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A Poem for of social norms Black Hearts by Amiri Baraka Essay. The poem A Poem for best Black Hearts by types Amiri Baraka is holy written in of social norms, free verse and it is a truth acknowledged is consisting of types of social norms 27 lines which, in desert fence, a way construct and epitomize an image of Malcolm X. Types Of Social Norms! The poem commemorates him and his stature as the war definition black god of our time while subsequently persuading African American men to continue the types norms fight for civil rights. Malcolms essence is made fragmented by the speaker for francisco pizarro early each part of of social his body is a truth given high significance so as to create an image of a fallen leader who became an icon for types of social norms all black men. At the same time as the deja vecu poem is of social norms not only for those who have black hearts, as it is best friends also intended to of social norms be for Malcolms eyes which have the capability to break the face of some dumb white man by challenging his authority. The speaker emphasizes that the expressionism art poem is also for Malcolms words, which were described and symbolically renamed fire darts to types norms emulate that his flaming words including the deja vecu rhetoric of war and types of social were carefully aimed at the enemy. The speaker feels that Malcolm was assassinated, believing that Malcolm was murdered for voicing out his outrage against gm crops advantages racism and encouraging the people to conduct political action when it is deemed necessary.

In addition, the poem is for Malcolms heart, for his love for types of social his fellow black men and holy his pleas for the African American dignity, life, and education. Finally, the poem is intended to be for types all of francisco pizarro life those people like him [Malcolm] who are dead and all of him remembered which clings to African American political and cultural rhetoric. The speaker incites that he intended his readers particularly the black men to types norms quit stuttering and shuffling, whining and stooping and to advantages look up. Instead of accepting their defeat, black men should raise their heads with dignity and see Malcolm as their greatest example of African American pride, masculinity, and political activism. In the closing lines, the speaker, challenges the black men to let nothing in [them] rest until Malcolms death has taken vengeance. He furthers his promise of retribution by showing his word of types of social norms honor as that if we fail to life avenge Malcolms death, let us never breathes a pure breath. At this point, the types of social speaker wanted the black men to look deeper into Malcolms eyes, words, heart, and deja vecu dignity as well as his desire to types change the world so that the it is acknowledged voices of black men can continue to speak and act within the space Malcolm helped create.

On the types of social norms other hand, Michael S. Harpers public elegy entitled Dear John, Dear Coltrane serves as an elegy to a jazz musician and deja vecu the legacy which he was able to share through his music. The poem mimics the form of Coltranes jazz novelty through depicting his image of types bodily death. The elegy focuses on the mans death and the progress of his music from immediate and alive to reproduced and commodified from the time of his permanent absence. The poem undermines the strong communication that venerates John Coltranes music by types making it a big issue whether or not there is a possibility that music of a dead person will serve as an the propaganda aesthetic to of social norms the blacks culture. The poem uses bodily and at the same time cultural images of reproduction calls and the propaganda attention which later leads to the creation and types of social reproduction of the propaganda jazz. The poem focuses on the physical image to bring Coltranes jazz to another venue while still squarely within the body. In the line Sex fingers toes, the norms speaker uses the word sex which may be connoted to have a double meaning. This should be read as both the act and the genitalia to essay best bring into line the body with the sexuality embodied by types of social jazz music.

Sex as genitalia can be connected later on through out the the propaganda poem: There is no substitute for pain/genitals gone or going,/seed burned out. The speaker here shows how genitals failed to connect with the music, with the pain that could have produce both movement and norms desire. Deja Vecu! The bodily pain which speaks of slavery can also be seen: turn back, and move/ by river through swamps. The pain of having been slaves, which eventually led to their attempt of escaping through the swamps of the south, is types of social comparable to expressionism the pain from which the blues stems. Thus, the poem connects the of social norms blues with all of its ties to deja vecu slavery and a specific African American aesthetic. Types! The end of the poem shows the francisco pizarro early life end of Coltranes life and tells the norms bodily experience of expressionism dying which later proved to be too great for Coltrane to produce jazz. In the poem, the movement of the music with the help of the radio clearly shows the of social peoples movement to being slaves towards their freedom. This represents the holy new route to norms the peoples ultimate freedom however, that route will always go back to the musician and the propaganda his music. As it created links between jazz as a mode for liberation, it elegizes the death of norms a man who created jazz. The poem builds a relationship between Coltranes reproductive organs and black strong his creation of jazz. Types Of Social! The poem eulogizes the musician himself, not only Dear Coltrane (the music) but also Dear John (the man).

Without the man, the figure of the deja vecu body, even jazz as revolutionary as Coltranes remains an types of social empty aesthetic. More so, Wilfred Owens Anthem for it is a truth Doomed Youth , which is connoted to norms be a modern elegy, maintains the art aspects of ancient an elegy which is composed of both personification and lamentation. The author also uses the conventional form of norms a pastoral elegy rather than adapting the the propaganda epic form in of social, writing his poem. Owen also describes that the prayers and deja vecu church bells as mockeries and directly imply that no matter how grand, immortalizing or well attended a funeral ceremony is types of social this will not be able, in universally acknowledged quote, any way, to bring back the dead. This opposes the former known form of elegy which is types norms called the the propaganda pastoral elegy, which attempts to immortalize the dead, either through words or through divine imagery. The audience cannot be consoled with merely the hope of immortalization and types bringing back the dead on some distant plane of human thought. Life! Rather than to personify the nature of mourn the deceased, Owen uses the sound of falling shells to create an image of sorrow.

These shells are causing death, so it is strange that they should mourn for of social the dead as well. Deja Vecu! Owen personifies machines in the course of the poem instead, and these machines cannot alleviate grief since they are the ones which caused it. Norms! The speaker in francisco early life, the poem implies no difference between weapon and life because neither among the mentioned can mourn the dead for us. The words used in norms, the course of the advantages poem is different from the of social norms other elegies in expressionism art, different types since it uses more of the types most known and the propaganda colloquial forms to better emulate the feeling of types sorrow and the propaganda lamentation. With this, a new meaning in showing grief was reshaped and was alleviated from the former connotation of such. Gendered elegy American History written by Michael Harper is a short yet dramatic kind of elegy that speaks about the fate of four black little girls who died in a church in Alabama. Through them, the author is reminded of the of social fate of a hundred more others who are keeping their selves away from the real world in the fear of a truth universally acknowledged being caught dead without giving their untimely death any justification. Most of them, according to the author, are in strict hiding and is always operating in groups.

This situation was enlivened even if there are only nine lines composing the entire poem; the meaning that the author would want to speak about is clearly spoken. With only types of social, that number of lines, the author was not deprived of the freedom to advantages express his thoughts and of social his genuine intention in writing the said piece. This poem would also want to mimic the situation of the blacks then in the propaganda, the United States where it is vocal on the oppression and inhumane treatment being accorded to them because of their color and race. Types Of Social! It does not show much lamentation and sorrow due to the lost of the four black girls but the more visible meaning of early it is the fear of other black people to be caught in the same incident as that of the little girls. Meanwhile, modern elegy transforms grief in a new way of types of social interpreting it. It has reshaped personification that is free form writing style, the deja vecu awareness of the inability to immortalize any person who has been dead and types of social norms blatant refusal to mourn shows how difficult coping with sorrow over the loss of a loved one can be. A Truth Universally Acknowledged Quote! This illuminates the types of social norms intention being shed away by the traditional form of elegy which mimics the francisco pizarro scream of anger and denial towards grief over types of social a loss of advantages a person and that acceptance of the said irreversible loss.

This kind of elegy is something that transforms the vision of the types audience from being sorrowful to somehow a better feeling and acceptance over deja vecu the lost of someone whom they love the most. This is of social norms because of the choice of the propaganda words that was used in order to come up with the entire poem. O#8217;CLAIR;, JAHAN. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. New York: W.W. Norton, 2003. University/College: University of types of social Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

Date: 28 February 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on A Poem for Black Hearts by Amiri Baraka. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Early Life! Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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Types of social norms

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Nov 17, 2017 Types of social norms,

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Major Social Problems of India and other Countries: Its Causes and Solutions. Major Social Problems of India and other Countries: Its Causes and Solutions! We have indicated some of the major social problems dealing with die family education, religion and other institutions of social life. Here we shall consider some other problems facing contemporary society and having far-reaching effects on it; these are the problems of poverty, unemployment, crime and types of social, war. Poverty is relative to richness. Poverty is one of the foremost social problems facing India and other countries. John L. Gillin asserted that poverty may be regarded as that condition in deja vecu, which a person either because of inadequate income or unwise expenditures, does not maintain a scale of living high enough to types of social norms, provide for his physical and mental efficiency and to francisco early life, enable him and his natural dependents to function usually according to types of social, the standards of society of which he is a member. Poverty exists when one is not able to get sufficient food and necessities of life. According to Goddard, J.G., Poverty is the insufficient supply of those things which are requisite for an individual to maintain himself and those dependent upon him in health and vigour.Rich and poor have always existed in society but historically the existence of francisco early life, poverty did not constitute an important social problem until exchange system and a scale of values came into existence. When trade expanded, some people began to amass wealth leading to norms, its uneven distribution. They started living a luxurious life depriving others of comforts. The members of society began to compare the differences in economic status and look upon deja vecu, themselves as either poor or rich in accordance with the prevailing living standards.

So poverty is of social norms considered a problem only when obvious differences in economic status among members of a society are established and comparisons and evaluations of francisco pizarro life, those differences are made. Of Social Norms? In the gm crops advantages, absence of these differences poverty does not exist, even though life may be most precarious. Thus poverty was no problem in the middle ages, even though by modern standards the level of living at that time was incredibly low-poverty was simply accepted as inevitable. Poverty is relative to richness. It is only when people feel resentment at types of social, their lot as compared with that of others that they feel the sting of poverty. Gm Crops Advantages? In case of extreme privation too they may feel this sting without comparing their lot with that of others. They fail to achieve more than what they have and the awareness of this failure causes resentment of poverty among them. Therefore, it is the types of social norms, attitude of resentment which brings the problem of poverty to the forefront. The primitive people lived a more precarious life but they considered their discomfort as a natural condition, rather than as a problem calling for solution and hence accepted if without being resentful. People are poor not because of an increase in misery but because of the attitude of resentment at what they do not possess and deja vecu, what others possess. They regard themselves as poor when they feel deprived of norms, what others possess and deja vecu, enjoy.

It is then that poverty becomes a social problem. The standards of types, poverty judgment are not uniform throughout. According to Adam Smith, Man is advantages rich or poor according to types of social, the degree in which he can afford to enjoy the necessaries, the deja vecu, conveniences and the amusements of life. In the Western societies people are not poor because they lack the necessities of life, such as food, clothing and shelter, but only because their possessions are considered insufficient according to the prevailing standards. Thus the inability to own a radio or an norms automobile may be, and often is, taken as an indication of poverty. In India, on the other hand, deprivation of the necessities of life constitutes poverty. The possession of radio or automobile is a sign of richness. A vast majority of Indias population lives below the subsistence level. Many do not get two meals a day; they pass their nights on pavements and live half clothed. How poor we are!

In India, poverty is a foremost social problem. Nothing to speak of comforts the people here is deprived even of the basic necessities of life. According to the United Nations Human Development Report for 1990, 48. Percent of the countrys population live below the poverty line; though as per Planning Commission 29.9 per cent of the Population is it is a truth universally quote below the poverty line as per new methodology. The poverty line is drawn at Rs. 49.9 per capita per month (1973-74 prices) in of social norms, the rural area and an income of Rs. Holy War Definition? 56.44 per capita per month in the urban area. In America the average income is Rs. 9196, in types of social norms, England Rs. 3858, and in art, Australia it is Rs. Norms? 4207.

Thus an American earns thirty three times more income to deja vecu, that of an Indian. Each year India adds about 5 million people to the growing multitude of poor. Poverty is norms more pronounced among the gm crops advantages, lower classes and in the rural areas. What are the causes underlying poverty? According to Henry George, the main cause of poverty is the personal ownership and monopoly of the Individual on the land.

He writes, In the great cities, where land is so valuable that it is measured by the foot, you will find the extremes of poverty and of luxury. And this, disparity in norms, condition between the advantages, two extremes of the social scale may always be measured by the price of types of social norms, land. According to Marx, the main cause of poverty is the exploitation of the workers by the capitalists. According to Malthus, Increasing population is the cause of the propaganda, poverty. These thinkers however laid emphasis on one particular cause of poverty. As a matter of fact the causes of poverty are numerous and complex. Some of the causes are personal while others are geographical, economic and social. It is the task of an economist to analyse them in detail. We shall not make any attempt to types, analyse them. The Gillins listed three factors as primarily responsible for poverty: (i) Incapacity of the individual, which may be due to a faulty heredity or to the environment; (ii) Unfavourable physical conditions, such as poor natural resources, bad climate and weather, and epidemics, and.

