensi keuntungan yang dapat diperoleh dari Garuda. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Kerugian yang dialami Garuda selama ini bisa jadi disebabkan adanya kesalahan dalam manajemen, sehingga keputusan untuk menjual saham Garuda ke pihak asing dirasa bukan solusi yang tepat. Pada tahun 2010 diprediksikan akan terjadi kekacauan yaitu berupa krisis listrik yang terjadi di Jawa dan Bali. Colloquial. Hal ini dimungkinkan karena ketidakbecusan Pemerintah dalam menata pembangunan khususnya dalam bidang ketenagalistikan. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Berdasarkan data, PLN diperkirakan tidak sanggup untuk melayani permintaan pasokan listrik pada tahun 2010. Pharaohs. Akibatnya, PLN akan melakukan penjatahan suplai listrik secara bergilir.

Kekacauan pengelolaan kelistrikan mulai terjadi pada tahun 1992 ketika pihak swasta dilibatkan dalam bisnis penyediaan listrik. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Keppres No. Language Examples. 37 Tahun 1992 dijadikan alasan untuk mengantisipasi kekurangan pasokan listrik bagi masyarakat. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Namun, hal ini dimanfaatkan oleh beberapa oknum untuk keuntungan pribadi, dengan mark up setinggi-tingginya nilai proyek tersebut. Language. Perbuatan busuk ini baru terkuak setelah Orde Baru runtuh berkat temuan dari tim pengkaji ulang berbagai proyek listrik di tanah air. Setelah Keppres No. Essay Relations. 37 Tahun 1992, PLN bekerja sama dengan pihak swasta lewat PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) yang mengharuskan PLN membeli 100 % listrik yang dijual swasta.

Harga jual listrik swasta jauh lebih mahal dari yang dijual PLN ke masyarakat, sehingga menyebabkan kerugian bagi negara. Simile Example In Poetry. Menurut Kompas, perusahaan-perusahaan swasta tersebut ternyata dimiliki oleh para pengusaha yang dekat dengan penguasa Orde Baru saat itu, seperti Bob Hasan, Sigit Soeharto, Bambang Triatmodjo dan lain sebagainya. On India. Kewajiban PLN untuk membeli listrik dari swasta ini mencapai 133,5 milyar dollar AS dan nilai itu belum termasuk kerugian akibat praktik korupsi pada tubuh PLN serta kerugian akibat nilai rupiah yang terdepresiasi terhadap dollar AS. Seharusnya setelah praktik mark up atas prolyek listrik tersebut terbongkar, penegakan hukum harus dilaksanakan. Life. Namun, yang terjadi hanya dilakukan renegosiasi yang masih membebankan PLN. Us Nuclear Relations. Hal ini terlihat pada klausul pembelian take or pay yang prinsipnya ada dua jenis pembelian, yaitu pembelian kapasitas dalam bentuk megawatt dan pembelian energi dalam bentuk kWh. Essay On Putting A Stope Testing. Klausul ini menyebabkan PLN harus membayar meskipun tidak menggunakan listrik dari swasta. Kekacauan ini terus diperparah dengan terbitnya UU No. On India Relations. 20 Tahun 2002 tentang ketenagalistrikan, yang tujuannya agar listrik bisa lebih cepat menjangkau wilayah Indonesia. Colloquial. Hal ini mengubah pandangan listrik dari obyek infrastruktur menjadi komoditas, sehingga profit merupakan bagian terpenting dalam pengembangannya.

Kita sebagai rakyat hanya bisa berharap agar krisis listrik dapat segera teratasi dengan tidak membebani rakyat. Keberadaan hukum adat perlu dipertanyakan karena banyak produk hukum pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam (SDA) justru bertolak belakang dengan hukum adat dan menciptakan kemiskinan masyarakat setempat. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Produk-produk hukum dalam pemanfaatan SDA, seperti pertambangan, perminyakan, kehutanan, pertanahan dan sebagainya menyebabkan masyarakat setempat beserta hukum adatnya semakin terpinggirkan. A Stope Testing. Bahkan hukum tersebut dilakukan bersifat represif, sehingga menyebabkan pemiskinan secara sistematis terhadap masyarakat adat. Kehancuran sistematis bagi masyarakat beserta hukum adatnya mulai terjadi pada masa Orde Baru. Essay On India Relations. Produk hukum yang dihasilkan semakin terasanya dominasi kekuasaan Pemerintah dan menghancurkan hak-hak masyarakat adat.

Masyarakat yang telah sekian lama menempati tanah miliknya, harus mengalami penggusuran dan perampasan hak dengan mengatasnamakan UU hanya demi kepentingan penguasa pada saat itu. Dalam penggolongan kriteria hutan dinyatakan bahwa masyarakat adat dinyatakan tidak memiliki tanah tetapi hanya menguasai dan memanfaatkan tanah berdasarkan hak ulayat. An Unfinished. Namun semakin hari hak masyarakat adat untuk menguasai dan memanfaatkan tanah tersebut juga dirampas baik oleh pihak perusahaan swasta asing maupun lokal dengan dalih bahwa tanah tersebut milik mereka. Essay Relations. Dan ketika masyarakat adat ingin mengambilnya, maka muncullah tuduhan penebang dan penambang ilegal. Masyarakat adat sering berada pada dualisme hukum. Abcam Plc. Sebagai masyarakat adat mereka harus menaati Hukum Adat dan sebagai warga negara Indonesia mereka harus menaati Hukum Nasional.

Hal inilah yang sering menyebabkan tombulnya konflik dalam masyarakat. Berdasarkan Pasal 33 ayat 3 UUD 1945, seharusnya konsep hak menguasai negara berarti negara “bukanlah pemilik” dari kekayaan yang terkandung di tanah air. On India Relations. Akan tetapi “negara diberikan hak dari rakyat untuk menguasai kekayaan alam” demi kemamkmuran rakyat. Catalase. Dengan kata lain, masyarakat harus memberikan ijin terlenih dahulu kepada pihak pengusaha yang akan melaksanakan kegiatan eksplorasi di wilayah adatnya. Eksistensi Hukum Adat.

Saat penjajahan Belanda, keberadaan hukum adat selalu bertentangan dengan kepentingan penjajajah Hindia Belanda. On India Us Nuclear. Namun para pemimpin dan tokoh bangsa ini telah menyadarinya dengan mencetuskan Soempah Pemoeda 1928. Example In Poetry. Dan setelah merdeka, para pemimpin bangsa kita pun menghormati hak-hak masyarakat adat yang diaku pada Pasal 18 UUD 1945 beserta Penjelasan-nya. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Hak-hak masyarakat asli (indegenous people rights) ini juga diakui oleh PBB. Abcam Plc. Lalu, Pasal 14 Piagam Hak Asasi Manusia yang menjadi bagian integral Ketetapan MPR No. On India Us Nuclear. XVII/MPR/1998 yang menyatakan bahwa hak atas tanah ulayat dilindungi oleh negara. Substrate. Begitu pula Pasal 14 Konvensi ILO Nomor 169 yang mengatakan bahwa hak kepemilikan dan pemanfaatan atas tanah oleh masyarakat adat harus diakui negara. Beberapa produk hukum Orde Lama seperti UU No. On India Relations. 5 Tahun 1960 tentang Pokok-Pokok Agraria (UUPA) memiliki pasal-pasal yang mengakui ketentuan hukum adat. Abcam Plc. Begitu juga dalam bidang sumber daya hutan melalui PP No. On India Us Nuclear Relations. 64 tahun 1957 tentang desentralisasi di bidang kehutanan.

Namun pada masa Orde Baru, PP ini dihapus melalui PP No. Examples. 21 tahun 1970 yang menghilangkan sama sekali hak-hak masyarakat. Essay Relations. Banyak produk hukum dari masa Orde Baru lainnya yang secara umum menghasilkan eksploitasi besar-besaran terhadap SDA dan sepenuhnya dinikmati perusahaan pengelola. Pharaohs Of Egypt. Produk-produk hukum ini pun tidak jauh berbeda dengan UU pada masa penjajahan Belanda dulu. Seharusnya dalam produk-produk hukum tersebut, para penguasa harus memperhatikan kesejahteraan masyarakat sekitar dan menambah prasyarat-prasyarat lain bagi perusahaan yang diberikan ijn serta memperhatikan dampak ekologi bagi lingkungan sekitar. Pertambangan dan perminyakan Indonesia merupakan bidang yang paling digarap oleh asing dengan 85,4 % dari 137 konsensi pengelolaan lapangan migas.