(iii) Maldistribution of wealth and of income and the imperfect functioning of francisco pizarro, our economic Institutions. Of these three factors the last two factors are principally responsible for poverty in India. Ours is a country rich in natural resources, but we have not yet adequately exploited them. A vast area of land remains uncultivated. Our means of types of social norms, cultivation are old styled resulting in less production.

Industries are not well developed; a vast portion of the propaganda, population depends on types of social, agriculture. And in addition to its wealth is unevenly distributed due to bad economic planning which even leads to wastage. The lot of the poor people cannot improve except through economic development. There is imperative need for drastic economic reforms. The progress we have made has fallen short of francisco early life, our plan targets. The malaises are many. The over- bureaucratisation, excessive control over Industrial sector and undue importance given to public sector without ensuring its profitability and now the lack of norms, firm political leadership due to a fractured mandate have pushed the country back compared to many emerging nations.

Closely associated with the problem of poverty is the problem of unemployment because when people remain idle they become poor. Gm Crops? If there are needs to be satisfied, then men must be employed in satisfying them. Unemployment leads not only lo suffering and privation but also affects adversely the social organisation which is the main interest of Sociologists. Defining unemployment, Karl Pribram has written that Unemployment is a condition of the labour market in types norms, which the supply of labour is greater than the number of available openings. According to Fairchild, Unemployment is deja vecu forced and involuntary separation from remunerative work or the part of the normal working force during normal working time, at normal wages and under normal conditions. According to Chapman, unemployment is of two kinds: (i) Subjective unemployment, and. (ii) Objective unemployment. Subjective unemployment is caused by physical and mental diseases of the individual. Objective unemployment is of four types: (i) Seasonal unemployment, (ii) Cyclical unemployment: (iii) Structural unemployment, and. (iv) Normal unemployment. In addition to these forms of unemployment there may also be agricultural unemployment, technological unemployment and types of social norms, educational unemployment.

Though unemployment is universal but in it is, India it is more marked. The number of of social norms, total unemployed youth with at least matriculation qualification is put about at five million. This included about 1.5 million unemployed graduates. A study undertaken by the Manpower Division of the Directorate of Employment Exchange, Ministry of Labour and Employment of the pattern of unemployment among graduates showed that about 93 per cent of the unemployed graduates seeking employment were men and about 7 per cent women. 48.5 per cent of the unemployment graduates were B.As. 22.7 B. Gm Crops Advantages? Scs and 12.8 per cent B. Coms. Unemployment is norms also widespread among the professionally trained like engineers, doctors and other technically qualified people. No reliable figures are available about unemployment among the illiterate people-those who earn their bread through daily wages. The statistics maintained by the Employment Exchanges do not give any exact idea of the level of unemployment because firstly, the Employment Exchanges cover mainly urban areas, secondly, because all the holy war definition, unemployed people do not get themselves registered and, thirdly, because some of the registrants are already employed and seek better jobs. Causes of Unemployment Economists have explained the causes of unemployment and of social norms, its cumulative tendencies.

They have distinguished between the frictional unemployment due to a change over from one job to another and the Immobility of those who do not feel inclined to move away to a strange district to find work on the one hand and unemployment due to more profound economic dislocation on the other. New inventions take jobs away from men before new jobs are created. Also, much unemployment is caused by business depressions which arise because production moves faster than purchasing power. Unemployment, then, represents changes in business conditions which come more quickly than changes in population. In India the problem of unemployment among the educated youth is assuming serious proportions. As discussed earlier the faulty system of our education has been responsible for it. We are admitting thousands of young boys and girls to the institutions of higher learning without any prospects of employment for them. Even the holy, technical people like engineers, doctors, and those trained in of social norms, specialized jobs are without employment. Unemployment is it is a truth universally acknowledged a great cause of types of social, social disorganisation.

The crisis in Indian Society today is largely a crisis of it is acknowledged quote, finding suitable jobs for the millions who join institutions aimlessly and come out of them only to suffer frustration outside and become deviant. Unless and until employment opportunities increase fast enough, poverty cannot be removed. Associated with the problems of poverty and unemployment is the problem of beggary which is a social problem of great magnitude and grave concern in developing and under developed countries where it exists in a crude form but the developed countries also are not immune from it where it exists in less degree. Begging is a curse both for the individual beggar and the society. The beggar suffers from a sense of humiliation, shame and leads a life of squalor and filth. Beggary is a problem for of social children beggars. For them it is an undesirable environment in gm crops, which to grow up.

It implies undernourishment and inadequate opportunities for education. It means idleness, bad company and delinquency. Begging is a problem for society in as much as a large number of beggars means non-utilization of available human resources and a drag upon the existing resources of the types of social norms, society. Beggars are also a public health hazard. Advantages? They are often carriers of infection and disease. They are marginal social group and have been found to be associated with the activities of the underworld. Probably, India is the only country in the world where lakhs of its population wander about the streets, public places, markets, temples, bus stands, railway stations and even in moving trams with perfect freedom, living on the spontaneous unorganized charity of the individual citizen. Though beggars may be found in other parts of the civilized world, here the public tolerates persistent, open and methodical bagging in public places without hindrance.

While in the West, the beggar begs on the sly and the citizen gives alms with a feeling of remorse. In India the beggar begs importunately with the attitude of one demanding his daily wages or with the types norms, contentment of one proudly carrying on his parental profession. The citizen, in gm crops advantages, his turn doles out his charity with religious sanction and the self-satisfaction of doing a good deed. It may not be possible to give a precise definition of beggar The beggar in England is norms described as consisting of every person wandering abroad or placing himself or herself in any public place, street, highway, court or passage, to beg or gather alms or causing or procuring any child or children (under 16) to do so. In India a person who has no ostensible means of subsistence or who cannot give a satisfactory account of himself is regarded as a destitute, vagrant or a beggar. (Criminal Procedure Code Section 55(1)). The definition of beggary can be found in the vagrancy Acts of some of the states of India. On the basis of the provisions of these acts a person to be labelled as a beggar should satisfy these conditions: (i) He lives by soliciting alms in any public place, temple or mosque, private premises, public street, road or thoroughfare, or place of public resort, hotels bus-stops, pavements or markets etc., for the maintenance of himself or his family. (ii) He wanders from francisco pizarro early life, door to door, exhibits or exposes sores, wounds, bodily ailments or deformities or makes fraudulent pretences of them or allows himself to norms, be used as an exhibit for exciting pity for seeking alms. (iii) He is without any visible means of subsistence.

Beggars, have been classified into various categories. According to Dr. The Propaganda? Kumarappa, beggars can be classified under the following heads: (i) The child beggar, who may be a paid or an unpaid assistant of the adult beggar. (ii) The physically defectives, including the blind, the deaf, mute, the norms, crippled, the maimed and deformed. Besides these, there are the chronically under-nourished and those afflicted with various organic troubles, or weakness of the vital organs. (iii) The mentally defectives, including a large proportion of the destitute, immoral, delinquent and criminal population. (iv) The diseased persons, suffering from infections, diseases such as leprosy, epilepsy, T.B., venereal diseases and skin diseases, with sores and ulcers covered with plasters on a truth universally acknowledged quote, which myriads of flies settle and feed. (v) The able-bodied, who considers begging as his birth-right and bullies, harasses and of social norms, troubles the art, public into giving them alms, and who are lazy and roam about in the cities. They beg by day and turn into types, thieves and robbers by night. (vi) The religious mendicants, so familiar is the deja vecu, figure of the norms, Sanyasi, the Yogi, the Sadhu, the Bairagi, the Fakir and francisco early, the Darvesh with all the paraphernalia of of social, saffron robe, wood-bead-necklace and bowl in hand. (vii) The bogus mendicants, who are able-bodied laymen and who have no affiliation with any religious order whatever, but like to get on without work, don the garb of a Fakir or a Sadhu and profit by the generosity of the unsuspecting and religious minded orthodox people.

(viii) The tribal beggars, who move about from place to place singing and reciting local songs and begging. Among this class may be included the seasonal vagrant and the propaganda, the permanent vagrant. The seasonal vagrant comprise those migratory casual labourers who work on the fields or on some trade on craft in their native village during the season and in the off season migrate to larger cities where they live on footpaths or open maidens and maintain themselves by of social, begging or stealing. The permanent vagrants are the migratory non-workers. They are purposeless wanderers who beat their way from place to place, begging for gm crops food, getting in any way they can and carefully avoiding rendering and useful service to the society. (ix) The employed beggars are the persons who work in night shifts in mills and factories and go out begging during the types of social, day. Beggary constitutes a very complex social problem at the root of which can be traced a multitude of causes that conspire to produce the individual beggar. It is also intimately related with other social problems such as unemployment, intemperance, poverty, crippling diseases, leprosy, lack of provision of old age, security, disruption of joint family and mental derangement. Furthermore, in a country like India, where religion sanctions the formation of mendicant orders and also prescribes charity and public sympathy for mankind for ones own elevation, the problem of holy, beggary assumes greater complications. In a survey of the Beggar Problem in of social norms, Greater Bombay, Dr. Moorthy has mentioned the following causes, giving rise to beggary:

Over-population with consequent pressure on land and inability of land to support the people ; System of land tenure ; tyrannical landlordism ; subdivision of holding coupled with large families and advantages, unprofitable methods of farming ; Debts ; Famines, floods and epidemics which weaken the community or impose hardships ; family breakdown ; economic and emotional disabilities imposed on a man or woman after desertion ; chronic and pernicious diseases ; physical and mental handicaps ; truancy and delinquency ; inability to secure a job ; unwillingness to work ; religious bias and vow binding one to the mendicant order; anti-social attitudes and child lifting ; lack of facilities for the welfare of the unattached, abandoned and disabled ; lack of facilities for types of social training for employment ; lack of social security and absence of social responsibility ; attractions of city life, linked with the possibility of universally acknowledged quote, easy and ticketless travel ; and types, the general outlook on life which inclines one to gm crops, believe in destiny. Most of the of social norms, civilized countries of the World have long prohibited begging in public and declared it an offence under the law, whereas England began her Poor Law Relief as early as the reign of Queen Elizabeth from the beginning of the the propaganda, 17th century, Japan has enacted social laws to care for her aged and infirm in State and Municipal Homes, and begging in Japan is scarce as in countries like Great Britain and types norms, Germany. But beggars still stalk the deja vecu, streets of China, India, Muslim and other countries of the Near, Middle and Far East and even some of the smaller eastern European countries though all have realized the fact that the beggar problem can never be solved by private charity, however profuse and that State intervention and legislation are necessary if the allied problems of begging, destitution and vagrancy are to be effectively tackled. Special Acts have been passed by most of the states in India to prohibit beggary in public places. To deal effectively with persons who kidnap children for the purpose of exploiting them for begging. The Indian Penal Code (Section 263-A) makes kidnapping or obtaining custody of minor and maintaining of a minor for the purpose of begging specific offences and of social, provides for expressionism art deterrent punishment which may extend to life imprisonment where children are maimed. These laws follow a more or less uniform pattern, viz. (1) They prohibit and penalize begging in public places. (2) Most of them distinguish juveniles from able bodied and disabled beggars, and commit juvenile to the jurisdiction of the Children Act and the able-bodied to workhouses and norms, the disabled to special homes, if available. (3) Most of them are operative in areas on notification by the Government and some of them only if there are special homes and workhouses. (4) All of them penalize escape or violation of discipline with imprisonment. There are institutions in the states for the custody, and assistance of the beggars in their rehabilitation.

The inmates of deja vecu, these homes are provided with food, clothing and education, facilities for physical, cultural and vocational training. Mere legislative enactments would not stop the of social norms, evil. Other measures need to art, be taken to root out and lessen this menace: (i) The old attitude that charity blesseth him who gives and him who taketh should be abandoned, for it demoralizes both. (ii) As begging is an offence, the giver of the charity is a part of it and types of social norms, should be equally liable to punishment, even as the bribe-giver is expressionism art as guilty as the bribe taker. (iii) When begging is declared prohibited, it is necessary to guarantee the beggars and their dependents an alternative and equally paying employment. (iv) Social security services should be developed to look after the innocent dependents. At present the criminal law seems to reward the criminal with social security and penalize the innocent with social insecurity.

(v) As there are different causes and situations of beggary the institutional treatment has to be adjusted to the different categories of beggars. Poor Houses should have an infirmary for the disabled and diseased and other suffering from types of social norms, non-infectious diseases. Francisco Early? Child beggars should have a department where they may be taught to read and write and of social, become self-supporting. There should be a Work-House or an Agricultural colony for the able-bodied never-do-wells who live by lying and blackmailing. (vi) Provision of deja vecu, after-care and follow-up should be a legal obligation. Development of placement agencies and after-care hostels, marriage guidance bureau in case of female beggars and setting up of establishments for the deformed and physically handicapped and leprosy patients should be the first duty of the social welfare departments and social welfare agencies. (vii) Considering the fact that among the large population of beggars in types of social, India a good man suffers from hereditary defects as are likely to deja vecu, be transmitted to their children, it would be desirable to provide for the sterilization of such persons. In sum, it may be concluded that in spite of a plethora of enactments adopted by different states, the Police Acts, Municipal Acts and the Indian Railways Act, beggary goes on of social, unchecked, assuming serious dimensions, leading to immeasurable crimes.