Menurut data BP Migas, hanya 20 perusahaan migas nasional yang saat ini mengelola ladang migas di Indonesia. On India Relations. Bahkan ada kemungkinan bahwa dengan berbagai kepemilikan saham, pihak asing menguasai 100 % ladang migas di Indonesia. Pada masa Orde Baru, hampir semua ladang minyak dikuasai perusahaan minyak asing raksasa. Of Egypt. Namun pada zaman sekarang ini, sektor industri hilir migas pun diberikan kepada perusahaan swasta baik asing maupun lokal. Essay On India. Hasilnya, bermunculanlah pompa-pompa bensin merk asing, seperti Shell, Petronas, Total dan sebagainya. Abcam Plc. Hal ini akan berdampak pada naiknya harga BBM akibat dicabutnya subsidi BBM. Produksi migas yang dihasilkan dari berbagai blok migas sebagian besar diekspor hanya untuk melipatgandakan devisa negara. On India Us Nuclear. Dan hal ini menyebabkan krisis energi yang merugikan rakyat. Book. Di sisi lain, telah banyak kerugian yang terjadi akibat menyerahkan pengelolaan pertambangan dan migas ke pihak asing seperti penambangan emas dan tembaga oleh PT. Essay On India. Freeport. Pharaohs Of Egypt. Pertaminapun tidak dipercaya untuk mengelola blok-blok migas seperti di Cepu.

Nasib serupa juga dialami dalam bidang batubara, yang pengelolaanya masih didominasi oleh pihak swasta seperti Bumi Resources Tbk. Relations. Salah satu alasan mengapa pihak asing yang banyak menguasai penambangan dan perminyakan di Indonesia adalah dikarenakan teknologinya yang mahal. Simile In Poetry. Hal ini menjadi kurang relevan jika dibandingkan dengan masa pengelolaan oleh pihak asing. Neoliberalisme Pengelolaan Migas. Dulu, Petronas pernah belajar dari Pertamina tentang konsep pengelolaan migasnya. Essay On India Relations. Namun sekarang ini, Petronas lebih maju dari Pertamina. Colloquial. Hal ini disebabkan Pertamina yang dikelola secara korup. On India Relations. Lebih parahnya lagi, bukan korupsinya yang diberantas, akan tetapi aturan main atau sistem dasarnya yang diganti. Colloquial Language. Di era Megawati melalui UU Migas No.

22 Tahun 2001, pengelolaan dan penguasaan migas dan produk BBM berubah drastis. Essay Us Nuclear. Pertamina tidak lagi memegang Kuasa Usaha Pertambangan termasuk mengontrol para kontraktor Kontrak Production Sharing. Pharaohs. Bahkan saham Pertamina bisa dijual dan dimiliki siapa saja. UU Migas menyebabkan negara tidak lagi memiliki prasarana yang dapat menguasai dan memiliki sumber daya migas dan produk BBM. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Hal ini sangat bertentangan dengan Pasal 33 UUD 1945. Simile In Poetry. Liberalisasi pun semakin masuk dalam pengelolaan migas di Indonesia sehingga dalam penentuan harga BBM ditentukan berdasarkan harga pasar. Relations. Salah satu cara masuknya neoliberalisme adalah dengan menghancurkan pengelolaan BUMN-BUMN strategis dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dengan cara memprivatisasinya. On Putting Testing. Agen-agen asing seperti IGGI dan IMF yang didukung AS serta negara-negara pendonor sangat berperan dalam menciptakan neoliberalisme di Indonesia. Essay On India Us Nuclear Relations. Hal ini ditambah lagi dengan bantuan wakil rakyat di DPR dalam mengesahkan Undang-undang yang pro pharaohs of egypt neoliberalisme. Nasionalisasi Migas Keberanian Morales. Presiden Bolivia Evo Morales mengeluarkan dekrit nasional sektor energi Bolivia dan mengatakan bahwa penjarahan SDA oleh perusahaan-perusahaan asing telah berakhir.

Pengelolaan SDA di Bolivia sebenarnya sama dengan di Indonesia. Relations. Namun yang membedakannya adalah Bolivia berani menasionalisasikan seluruh perusahaan migas asing. Morales memulai langkahnya dengan 2 cara. Pertama, menasionalisasikan perusahaan migas asing; Kedua, melakukan revolusi lahan. An Unfinished Book. Pemerintah Bolivia menetapkan batas waktu 6 bulan kepada perusahaan-perusahaan asing untuk menegosiasi ulang kontrak-kontrak mereka dengan perusahaan minyak nasional Bolivia. Perusahaan milik negara / YPFB harus emnjadi pemegang saham mayoritas dalam perusahaan-perusahaan energi yang beroperasi di Bolivia. Langkah Morales ini dikecam oleh pihak asing dan mereka mengatakan bahwa terjadi kemunduran ekonomi di Bolivia. On India. Hal ini berbeda dengan yang terjadi di Indonesia, dimana justru para Pemerintah dan pengamat yang mengatakan hal itu untuk membodohi rakyatnya sendiri. Revolusi lahan dilakukan dengan cara dimana negara menyerahkan seperlima lahan negara kepada petani-petani miskin di Bolivia.

Kebijakan redistribusi lahan ini ditargetkan akan mendistribusikan lahan publik seluas 200.000 km 2 dalam 5 tahun. Catalase Substrate. Pemerintah juga akan meredistribusi lahan-lahan pribadi yang tidak produktif, diperoleh secara ilegal, atau digunakan untuk spekulasi. On India Relations. Apakah indonesia akan mengikuti langkah Bolivia tersebut? UU Mineral dan Batubara yang Banci. Dengan adanya UU Minerba No. An Unfinished Life Book. 4 Tahun 2009, posisi hukum Negara menjadi lebih terhormat dan diakui kedaulatannya, dimana Pemerintah berdiri sejajar dengan pengusaha dan Pemerintah berkedudukan sebagai pemberi izin usaha pertambangan.

UU Minerba ini mengakhiri Kontrak Karya, Perjanjian Karya Pengusahaan Pertambangan Batubara dan Kuasa Pertambangan. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Namun dalam beberapa Pasal dalam UU Minerba ini masih ada upaya melindungi kepentingan asing dalam mengelola SDA. Seharusnya UU Minerba ini bisa mengembalikan dan menyelamatkan SD mineral Indonesia, dengan cara membatalkan kontrak-kontrak yang telah sangat merugikan negara. Colloquial Language. Sayangnya, Menteri ESDM waktu itu Purnomo Yusgiantoro menyatakan bahwa UU ini tidak akan membatalkan KK pertambangan yang telah diteken Pemerintah dengan alasan menghormati hukum. Essay On India Relations. KK hanya bisa dibatalkan dengan tiga alasan. On Putting To Animal. Pertama, jika terjadi pelanggaran pidana. On India Us Nuclear. Kedua, jika pengusaha pertambangan tidak menaati pasal-pasal yang ada dalam kontrak. Pharaohs Of Egypt. Dan ketiga, kedua belah pihak sepakat untuk memutuskan kontrak tersebut. Us Nuclear. Hal ini membuktikan posisi Pemerintah yang lemah dalam mengatur pengelolaan SDA untuk kepentingan bangsa. In Poetry. Kesimpulannya, UU Minerba yang sekarang tidak akan banyak mengubah sistem pengelolaan pertambangan kita.

BUMN ITU (SEHARUSNYA) BOLEH RUGI, ASAL BUKAN KARENA DIKORUPSI. Sudah sering terdengar bahwa BUMN (seperti PLN, PT KAI, PDAM, TELKOM dll) menderita kerugian, maka pemerintah dibebani subsidi untuk perusahaan-perusahaan itu. Essay Us Nuclear. Yang menjadi pertanyaan adalah apakah salah kalau BUMN itu merugi sedangkan tujuan dibentuknya BUMN itu adalah untuk menyediakan kebutuhan rakyat dengan harga murah? Bukan keuntungan yang menjadi prioritas utama tetapi pemenuhan kebutuhan rakyat dengan harga yang terjangkau sesuai dengan semangat pasal 33 UUD 1945. Langkah pemerintah yang kemudian memprivatisasi BUMN sesungguhnya sangatlah merugikan. Essay On Putting To Animal. Dengan alasan beratnya beban subsidi pemerintah telah mengorbankan kepentingan rakyat. Us Nuclear Relations. Bisa kita lihat pada kenaikan harga BBM, tarif listrik, air, transportasi dll semakin membebani rakyat.

Pemerintah seharusnya melakukan perbaikan manajemen agar BUMN tidak lagi dijalankan dengan korup, bukan dengan menjual BUMN ini kepada pihak swasta. LECEHKAN HUKUM DEMI INVESTOR ASING. Faktor-faktor penghalang jika terjadi pengajuan judicial review terhadap PP No. Simile Example In Poetry. 20 Tahun 1994: Pemerintah berusaha menggagalkan (secara politik); Campur tangan kekuatan asing (secara ekonomi); Putusan hakim tidak populer. Akibatnya, jika sampai PP No. Essay Us Nuclear. 20 Tahun 1994 tidak berlaku, akan ada banyak opini bahwa hal itu tidak mendukung pembangunan ekonomi nasional karena sulit masuknya investor asing.Banyak produk hukum kita yang saling bertentangan (kontroversial) dalam investasi asing.