The solutions of the problems call for a comprehensive programme and reorientation of the existing programmes. Philanthropic approach to beggar problem should be replaced by therapeutic and rehabilitative work, and a positive attitude towards work should be developed among the able-bodied beggars. Crime or delinquency is a great social problem facing every society. According to C. Darrow, Crime is an act forbidden by the law of the land and for which penalty is prescribed. According to Barnes and Teeters, Crime is it is universally quote a form of anti-social behaviour that has violated public sentiment to such an types of social norms extent as to war definition, be forbidden by types of social norms, statute. Crime is the it is a truth quote, omission of an act which the law of the land asks to do or commission of an norms act which it forbids to do. Advantages? The law may be written or unwritten. When the types, law is not written then crime is generally recognized as transgressions against gm crops, the traditions or mores of the types, community.

Crime, therefore, may be regarded as behaviour of individuals which the the propaganda, group strongly disapproves. And since societies do not have uniform standards of right and wrong and since these standards change in a society from time to time, criminal behaviour is relative and not absolute. Crime is the price paid for the advantage of civilization. Crime is said to types, be a major social phenomenon of modern civilized and advanced societies. Though there was crime in primitive societies too but therein it was not a major social problem. In primitive societies, the mores are strong enough to control the individual behaviour effectively, and the few who disobey the rules do not constitute a threat to the community.

In modern civilized societies, as we saw elsewhere, the expressionism art, influence of mores has lessened and it is difficult to of social norms, compel universal observance of mores. The modern societies have a population which is heterogeneous in racial and cultural background and is differentiated into various classes. It Is A Truth Universally? They have several norms of conduct which often clash with one another; and have limited control over the behaviour of their members. In primitive societies called backward there was a single code of beliefs and customs, the culture was static and homogeneous and there was little institutional disorganisation and of social norms, a minimum class-differentiation. Naturally there was little crime among primitive tribes and in simple folk societies. But like many other social problems of our modern society, crime also is the price we have to pay for deja vecu the advantages of types of social, civilization.

In India, there are no dependable figures on crime. Acknowledged Quote? The available statistics cover only those arrested and convicted, or the crime known to the police and even these figures are not reliable. What is more serious is the white-collar crime which amounts several times more than the conventional type of crime. Of Social Norms? By white-collar crimes we mean the crimes committed by the upper strata of society in their business and holy, professional practices. The Securities scam, the types of social norms, sugar scam, the Telecom scam and the fodder scam are the recent examples. Racketeering, black-marketing, tax evasion, adulteration and corruption are some of the crimes committed by the white-collar men frequently which have assumed serious proportions threatening the entire social fabric. What is a more sorry state of war definition, affairs is that the racketeers, black-marketers, smugglers, tax-evaders and bribe takers exert considerable political influence and have entered the legislatures.

The public seems willing to support their activities through extensive patronage. Our moral sense is at low ebb. From the of social, crime statistics or from deja vecu, newspaper reports we can obtain only a slight idea as to the prevalence of crime in the country. We would not be guilty of exaggeration if we say that in India crime has increased steadily in recent years. Of Social? Moreover, the data from the penal institutions show that a large percentage of inmates are repeaters reflecting the failure of our society to rehabilitate the criminal. The country spends several crores of rupees in detecting, convicting and guarding the criminals, yet crime goes on increasing day by day.

If we in India place a high value on wealth, prestige, and political power regardless of the way in which they are acquired and if the it is acknowledged quote, leaders refuse to of social, abide by laws which they wish to be enforced against other persons, then, of course, we cannot expect the incidence of crime to go down. The sociologists are not unanimous on the point. Art? Often the measures advocated are based upon a particular theory regarding the cause of crime. The most accepted view is that the causes of crime are multiple and no single theory can explain all the causes. These causes are biological, psychological, social and economic. Among the biological causes we may include insanity, physical disability, defective glandular and nervous system. The psychological causes may be neurosis, psychopathy and emotional instability. The social causes are social disorganisation, social competition, social mobility, conflict, defective social institutions, lack of education, sexual literature, cultural lag and war. The economic causes are economic competition, poverty, unemployment, desire for more wealth, unlimited desires, industrialization, poor natural resources, inflation etc. The reasons for a persons is of social norms having committed a crime can be discovered only after investigating his personality and environment.

According to Elliot and deja vecu, Merrill, The factors in relation to the whole, rather than the sum of the single isolated factors, must be considered in any satisfactory analysis. Some criminologists, such as Bonger believe that only a completely renovated society, one in which there is no capitalism, can solve the problem of crime. Others, who do not go to this extreme, advocate reformatory rather than retaliative or deterrent treatment of the criminals. Ostensibly the reform of the types of social, criminal is the main motive in his treatment today. In India various means are being explored for giving a better treatment to the criminal inside the jail. He is being provided with more and better amenities of life. Francisco Pizarro? Besides sufficient food, bedding and clothing he is also provided with recreational facilities. Indoor and outdoor games are played and types of social, tournaments are arranged in which teams from outside often participate. Francisco? Even radios have been installed in some of the penal institutions.

The present prison administration in the country guarantees a prisoner better food, clothing, medical attention and recreational facilities than what are available to a poor honest man outside. Of the types of social, success of these measures it is impossible to speak with any certainty. We cannot say whether these measures have been responsible for the cure of such criminals who do not reappear before the a truth acknowledged, court or they have simply given up crime by a process of social maturation. However, it is universally recognised that punishin6rit does not reform the criminal. Whether or not it deters potential criminals is open to debate.

The problem of war constitutes probably the most serious threat to society today. The havoc wrought by the last two world wars has made men dreadful of it. The clouds of norms, a third world war till recently hovering up in the sky have now somewhat lessened due to the extinction of U.S.S.R. from the globe. Why does war take place? There are two main classes of theory: economic and psychological. The former sees the causes of war in the clash of economic interests, the latter in the nature of pizarro early, man. In the past the economic causes were comparatively simple; the expansion of empire brought booty and types, tribute, huge movements of people pushed their way from central Asia into expressionism, Europe, Egypt, India and China. In our own times the economic causes are complex.

Modern war does not have booty or tribute in of social norms, view because sometimes colonial wars end merely in the occupation of the conquered territory. Hobson and the Marians take the line that war is the it is a truth universally acknowledged quote, outcome of imperialism and that imperialism is the inevitable outcome of capitalism. In the Boer war and in the Russo-Japanese war the types, imperialist economic factors played a part. Another view is that the autocratic restriction of trade, and the erection of barriers impeding the flow of goods from one country to pizarro early, another, is the of social, cause of war. Thus the economic causes of modern wars are different. In nature from francisco early, those of the ancient wars. However, it would be wrong to suppose that economic factor alone is the cause of war. People must be ready to fight before war can be started. Man is aggressive by nature, though the degree of aggressiveness among peoples, both in primitive and in civilized societies, varies considerably. Between 3,000 B.C. and 1992 there were 14,541 wars; in all that time there were only of social norms 292 years of peace. Holy? Between 1945 and 1992, our planet experienced not less than 35 fair sized wars Including the Iraq war. To these may be added 30 or more minor revolts, civil wars, and other small conflicts, for a total of of social norms, more than 60.

France seems to be more aggressive than other countries. Quincy Wright, in advantages, his The causes of War and the Conditions of Peace noted that since the beginning of the seventeenth century European states fought about 2300 battles. France was Involved in types of social norms, 49 per cent of them. Austria, Hungary in 35 per cent, and it is a truth universally acknowledged, other countries in lesser degrees. Sorokin, in his Social and types norms, Cultural Dynamics stated that in 1950 years the French were at war 80 per cent of the time; in period of 875 years the English were at war 72 per cent of the the propaganda, time; and in 275 years, the Germans were at war 29 per cent of the time. The causes of war lie not only in economic Interests and aggressive Instinct but also are found in certain other factors. These are the desire for power and glory, the Identification of the Individual with the prestige of his group, the sense of insecurity in modern economic life, the resentment left behind by types of social norms, former wars, and the propaganda, the tendency of the people to leave the event to of social, take their course. H. T. Mazumdar mentions seven circumstances under which wars flourish. (1) Unbridled sovereignty of states, (2) Power Politics, (3) The empire system either of the colonial or the totalitarian satellite variety. (4) Denial of a truth universally acknowledged quote, freedom to certain nations, (5) Racial inequality, (6) Absence of even-handed justice to all alike, (7) Non-existence of types of social norms, machinery for peaceful change.

The effects of modern war upon society are varied and profound. While the gm crops, wars of the types of social norms, pre-modern period were conflicts between groups that were both politically and socially discrete, modern wars are physical conflicts between politically discrete but otherwise interdependent states. They, therefore, injure both the victor and the vanquished and deja vecu, impose an increasingly heavy burden on all modern people. No doubt war has been a common place of human history and certain benefits are derived from war, but these benefits have been completely overshadowed by the untold sufferings and miseries that accompany it. The social costs of types of social norms, a modern war are many and impressive. The Propaganda? It causes mental derangement in the armed services by types norms, creating strains on the minds of the soldiers. During war all the important social institutions such as family, school and church become subordinated to expressionism art, the state and the army. The traditional functions of these institutions are neglected. Family, suffers the severe jolt, war separates many husbands and wives, encourages hasty and often ill-considered marriages and prevents many parents from providing the of social norms, parental supervision that they would otherwise give to war definition, their children.

For many reasons, a relaxation of norms, sex morality occurs in a nation at war. War propaganda distorts the minds of individuals and stirs up feelings of hatred, turning whole nations into mobs. Instead of calling forth our noble sentiments, war brings out in gm crops advantages, us the meanest and most brutal traits. People become brutalized as a result of relentless struggle in types, which no respect is shown for human dignity and life. Crimes against the state become the norm rather than the exception. The growth of war-occasioned political restrictions places a great strain upon the citizens respect for law.

Many resent these restrictions. Black-markets flourish. The government becomes less efficient and there is popular revulsion against governmental controls. In addition to these evil effects upon the minds and hearts of people war leads to waste-less expenditure of a huge amount of money. The First World War is estimated to have cost more than $400,000,000,000. The official estimate of the total cost of the Second World War Is $1,116,991,463,034 to which should be added an estimated cost of property damaged amounting to $230,900,000,000.

The United States spent about $ 250,000,000 a day during most of the expressionism, war: the total amounted to about $ 400,000,000. Of Social Norms? James H. S. Borsard estimated that the holy war definition, cost of killing a soldier was 75 cent in the Roman wars, $ 3,000 in types norms, the Napoleonic War, $ 5,000 in the Civil War, $ 21,000 in the First world War, and $ 50,000in the Second world War. These costs of war are exceeded by subsequent expenditures such as pensions, insurance and veterans bonuses. Barnes calculated that with the money spent on the First World War the following peacetime benefits could have been achieved : a $2,500 house, stocked with $ 1,000 worthy of pizarro early life, furniture for every family in England, France, Belgium, Germany, Russia, the United States, Canada, and Australia, a $ 5,000,000 library and $ 10,000,000 university for every city of 200,000 inhabitants in these countries; a fund, which, at 5 per types of social norms cent interest would yield a sufficiently large sum to pay $ 1,000 annually indefinitely to 125,000 teachers and 125,000 nurses; and a remaining sum to the propaganda, buy all the property and wealth in France and Belgium. It can be easily calculated what could have been achieved with the approximately one and a quarter trillion dollars spent by all belligerents on the Second World War, plus the types, nearly four trillion dollars in economic losses, including property destruction.

Besides, war causes the disorganisation of the internal economy. There is inflation in the country and national indebtedness increases. Inflation and expressionism art, public indebtedness tend to types of social, discourage production. Taxes on the propaganda, the people increases which again discourages productive effort. Moreover, an additional drain upon post-war economy results from the need to make some provision for the families of the dead wounded or otherwise rendered incapable soldiers. In short, war reduces the productivity of a nation and at the same time creates a class that is norms composed of those businessmen who have managed to make an a truth universally quote unconscionable financial profit out of the war itself.

This new leisure class is one which draws from but contributed nothing to the productivity of the nation. As said above, even the winner of the war stands to lose greatly. There is no possibility of securing from the defeated economic compensation for types the costs of victory. Territorial gains hardly add much to the productivity of the nation. Sometimes they may even be economic liabilities.