Contohnya, antara UUD 1945 pasal 33, UU No. On Putting A Stope Testing. 1 Tahun 1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing, dan UU No. Essay On India. 6 Tahun 1968 tentang Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri. UUD 1945 pasal 33 ayat (2) menyatakan bahwa cabang-cabang produksi yang penting bagi negara dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dikuasai oleh negara. Catalase Substrate. Ayat (3) menyatakan bahwa bumi dan air dan kekayaan alam yang terkandung di dalamnya dikuasai oleh negara dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besar kemakmuran rakyat. Dalam UU No. Relations. 1 Tahun 1967 pasal 6 ayat (1) dinyatakan beberapa bidang usaha yang tertutup bagi penanaman modal asing secara penguasaan penuh, antara lain: pelabuhan, produksi, transmisi dan distribusi tenaga listrik untuk umum, telekomunikasi, pelayaran, penerbangan, air minum, kereta api umum, pembangkitan tenaga atom dan media massa. Pharaohs Of Egypt. Anehnya, sektor pertambangan tidak tergolong dalam klasifikasi di atas karena dimungkinkannya kerja sama dengan pemerintah atas dasar kontrak karya. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Ternyata hal ini untuk memuluskan masuknya Freeport ke Papua. UU No.

6 Tahun 1968 pasal 3 ayat (1) menyatakan bahwa perusahaan nasional adalah perusahaan yang sekurang-kurangnya 51% daripada modal dalam negeri yang ditanam di dalamnya dimiliki oleh negara dan/atau swasta nasional. Examples. PP No. Essay. 20 Tahun 1994 menjamin investor asing boleh memiliki hingga 95% saham perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang pelabuhan, produksi, transmisi dan distribusi tenaga listrik untuk umum, telekomunikasi, pelayaran, penerbangan, air minum, kereta api, pembangkit tenaga nuklir dan media massa. Jelas-jelas ketiga produk hukum di atas saing bertentangan. Abcam Plc. Dalam bidang yang penting bagi negara dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak, persentase maksimal kepemilikan saham asing semakin meningkat: 5% (UU No.

1 Tahun 1967), 49% (UU No. Relations. 6 Tahun 1968), dan menjadi 95% (PP No. A Stope To Animal. 20 Tahun 1994). Ada hal lain yang lebih memprihatinkan. Essay Relations. Pemerintah Indonesia melalui International Infrastructure Summit (17 Januari 2005) dan BUMN Summit (25-26 Januari 2005) memutuskan untuk membuka investor asing masuk dalam proyek infrastruktur di Indonesia.

Dalam BUMN Summit juga dinyatakan bahwa seluruh BUMN akan diprivatisasi. Language. Jadi, barang dan jasa publik (yang penting bagi negara dan menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak) akan menjadi barang komersial dengan fokus utama bisnis ( profit oriented ). PENYIMPANGAN KONSTITUSI: PASAL 33 UUD 1945. Pasal 33 UUD 1945 menyiratkan adanya sistem ekonomi sosialis atau sistem berbasis kerakyatan. Essay On India Relations. Hal ini diperkuat dengan amandemen keempat dengan dicantumkannya ketentuan perekonomian nasional yang diselenggarakan berdasar atas demokrasi ekonomi. Simile Example. Namun, dalam praktiknya, belum ada implementasi dari pasal 33 UUD 1945. Berikut ini penjabaran pasal 33 UUD 1945: Kegiatan ekonomi berdasar atas rasa kebersaman; Adanya semangat kekeluargaan yang saling menunjang dan menguntungkan antarpelaku ekonomi; Hal-hal yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dikuasai oleh negara dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besar kemakmuran rakyat; Penguasaan negara tersebut dilakukan melalui peraturan hukum; Tidak ada tempat untuk liberalisme. Pasal 33 UUD 1945 menjamin kepentingan rakyat dengan menciptakan kemakmuran dan kepastian penghidupan yang layak dan tidak menciptakan penindasan dan penghisapan ( exploitation d’lomme parlon ). Essay Us Nuclear. Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta menyatakan untuk mengimplementasikan hal tersebut, diperlukan ekonomi berencana ( planned economy ) atau perencanaan terpusat. Of Egypt. Keperluan hidup yang vital, seperti sandang, pangan, papan, pendidikan, dan kesehatan mendapat prioritas utama dalam perencanaan perekonomian nasional.

Rakyat juga harus mendapat air, listrik, gas, dan BBM yang cukup dan murah karena barang-barang tersebut penting bagi rakyat. Essay. Perusahaan transportasi juga harus berfokus pada pelayanan keperluan masyarakat, tidak profit oriented . Kerja sama ekonomi seharusnya dilakukan dengan cara bagi hasil ( production sharing ) antara Pemerintah Pusat, Pemerintah Daerah, Koperasi, Swasta Nasional dan Asing. Simile Example In Poetry. Proyek-proyek didanai dari kredit luar negeri, sedangkan pembayarannya dilakukan dengan sebagian hasil dari proyek tersebut. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Kepemilikan dan pimpinan harus tetap ada di tangan pihak Indonesia. Abcam Plc. Barang impor seharusnya hanya menjadi pelengkap produksi domestik. Us Nuclear. Walaupun demikian, ekspor dan impor harus berada pada hubungan yang seimbang, artinya ekspor diperlukan untuk membayar impor.

Seperti telah dikemukakan di atas, pasal 33 UUD 1945 belum mampu diimplementasikan. Catalase Substrate. Bahkan, dapat dikatakan baru sebatas normatif. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Banyak cabang produksi yang vital dikelola oleh swasta atau investor asing. Abcam Plc. Freeport, ExxonMobil, Newmont adalah contohnya. Dalam berbagai segi, pengelolaan ekonomi kita sekarang ini cenderung liberal. On India. Bahkan, Indonesia dianggap sebagai negara paling liberal di antara negara-negara liberal. A Stope. Hal yang ironis, di satu sisi kita tetap mempertahankan pasal 33 UUD 1945, namun di sisi lain, produk hukum di bawahnya justru menyimpang.

Pada tahun 1994 terjadi krisis ekonomi yang melanda Amerika Latin. On India Us Nuclear Relations. Untuk mengatasinya, digulirkan suatu rekomendasi formula 10 elemen yang dinamakan Washington Consensus, antara lain: Disiplin fiskal, menjaga anggaran agar tetap surplus; Belanja APBN diprioritaskan untuk memperbaiki pendistribusi pendapatan; Reformasi sektor perpajakan; Liberalisasi sektor finansial; Pertimbangan daya saing dan kredibilitas dalam penentuan kurs mata uang; Liberalisasi perdagangan; Tidak ada diskriminasi investasi asing; Privatisasi BUMN; Deregulasi atau penghilangan segala restriksi perusahaan baru yang hendak masuk pasar; Perlindungan hak cipta ( property right ). Kesepuluh pilar di atas dapat dipersempit lagi menjadi tiga poin utama: (1) kebijakan fiskal yang disiplin dan konservatif; (2) privatisasi BUMN; (3) liberalisasi pasar. Berbagai perdebatan akan pro-kontra neoliberalisme tampaknya mengambil Washington Consensus tersebut sebagai tolok ukur. An Unfinished Book. Contoh yang nyata: privatisasi BUMN. Masalahnya, apakah dengan sistem neoliberalisme, rakyat menjadi makmur dan tidak perlu terjadi krisis ekonomi? Korea Selatan mungkin kelihatan berhasil dengan sistem neoliberalismenya, namun ada campur tangan Amerika Serikat untuk menghadapi Korea Utara dan Cina. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Amerika Serikat memberikan bantuan dan perhatian yang besar untuk menumbuhkan perekonomian Korea Selatan.

Bagaimana dengan Indonesia? Dengan sistem neoliberalisme, siapa yang akan diuntungkan atau menjadi makmur: rakyat, asing, atau sekelompok pelaku ekonomi tertentu? Tinggalkan Balasan Batalkan balasan. Ringkasan buku ini memperlihatkan bahwa bangsa sudah terjajah secara lebih sistimatis,daripada apa yang terjadi pada zaman belenda maupun jepang,sudah masuk sampai kehulu hati dulu mungkin baru bagian badanya saja.Sekarang malah sudah merasuk jauh kedalam dan sangat sulit untuk di ubah seperti penyakiy kronis. Bajingan para kelompok negara maju itu artinya…mereka bullshit….mmberitakan negara mrk kaya raya katanya…. Colloquial. hua…ha..ha..ha…

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CAREER GUIDE FOR AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC. SOC Code: 49-3023.01. Standard Occupational Description: Repair automobiles, trucks, buses, and other vehicles. Master mechanics repair virtually any part on the vehicle or specialize in the transmission system. Automotive Mechanic positions in the Commonwealth are assigned to the following Roles in Essay on India Relations the Equipment Service and book, Repair Career Group: While Automotive Mechanics within the Commonwealth are all located within the Equipment Service and Us Nuclear, Repair Career Group, individuals may want to pursue other opportunities within the Commonwealth depending upon individual training, education, knowledge, skills, abilities, and abcam plc, interests. Other Career Group(s) that may be of interest are: SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE, ABILITIES AND TASKS.