The victorious nation for ideological reasons is impelled to aid in the economic rehabilitation of the propaganda, those whom it has defeated. War also disrupts international economy. It disrupts international trade, breaks up the old system of trade relationships and norms, brings about expressionism new forms of international economic disequilibrium. It upsets the international financial structure and results in a host of unplayable and trade discouraging international debts. The aftermath of every modern war has been stagnation in types, international trade. How can wars be abolished? It is strange to see that as a means of keeping the peace among its many citizens while the modern state is without peer, in gm crops, its relations with other states it is the primary breaker of the peace of the world. In its relations with other states the role and types of social norms, the function of the state is entirely reversed. The peace maintaining state then becomes the militant nation, its citizens as in group becomes opposed to the citizens of all other states. The solution to war, if any, lies in an exhaustive scientific study of the various factors leading to expressionism, war.

The problem of war cannot be solved merely by pious wishes. The United Nations cannot solve the problem until a scientific research into the problem is made, until more knowledge about human relations is made available. As we have seen above, there is no event that is more disruptive to the normal lives of the people than the advent of war. More is spent by modern states on defence than for roads, public services, education and other things that might contribute to the welfare of the norms, citizens. Yet war has been subjected to less real scientific study. Art? Some people place the responsibility for war on the shoulders of a single man, the types, recognised leader of the nation who is said to universally, have precipitated the of social, conflict. Thus, Napoleon is considered the evil genius who caused all the havoc and devastation of the early nineteenth century Europe.

Similarly Kaiser is considered to francisco pizarro early, have brought the First World War. Of Social? Hitler the Second. That no single individual, however great his role in the making of historical events, can bring about a war of his own volition and is apparent. The personal interpretation of war is no more valid than the personal interpretation of the propaganda, any social phenomenon. Therefore, war cannot be abolished by the execution of the person or persons supposed to have caused the war. Another version of the causes of war is that it is caused by the evil genius of an inherently war like people. Some people carry bad blood which is the cause of war. Thus, the proposal to eradicate the war put forward was to exterminate such people who initiated the war.

But this view also does not hold valid. The fact that people who at one period was militant ceased to be militant afterwards is sufficient to disprove this view. The Swiss were the terror during the fifteenth century; Spain was the most militant power during the sixteenth; Britain and France shared the seventeenth and much of the eighteenth. Then the Germans took to war. That various nations at various times have been exceedingly militant is obvious, but that this militancy has anything to do with the biological characteristics of the people of these nations is not true. Recently nations which have started war have tried to types of social norms, justify their undertaking.

This effort to justify the making of gm crops advantages, war itself shows that war is considered bad. Some have justified war on the ground of economic necessity while others have justified it on the ground of manifest destiny. The economic justification was based upon the belief that war was the only means for correcting the existing international misdistribution of the worlds wealth. Prior to 1940, for example, many people in Britain and America believed that Germany and Japan deserved a larger share of the worlds wealth and that if Germany and Japan could not secure it otherwise, they were justified in taking their share by war. There is types of social no gainsaying the fact that the nations differ greatly in regard to their national wealth and standard of deja vecu, living and types, that the territorial division of the world has come about by pizarro early, historical accident and incident rather than in accordance with some abstract principles of economic justice. But these facts are ignored by the advocates of have-not argument. The first is that making of types, a modern war is so costly that it is not a poor mans business.

The poor and impoverished people cannot set out to conquer the world. Francisco Pizarro? The second fact ignored is that the pre-war Germans enjoyed a higher standard of living than either the Poles or the Russians whom they attacked. The third fact is that no nation has been able o improve its economic welfare via war. Every nation that has attempted to do so has lost and of social, lost heavily. As said above even the victor nation loses heavily. They who have sought to justify war on early life, the ground that a nation is destined by God to rule the nation whom it proposes to conquer on the ground of their being the types, best people are also clearly wrong.

We have already shown the hollowness of the view that some men by nature are supermen and holy war definition, sent by types of social norms, God to rule over the less fortunate ones. Thus, any single theory to explain the causes of expressionism art, war and abolish it is not satisfactory. The factors that actually enter into the making of modern wars are many and varied. The underlying cause is the marked functional disequilibrium between the political organisations of the states and types, their economic and other relationships. Inspite of the fact of growing interdependence of the nations the perpetuation of nationalism has prevented the birth of an effective international order. We live in twentieth century world that is politically sub-divided in deja vecu, terms of eighteenth century conditions.

The consequence is that stresses within and of social, between political units lead from time to time to conflict and war. As referred to above, the territorial division of the the propaganda, world is a product of historical accident and has little functional relation to technological, economic and other aspects of society. Of Social? The boundaries of a nation are arbitrary. National sentiments have precluded people from uniting in one political organisation. Having been prisoners of antecedent conditions which gave birth to the nation-state and which nourish the nation-state, we are unable to find a creative approach towards peace. Most men want peace, out few are willing to grant the power aims of another nation when these aims thwart or destroy the policies of their own nation. Given the worship of the nation-state men have failed to bring in peace. Both war and peace need to be viewed as dynamic processes, not as static events.

Unless the barriers of nationalism break down and durable forms of war definition, international political organisation develop, there will be constant conflict between nations that will culminate from time to of social norms, time in war. The Propaganda? Machinery for peaceful change and a new consensus regarding the irrelevance of brute force methods have to be created. Mr. Of Social? C.E. M. Joad says. My case is that war is not something that is it is universally acknowledged quote inevitable, but is the result of certain man-made circumstances, that man, who made the types of social, circumstances in which wars flourish, can abolish, them as he abolished the circumstances in which plagues flourish. However, since the it is a truth universally, formation of an international political organisation with a world constitution is confronted with serious difficulties and is not feasible in the foreseeable future it appears as if the humanity is not going to get rid of the menace of war during the next few decades. Even if a world war does not occur, local wars between two or more states will continue to take place. Man has been since the dawn of types, civilization applying his mind to art, find out a solution to norms, the problems which he met in the company of his fellowmen. In the primitive days he employed the method of trial and error and frequently resorted to magic and supernatural powers. This was in accordance with his concept of causes of social problems.

Two Methods Remedial and Preventive: The modern man does not deal with the social problems through magic or supernatural forces but instead undertakes a scientific analysis of the propaganda, social problem. The modern approach at present is more realistic and promises to types norms, be more effective. There are two current methods to deal with social problemsremedial and preventive. The remedial method treats the early, symptoms or consequences of a problem instead of the underlying causes. The preventive method makes painstaking research to find out all the facts underlying each problem before taking a preventive action. Undoubtedly, if the social problem can be checked at its source, it is the best cure; but the remedial method is now the more common method. Reformers, seeking solutions to social problems either through remedial or preventive method, have belonged, according to Phelps, to a variety of types through the ages. They have been drawn from the ranks of of social, fanatics, well intentioned persons, opportunists, sentimentalists, laymen, scholars, professional bodies and political leaders. From the the propaganda, standpoint of solutions advocated by them they may be classified into prohibitionists, diet-faddists, fundamentalists, eugenics. Blue-law advocates, Salvationists, spiritualists, etc.

Some reformers advocate an immense variety of cure-all remedies for ushering in the millennium, for example, a few of them see in education: or better educational opportunities the types of social, solution to most or all of our social problems. Henry George advanced the holy, single tax plan (a tax on land), and A.E. Wiggin regarded the biological improvement of the race and prevention of the propagation of the physically and mentally unfit as the solution to most social ills. Karl Marx regarded the capitalist system as the cause of our problems and held communism as the only way out of most of our problems. Ward regarded universal education and dissemination of knowledge as the chief means of bringing about the millennium. Sorokin felt that salvation lies in a return to more spiritual values, to a stage of idealism.

Toynbee maintained that an active recognition of the true values of religion is the only way to avoid doom and to achieve a Kingdom of God on earth. Solution to types of social, social problems is the propaganda beset with many hurdles. Types Of Social? Firstly, the problem should be accepted by the members of a society as a problem and as we know some die-hards may refuse to regard a particular situation a problem. The existing social structure is supported by powerful sentiments and holy war definition, vested interests who deny the existence of the problem to safeguard the advantages accruing to them under the situation. Sometimes these vested interests argue that the remedies proposed would cause greater evils than the problem they are designed to solve. Secondly, some societies do not want to expose their ways of thinking, feeling and types of social norms, living to scientific inquiry. Thirdly, finances may be a hurdle, the a truth universally, necessary amount of money may not be available or some may object to expenditure for changing the established modes of living of the of social, people. Finally, there is the problem of the propaganda, implementation, we may be possessed of sufficient knowledge of how to deal with a social problem, but that does not guarantee its implementation. Some thinkers advocate a laissez-faire philosophy to social problems.

According to Herbet Spencer, man is automatically moving toward a better adjustment to life conditions and meddling in this evolutionary process is inadvisable. Sumner and Keller, too, held that mans adjustment to conditions of life is automatic. According to types of social norms, them, large scale effective planning may have disastrous results if it is opposed to the mores and folkways. Thus, we find the thinkers advocating different solutions to social problems according to francisco pizarro, their concept of causation. But as we have described elsewhere no single solution can be offered to all the problems. Of Social Norms? Each social problem is to be scientifically and separately studied and solutions are to be found out accordingly. It does not however, mean that we should wait till all the causes became known and till scientific methods dealing with them are developed. Social problems must be dealt with as they come up. Social planning is a movement that has recently come into prominence. The days of laissez-faire are over; the majority of sociologists now believe that man must plan on the basis of facts discovered by scientific research in order to early, deal effectively with the problems facing him. They realise that social problems are mostly man made and types of social norms, can be adequately treated by man.

There is no longer any choice between laissez-faire and planning, but only between good and bad planning. Social planning has been defined by Himes as a conscious interactional process combining investigation, discussion, agreement and action in order to achieve those conditions, relationships and value that are regarded as desirable. According to Anderson and Parker, Social planning is the development of a programme designed to life, accomplish predetermined objectives for a society or a segment of it. In other words planning demands decisions about what we are to do, how we are to do it, who is to do it, and how the people affected by of social norms, it are to be included. Planning differs from reform. Planning must be distinguished from reform. The Propaganda? Reform is remedial and corrective, planning is types of social preventive and constructive even though it is usually undertaken to deal with problems already prevalent in the community. A plan Is laid out as an achievement to be made within a fixed period of time. Deja Vecu? The emphasis is on the practical rather than on fantastic aspirations. Planning in recent time is the result of the types of social, ever-Increasing number and early life, complexity of problems which In turn, as we have seen earlier, are the outgrowth of technological civilization.

In the past problems were not as complex as they are today. They were solved by trial-and-error methods. But with the types of social norms, growing knowledge and advancement of civilization better and more scientific means were found out to deal with social problems. In India, It was after Independence that the great need for scientific planning became obvious. In the war definition, United States it was during the depression-of the 1930s that the same need was realized. According to Phelps, contemporary social planning is unprecedented because of: (i) The importance and complexity of the types of social, problems for which solutions are sought. (ii) The number of people that it involves, (iii) The amount of the financial costs, (iv) The thorough-going changes it requires, and. (v) The methods of approach.

The obvious aim of social planning is to check the recurrence of social problems and to bring about a harmonious adjustment of relationships between the different parts of society. According to Odum, social planning is fundamentally a means to social progress, which he defined as the mastery of physical and societal forces and the resulting social order through which the it is a truth, continuity of human evolution may be ensured. Social planning seeks to provide the means by norms, which a better and richer human existence may be achieved. Unlike planning in the past, which consisted mainly of speculation and exhortation, present-day scientific planning is based upon scientific research and its aim is to produce the equivalent of war definition, a workable blueprint to serve as a programme of action. According to types of social norms, C.C. North, the aim of social planning is to adapt our culture to present needs. Barnes and many other sociologists express the pizarro early life, view that the aim of social planning is to close the immense gulf separating our social institutions from our material culture by adjusting the institutions to changed conditions of life. Types Norms? As we saw above many of our contemporary social problems are due to cultural lag-lag existing between technology and social institutions. The misuse of natural resources, the the propaganda, break-up of religion, the demoralization of family life, poverty in the midst of plenty, the high rate of types norms, crime and mental disease are all primarily the result of cultural lag. Therefore, social planning must first aim at closing this gap between material culture and social institutions. After this gap has been closed, social planning can proceed to deal effectively with the other problems facing society.

Earlier sociologists, like Spencer, believed that control was neither possible nor desirable. Universally Acknowledged Quote? He taught that society grows according to fixed laws and that interference usually makes things worse. Sumner and Keller also wrote that there is a natural course of things that human societies operate according to natural law, and that arbitrary interferences never destroy the force or alter its laws, but only divert its course and alter its incidence. Comte, on the other hand, believed in the power of man to control his destiny. Ward later stressed the possibility and importance of social planning through his theory of social thesis. Experience with planning in of social, recent years enables us to see some of its difficulties: (i) Emotional Raw-material:

The first difficulty is to get a real understanding of the working of human society. Many social problems involve highly emotional material about which opinion is divided. In economic planning ends are definite and concrete and the propaganda, means are readily susceptible to of social, test; but in the field of social planning there is great controversy on many social questions, for example, on divorce, widow marriage, prostitution, prohibition etc. However, unless we possess a true understanding of the nature of society, social problems cannot be solved. To quote Sumner and Keller, the study of society must be purely scientific; coldly scientific; as austerely unmindful of contemporary problems as deliberately to seek distance and detachment from them. The scientific study of universally acknowledged, society requires patient and painstaking labour which most of our social planners lack. Unless we have sufficient objective data pertaining to social phenomena with us, we cannot make a farsighted and accurately planned campaign. (ii) Scientific Study Lacking: The second difficulty is the belief that human relationships are not amenable to scientific study. Many people seem to believe that the solutions to of social norms, social problems are known to the propaganda, everybody and norms, that they need only be applied.

What is needed is it is a truth universally quote not a scientific study of social problems but only a change in the hearts of types of social norms, men. But by merely a change of heart social problems cannot be solved. There is nothing wrong with the hearts of men they have always possessed a strong desire for freedom from hunger. The problem of unemployment cannot be solved by a mere desire. To solve it a scientific study of our resources and adequate planning is needed. Similarly, the problem of war and crime can be solved only by a scientific study of the causes which lead to them and by developing definite techniques for dealing with them. Too often, planning proceeds with much enthusiasm but meager data. Effective planning requires a thorough Investigation of the given problem, the deja vecu, circumstances surrounding it, the possible obstacles, and the probable results of the proposed course of of social norms, action. If engineers wished to build a bridge over the propaganda a river, they would hardly proceed without thoroughly investigating the conditions and collecting all the of social, facts essential to understanding the situation so as to know what type of bridge must be planned.

Planning without adequate scientific knowledge can only result in failure. (iii) Lack of Workers: The third difficulty is the lack of workers and gm crops advantages, organisation to carry out the work of social planning. The work of social reorganization requires men of imagination, tolerance and integrity. We know far too little about of social norms another. There are too many Iron curtains in modern society. Never have self-interest and self-aggrandizement been so naked and unashamed as today.

Integrity is the propaganda our deepest need today. Integrity is the cement of society: when integrity crumbles, society collapses. The social workers must be people who can be absolutely depended upon, who will not sell their souls for norms cash and whose moral sense is sound. Social planning requires a high degree of organisation, as in deja vecu, the case of army which may mean discipline and types of social norms, loss of liberty. Concentration of authority is expressionism art needed for the successful formulation and execution of a plan. Sir Arthur Sotter was of the view that democratic parliamentary government cannot plan, it can merely improvise.

(iv) Vested Interests: We also find that social planning is often opposed by vested interests who exercise powerful influence over of social norms the machinery of government. In carrying out social planning a change In society such as ours Is certain to be Inimical to the Interests of some established groups, but the interests of the a truth acknowledged quote, whole should not be sacrificed for the interests of a few. The vested interests should be curbed strongly and they should not be allowed to stand in the way of the larger good. (v) Apathy of the Masses: The indifference and apathy of the masses is the types norms, last difficulty of francisco pizarro, social planning.

Planning would be of little avail, unless the masses learn to view social phenomena objectively and norms, cooperate in it is a truth acknowledged, the formation and administration of social policy. Types Of Social Norms? It is not to be forgotten that social planning is not merely a procedure to deja vecu, be undertaken by authorities or specialists, but requires intelligent understanding and continuous participation by the masses for whom It Is meant. People are either not aware of the social problems or if they are aware they base their opinion on random observation, hearsay or prejudices. For social planning to be meaningful it must have as its base large numbers of educated persons who have been trained to observe social phenomena intelligently and to arrive at conclusions scientifically. It may also be mentioned that planning in a democracy is a much more difficult matter than in a totalitarian society. In a totalitarian society the economic life of a people can be regimented and the whole frame work of their Institutions altered profoundly. But in a democracy power is diffuse and there is a multiplicity of vested Interests. There is traditional suspicion of programmes emanating from government. Techniques for types of social norms voluntary cooperation are difficult to develop in a competitive society.

Further, there is also the difficulty in deciding as to how much of the planning should be at a truth acknowledged, the level of the central government, and how much at the state or local levels. Moreover, there is also much disagreement as to of social norms, how much of the planning must be government at all, and how much of it can be carried out by the propaganda, voluntary agencies. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on of social, this site, please read the following pages:

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Amiri Baraka Baraka, Amiri (Contemporary Literary Criticism) - Essay. Norms! (Born Everett LeRoy Jones; has also written as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amiri Baraka) American poet, dramatist, short story writer, novelist, essayist, critic, and editor. Expressionism Art! The following entry presents an overview of Baraka's career through 1997. Types Of Social! See also Amiri Baraka Drama Criticism , Amiri Baraka Literary Criticism (Volume 2), and Volumes 3 , 5 , 14 . A seminal figure in the development of contemporary black literature, Baraka is a controversial writer. His career has encompassed the Beat movement, black nationalism, and the tenets of Marxist-Leninist philosophy, and his verse is imbued with such concerns as cultural alienation, racial tension and conflict, and the necessity for social change through revolutionary means. According to holy, some scholars, he succeeded James Baldwin and Richard Wright as one of the of social norms most prolific and persistent critics of post-World War II America. Having rejected Western values, Baraka endeavors to create art with a firm didactic purpose: to francisco pizarro early life, forge a viable art form that reflects the true values of the African-American community and of oppressed peoples throughout the world.

Born in 1934 as Everett LeRoy Jones in Newark, New Jersey, Baraka spent his early childhood creating comic strips and writing science fiction. At school Baraka excelled in his studies, graduating from types of social high school at the age of it is quote, fifteen. He enrolled in Howard University in 1952 and just before beginning his first year, started spelling his name LeRoi. At Howard, Baraka studied with such noted black scholars as E. Franklin Frazier, Nathan A. Scott, Jr., and Sterling A. Brown who is regarded as the patriarch of types of social norms, African-American literary critics. Despite these exceptional teachers, Baraka found Howard University stifling and flunked out in 1954. He then joined the United States Air Force. In 1957, after being dishonorably discharged, he moved to New York's Greenwich Village and early life, became part of the norms Beat movement. That same year he married Hettie Roberta Cohen and together they founded Yugen , a magazine forum for deja vecu Beat poetry. During the next few years, he also established himself as a music critic, writing about jazz for downbeat, Metronome , and the Jazz Review . Baraka first received critical acclaim as a poet, for his collection Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note , which was published in 1961. In 1960, Baraka was invited to types norms, Cuba by the New York chapter of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee.

Baraka began to make it his life's work to holy, incorporate his political, social, and spiritual beliefs into his writing. Types Of Social! No longer content with art for art's sake, Baraka would use poetry and advantages, drama to teach people, opening their eyes to reality as he saw it. Following the murder of Black Muslim leader Malcolm X in 1965, Baraka divorced his white, Jewish wife and moved to Harlem. He dissociated from white people and dedicated himself to creating works that were inspired by and spoke to the African-American community. This same year, he founded the types of social norms Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School in Harlem. He married Sylvia Robinson (she later changed her name to Amina Baraka), a black woman, in 1966.

Around this time, Baraka's hatred of whites peaked. When a white woman asked him what whites could do to help blacks, he retorted, You can help by dying. You are a cancer. In 1968 he converted to Islam and holy, changed his name to Imamu Amiri Baraka, meaning blessed spiritual leader. Types Of Social! In 1974, in another radical shift, Baraka dropped the spiritual title of Imamu and declared himself an adherent of Marxist-Leninist thought.

Rejecting Black Nationalism as racist in its implications, he now advocated socialism as a viable solution to the problems in America. He also repudiated his past anti-Semitic and anti-white statements. He concluded: Nationalism, so-called, when it says 'all non-blacks are our enemies,' is sickness or criminality, in fact a form of fascism. In the it is a truth universally quote fall of 1979, he joined the types of social Africana Studies Department at State University of New York at Stony Brook as a teacher of creative writing. In 1979, as reported by William J. Harris in his 1985 retrospective study of Baraka and art, his work, [Baraka] was arrested after two policemen allegedly attempted to intercede in a dispute between him and types norms, his wife over the price of children's shoes. While serving his sentence at a Harlem halfway house, Baraka wrote The Autobiography of a truth universally acknowledged quote, LeRoi Jones (1984). Since then he has written Why's/Wise (1985), an epic poem; The Music: Reflections on Jazz and Blues (1987) with his wife Amina Baraka; and Reflections (1988), a poem published in the periodical Black Scholar . A sense of rebellion is the one consistent theme throughout Baraka's canon.

Following the Beats' abandonment of traditional poetic structure and adopting their free use of types of social norms, slang, Baraka earned praise and respect as a poet with his first volume of gm crops advantages, poetry, Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note . This volume reflects the types of social norms influence of deja vecu, Howl author Allen Ginsberg's poetry and Charles Olson's projective verse theory, which rejects closed, traditional forms in types favor of what Olson termed composition by the propaganda, field. In this collection, Baraka satirizes various aspects of post-World War II popular culture, particularly the heroic cowboys and comic book superheroes. The majority of the poems, however, discuss concerns typical of the bohemian milieu Baraka identified with, including themes of dislocation and detachment from mainstream society. Also in 1961, Baraka published Cuba Libre , an essay describing his trip to Cuba to join in the anniversary celebration of types norms, Fidel Castro's first revolutionary attempt. Deja Vecu! During this period of Baraka's metamorphosis from literary bohemian to norms, black nationalist, he published some of art, his best-known works, including an analysis of contemporary black music, Blues People. Negro Music in White America (1963), and types norms, a second volume of poetry, The Dead Lecturer (1964). Although Baraka wrote a number of plays during this period, Dutchman (1964) is widely considered his masterpiece. The play received the Obie Award for best Off-Broadway play and brought Baraka to the attention of the American public. It Is A Truth Universally Quote! Involving a conflict between a black middle-class college student and a flirtatious white woman, Dutchman is said to mark the emergence of types norms, Baraka's heightened racial awareness.

The Slave (1964) also demonstrates the philosophical change Baraka was undergoing. This play revolves around a black revolutionary leader who confronts his ex-wife and her husband, both of expressionism art, whom are white. Types Of Social! Another 1964 drama, The Toilet , concerned a white homosexual boy who is beaten up by a gang of black boys. After Baraka severed all of his ties with white people and universally acknowledged quote, culture, his writings, with increasingly violent overtones, called for blacks to unite and establish their own nation. Experimenting with ritual forms in his drama, he penned Slave Ship (1967), a recreation of the wretched circumstances experienced by enslaved Africans during their passage to America. Other works written during Baraka's black nationalist period are The System of norms, Dante's Hell (1965), his only novel, and Tales (1967), a collection of short stories. After Baraka aligned himself with the it is acknowledged quote socialist philosophy, his works began to call for a working-class revolt against the bourgeoisie. Baraka's works in types of social this vein include Hard Facts: Excerpts (1975), a volume of poetry that includes several poems which accuse well-known black artists and activists of self-promotiondisguisedas nationalismat the expense of working class African Americans. Baraka's dramas since 1974, including S-1 (1978), The Motion of History (1978), and the propaganda, The Sidney Poet Heroical (1979), reflect his commitments to Marxist-Leninist-Maoist thought and Communism. S-1 and The Motion of History are reminiscent of the agitprop dramas of the norms 1930s, particularly in universally their appeals to working-class solidarity and in their suggestion that working class revolution is society's only hope. Baraka's first volume of types of social norms, poetry, Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note , met with general approval for its unconventional style and it is a truth quote, language.

Critics would later observe that this is the only work of Baraka's that is free from ethnic torment. Dutchman , Baraka's most widely studied and well received work, was acknowledged by Norman Mailer as the best play in America. While some critics praised Dutchman for its power, freshness, and deadly wit, others expressed outrage at its language, what they perceived as its perpetuation of interracial hostility, and of social, its portrayal of whites. Expressionism! Baraka's next plays, The Slave and of social norms, The Toilet , also met with mixed reviews. The latter play was described by deja vecu, one reviewer as an obscene, scatological, bloody confrontation of the races in types of social norms a school lavatory. Critic C. W. Deja Vecu! E. Bigsby called it a barely stageable homosexual fantasy in which the types setting is a urinal and the theme of the sexual nature of violence and the degradation of the white world.

After becoming a vocal proponent of socialism, Baraka has been faulted for polemicism. In his study, Harris observed that assessment of Baraka has fallen into deja vecu two general camps: The white response has been either silence or angerand, in of social a few cases, sadness. Deja Vecu! One general complaint is that Baraka has forsaken art for politics. Types Norms! Another common accusation holds that Baraka used to be a good poet before he became a virulent racist. The reaction to Baraka in most of the black world has been very different from that in the white. It Is A Truth Universally Acknowledged Quote! In the of social norms black world Baraka is a famous artist. He is regarded as a father by the younger generation of poets; he is deja vecu quoted in the streetsa fame almost never claimed by an American poet. Norms! Many critics maintain that audiences bristle at universally quote, Baraka's depictions of white America, because he mirrors the ugly and hideous facets of of social norms, American society. Access our Amiri Baraka Study Guide for Free. ? A Good Girl Is Hard to Find (drama) 1958. Gm Crops Advantages! ? Cuba Libre (essay) 1961. ? Dante (drama) 1961; also produced as The Eighth Ditch , 1964. ? Preface to of social norms, a Twenty Volume Suicide Note . (poetry) 1961. ? Blues People: Negro Music in White America (essay) 1963. ? The Moderns: An Anthology of expressionism art, New Writing in America [editor] (anthology) 1963. ? The Baptism (drama) 1964. ? The Dead Lecturer: Poems (poetry) 1964. ? Dutchman (drama) 1964. ? The Slave (drama) 1964. Of Social! ? The Toilet (drama) 1964. ? Experimental Death Unit. (The entire section is 366 words.) Get Free Access to this Amiri Baraka Study Guide.

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. Holy War Definition! We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on of social, the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Amiri Baraka (as LeRoi Jones) with David Ossman (interview date 1963) SOURCE: An interview in The Sullen Art: Interviews by David Ossman with Modern American Poets , Corinth Books, 1963, pp. 77-81. [ In the following interview, Baraka discusses his magazine , Yugen, his poetry, and his various literary influences .] Jones published only francisco pizarro early, two more issues of Yugen after his interview was recorded early in 1960.

Since then, he has co-edited The Floating Bear and has seen Corinth's publication of his first book of poems, Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note , in norms association with his own Totem Press. Morrow has scheduled his study, Blues, Black White America and Grove will do his System of Dante's. (The entire section is 1722 words.) Get Free Access to holy war definition, this Amiri Baraka Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to types of social norms, unlock this resource and thousands more. Ralph Ellison (review date 6 February 1964) SOURCE: Blues People, in The Collected Essays of francisco life, Ralph Ellison , edited and types of social, with an introduction by John F. Callahan, The Modern Library, 1995, pp. 278-87. [ In the following review, which originally appeared in The New York Review on February 6, 1964, Ellison points to both positive and negative aspects of Blues People.] In his introduction to Blues People LeRoi Jones advises us to approach the work as. a strictly theoretical endeavor. Theoretical, in that none of the questions it poses can be said to have been answered definitely or for all time (sic!), etc.

In fact, the the propaganda whole book proposes more questions than it. (The entire section is 3541 words.) Amiri Baraka with D. H. Norms! Melhem (interview date Fall 1982) SOURCE: Amiri Baraka: Revolutionary Traditions, in Heroism in the New Black Poetry: Introductions and Interviews , University Press of Kentucky, 1990, pp. 215-63. [ In the following interview, conducted in 1982 by D. H. Advantages! Melhem and Michael Bezdek, Baraka discusses a variety of topics including his upbringing, his work, and his views on art and politics .] Since the early 1960s, the figure to of social, be reckoned with in Black political life and art has been Amiri Baraka. Controversial, responsive to changing social ambience, he has articulated the riotous language of the unheard (to invoke Martin Luther King's definition once again) within a vernacular and a new idiom of. (The entire section is 18116 words.) Henry Louis Gates Jr. (review date 11 March 1984) SOURCE: Several Lives, Several Voices, in francisco New York Times Book Review , March 11, 1984, pp. 11-12. [ In the following review, Gates outlines The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones.] When I first met his father, Coyette Leroy Jones, I was shocked by his striking resemblance to types norms, his son. Art! Amiri Baraka locates his first identity through this resemblance to his father: That I was short and skinny with big eyes and looked just like my father. These were the most indelible. My earliest identity. If that's true then for much of a half-century, it is fair to say, he has been running away from that very identity. LeRoi Jones predicted as much, even as early as 1964. (The entire section is 2313 words.) Amiri Baraka with Sandra G. Shannon (interview date Winter 1987) SOURCE: Amiri Baraka on types of social norms, Directing, in Black American Literature Forum , Vol.

21, No. 4, Winter, 1987, pp. 425-33. [ In the the propaganda following interview, Baraka discusses his work as a director and his views on directing .] Amiri Baraks is an artist of the 1960s' political scene still hard at work in the 1980s. Of Social Norms! Playwright, poet, political activist, Marxist, anti-Semitic, anti-feminist have all been used to label him, yet a less controversial label is often ignoreddirector.

Most noted for his plays Dutchman and The Stave , Baraka has done some of his own directing and collaborated with directors such as Gilbert Moses, Jerry Benjamin, Jim Malette, Kdward Parone. (The entire section is 3653 words.) Douglas A. Ramsey (review date 29 March 1987) SOURCE: A review of The Music: Reflections on gm crops, Jazz and Blues , in Los Angeles Times Book Review , March 29, 1987, p. 6. [ In the types of social following review, Ramsey offers a mixed assessment of The Music: Reflections on Jazz and Blues.] When Amiri Baraka listens to music, he hears things that might escape us if we could not depend upon universally acknowledged quote him to point them out with his eloquent insistence, indignation and anger. He hears political oppression, capitalist exploitation, racist duplicity and class struggle. Types Of Social! The beauty in a truth universally the works of the norms great jazz masters comes to him transformed through Marxist-Leninist dialectic into ideology and sociology. That may seem a grim and joyless route. (The entire section is gm crops 939 words.) Barry Wallenstein (review date February-March 1996) SOURCE: A review of Transbluency: The Selected Poems of Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones (19611995) , in American Book Review , Vol.

17, No. 3, February-March, 1996, pp. 7, 30. [ In the following review, Wallenstein provides a positive assessment of types of social norms, Transbluency.] Deeply political, Amiri Baraka writes poems that have bothered many, reflecting as they do his dream of revolution, where the social orders will be recast, the races realigned. Much of his work is quote topical, written for the moment, and, as with agitprop verse, it's run the danger of becoming an historical footnote. Perhaps to consciously counter this eventuality, Baraka has placed musicality at of social, the center of his. (The entire section is 1514 words.) Sandra G. Shannon (essay date March 1996) SOURCE: Manipulating Myth, Magic, and Legend: Amiri Baraka's Black Mass , in CLA Journal , Vol. 39, March, 1996, pp. 357-68. [ In the following essay, Shannon illustrates how Baraka drew upon myths, traditional symbols, popular literature, and established institutions in Black Mass.] The assassination of Malcolm X on February 21, 1965, profoundly affected Amiri Baraka and gave fuel to expressionism art, his developing nationalist position. What resulted was a more focused appeal to the cultural consciousness of exclusively African-American audiences and a need for an experimental theatre. Inspired by the martyred Malcolm X, Baraka abandoned the restraints of of social, self-defeating. (The entire section is 3516 words.) George Piggford (essay date Spring 1997) SOURCE: Looking into Black Skulls: Amiri Baraka's Dutchman and the Psychology of Race, in Modern Drama , Vol.

XL, No. 1, Spring, 1997, pp. 74-82. [ In the following essay, Piggford explores Baraka's psychological analysis of black American men in Dutchman.] Houston A. Baker, Jr. has rightly observed [in The Journey Back: Issues in Black Literature and Criticism , 1980] that the gm crops advantages radical chic denizens of Bohemia [and] the casual liberals of the academy have never recognized LeRoi Jones's/Amiri Baraka's achievement as a playwright and types norms, a poet because his brilliantly projected conception of black as countrya separate and progressive nation with values. (The entire section is 4335 words.) Carla J. McDonough (essay date 1997) SOURCE: Amiri Baraka: Angry Young Men, in the propaganda Staging Masculinity: Male Identity in Contemporary American Drama , McFarland Company, 1997, pp. 30-2. [ In the following excerpt from her Staging Masculinity, McDonough studies Baraka's treatment of black manhood in his works .] While [Eugene] O'Neill, [Arthur] Miller, and [Tennessee] Williams were produced chiefly on the main stages of Broadway, the types of social avant-garde, off-Broadway plays of Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), which were often written within and for the Black Revolutionary theater, became a powerful voice for issues of race within American culture, an issue that is at the heart of American identity.

His. (The entire section is 1510 words.) Andrews, W. Life! D. E. The Marxist Theater of of social, Amiri Baraka. The Propaganda! Comparative Drama 18 (Summer 1984): 137-60. Examines how Baraka's Marxist ideology is reflected in his plays. Of Social Norms! Bone, Robert. Action and Reaction. New York Times Book Review (8 May 1966): 3. A negative assessment of Home: Social Essays . Casimer, Louis J., Jr. Dutchman: The Price of deja vecu, Culture Is a Lie. Of Social! In The Binding of Proteus , edited by Marjorie W. Art! McCune, Tucker Orbison, and Philip M. Withim, pp.

298-310. Types! Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press. (The entire section is advantages 274 words.) Amiri Baraka Homework Help Questions. As you probably know, the postcolonial perspective analyzes the effects of economic and physical control over the native inhabitants and norms, the resources of an area. The poem Somebody Blew Up. Baraka uses an ellipsis in the first and fifth stanzas.

The ellipsis (. Gm Crops! . .) is used to mark the omission of of social norms, a word or words. It is the propaganda also used to allow a jump from of social norms one statement or topic to art, another. Ask a question.

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Crime And Society Essay Research Paper Why. Author: Jack London. Crime And Society Essay, Research Paper. Why are crime rates higher among some social groups than the others? Are some groups more prone to crime, or are they in situations more conducive to crime? Many factors can influence a person to commit a crime, but is there a common trait that leads people down the road to of social actually committing a crime. Some traits that can influence criminal behavior are: Families, Economic status, Gender, Race, and Age. Married life domesticates but also can cause strain and difficulties. There are new conflicts that arise from people getting married. Often it is the first major decision of advantages ones life and types soon there are more bills, more relatives, conflicting plans, children, your spouse might die, and annoying habits that your spouse may have emerge, in most relationships these can all be overcome in time as divorce stats indicate, society is not yet to advantages the point where for every marriage there is types of social a coinciding divorce. A correlation rises from low incomes, increased uncertainty and fear, and increased personal frustration. These factors put family life under a strain and lead to an increase in the propaganda child and spouse abuse.1 If these new challenges can not be overcome then a broken home is the most common result.

A broken family can generate in types of social different ways, death, separation, divorce. These are the francisco pizarro most common but not all possible reasons for a broken home. There are two ways to types observe a break in a family: Husband-wife and Parent- Child. In addition, less than one-third (31%) of the inmates were married at the time of admission to a correctional facility, compared with almost two-thirds (63%) of adults aged 18 and over in the general population.2. The death of a partner can cause an universally unstable mind in a surviving spouse and their children. Widowed people are chiefly older, so crime is a smaller more limited problem with the survivors. Younger widows tend to migrate to different cities, females generally moving west and types of social males moving east. This migration, as we will call it, of widowed women overcrowding cities like Los Angeles, San Francisco and Washington cause desperate males to holy follow women to these cities. Knowing that widows are usually left with money through life insurance policies and inheritance from types of social, their deceased partners, less fortunate people envy the cash and see the dense population of female widows as being easy victims. There are negative proverbs directed towards widows and even Criminal slang sayings such as: Hazy Lazy Daisy that means Rich Foolish Widow also If God wants to have a fool he makes a woman widow and finally wet eyes have sweet lips. 3 All of deja vecu these sayings depict widows as being an easy target for criminals.

DIVORCE/SEPERATION. When a family is going through a separation there is a strong possibility that a divorce will follow. If there is only a separation, over time, this can prove to be a stress provider as the person that you could not live with is norms still a part of a truth universally your life. There may be children involved, perhaps there is joint custody and you still have to see your ex-significant other. Divorce is of social norms a more final way of ending your relationship but there still may be children involved. If you get divorced you may feel as though you are a failure and can not make even the simplest of tasks a success. For a married couple to get a divorce something insurmountable must occur, maybe one of, or both the husband and wife have a change in their personality traits, temper, sexual desires, possibly some economic problems arise, mental and physical illnesses or an addiction or overuse of drugs or alcohol. When conflict arises in a marriage there are three methods of solution, all three methods are used and are a true reflex of the subjects personality. Escape is one method.

Types of escape are divorce, separation or possibly suicide. Holy! The infamous silent treatment is types of social norms also a method of escape, one partner will not make any conversation with the other no matter what the circumstances, for an undetermined period of time. An employed spouse may turn to the office for shelter from their hardships at home and become a workaholic, an unemployed spouse may decide to spend most of the it is acknowledged quote couples time together daydreaming and types of social fantasizing. Religion is possible alternatives as are substances such as alcohol and drugs are as a form of deja vecu escape. One can Make a stand in attempts to not be taken lightly when conflict arises in of social norms a relationship. Arguing and fighting over war definition, disagreements prove to be very stressful for both people and can cause problems away from the types norms home. The final option is to attack, which is usually some form of a criminal or illegal activity against francisco pizarro early, society. Norms! Crime rates of married men between the ages of eighteen to twenty-five surpass single men of the same age. Figures are higher in deja vecu larceny and fraud but not in crimes of violence. Types Of Social Norms! After the age of twenty-five, law abiding single males become married and leave less desirable and more delinquent individuals behind. Females, on the other hand, show higher crime rates for married than single, with a vast age range of deja vecu eighteen to types of social sixty years of the propaganda age.

This fact does not hold true in economic and property crimes because this burden usually rests upon the husband, but for small offenses such as assault or infringement of the peace. The born criminal can be identified as someone who usually commits a crime at a tender age, this out of character conduct for a young, innocent, child is passed down and is a result of an undefined series of hereditary influences that build up and pass on from one generation to the next. These crime committing children do not know any better due to of social the environment they are raised in. These children are delinquents just as other children are good workmen, students or athletes. They are unable to expressionism art tell the types of social difference between committing crimes, honest industry, or developing a trade. With crime a part of their life at deja vecu an early age, a born criminal will find prison as a place where food and shelter are guaranteed without having to do much work and of social more often than not, they are usually forced to sit and do nothing, therefore making prison more comfortable than the community or city that they are from. Society may force people to expressionism art fall back into crime, with institutions, segregation and surveillance, these constant reassurances of theirs are not being able to function outside of prison deprived them of any chance of leading a normal life. The only way these individuals know to survive is to norms simply return to the so-called houses of correction and prisons. There has always been a reluctance to accept poverty officially as a cause of crime.4 Being employed can mean many things, one could work few hours or work for such a low wage that they fall under the title of being employed but they still need another income.

This, for some people, results in crime, typically property crime for holy war definition males and prostitution for females. Economic conditions do correlate with certain crime rates and these circumstances cast their influence far into our societies. There is a positive relationship between crime and business, but only includes property crimes such as larceny, burglary, robbery, vagrancy, begging and to a certain extent prostitution, procuring and types norms arson. Crimes of violence and sex are negatively related to business. Property crime is a solution to expressionism art most economic difficulty. Unemployment is a serious social problem because it puts strains on communities and families. For example, during the periods of severe unemployment, theft, alcoholism, depression, suicide and domestic violence all show an increase.

The main reason for of social the correlation between theft and unemployment is that some people, when they cannot earn an income from legal work, turn to illegal activities. As a result the amount of theft increases. 5. In the majority of the crimes we meet the attempt to gain necessities of expressionism art life by an unlawful means. Therefore, the question whether economic conditions do or do not bear on criminal activity seems rather redundant. However, there is a wide variety of necessities. In different individuals there are different degrees of want and of social also different types of necessities. Deja Vecu! A persons wants can never be fully satisfied. The protection that money gives to the dangerous criminal is even more shocking than the individual without funds6. There are indications that the male is not only a husband, but also usually the types head of his household. If he is, or becomes, unemployed he cannot fulfill the role as the familys breadwinner, therefore his wife looses her respect for him.

When children compare fathers, as they often do, they note that other fathers have jobs but their dad is unemployed. Children will speak up at home, questioning why this is so and wanting to know what is wrong with their father that he can not get a job when other fathers have jobs. Once a person looses the it is a truth universally acknowledged respect and support from their family a feeling of being defeated or being incompetent hits. One will feel that even if they do get a job they probably could not keep it or perform well at it. Unemployment for the husband leads to a loss of some of his authority and this authority usually shifts to his wife or occasionally to an older child. Situations like this can cause a husband to become desperate in his attempts to norms gain his lost authority and respect back. When pondering his frustrations of not having a job, and feelings of being inferior he will try to come up with a solution of how he can become the head of his household.

This defeated inferior feeling causes old people to feel that they now unfit to work and also unfit for delinquency they feel that they cannot even do that right. This is only true for older men, as younger men are more likely to rebel and turn to crime. Turning to criminal activity appears to be an easy answer. He can steal property and resell it, or sell illegal substances such as drugs for a large profit, if he is lucky enough to find a job, he may commit fraud within the company or steal from the company due to francisco pizarro early life the fact that he is under the types norms assumption he will just lose his job anyway and therefore has nothing to lose. The majority of offenders are occasional or accidental offenders and gm crops advantages they can not live alone on norms their illegal behaviors.

Crime has turned into a supplementary income. Deja Vecu! Of 12,000 inmates whose employment status prior to being jailed was available, one-half (52%) were unemployed at the time of admission, compared with 7% of the adults aged 18 and over in of social Canada. 7 The oldest child may look for a substitute group to act as protector and provider, a group such as a gang if his father remains unemployed. Inflation brings employment and prosperity to one group of expressionism art people yet, disaster for another. Prices increase before wages, a person with insurance, pension, savings (bank) accounts and of social norms private income is caught between rising and the decreasing value of his funds. Wallets and purses that use to the propaganda hold twenty dollars now hope to hold five dollars. This can be fatal to a family of very low income. If the family in question is just barely scraping by, living from paycheck to paycheck, a quick rise in prices and of social the delayed rise in wages to it is a truth acknowledged compensate for inflation and types of social families may find themselves unable to continue paying their bills.

Families may turn to banks to take out loans, receive credit cards, or turn to other credit organizations to acknowledged quote support them in their time of of social need, assuming that once their wages rise up they will be able to pay off all of their debts. These loans do not get paid off easily because loan companies and banks charge high interest rates. Families soon forget that they could only get by previous to inflation and will only be able to get by after their wages rise back up leaving no or little money to pay off their debts owed. Male crime is usually considered to be more masculine than female crime, typically much more violent. Strictly male offenses are: rape, indecent exposure, abduction of female, sodomy by males, robbery with a gun, gun hold up, attempted pick pocket.

Females on the other hand list offenses such as prostitution, soliciting, fortune telling, and being a dishonest servant as their own. Males and females differ in moral development, womens moral choices constrain them from gm crops advantages, behavior that could be harmful to of social norms others. Womens violence has been framed largely as a response to an abusive situation or past abusive experiences.8 Even in advantages our always changing society the majority of females dont have to deal with being crowded into norms, mine pits, machine shops and assembly lines. Females deal with family and neighborhood quarrels, although usually minor, they can escalate when a child maybe threatened. Holy War Definition! A female is more attached to offspring and is inclined to react violently towards a threat aimed at her child. This proves to be less stressful than a day in poor working conditions that many people face thus females have the advantage of living in less harassing surroundings. Due to our changing society, women are slowly being considered as equal to men and are given the same opportunities to work in the more male dominated work places and dealing with these troublesome conditions. Due to types norms the equal rights and feminists movements, women are becoming more masculine, resulting in an increasing number of women using weapons and wits to establish themselves as full human beings, a capable of violence and aggression as any man. Womens crime is based on that of male violence: thus making macho, tough, and aggressive, violence by holy war definition women deemed unnatural.9. Race has been a very controversial issue for types norms many generations. People with stereotypical attitudes are the one s pointing fingers in the direction of minorities for being the cause of problems or conditions.

In the United States of the propaganda America there is a strong association between black people and crime and in Saskatchewan there is the same association between crime and Aboriginal people. Types Of Social! Aboriginals are stereotyped as being lazy and expressionism unwilling to work and therefore have to turn to crime to of social norms survive. This stereotype, that natives are more likely to commit an offense, is deja vecu supported by of social the following statistics. Aboriginal people were over represented in correctional institutions relative to their population. Aboriginal peoples accounted for 74% of admissions to custody in holy war definition Saskatchewan, almost seven times their share of the provinces population. While Aboriginal people accounted for about 2% of the adult population in 1996, they represented 17% of inmates (18% in provincial/territorial facilities, and 14% in federal facilities). These differences were particularly evident in Western Canada. 10 It should be noted however that a vast majority of aboriginals live in a state of poverty due to the fact that their self government on types reserves allocates the bands funds to areas of need, not necessarily to the people within the francisco early reserves. A gang is a group of people associated together, specifically, a group of youths from one neighborhood banded together in an attempt to provide, safety, a sense of belonging, companionship, and friendship.

Gangs give people within them a solution to their race, class or gender powerlessness, because there is power in norms numbers the gangs feel that they are in control. Gangs are often assembled so that youths can get away from holy, it all. Of Social Norms! This is referring to everyday life, where children are in unforgiving environments, they may dwell in the propaganda slums, may live in a bad neighborhood, or possibly have trouble at home maybe they have been forced to get a job and work because of an unemployed parent at home. There is no escaping these unfortunate characteristics of types of social norms their lives so individuals will turn to crime to provide for themselves and others within their gang. Within gangs males generally commit robbery and holy females are most often charged with prostituion, both genders turn to drugs as a source of types of social norms both income and pleasure.

Gangs fight with other rival gangs of the same gender, race, or class for gm crops advantages power or turf a term used to define a surrounding area that belongs to the gang that resides within that particular site. Types Norms! Since the Young Offenders Act takes an adult to the age of 16, this lets people get away with more and the propaganda not be held responsible. Types Of Social Norms! Individuals in gangs bring younger children in (to the gang) and get them to it is a truth commit the crimes to avoid getting the older leaders of the types norms gang convictions. 11. Age is the most enthusiastic of all causes of crime. The younger an individual is the more likely they are to commit a crime and in comparison the older an individual gets the more likely that their criminal urges will be subdued. This relation appears to emerge from a person s physical power. As individuals increase in age their physical capabilities deteriorate. Men reach this physical peak at the age of early 25 while women reach this peak later in life, at the age of 30. On average, inmates are younger than the general population. In provincial/territorial jails, the median age for adult inmates was 31; in federal prisons, it was 34. By comparison, the types median age of the general population in 1996 was 41.12. DRUGS AND ALCOHOL. When the economy is depressed, people turn to gm crops theft, the types of social money they steal usually goes towards the purchase of alcohol and holy drugs.

The use of norms substances like these directly influences the likelihood that an it is universally acknowledged quote individual will commit an types norms offense.13 Of 6361 inmates admitted between 1994 and December of 1996, 3037 (or 47.7 %) used a substance on the day of their offense.14. It is apparent that some social groups are in it is a truth acknowledged quote situations more conducive to types of social crime, because of the environment they live in. Holy War Definition! Boys and of social men dominate in deja vecu crime. Arrest, self report and victimization data all reflects that boys and men perpetrate more conventional and serious crimes than girls and women. It appears that boys and men no longer are normal subjects of types violence and that as equal rights and feminist groups become stronger and more profound so to do women in gm crops crime. In terms of race, The countries where frequent mixture of people takes place; those in which industry and trade collect many persons and things together, and possess the greatest activity; finally, those where the inequality of fortune is most felt, all things being equal, are those which give rise to types of social norms the greatest number of francisco crimes. 15 The question of types of social economics as a cause of crime finds that people are not forced into crime because they are poor, but because they are not capable of getting the the propaganda luxuries that they have deemed necessities. They have gone from being in a comfortable, employed state to an unemployed and very difficult state and types of social norms no longer can live beyond their means. Advantages! In addition, education also has an effect on crime. Of the 25,000 inmates on whom data about the types of social extent of schooling were available, 36% had a Grade 9 education or less. In comparison, the 1996 Census showed that 19% of adults aged 18 and deja vecu over in Canada had a Grade 9 education or less. (16) In addition, 78.7% of the offenders in Canada have not yet gained their high school diploma. 17 Compared with the adult population aged 18 and over, inmates are more likely to be male, young and Aboriginal.

Inmates also have fewer years of schooling, are more likely to be unemployed at the time of admission, and are less likely to be married, according to types norms a census of deja vecu correctional facilities conducted on October 5, 1996. 18 Crime is very serious matter in many different areas of society. It is time that we as a society make a difference. It all depends on us. 1.) Blanchette, Kelly and Motiuk, Laurence L. Maximum-Security Female and Male Offenders: A Comparison Research Branch Correctional Services. Canada. 1997. 2.) Correctional Services Canada. Basic Facts About Corrections in Canada. Ottawa.

1997. 3.) Cotterrell, Roger. The Sociology of types norms Law. Butterworths, London, Dublin, Edinburgh 1992. 4.) Crocker, Colin. Expressionism! NCOIC Major Crimes Sergeant. Personal Interview. 1999.

5.) Dell, Colleen A. and Boe, Roger. Adult Female Offenders in Canada: Recent Trends Research Branch Correctional Services. Types! Canada. 1998. 6.) Fink, Arthur E. Causes of early Crime. Greenwood press, publishers Westport, Connecticut. 1985. 7.) Hentig, Hans Von. Crime: Causes and Conditions.

Mcgraw-Hill Book Company Inc. New York and London. 1947. 8.) Johnston, Joseph C. Aboriginal Offender Survey: Case Files and Interview Sample Chase Johnston Consulting for Research Branch Correctional Services. Canada. 1997. 9.) Johnston, Joseph C. Types Of Social! Northern Aboriginal Offenders in Federal Custody: A Profile. Research and Statistics Branch Correctional Services. Deja Vecu! Canada. Types Of Social Norms! 1994.

10.) McDonald, Lynn. The Sociology of Law and Order. Methuen publications London, England. 1976. 11.) Messerschmidt, James W. Crime as a Structured Action. SAGE publications International Education and Professional Publisher Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi. 1997. 12.) Motiuk, Laurence L. and advantages Belcourt, Raymond L. Norms! Homicide, Sex, Robbery and Drug offenders in Federal Corrections: An end of 1997 Review Research Branch Correctional Services Canada 1998. 13.) Parkin, Michael and holy Bade, Robin.

Macroeconomics Canada in the Global Environment. Norms! Addison Wesley Publishers Limited Don Mills, ONT. 1997 pg. 505. 14.) Sylvester Jr. Sawyer F. Expressionism! The Heritage of Modern Criminology .Schenkam Publishing Company Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1972. 15.) Sinclair, Roberta L. and norms Boe, Roger.

Male Young Offenders in Canada: Recent Trends Research Branch Correctional Services Canada. 1998. 16.) Taylor, Jo-Anne and expressionism Atkins, Christine. Models of Family among Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Offenders: Correctional Research and Development Correctional Services. Canada. 1993.

17.) Tierney, John. Criminology: theory #038; context. Prentice Hall/ Harvester Wheatsheaf Hertfordshire, 1996. 18.) Uzoaba, Julius H. E. Managing Older Offenders; Where Do We Stand? Research Branch Correctional Services. Canada, 1998.

19.) Vanderburg, Susan A. Weekes, John R. and Millson,William A. Native Offender Substance Abuse Assessment: The Computerized Lifestyle Assessment Instrument Research and Statistics Branch Correctional Services. Canada, 1994.

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Custom Individual Privacy vs. National Security essay paper. Balancing American interests between national security and of social norms, individual privacy is a daunting task that does not promise an agreeable solution in the near future. There are so many controversies surrounding this issue in which people with opposing opinions are striving to ensure that their voices are heard. Early Life? The question of which of the two should be prioritized is not important compared to the effect that pursuing either of the types norms, strategies will have in deja vecu, the lives of citizens.

The issue is complicated further by the sensitive nature of both national security and individual privacy. Norms? There is war definition, a close association between the two, thus making it hard for policy makers to alter either of them without touching the types of social, other. However, it is a fact that as much as many people want to have full rights to individual privacy, they also expect to have their security guaranteed. In other words, the two must be provided without necessarily causing one side to gain too much of an upper hand. Yet it seems increasingly obvious in the wake of francisco pizarro early, 9/11 and the War on Terror that national security has been prioritized to some extent compared to individual privacy, and that the erosion of civil liberties that has occurred has gained some measure of acceptance by the majority of the types of social norms, population. Controversies surrounding national security and individual privacy came into the limelight after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States. However, this issue has been in existence for a much longer time, though mostly has had minimal effects on individual privacy, with some exceptions such as the suspension of habeas corpus in the Civil War, and the rise of art, McCarthyism in the 1950’s. The 9/11 attacks are responsible for today’s ongoing debate regarding what security measures should be implemented to ensure that another disaster doesn’t occur. The period of inflamed passion and rhetoric immediately following 9/11 led the U.S. Congress to of social norms pass the United States of America Patriot Act (The Data Base Book, 2010). A Truth Universally? The act gave security personnel the legal footing to search for and apprehend terrorist suspects.

Pointed arguments occurred when the Patriot Act was introduced, with proponents arguing that it was indispensable to of social norms protect citizens first and foremost following such a major event, and that individual privacy concerns were a secondary issue. Gm Crops? On the types, other hand, opponents were equally vocal, asserting that the holy war definition, act’s passage would violate civil rights that are protected by the Constitution. In other words, they claimed that the types of social, Patriot Act and similar laws were illegal. Individual privacy is a constitutional right, especially in American society (Mitrano, 2003). However, while this is true, other views have recently ascertained that individual privacy cannot be enjoyed without security. Advantages? This view holds that national security carries more weight compared to individual privacy despite the legal assertions that are more traditional interpretations of the Constitution. Although proponents of individual privacy cite the constitutional provision that recognizes civil rights, they may be mistaken. The United States Constitution does not identify privacy as a civil right.

This is of social norms, because the word privacy is not even in the Constitution (The Data Base Book, 2010). Therefore, it seems incorrect to pizarro life claim that the Constitution guarantees individual privacy. It also gives the government a legal avenue to introduce laws such as the types of social, Patriot Act. From this point of view, security becomes a common need that everyone is entitled to. Therefore, national security outweighs personal goals and deserves to the propaganda be the types norms, top priority. In research study conducted among information technology experts in 2008, it was evident that national security received strong backing compared to individual privacy. In this study, 53% of 474 IT experts were of the it is acknowledged quote, opinion that national security was paramount in the states. This view was bolstered further by the fact that 69% of federal, state, and local IT security agencies cited that identity management was critical (Jones, 2008). They indicated that management of individual identity is particularly valuable as far as the life of the entire population is concerned. The loosening of previous protocols preventing such measures from being enacted would ensure that security organs would be able to track suspects and possibly prevent a significant security threat.

Management of this information does not involve any sharing at a public level, implying that the types of social norms, information obtained by deja vecu any agencies conducting such cyber sorties is confidential. This is, perhaps, why 45% of the of social, experts believed that funding for this security measure would increase compared to a paltry 5% who believed otherwise. Effects on International Relations. Preference to national security over individual privacy is also illustrated by the strong views expressed by advantages the United States government. The United States and the European Union have engaged each other in types, formal negotiations exonerating visiting European Union tourists from the anti-terror measures passed by the United States (Homeland Security, 2011). The EU seeks to gm crops advantages secure an umbrella agreement that will ensure that its citizens are not subjected to critical surveillance.

Counteracting this compromise with the types of social norms, European Union, the United States is in war definition, the process of making it mandatory that all foreign airlines submit personal information on its passengers. Of Social Norms? This is it is acknowledged quote, aimed at preventing terrorists from entering the country. Norms? The United States continues to show that it is not willing to make any compromises in regards to national security, and this position shows that the Department of Homeland Security is as insistent on this position today as the previous administration was. This is because U.S. policy continues to a truth universally acknowledged hold that when national security is guaranteed, individual security is types of social norms, guaranteed too. National security is not only holy valued in the United States. Types Norms? Trends in other parts of the world also tend to show that it is given priority in comparison to individual privacy, with many countries enacting laws that seek to put national security first in recent years. However, in gm crops, Canada, there is some opposition to the idea of allowing access to personal information for of social norms, security purposes. Bill C-36 changed data retention schemes in the national data bank (Macklem, 2001).

The bill also gave judges the power to prohibit access to or withhold disclosure of deja vecu, personal information, whether in favor of national security, national defense, or any foreign relations issue. The fundamentals of this bill are meant to ensure that there is accountability in security agencies and that protection of civil rights is guaranteed. Therefore, the case is a little bit different in Canada when it comes to types of social norms government accountability measures. The Propaganda? However, personal information is still subject to access by of social norms security personnel in certain instances where there is an overriding national interest. Although the two provisions are conflicting, preference for national security is evident, because a major security threat will automatically allow for the probing of potential suspects. Gm Crops Advantages? This scenario can be summarized by acknowledging that while Canada has adopted a more pro-privacy stance than the United States, its citizens have still shown more concern when it comes to national security interest in recent years.

Additional Security and types of social norms, Privacy Implications. In addition to previously raised concerns, there are many other issues on the table that continue to universally quote rile those on types norms both sides of the privacy vs. security debate. The rights of those classified as “enemy combatants,” meaning those in deja vecu, opposition to types of social the United States fighting under an organizational, rather than national banner, remain in limbo following a 2004 Supreme Court decision that muddied rather than clarified the issue (Massimino Cover, 2006). While the Bush administration pledged that only war definition foreign citizens could be classified in such a manner, the most recent defense appropriations budget gives the president the right to hold U.S. citizens indefinitely if they are suspected of being “enemy combatants.” While President Obama has pledged vigorously that he would never personally use the provision, there isn’t absolute certainty that he or a future chief executive wouldn’t find the types of social, impotence to do so in a potentially risky situation. In addition to the Patriot Act, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) gives the U.S. Government broad new powers when it comes to overseeing the actions of its own citizens. The act establishes a “secret court” that allows for the tapping of phone lines without a regular warrant, in instances where there is a potential threat to national security (Massimino Cover, 2006).

Contrary to what the act’s name would imply, Americans aren’t necessarily excluded from warrantless wiretapping. It claims that in times of war, the president has the authority to authorize surveillance of advantages, even American citizens, and is allowed to bypass the usual constitutional requirements in of social norms, order to do so. As time has passed, support for the Patriot Act and it is universally acknowledged quote, FISA has slightly waned, yet Congress still hasn’t taken action to repeal or scale back the measures. Perhaps most significant in the recent preference for privacy over individual privacy is the power that the legislative branch ceded to the executive branch in the wake of 9/11. Many of the provisions of the Patriot Act, including the potential opening of citizens’ mail and types of social norms, monitoring of holy, library records are left entirely to the executive to authorize, while the government has claimed that the Congressional passage of FISA allows the president and of social, executive branch to francisco early life obtain warrantless wiretaps. Furthermore, Congressional approval of the Iraq War has arguably been used as a carte blanche excuse for the executive branch to types pursue foreign actions that would have previously been deemed illegal, such as the recent air war against universally Libya, and types, strikes in the western tribal areas of Pakistan. Indiscriminate and Intrusive Nature of Preference to National Security. As common as the national security vs. individual privacy argument has become in pizarro life, recent years, technological advancements may just dictate the direction we continue to head in. It is now possible for various security agents to access private information online without the of social, consent of the information’s owners. This means that the observance of private data or even individual surveillance is gm crops, possible with the involved people remaining oblivious of what is happening to them.

According to Dr. Clarke of the of social, Australian National University, the 9/11 assault on the United States is what has made this possible (Quiddington, 2001). Further emphasis on the propaganda this is made by the fact that information technology can be used to survey people effectively for security reasons. However, Dr. Clarke is of social, pessimistic that technology and the attacks on the United States should be used as a scapegoat to advocate extremely intrusive techniques. This can be rationalized by the fact the expressionism, there are centralized information systems that can analyze information and lead to security actions if necessary. According to Clarke, security agents may lose focus and start monitoring all of us, contrary to what current policies say. This would lead to a future in which everybody would be virtually monitored. Such a potential situation would be even be worse for foreigners visiting the United States, implying that every tourist will be treated as a potential suspect.

This would be likely to cause confusion in the name of fighting terrorism. Of Social Norms? Furthermore, privacy may be compromised very much this way; however, it could be argued that the overall effect is the nation will be safer. Citizens would then be able to exercise their right to privacy if security threats are eliminated, although they may be inconvenienced in the interim. Another notable weakness with compromising individual security for national security is that personal information may get into the wrong hands (Quiddington, 2001). It Is A Truth Acknowledged? It is evident that not all security agencies are state-owned.

Some are private, and thus their abilities to handle intelligence information are questionable. Therefore, caution should be taken when giving licenses for such operations in order to of social norms ensure that safety is gm crops advantages, maintained. Otherwise, the whole issue of favoring national security over individual privacy may go belly up if stringent precautionary structures are not put in place. In conclusion, individual privacy is fundamental, and types of social, everyone deserves this right. Despite that, it seems that the security regulations put in place over ten years ago are here to stay. Gm Crops? Those who were hopeful that a new Democratic administration would overturn many of the provisions that arguably violate civil liberties have been disappointed by the president’s continued commitment to keeping Guantanamo Bay open, the extension of the Patriot Act and FISA, and executive authorized actions in Libya and other areas. Yet the population at large has made it unclear whether it is ready for a whole cloth return to the pre-9/11 security apparatus, despite the fact that numerous studies have revealed that national security is now given a major preference compared to individual privacy. This continues to be the reason why the United States government continues to allow intelligence access to private information for security reasons. It is also correct to conclude that national security is critical, and that we will remain in a time of heightened security for the foreseeable future. There will be individual privacy if national security is of social, assured, whereas national security is not guaranteed if individual privacy is granted.

Luckily, there is still no indication that information has been made public as far as surveillance is concerned. Therefore, it is deja vecu, worth concluding that national security is prioritized compared to individual privacy given the fact that people still universally value national security.