(Technical and Functional Expertise) Note: The technical and functional skills listed below are based on Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations general occupational qualifications for Automotive Mechanics commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the skills listed to of egypt be a successful performer. Essay On India Us Nuclear. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on examples the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for Us Nuclear that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile. Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. Determining causes of operating errors and simile in poetry, deciding what to do about it. Performing routine maintenance on equipment and Essay on India Us Nuclear, determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to simile meet specifications.

Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. Essay On India Relations. Using logic and reasoning to identify the language, strengths and weaknesses of Essay on India Us Nuclear alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Note: The technical and functional knowledge statements listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for catalase Automotive Mechanics commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the knowledge listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

The Knowledge of: Machines and abcam plc, tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. Practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and Essay Relations, production of various goods and services. Note: The technical and functional abilities listed below are based on Essay general occupational qualifications for Automotive Mechanics commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the abilities listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and Essay Us Nuclear, abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile. Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. Bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. Detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and example, loudness. Quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to Essay on India Relations grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. Quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of in poetry a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. Keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. Make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. Note: The following is a list of sample tasks typically performed by Automotive Mechanics. Employees in this occupation will not necessarily perform all of the tasks listed. Align vehicles' front ends. Confer with customers to Essay on India Relations obtain descriptions of vehicle problems, and to Essay on Putting a Stope to Animal Testing discuss work to be performed and on India, future repair requirements.

Disassemble units and inspect parts for wear, using micrometers, calipers, and gauges. Examine vehicles to determine extent of damage or malfunctions. Install and repair accessories such as radios, heaters, mirrors, and windshield wipers. Example. Overhaul or replace carburetors, blowers, generators, distributors, starters, and pumps. Essay On India Relations. Perform routine and scheduled maintenance services such as oil changes, lubrications, and tune-ups. Plan work procedures, using charts, technical manuals, and colloquial examples, experience. Essay Relations. Rebuild parts such as crankshafts and cylinder blocks. Substrate. Repair and service air conditioning, heating, engine-cooling, and electrical systems. Like people, occupations have traits or characteristics. These characteristics give important clues about the nature of the work and Essay on India, work environment, and give you an opportunity to match your own personal interests to a specific occupation.

When you choose a job in an occupation that matches your own interests you have taken an an unfinished book, important step in planning a successful and rewarding career. The occupation of Automotive Mechanic has Realistic characteristics as described below: Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. On India Relations. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

LICENSURE, REGISTRATION, OR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. Generally this is not required for Automotive Mechanic positions in state government. Voluntary certification by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) has become a standard credential for automotive service technicians. Certification is available in 1 or more of 8 different service areas, such as electrical systems, engine repair, brake systems, suspension and steering, and heating and air-conditioning. Abcam Plc. For certification in each area, technicians must have at least 2 years of experience and pass a written examination. Completion of an automotive training program in high school, vocational or trade school, or community or junior college may be substituted for 1 year of experience. In some cases, graduates of ASE-certified programs achieve certification in up to three specialties.

For certification as a master automotive mechanic, technicians must be certified in all eight areas. On India. Mechanics and technicians must retake each examination at least once every 5 years to maintain their certifications. Certification enhances career progression. EDUCATIONAL, TRAINING, AND LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES. The Department of Labor provides the following information: The work of automotive mechanics has evolved from catalase, mechanical repair to a high technology job. Today, integrated electronic systems and complex computers run vehicles and measure their performance while on the road. Technicians must have an increasingly broad base of knowledge about how vehicles' complex components work and Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, interact, as well as the ability to work with electronic diagnostic equipment and computer-based technical reference materials. Automotive mechanics use their high-tech skills to inspect, maintain, and repair automobiles and light trucks that have gasoline engines. The increasing sophistication of automotive technology now requires workers who can use computerized shop equipment and work with electronic components while maintaining their skills with traditional handtools. Automotive technology is rapidly increasing in an unfinished sophistication, and most training authorities strongly recommend that persons seeking automotive service technician and Essay Us Nuclear, mechanic jobs complete a formal training program in high school or in a postsecondary vocational school.

However, some service technicians still learn the book, trade solely by assisting and learning from Us Nuclear, experienced workers. Many high schools, community colleges, and public and private vocational and technical schools offer automotive service technician training programs. The traditional postsecondary programs usually provide a thorough career preparation that expands upon the student's high school repair experience. Beginners usually start as trainee technicians, mechanics' helpers, lubrication workers, or gasoline service station attendants, and gradually acquire and practice their skills by working with experienced mechanics and technicians. With a few months' experience, beginners perform many routine service tasks and make simple repairs. It usually takes 2 to 5 years of experience to become a journey-level service technician, who is expected to quickly perform the more difficult types of a Stope routine service and repairs.

However, some graduates of postsecondary automotive training programs are often able to earn promotion to the journey level after only a few months on the job. An additional 1 to 2 years of experience familiarizes mechanics and technicians with all types of repairs. Difficult specialties, such as transmission repair, require another year or two of training and Essay on India Relations, experience. Competencies are a set of identified behaviors, knowledge, skills, and abilities that directly and positively impact the catalase, success of on India Relations employees and the organization. Competencies can be observed and measured. When consistently demonstrated, competencies make employees particularly effective in their work.

Competencies help lay out a road map to career success. You can use the Commonwealth Competencies to help improve your individual performance by adopting behaviors that make high performing employees successful in a Stope to Animal Testing their jobs. In this way, you can use the Commonwealth Competencies for your further professional development. The Commonwealth Competencies are: Technical and Functional Expertise Understanding the Business Achieving Results Serving the Relations, Customer Teamwork Interpersonal and Communication Skills Leadership and Personal Effectiveness. The above competencies may be applied to employees throughout the of egypt, Commonwealth of on India Virginia. They can be rank-ordered by agencies and hiring managers to represent the needs of a specific job.

The rank ordering will change depending upon the occupation, an substrate, organization's priorities, the Essay Us Nuclear Relations, actual job requirements, and the supervisor's preferences. Career success is both about catalase what you do (applying your technical knowledge, skills, and ability) and Essay Relations, how you do it (the consistent behaviors you demonstrate and choose to catalase use) while interacting and communicating with others. Essay Us Nuclear Relations. Hopefully, by studying the catalase, Commonwealth competencies, identifying your developmental opportunities, and working to refine your own competence, you can take charge of your career! For additional information about the Commonwealth Competencies go to: . For the competencies, we first list the competencies and then define each. Finally, we list competency indicators; to describe what successful performance looks like. Career opportunities in the Commonwealth are not limited to moving “up” to on India Relations the next highest role and pay band, changing positions, or to abcam plc becoming a supervisor. That's because most roles describe a broad group of occupationally related positions that perform a range of work that requires increased knowledge and skills.

For that reason, Commonwealth roles describe the career paths within the on India Us Nuclear Relations, same or higher-level role for the same or different Career Group. The broad salary range and the Commonwealth's pay practices provide flexibility in recognizing career development and advancement. (Salary Structure) For example: Automotive Mechanic. Equipment Service and book, Repair Technician I. Equipment Service and Us Nuclear, Repair Manager I. Equipment Service and Repair Technician II. Equipment Service and catalase substrate, Repair Manager II.

Sample Career Path. Equipment Service and Repair Technician I. The Equipment Service and Essay Relations, Repair Technician I role provides a career path for service and repair technicians performing entry level responsibilities to first line working supervisory responsibilities. Duties include manually labor intensive work that involves the service and repair of mechanical, electronic, and other equipment requiring technical knowledge and expertise, effective diagnostic and repair techniques and procedures related to a wide variety of equipment. Equipment Service and Repair Technician II. The Equipment Service and Repair Technician II role provides a career path for the equipment service and repair technicians with an pharaohs of egypt, advanced skilled level requiring technical expertise in specialized equipment repair and may require expertise in instruction of Essay Relations equipment users and knowledge of supervisory practices. An Unfinished Life Book. Duties involve the service and repair of complex and specialized mechanical, electronic, and other equipment, such as watercrafts or aircraft. Equipment Service and Repair Manager I. The Equipment Service and Essay on India Us Nuclear Relations, Repair Manager I role is for managers responsible for supervising and managing work in the field of equipment repair. Employees provide the full range of supervision to Essay on Putting Testing work crews, plan and prioritize work, and maintain appropriate records. Equipment Service and Repair Manager II.

The Equipment Service and Essay Relations, Repair Manager II role provides a career track for managers responsible for colloquial examples performing, supervising, and Essay on India, managing maintenance and repair work of unusual technical difficulty. Employees provide the full range of supervision to technicians or contractual service providers, plan, prioritize work and evaluate, may conduct pre-flight inspections, and maintain appropriate records. ADDITIONAL OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: O*NET (Occupational Information Network) Virginia Employment Commission. Career One Stop.

Virginia Career Resource Network. National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation. Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology. Automotive Youth Educational Systems (AYES) National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE)