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b2b sales on resume A B2B Marketing leader with a track record of achieving industry leading results in the highly competitive Information. P Of? Over $135,000 per spark notes gulliver's, month in marketing, revenue generated through promotional and sales development programs Over 12 years experience in business development and marketing both on the client and agency side Achieved 25 to did harriet her husband, 1 revenue to gross margin return on investment using innovative and four marketing simple b2b marketing framework Known within Cisco Canada as a marketing innovator and industry leader Integrated customer affinity and define winkle sales development program ranked excellent by marketing customers, prospects and do violent movies sales reps. P Of? years sales have grown from desert strong fence, $24M to four p of marketing, $40M. It has been the dyson, recipient of four p of, customer service, practice excellence and. In Society? innovation awards. This company provides professional and managed services in the areas of four, unified communications, information security, data networking and tubman her husband information/knowledge management. Marketing? Key member of leadership team that doubled revenue over two year period Implemented an innovative B2B marketing framework that achieved a 25:1 return on investment Generated $3M plus in do violent movies cause violence, bookings and $4M in pipeline in four, less then two years from implementation Applied unique 4 R's of spark notes travels, marketing to p of marketing, generate revenue and black desert strong build company brand based on four p of marketing, reputation and references Led joint promotional ventures with Cisco and Leonardo as Artist-Scientist Microsoft - Integrated social media/web 2.0 into traditional marketing tactics Implemented various integrated marketing promotions packages consisting of radio advertising, telemarketing, social media and special events. Four P Of? Marketing and Inside Sales Manager 05, 2003. Started and notes travels led inside sales team that generated $2.7M in net new revenue over marketing 18 month period Developed marcom package and initiated first ever special events and demand generation campaigns for the company Created formal reference program and process resulting in high profile case studies being published and kill her husband promoted on marketing, Cisco.com. American Computer Experience - Atlanta Georgia. throughout the define winkle, United States. This company grew to over 500 full and part time staff but was forced to four p of, file for what instruments music bankruptcy. during last recessionary period.

Vice President, Marketing eCommerce 04, 2000. Increased online registrations from 15% to 40% of p of, gross sales through re-design of eCommerce site Led development team in did harriet tubman, the enhancement of extranet to allow real time access to critical camp information. Marketing? Reduced cost and Leonardo complexity by moving paper documentation and information online Led development team in the architecture, design and four p of implementation of ACE virtual camp, an cause violence elearning and collaborative system for camp participants Participated in Agency of Record selection process with CMO and Director of Marketing, Camps Established workflow process for the ongoing content management of web site portfolio - Conducted market and p of marketing competitive research. Vision Corporation - Scottsdale Arizona. 3800 surgeons performing laser eye surgeries from 80 centers throughout North America. Director of do violent movies cause violence, Marketing, Technology 09, 1999. Contributed to four, the development of spark notes, business model, marketing plan and four marketing budget Participated in strong fence, fundraising and p of marketing pre-IPO related activities Led team of web/graphic designers, developers and define winkle marketing managers Co-led cross functional teams for p of client and dyson product development projects Launched with VP of Technologies a vertical market portal prototype targetted to eye care professionals and consumers Maintained and managed web site portfolio including an extranet that serviced 15,000 eye care professionals and four a national retail chain of eye care practices Created new corporate identity and branding strategy for eyeVantage.com Led marketing team in the architecture, design and implementation of an interactive web site for parent company TLC Laser Eye Centers. Notes Gulliver's Travels? Agensky and Company - Toronto Ontario. Four P Of Marketing? Generated $300,000 in net new accounts sales in what music, finance, Internet and corporate training markets Primary account lead for four p of marketing design and marketing communications projects including: Corporate Identity and Branding; Web site design; Direct Marketing; Advertising campaigns and Collateral. employs over what instruments are used in african music 32,000 people.

Increased employee sales by 62% through innovative marketing program Provided Sales Force and Account Teams with marketing communications support Product demonstrations to: analysts, partners, media, customers and consumers Marketing collateral for the North American market in English, Spanish, Chinese and French languages - Trade and special event coordination Received the Manpower Tiffany award for outstanding contribution and four marketing received a perfect evaluation score from management. Sports Clubs of Canada - Toronto Ontario. Instruments Are Used Music? employees. An industry leader in marketing, special events, fitness programs and four p of marketing sales methodologies. Obesity Essay? Special Events Professional Coach 01, 1992. Achieved customer retention rate of 68% as compared to industry average of 50% by four providing outstanding customer service and one to one marketing practices Developed customer retention program platform for 2,000 customers Introduced innovative method of segmenting customer base resulting in a better recreational experience for customer while optimizing facility use Managed and motivated staff of norman fan, seven event planners, coaches and assistant coaches Developed and four marketing implemented a company wide (across 7 facilities) integrated marketing strategy for company to differentiate events, services and spark notes travels create competitive advantage Developed and p of implemented a company wide multi-event platform and Leonardo da Vinci as Artist-Scientist negotiated highest sponsorship deal in four p of marketing, the history of the spark notes gulliver's travels, company with Molson Breweries. No college or university degree but a world of experience working in small to marketing, midsized organizations primarily Avid reader and learner with extensive investment in time and did harriet tubman kill her husband money in staying current.

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one day resume My High Speed Networks Inc. (Brockville) Thousand Islands Parkway (TIP) Half Marathon and 5K; Saturday September 9, 2017. Results available from Bryan Lambert's Running by Design. Hoping to see a big turnout on four p of, Saturday to celebrate the 30th edition of the TIP Half Marathon (21.1K). The Half starts at 8am from the Rockport Community Hall, about 35K west of Brockviile on the Parkway.

The accompanying 5K starts at 9:20am . NOTE: The Eventbite online registration Eventbrite currently has these start times reversed ; this will be rectified. For further details with directions to define winkle, the start area, check the BRRC Races dropdown menu above. I have quickly completed a brief, potted history of the TIP Half Marathon. This includes a link to a summary of all the winners over the years from 1987 to 2016. Four? Thanks to Rick Swift for his work in compiling this list. To access the history click here. So come on out Saturday to Rockport on as Artist-Scientist, the Parkway and make your own bit of history in TIP Number 30 ! Glen Tay Round the Block 14.7K; Perth August 31, 2017.

The famous Block Race, a race for runners, as the organizers aptly put it, took place Thursday evening last. Conditions were on the cool side, but ideal for a long distance race. There was a good contingent of Brockville and Kingston area runners participating. Paula Wiltse's R2R running group was out in force. Some Results (Age Catg Posn) : Race Series Points Including the Piggy Run. Our intrepid series statistician Hugh Wilson has been busy again in p of his Montreal home. Hugh has updated the series standing, adding in notes results of the August 13 Piggy Run. P Of Marketing? We certainly appreciate Hugh's generous contribution to this important and painstaking task. I've combined Hugh's pdf scans of his handwritten - nice to see in instruments are used in african these times of digital excess! - results' pages into a single pdf document that you may access by clicking here. By way of explanation, with just one race, the TIP Half and 5K on Saturday September 9 , remaining in the series, only those who have run 2 or more runs to date are included in the latest update.

This is to reflect that a runner needs to compete in at least 3 runs to qualify for series recognition. Please advise me Tony Dunbar of any discrepancies and I will see they are corrected. So come on out to TIP and gain some valuable points towards an award at the yearend AGM. TIP Half/5K Saturday September 9, 2017: Online Registration Now Open. You may now register online for this the marketing, 30th edition of the Thousand Islands Mark Darroch Half Marathon/James Carlyle 5K to be held on the Thousand Islands Parkway. For online registration through Eventbrite click here. Start/Finish area is at the Rockport Community Hall, 35K approx. west of Brockville on the Parkway.

Click here for directions . We were saddened to hear of the recent passing of Doris McEwan at the age of 92. Doris was a remarkable lady and athlete and spark gulliver's a great supporter of the four, Brockville Road Runners over as Artist-Scientist, many years. Four P Of Marketing? Doris was a faithful volunteer at many of our races, including the are used in african music, Run for the Cure, the California Run, Riverfest/Canada Day, TIP, etc. Sincere condolences to her family and friends. From our archives, a photo of Doris as volunteer at the 2011 California Run. Piggy 1K/5K Run; Sunday August 13 RESULTS. Gib Kent diligently compiled and four p of forwarded the results for posting the day after Sunday's very successful run. Da Vinci? We were out of town for p of marketing, a few days and did not have access to desert strong, the links and software to post the results. I have now completed the task and the results may be accessed by clicking here. For some spectacular video of runners young and old streamimg through the railway tunnel click Video. This link is to our club Facebook page but there is p of marketing no videographer attribution there (President Chris Emslie?).

Thanks and congrats Gib and crew for organizing this unique run and event. As per below, Gib Kent has skillfully negotiated with the define winkle, City and has gained permission to use the Railway Tunnel as part of the 5K course. The Tunnel will form the whole of the marketing, Kids 1K course. Great work Gib! Note : The Kids will assemble at Leonardo Essay, the Hardy Park/Ribfest 5K start area and will be escorted to Blockhouse for their Tunnel 1K run. Also, there is no set fee for four marketing, the races. A free will donation is in effect with a tax receipt issued for all donations of $20 or more to desert, Big Brothers and Big Sisters . Gib has now produced a map of the 5K Course, which he admits is not a PB course but a highly interesting one nevertheless.

For Gib's map of the 5K course click here. In words: Head East on Water St. past Dons Fish and Chips to Blockhouse Island. Turn left to Brockville Railway Tunnel Enter the Brockville Rail Tunnel for .5K staying on the right side to the turn around. Turn around run back out the tunnel .5K to four, Water St . Turn left on Broad St. pass Buds on the Bay . Turn right onto Flint St. taking path by Tall Ships Follow Flint St. to Apple St. where you join the Brock Trail . Follow the Labeling, Brock Trail around behind Hardy Park to Henry St. Run up Henry St. Until you join the Brock Trail once again. Follow the Trail over the bridge and behind The Mill to four marketing, St.

Paul St . Follow the Brock Trail to Elm St . where there will be a turnaround . (Water Station) Return on the trail to St Paul St . Cross St. Paul St., turning left to Water St . Follow Water St. back to the start/finish line at spark gulliver's, Home St. Piggy 1K/5K Run; Sunday August 13. Race director Gib Kent has revealed some exciting news regarding this annual run in aid of Big Brothers Big Sisters.

The newly opened (as of August 12) Brockville Railway Tunnel , Canada's first railway tunnel, will be incorporated into both the Kids 1K and the Open 5K . W e will be running a different route for the 5K this year which utilizes more of the Brock Trail around Hardy Park, as well as Brockville Rail Tunnel. This will allow us to avoid the four p of marketing, Brock Street crossing. AND The kids 1K run will be a down and back in the Railway tunnel, avoiding any traffic issues. Gib is also in need of volunteers to help him in norman dyson fan all aspects of the run. No experience required. Please email Gib at gbkent@mmm.com and let him know how you could help. This will be greatly appreciated by Gib aand indeed by marketing the Brockville Roadrunners and the Big Brothers Big Sisters organization. A quick reminder re the upcoming club races: Piggy 1K/5K Run/Walk; Hardy Park Brockville; 9am Sunday August 13 TIP 5K and Half Marathon (30th Edition); 8:00/9:20am Saturday September 9 at Escott Road, Rockport See the Leonardo Essay, BRRC Races dropdown menu for further details.

Also check the Other Runs dropdown for a listing of upcoming area runs. Utica Boilermaker July 9, 2017. The traditional BRRC member pilgrimage to the famed Boilermaker in Utica New York did take place last Sunday. However, the contingent was small in number, comprising just 5 runners. Nevertheless, a good time was had by all with good racing as well. P Of? Three (3) medals were garnered in what is always a very competitive field. Results; Age Catg.

Places in (): ( Photo Courtesy of in Society Essay, Lana Saunders KRRA) Race Series Points Update. Our good friend and club member from four marketing Montreal, Hugh Wilson, has updated the race series points adding in the results for the PG and Canada Day 5Ks. Many thanks for this work Hugh. The summaries, in Hugh's copperplate handwriting, are available by clicking here. Please advise me, Tony Dunbar webmaster@brockvilleroadrunners.com, of norman dyson, any errors, omissions, etc. Canada Day 1K/5K Milk Run RESULTS. Race Director Murray Tait completed the p of, large task of compiling the results yesterday July 2. Some email glitches delayed getting them to me for posting, but now, as nicely summarized by Murray, they may be accessed by clicking here.

Again a great big thank you to what in african, Murray and all volunteers and helpers for their efforts. A great turnout yesterday in spite of the four p of, rain - we run rain or shine! Again a great community way of celebrating Canada Day and one that deserves far more recognition from the press and what instruments music other local organizations. A big thank you to p of, Murray Tait, his crew of volunteers, the Dairy Farmers and other sponsors and to all who braved the elements. What Are Used In African Music? There are some nice photos posted to the BRRC Members Facebook page Click for Photos. Murray, still on the job as a first time race director, is four marketing currently ploughing through the sheets of results, and undoubtedly trying to decipher many illegible, handwritten entries.

We really need to PRINT our names on such manual entry forms. Thanks to the majority of gulliver's, you that do. In any case, as soon as the results are compiled they will be posted here. In the interim, congrats to overall race winners Paula Wiltse and Kevin Beatty. Canada Day 5K Milk Run; 9am Saturday July 1, 2017. The July 1 race over the years has become the premier race on the BRRC race calendar. Four P Of? This has been largely due to the sterling work of race director Rick Swift. Harvey Dyson? (For a previously posted tribute to Rick click here). Marketing? Rick has stepped down after 14 years at the helm and has passed the torch to Murray Tait who this year is organizing and directing this 29th edition of the harvey norman fan, end of June/July 1 event. Thanks Murray for p of, taking on this important task. Of course there is define winkle also the traditional free entry 1K for kids 14 and under , scheduled to start from Blockhouse Island at 8:45 . For details, check the schedule from the four marketing, BRRC Races dropdown menu above. (Note: This will be the 20th anniversary of the kids event, with Eithne Dunbar the first race director in 1997.)

In recent years the Dairy Farmers of Canada have been the major sponsors with the help of are used music, a number of four, local service and business organizations. (The race poster, click here, lists them.) Thanks to the geneous support of the Dairy Farmers in particular, sufficent commemorative shirts have been ordered so there should be a free shirt for each of the anticipated number of runners in each of the 1K and 5K events. So come on out to Blockhouse Island and get the 150th birthday celebration of Canadian Confederation off to a good start in a friendly, family-oriented, fun, sea-of-red atmosphere. Far superior to the rubber ducky and the snarling powerboats IMHO! Raceday registration at what music, the Blockhouse start area - the only kind on four p of marketing, offer - opens at 8am with the 5K scheduled to start at 9am. From Blockhouse the 5K will follow the traditional course out and back along Water Street and Obesity in Society Essay the Brock Trail. The results for this evening run, as compiled by Bryan Lambert's Running by Design Runningbydesign.com, are now available by accessing the ResultsSeries dropdown menu above. P Of? Liam Cullen has kindly provided a photo of a group of define winkle, hardware toting runners, including the overall trophy winner, Jake Lessard, and marketing some of the various proud medal winners on the night. Define Winkle? Thanks Liam. Back: Jean Bernaquez, Terry Hodge, Roger Hawksby, Cheryl Scott. Ian Loughrey, Anne Merv Hodgson.

( Photo Courtesy of marketing, Liam Cullen ) Divas Run for Breast Cancer, Toronto; June 11, 2017. A band of our women runners participated in this unique event in Toronto on define winkle, the weekend. There was a 5K and four p of half marathon(21.1K) on offer and all our athletes opted for the half. Originally scheduled to Labeling Essay, be run on Toronto Island, the event had to be moved to the Port Lands on p of, the mainland due to instruments in african music, extensive flooding on the island. Our divas completed the four p of, long run in hot and humid conditions in splendid fashion. Congrats to all. ( Photo Courtesy of Roger Hawksby ) Anne Hodgson pulled together the summary of results below: The next race on what, the BRRC schedule is the PG 5K on Friday June 16 evening . Click here for details.

Beat Beethoven 8K Kingston; June 4, 2017. Local runners recently made the trip to Kingston in four marketing an attempt to cross the line before the final bars of Labeling Obesity in Society Essay, a Beethoven symphony. Typically the four, Kingston Symphony play Beethoven's 3rd or Eroica symphony, but this year played the great composer's 5th. This change did not seem to bother our stalwarts too much as they all performed admirably! Results, with age category medal placings in black fence () are below. Ottawa Race Weekend; May 27-28, 2017. As always a strong contingent of local runners took part in the various events. Good results all round with a couple of age category medals - Rick Swift gold in the 5K and Paula Wiltse taking silver in the 10K.

Ian Loughrey continued his streak of fine marathons, this one in hot conditions apparently. The Crawford family were out in force in the 10K. Dad Mike added another fine run to his Boston and p of marketing Mississauga Marathons with a sub-40 10K. Ethan was not too far behind, while Sarah and daughter Maggie finished together in the identical time, to the nearest tenth of second, of strong fence, 54:35.9. Full results as summarized by our results guru, Anne Hodgson, are below: PG Vibrant Living 5K Run/Walk Update. The cost for four p of, the run is $10 (+ $1.20 service fee on Eventbrite) and spark notes gulliver's travels with that entrance fee you will get a 2017 PG Run tech shirt and race bib. Series points will be awarded to all participants. Additional notable features are the marketing, family friendly activities available before and after the event. Some of these features include popcorn, live entertainment and what are used music an outdoor showing of Beauty and four marketing the Beast following the race. Montreal Members Jean and Essay Hugh Race Results.

In recent weeks we have been acknowledging the race achievements of our local Brockville and area runners. It is now time to marketing, add the results of black fence, our 'eastern wing': BRRC members Jean Bernaquez and Hugh Wilson, both from Montreal. Four P Of? These two fine lads have been BRRC members and particpants in many of our races for a number of years now. Hugh has compiled the impressive list of results for the impressive number of runs these 'young seniors' have racked up since the beginning of the year. It also includes the exceptional age category results achieved, all first places in Jean's case, with Hugh almost always in define winkle the medals, most of them gold. Well done boys; you're an inspiration to us all! Ottawa Sporting Life 10K in Support of four marketing, CHEO, Sunday May 14: Results. A sizeable contingent of local runners travelled to Ottawa to participate in this special event.

Once again they acquitted themselves exceptionally well with a significant number of age category medal performances (in brackets) including a number of golds. Anne Hodgson, our resultsa compiler, was the proud winner by define winkle over 4 minutes in her category. P Of? Congrats Anne and to all others. Prescott Fort Town 5K and 10K Night Run Sat May 6: Results. By all accounts this unique event was a big success with 210 runners and walkers in total participating. This included a large contingent of BRRC member and local runners. Harvey Norman Dyson? The organizers are to be congratulatd on putting on this event.

Many of our members were especially appreciative of the opportunity to run a 10K locally. Our dedicated 'results sleuth', Anne Hodgson, has again scoured the published results and has prepared a summary of times and top 3 performances for those local runners with whom she is acquainted. Anne has been involved with the local running scene for marketing, many years so her summary is likely to be pretty comprehensive. Thanks again Anne for your diligent work in providing this valuable service to black strong, the club and four p of the local running community. For a list of results for each of the 5K and desert fence 10K events for all participants click 5K and 10K to access the four marketing, website of the Running Goat Perth, the event timers.

Road Warriors' Weekend (Apr 29, 30) This past weekend was a busy one for BRRC members with races in Cornwall, Merrickville, Smiths Falls and Kingston. Anne Hodgson has scoured the results and what instruments compiled the summary below - many thanks Anne. Many notable results: Kevin Riddell completed his first marathon in Cornwall; Ian Loughrey had another good result in the same race. Good to see Jim Earle back in action again at the Cornwall 5K. As always, we had a number of age category medals as indicated in the places in ().

In addition to these races, a trio of club members, Rick Swift, Randy Frith and John Raiswell took part in a 7 member team relay that ran 77.7 miles around Seneca Lake in the Finger Lakes area of New York State. Marketing? They were the Canadian invitees to a team organized by Bill Chapin of Watertown NY. (Bill also organizes a team for the annual Reach the Beach 200 mile relay in define winkle New Hampshire each September.) The 'boys' (average age 72) acquitted themselves very well finishing in four marketing the top half of the gulliver's, 318 teams of various ages entered in the event. Congrats. Next race up is the four, unique Prescott Fort Town 5K and 10K evening run on Saturday May 6. For details click here. Boston Mike Crawford - Number 11 in the Bag!

Congrats to Mike Crawford for travels, yet another fine Boston Marathon, finishing in 3hrs 17 mins. Mike himself dubbed Boston some years ago: The Holy Grail of four p of, marathon running. A quick search of the archives indicates this was Boston number 11 for Mike, running it every year, except 2010, between 2006 and 2017. Very impressive indeed. Way to go, Mike! Looking for a run in spark travels the local area? Have a look under Other Runs above.

I recently updated the listing, which includes some newer runs in Prescott, Merrickville, Smiths Falls, Perth, etc. BRRC Race Series Points. Please advise of any errors, omissions, etc. These would most likely be mine in transcribing from Hugh Wilson's summaries to the website posting. Tony Dunbar E-mail. Now that the 2017 series of 3 Freeze Your Buns races has been completed, a summary of the points awarded to all participants has been compiled and posted. I'm delighted to report that our good friend from p of marketing Montreal, Hugh Wilson , was responsible for compiling these summaries and forwarding to me for formatting and posting. Many, many thanks Hugh for notes, this and for four p of marketing, volunteering to continue to notes travels, compile as the season progresses. (For those who may not be acquainted with Hugh, he's the fine looking gentleman on the left in the photo below with the late Ed Whitlock.) The Race Series has been in four p of place for what are used music, many years, but seems to fly a bit under the radar for many members, especially the newer ones.

We have a system in place for awarding points to each runner based on their individual place in a race. At the end of the p of, season the points total for each runner is tallied and special awards are presented at our AGM to strong, the top of the marketing, table individuals in the various categories. A look at define winkle, the summaries just posted, or those of previous years, accessible from the Results Series dropdown menu above, will give a better illustration of what's involved. The intent of the series is to encourage individual participation in as many of our races as possible and to reward consistent and superior performance as we race against four, our competition and peers. As per the 2017 BRRC Race schedule, a runner has 7 races in which to gain series points. (Actually there are 8 if you wish to duplicate the da Vinci as Artist-Scientist, feat of Kevin Beatty and run both the TIP 5K and half marathon!) A minimum of 3 of these races must be run in order to appear in the final reckoning. Look Who's in the 70-79 Age Category! If you look carefully at the Freeze Your Buns #3 results, you will notice the 70-79 age category is now graced for four p of, the first time by notes travels the presence of the speedy Rick Swift . While vacationing in Panama, Rick on February 4 reached the grand old age of 70. A belated happy birthday Rick from the BRRC family. Having cleaned up in the 60-69 category all over the map, including in 5Ks in Utica, Boston, Ottawa and four other highly competitive races, Rick has now come to show a clean pair of heels to all of define winkle, us poor, mere joggers in four the 70-79 age category.

Go easy on us Rick, please! Freeze Your Buns #3: Results. A report with results as compiled by race director Janet Wynands is now accessible here. Congrats to overall 1K winners Ryley Higgs and Finn Campeau . The 5 km event was won by instruments in african the speedy Declan Colwell in 16:02. The first female across the line was Corinne Schonewille in a time of 20:34. Declan's win in p of the 5K spoiled Corey Turnbull 's streak of 3 in a row. However, Corey had the satisfaction of being the are used music, overall 3 race series winner in an average time over the 3 races of 18:28. The female series winner was Marieke Van Spriel with an average time of 22:18. Four? Congratulations to Corey and Marieke. Each of their names will be added to the special Mark Darroch memorial plaque. For previous series winners and recipients of this honour, check the Times Past dropdown menu above and select Freeze Your Buns. (The history of this, and other BRRC races referenced, has been compiled by our historian Rick Swift.

Thanks, Rick.) A big thank you again to Janet Wynands and her crew for organizing another fine series. Janet has been at the helm since 2008. What Instruments? A special thanks also to those special volunteers Paul Fournier, Lesley Dunning, Laurie Dunning and Muriel Carlye who were yet again out to lend their expertise. They have been faithfully volunteering for the FYB series and other events for many years.

Thanks gang. The Passing of a Legend: Ed Whitlock. We join the running community in four p of marketing Canada and indeed across the Obesity in Society, world in four mourning the passing of da Vinci, Ed Whitlock, the legendary holder of multiple master's distance world records. P Of Marketing? Ed died of instruments, prostate cancer on March 13 at the age of p of marketing, 86. Ed ran his last marathon at the ScotiaBank in Toronto last October and completed it in under 4 hours. Ed's achievements are without equal and include a marathon in define winkle 2:54 at marketing, 73 in a performance the New York Times ranked as the best marathon finish of fan, all-time. But what really set Ed apart was the grace and humility he showed in spite of all his great achievements. He also had a wry sense of humour.

His training consisted of running for hours around the cemetery near his Milton home. When asked, hed say something like: compared to four marketing, everyone in that place, no matter how I feel on desert, any given day, Im looking pretty good. For detailed articles on Ed click here and p of marketing here. The Montreal Lads and instruments Ed Whitlock. Here's a photo I posted previously showing Montreal BRRC members Hugh Wilson and Jean Bernaquez chatting with Ed at p of, the Raisin River Footrace in Williamstown, some years ago. Freeze Your Buns #2 Results. A race report with results has now been completed by spark gulliver's travels race director Janet Wynands. To access this report click here. Marketing? Thanks to Janet and her volunteer crew for another fine event. Desert Strong Fence? As Janet reports, it was held in the best weather conditions on record.

Congrats to overall 1K winners Faith Bartlett , 2 in a row, and Lucas Bennet . The 5 km event also had a double winner with Corey Turnbull coming in first in a time of 18:23. Marketing? The first female across the line was Sarah Utting in da Vinci as Artist-Scientist a time of 22:02. Note: The results of this race and of the 3 held to date in four p of marketing 2017 may now be accessed from the Results Series dropdown menu above. Final run in the series is scheduled for Saturday March 25 at 10:00/10:15 from the Memorial Centre. As always, participants in all three races will earn a technical long sleeve shirt.

Race proceeds go to help support the local food bank. PLEASE NOTE: Freeze Your Buns and Food Item Donations. As you may know, over the years runners in our winter Freeze Your Buns series have been invited to bring along a non-perishable food item to race registration. Instruments Are Used In African Music? The food items, along with the marketing, net cash proceeds from the races, were donated to the local Brockville Food Bank, currently on Buell Street. What Instruments In African Music? A non-perishable food item, generally a canned good, entitled the donor to a $2 discount on race entry fees. The club executive has had feedback from the Food Bank that a significant number of such food items they've received in p of marketing recent times have been unsuitable, as they've been beyond the expiry or best before use date. These items had to be discarded on desert, receipt by the Food Bank. This is not a desirable situation and, as a result, the Food Bank has requested that we no longer collect food items at our races . Four Marketing? This will go into effect immediately, with FYBs #2 on February 25. This is unfortunate.

However, on the positive side, with the end of the $2 discount, the cash proceeds to as Artist-Scientist, the Food Bank will be increased. Food bank operations in general now advise that they actually have a preference for p of, donations of money compared to define winkle, food items. In general, every $3 that they get they can turn into $5 of food for their clients. So thanks to series' directors Rick Oliver, Roger Hawksby and Janet Wynands and p of marketing their volunteer crews for all the work and effort they put into this initiative over notes gulliver's travels, the years. Four P Of? It was very worthwhile and welcomed by the Food Bank. It's a pity it had to end in this manner but as I explained above it does have a bright side. For any questions or comments you may have, I invite you to contact club president Chris Emslie at president@brockvilleroadrunners.com. Freeze Your Buns #1 Results. There were a few technical glitches in define winkle getting the final results together. The report on the race as compiled by four race director Janet Wynands is now available by clicking here.

Another big thank you to Janet who has organized this series since 2008. Define Winkle? This year's is the 26th annual and marks Janet's 10th year at four, the helm. Former club president Rick Oliver and crew were the initiators of the series in 1992 and Roger Hawksby was the director from 1997 before handing over to Janet Wynands in 2008. It was nice to see many of the longtime volunteers for this and other races on the job yet again: Lesley and Laurie Dunning, Paul Fournier and Essay Muriel Carlyle. It was also great to see a number of regular out-of-towners make the journey - pretty long in a number of cases - to participate. P Of? Amongst these were: Brian and Stewart Campbell (Pembroke and Cornwall); Hugh Wilson and Jean Bernaquez (Montreal); Toby Irven and Essay Peter Feickert (Canton, NY); Mike Day (Ottawa) and Jim Estes, David Cannons and Bryan Lambert (Kingston. We appreciate your support of our events. Marketing? (Hopefully I didn't miss anyone?) Special Deal at Snap Fitness Gym at 1365 California Avenue. As another incentive to take out/renew club membership, Chris Emslie has announced a special deal for card carrying BRRC members at the 24/7 Snap Fitness Gym:Facebook page: click here. Details of the black desert strong, deal are available by four marketing clicking here. Offer expires February 28.

News Flash from your Webmaster; Jan 19, 2017. Who said your dear old (since 2003) website couldn't change?! You will now notice that the opening or landing page is Labeling Obesity no longer a listing of our executive. On accessing www.brockvilleroadrunners.com, you will now be taken to what was previously called the News Update page. P Of Marketing? This is now more appropriately called our Home Page with all the latest race happenings, achievements, general news, etc. The top menu bar continues to Leonardo da Vinci as Artist-Scientist Essay, allow navigation to the other various pages. There is now a button on the menu bar to take you to a listing of the current Executive.

Freeze Your Buns 1K/5K #1. A reminder re the p of marketing, first in the series: Saturday Jan 21 at 10am from the Brockville Memorial Centre. For other details access the BRRC Races dropdown menu above. This will mark the gulliver's travels, 26th year for the 3 run series, which since 2008 have been organized by Janet Wynands. Thank you Janet. Also don't forget it's another opportunity to takeout/renew club membership. A form you may print and fill out ahead of time is available by clicking here. Resolution Run, Monday January 2, and Freeze Your Buns Series. Results of the p of marketing, Resolution Run as submitted by Janet Wynands may be accessed by define winkle clicking here.

Many thanks to Janet and p of marketing crew for getting us all out and back on the roads again for a brand new season. As she has done since 2008, Janet Wynands is organizing the first 4 runs of the new season. It will kick off with the Annual Resolution 5K Run in support of the are used in african music, Brockville Legion Athletic Club. This will then be followed by the regular three (3) 5K run Freeze Your Buns Series (the 26th annual). The details as provided by four Janet are outlined below. Resolution Run: January 2 with registration starting at 9:00 with the notes, 1K children's race starting at 10:00 and the 5K at 10:15 a.m. Freeze Your Buns Run #1: Saturday January 21 with registration starting at 9:00 with the 1 K children's race starting at 10:00 and the 5 k starting at 10:15 Freeze Your Buns run #2: Saturday February 25 with registration starting at 9:00 and races starting as per above. Freeze Your Buns run #3: Saturday March 25 with registration starting at 9:00 and p of races as per above. Race fees: 1K event $5; 5K: Non-members $15, Members $10, Students $7, Families $30. Bring a food item for black strong fence, the food bank and get a $2 discount on p of, all race fees.

All proceeds from the races go back to our local community by supporting the da Vinci Essay, Foodbank for four, the Freeze Your Buns runs and the Brockville Legion Athletic Club for the Resolution Run. Jingle Bell Chase 5K; Saturday November 26. The sixth annual chase was held in relatively good conditions on Saturday Nov 26. Race director Rick Swift made a modification to the course, cutting out the trip around Laurier Hill, through the trails, etc in favour of completing the basic FYB's road circuit. The start/finish was still at define winkle, the soccer pavilion at Laurier Hill. Runners left at times on four marketing, the countdown clock corresponding to their normal time for a 5K which led to the handicap, and the staggered start. Desert? The winner and first across the finish line was Yvonne Linseman-Malanka . There was a disappointing turnout of p of marketing, just 25 runners, with many of our regular members noticeably absent from the as Artist-Scientist, chase itself but not necessarily from a Saturday morning run. Rick Swift is to be commended for yet again organizing this fun event on behalf of the club. This in spite of being extremely busy in preparing for four p of, a pending house move.

Thanks Rick. New Board Update: Two New Potential Members. Since the dyson fan, AGM on November 22, two club members, Brenda Young and four p of Megan Primeau, have expressed an interest in joining the board. The board of seven elected at define winkle, the AGM will have the marketing, option at their first meeting of define winkle, co-opting these two women to the board. Jingle Bell Chase 5K, 9am Laurier Hill Brockville; Saturday November 26. A reminder re this annual fun Christmastime event. Features a staggered start based on each runner's individual 5K time, the time that it usually takes them to finish a 5K race. This makes it a handicap race based on ability and not on age as in the past, so all have an equal chance of winning. So come prepared to set off from the start when your normal 5k time appears on the countdown clock. Other details from the BRRC Races dropdown above. Annual General Meeting (AGM); Tuesday November 22.

The main points coming out of the four, meeting were: Chris Emslie Amanda Brown Zack Boyd Krista Haasnoot Bernie Cormier Murray Tait Ian Loughrey. In a break with general practice, but not for the first time in our history, the decision was made, with the approval of the general membership present, to elect the seven nominees above to the board. At their first meeting, the new board will elect/appoint the various officers, including president, and other positions as required. Thanks to Chris Emslie and the outgoing board for steering the club through a very difficult year.

We wish the new board every success in the upcoming year. Annual General Meeting (AGM); Tuesday November 22, 6pm at Luna Restaurant. For the meeting agenda as prepared by club president Chris Emslie click here. Please mark your calendars for Labeling, this important annual event. The doors at Luna will open at 6pm with free food (pizza) being served at 6:30pm. There will be a cash bar.

Luna Restaurant is four p of located on Stewart Blvd. at Parkedale Avenue in Brockville. The business portion, scheduled to commence at 7pm , will consist of series awards/recognition, reports from the various officers, including the president, treasurer and membership coordinator. Gulliver's? There will also be the nomination and election of members to four, form the executive for the upcoming year. It's important that we have a good turnout of members to advise and guide the executive on the desired future direction of the Brockville Road Runners. Series Points Final.

A significant part of the AGM agenda will be devoted to recognition of those who performed consistently well over the course of the BRRC 2016 series of races. For many years we have had a system in place, with points awarded based on a runner's position overall and in Leonardo as Artist-Scientist Essay age category over each of our races. Participation in a minimum of 3 races is required to be listed in the final tally. A summary of the top 3 in each of the male and female categories is now available by clicking Points. In addition, the detailed results, race by race, are available from the ResultsSeries dropdown menu above. Please advise as soon as possible of any significant errors or omissions. Further details of the evening's agenda will be posted once finalized. The Toronto ScotiaBank Marathon and Half Marathon; Sunday Oct 16. I'm glad to marketing, report that since their unhappy experience at the Toronto Marathon, Brenda Young and Ilona Thomas each made a successful comeback, finishing in style at the Sunday, November 6 Hamilton Marathon . Well done ladies. It was a case of some mixed fortunes for as Artist-Scientist, the contingent of club and area runners who travelled to Toronto for this feature event.

While all of our participants came through the 21.1K half marathon unscathed, the increasing heat and humidity took their toll on a number of four, our 42.2K full marathon contestants. We are happy to report that these runners have recovered from their ordeal and their disappointment will also abate in time we know. They've conquered the marathon in style a number of times before and will do so again I'm sure. There were some fine performances otherwise in norman fan the marathon with Ian Loughrey and Mike Crawford clocking impressive times and finishing well up in four p of their respective age categories. A special shoutout to define winkle, Geoff Peters and Cheryl Scott who each finished their first ever marathon. Cheryl in particular had a rough time when, due to the conditions, her asthma flared up, causing her to struggle on slowly to four p of, the finish in true gritty marathoner style.

Well done Cheryl. It was also nice to see our good friend Henry De Souza back on the marathon trail. Good job Henry. Half marathon results across the board were of a high standard in keeping with Brockville Roadrunner tradition. Full results for both races are below with age category placings in (): The Picton Half Marathon; Sunday Oct 2. A number of club members and strong area runners again participated in this popular event in Picton. (There were no area runners in the marathon as far as I could tell.) Paula Wiltse was second overall woman running a fine 1:25:04.1. P Of Marketing? This was good for define winkle, first place in the 40-49 age category. Merv Hodgson at 78 continues to inspire, running a 2:17:59.6 which earned him a first place in his age category. Congrats Merv.

Another of our senior runners, Mary Clayton, took first place in the 70+ age category in a time of 2:18:58.4. Merv Wears Gold. A complete listing of area runner results: Army Run in Ottawa, Sunday September 18, 2016. While some of us were scaling the hills of New Hampshire in the annual 203 mile Reach the Beach Relay, others were participating in various events as part of the p of marketing, Army Run in Ottawa.

Events consisted of a 5K and a Half Marathon (21.1K). For hardier souls there was the opportunity to run both distances in what was called the norman fan, Commander's Challenge. A number of our area runners completed this feat, with pride of place going to marketing, Shelley Steenwyk whose total time for the 2 runs of 2:14:30 garnered her a 3rd place in spark notes gulliver's the 50-54 age category. Four P Of? Congrats Shelley. Good also to Obesity, see Ian Loughrey continue to show good form in four marketing running a 1:34:07 for the 21.1K, good for 5th in his 55-59 age category. Black Strong? The Hodgsons, Merv (2nd) and four marketing Anne (4th), were also well placed in Labeling in Society their 5K age divisions.

Congrats to p of marketing, all. I have searched (or indeed scoured) the Sportstats website as best I can and have summarized the results across the 3 competitions for club and area runners. Apologies if I've missed any. (Combined 5K and Half Marathon) TIP Sat Sept 10: Report and Leonardo da Vinci as Artist-Scientist Essay Results. Well the TIP 21.1K and 5K are now history. Chris Emslie and friends succeeded in four organizing and managing this large undertaking. Understandably based on Leonardo as Artist-Scientist, the relative inexperience of the group, there were a few glitches but nothing major.

Chris was lucky to have Randy Frith once again take care of the Community Hall and more importantly make the measurements and place the many pylons involved with marking the long stretch of course involved. Many thanks Randy. The finish line services of Bryan Lambert and his Running By Design company were also vitally important. A special acknowledgement of the Doyle family, out to watch Dad Bryan complete his first half marathon, who were commandeered to man a couple of water stations. The turnout particularly in the featured half marathon was disappointing. Four Marketing? Just 36 runners lined up for this the 29th edition of this historic club event. The majority of the entrants were from outside the Brockville area - Kingston, Gananoque, Morrisburg and da Vinci Essay Pembroke. Many Brockville Road Runner members were noticeably absent; other commitments and priorities no doubt. Of BRRC members taking part, Cheryl Scott deserves special mention. Cheryl is diligently training for her first marathon in Toronto in October and has been putting in four p of the long training runs required.

On Saturday, Cheryl first ran 11K out to define winkle, the start line at Rockport and then completed the 21.1K half for four marketing, a total of 32K. Well done, Cheryl, your dedication for sure will result in a great and Essay well deserved 42.2K in Toronto on October 16. Overall winners of the half were Tim Gillespie from Kingston in 1:22:37 and the indefatigable 65 year old Deborah Holtom from Howe Island in 1:49:55. The 56 runner 5K field was led home by Jeff Lapierre from Green Valley in 17:29 and Corinne Schonewille from Athens in 20:11. Full detailed results for both races are available from Bryan Lambert's website www.runningbydesign.com. Race Series: Current Points Totals. Has been pointed out to me that I used the 2015 and not the p of, 2016 results in error for FYB#2 in the tables. Will correct and what instruments in african add the four marketing, TIP results in the next draft. This draft will represent the Leonardo da Vinci, final series results for 2016.

With just one race, the TIP 21.1K/5K, left in the season's races series, I have created rough drafts of the current status in terms of points gained from the first Freeze Your Buns through to the August Piggy Run. Note that since at least 3 runs must be participated in to four p of, be listed in the final series tables, only instruments in african, those who have competed in 2 or more races to this point are included in these interim summaries. There are four(4) such interim summaries, each of which may be individually accessed by marketing clicking on what instruments are used, the links below: These summaries were quickly put together and four involved many transcriptions from multiple individual results sheets. There are almost certainly errors and/or omissions. Travels? Please advise of such so I can make the necessary corrections. Please note that to gain points in the overall standings, a runner must finish in the overall top 5 places, male and female, of a race. Age category does not come into play in this case.

Good luck to all at Saturday's TIP in earning those last few important points. TIP Half Marathon and 5K; Saturday September 10, 2016. BRRC President Chris Emslie and marketing crew are busy finalizing preparations for this the spark gulliver's travels, 29th Annual Mark Darroch Half Marathon and James K Carlyle 5K on the Thousand Islands Parkway (TIP). Four Marketing? The races start from the Rockport Community Hall , 35K west of Brockville, and the runs are out and back on the traffic free Parkway bike path on Saturday September 10th. Race start for norman, the 21.1K half is 8am with the p of marketing, 5K heading out at 9:20 am.

Both course distances have been certified. Online registration through Eventbrite is now available by clicking Registration and harvey dyson proceeding to Tickets . The first 100 registrants will receive a commemorative shirt. Details re fees, etc are now updated to the BRRC Races schedule from the dropdown menu above. This includes a link to a Form that may be completed ahead for those who choose to register on four, raceday. Details are also summarized on this Poster which we invite you to notes travels, print and distribute in your local area.

The Piggy 1K/5K Run: Sunday August 7 from Hardy Park at 9am. Results as compiled by race director Gib Kent are now available. Click Results. The Montreal Lads and Ed Whitlock. While browsing the four, website of the Raisin River Footrace in Williamstown, scheduled for Sunday August 7, I came across this very nice photo from a previous year:

The lads are BRRC club members who regularly travel to Brockville from Montreal to run our races. Ed is the legendary world multi-age category record holder in black fence many long distances including the 5K, 10K, half and full marathons. Utica Boilermaker Results; July 10, 2016. Canada Day 1K/5K Milk Run; Friday July 1. Results as supplied by Christie Reitsma for the 1K and Rick Swift for the 5K, for four p of marketing, his 14th and last time as race director, are now available. Harvey Fan? A big thank you to both these dedicated individuals for providing us yet again with a memorable Canada Day. And of course many thanks to our volunteers and to four p of marketing, the Dairy Farmer organizations for notes gulliver's, their generous sponsorship. Special congrats to 5K winners Paula Wiltse (17:32) and Kevin Beatty (16:48). This win represents 4 in a row for marketing, Paula and win number 8 in total.

Kevin by comparison has only managed to norman dyson fan, win 7 of the Canada Day classics! Each is the holder of the respective 5K course record: Kevin ran 15:30 in 2005; Paula completed the course in 17:21 in 2010. Two elite athletes without doubt. Thanks Rick Swift- Our Canada Day Run Impresario Extraordinaire. We certainly owe a huge debt of gratitude to Rick Swift for his tremendous contribution to the success of the four p of marketing, Canada Day 5K. Leonardo As Artist-Scientist? Rick began by helping and learning the ropes from club founder member and past president Rick Oliver. Then in 2003 Rick took over the reins himself and set out on a path of development and growth that took the level of participation from less than 100 to four, consistently over the 200 mark (250 this year).

Along the way, Rick fixed the name and date of the run to coincide with Canada Day on July 1. Desert Strong Fence? In earlier years the run was tied in with the last weekend of Riverfest, late June or early July. The event became a colourful - appropriately red - joyful celebration of our national holiday. Four P Of Marketing? The presence of the young kids in Christie Reitsma's long running 1K brought an additional family flavour to the whole day. Rick was also innovative in terms of the race commemorative running gear he provided. In place of the traditional t-shirt, we had a special club singlet one year and hats another. Strong Fence? Rick also negotiated a deal with Scott McNamee at Crank's Bicycle Shoppe, who generously supplied at a discount top of the line running shoes as prizes over a few years. In recent years Rick, with the help of the four, Wynands family, secured the sponsorship of local area Dairy Farmer organizations. Rick steered us calmly and competently through a number of challenges over the years: runners had to define winkle, skirt around vendor pop-ups on Water Street, compete with the deafening noise from the power boat regatta, relocate because of the Artisan Village and then last year deal with the construction of the p of marketing, new skateboard facility just off of the Brock Trail. In sum, Rick has been a powerhouse of a race director for the Canada Day Run. Of course, he also jumped in at Leonardo as Artist-Scientist, the start of the 5K almost every year and p of tossed off one of those hugely impressive, senior's sub-20 minute or just over 20 minute runs. Rick will be a hard act to follow as he finally steps down as race director.

But we're confident there's someone or more out there willing to take on the challenge and ensure the continued success of our Canada Day Run. We owe it to Rick. TISS Track Support - Win a KIA! The TISS Track Facility is without a doubt a huge asset to the health and wellness of our community! To fund maintenance that the facility requires, TISS is raffling off a KIA Sorrento. Harvey Norman Dyson? 5000 tickets have been printed and can be purchased for $20 each.

You can purchase your tickets at four, the Main Office at define winkle, Thousand Islands Secondary School or at the Canada Day Run on July 1st at Blockhouse Island. RoadID is a well established company that sells a special band worn by runners. The band bears the runner's basic identification information. This is useful and even vital in an emergency where a runner has an accident out alone on a training run, or even in four p of marketing a race, and first responders have no means of identifying the person with a view to contacting family or others. BRRC President Chris Emslie has made a deal with RoadID that for every sale that is define winkle made of a band, the four p of marketing, club will receive a small donation. To get further information on the styles available and to buy a band, click on desert strong, the RoadID Logo above and the sale will be processed as being one from p of marketing a BRRC member.

As well as being a real benefit for define winkle, our runners, the sale will raise some much needed funds for four, the club. Harvey Fan? Thanks in advance for your support. Freeze Your Buns Historical Note. The Jan 23, 2016 FYB marked a special club milestone as we embarked on the 25th season of the Freeze Your Buns series. Former club president Rick Oliver and crew were the initiators of the series in 1992 and Roger Hawksby was the director from 1997 before handing over to Janet Wynands in 2008. To see a listing of the various winners, of series and individual races, from 1992 to 2015, check the Times Past link above. This link also leads to a wealth of information re the past history of our traditional races.

Rick Swift diligently put these valuable summaries together last year for our benefit. Four? Thanks again Rick. Rick Swift, past-president and club historian, has diligently compiled some very interesting summaries. These are the define winkle, historical record of various race winners, course records, awards, etc. Links to p of marketing, these summaries are now available from the new dropdown menu button Times Past above.

Well worth a browse with references to some of our stalwarts from the 80s and 90s included. In Society? Thanks Rick for this very valuable contribution to club history.

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essay on four, optimism In the first year, the optimists in the regular force outsold the define winkle pessimists, but only by p of, 8 percent. Define Winkle! In the second year, the optimists sold 31 percent more. As for the special force, it did beautifully. P Of! They outsold the pessimists in the regular force by 21 percent during the first year, and by 57 percent in the second year. They even outsold the average of the regular force over the first two years, by 27 percent. In fact, they sold at least as much as the black strong fence optimists in the regular force.

An optimistic explanatory style had the same effects when examined in educational institutions. 300 freshman in the class of 1987 at the University of four p of marketing Pennsylvania were given the ASQ. At the end of the first semester, the students who were more optimistic were doing better. Harvey Dyson! Kamen and Seligman found that when we look at two people with equal academic abilities, the more optimistic person tends to get better grades. The optimists were those who explained their success in terms of enduring personal characteristics rather than in terms of luck, easy tests, or low grading standards. Four P Of! Similar results were found when Seligman tested twelve hundred plebes entering West Point military school. The school is so tough that a hundred usually dropped out before classes even began.

West Point was concerned about the dropout rate and their inability to predict which candidates would be able to stick it out. After following the results for two years, Seligman found that the students who quit were the pessimists: those who blamed bad events on themselves, who believed the norman dyson fan bad thing would last forever, and that it would undermine everything they did. The linkage of optimism with success has turned up also in studies of sports. The optimists experienced more motivation to succeed and were more persistent in their efforts. Seligman and his colleagues analyzed numerous statements by members of p of teams like the Obesity in Society Essay Boston Celtics and the New Jersey Nets in 1983-84 to predict their performance in the 1984-85 season.

They found that the Celtic optimistically explained away their losses, while the Nets said things like We are all missing everything, and We botched things up ourselves and blew all our opportunities. The researchers found that the teams#146; explanatory styles strongly predicted their level of success the following season. The same results were found in p of baseball#146;s National League. The degree of optimism predicted success even after allowing for how good the team was, and pessimism predicted failure. Politics provides another arena in which to harvey fan, test the marketing power of optimism. We see the same results here: One study analyzed the nomination acceptance speeches of Democratic and spark notes gulliver's Republican presidential candidates between 1948 and 1984.

Even after adjusting for the popularity rating of the four p of candidates according to harvey fan, polls, the candidates who concentrated on negative statements about the p of marketing nation#146;s future almost always lost to those who expressed more optimistic views. Leonardo Da Vinci! The pessimistic candidates lost nine out of ten of the elections. Adlai Stephenson, unsuccessfully running in 1952, declared, for example: The ordeal of the 20 th century#151;the bloodiest, most turbulent era of the four Christian age#151;is far from over. Sacrifice, patience, and implacable purpose may be our lot for years to come. Define Winkle! His optimistic and successful opponent, Dwight Eisenhower instead made a clear statement of problem-solving action: I will go to Korea. Not only does an four p of, optimistic attitude make us more likely to gulliver's, succeed, believing that you control your life and four p of can better it promotes good health. Optimism benefits health in in Society four ways: First, by replacing a sense of helplessness with a feeling of control, optimism boosts the immune system. This was demonstrated in rat experiments by four, Madelon Visintainer. The rats who learned helplessness through the experimental setup were more vulnerable to tumor growth than those who were able to shut off the electric shocks. Second, optimists will seek medical advice and stick to health programs better than pessimists.

The pessimists, telling themselves It doesn#146;t matter what I do will give up easily and fail to seek information and professional advice. Leonardo Da Vinci As Artist-Scientist! A study of one hundred Harvard graduates showed that the pessimists were less likely to quit smoking cigarettes than were the optimists. Third, the more negative life events a person encounters, the four marketing more illness he will probably suffer. If, all in one month, you lose your job, break up with your spouse, and a friend dies, your chances of Leonardo as Artist-Scientist Essay becoming ill increase considerably. Pessimists experience more of these negative events. They take less action to prevent bad things happening, and when negative events occur they make them seem worse by thinking persistently, negatively, and four helplessly about them.

Fourth, research has shown a clear correlation between resilience against illness and degree of gulliver's social support. Lonely people who have no close friends or who withdraw from social engagement when unhappy have a greater risk of illness and, when ill, are more likely to get worse. Pessimists take less action to seek support. Optimism wipes away passivity, leading us to four p of marketing, seek out other people. The company of others reduces stress, thereby boosting the immune system. Spark! Others can also help take care of us and encourage us to take medication, rest, or visit a doctor. One of the first studies of the role of pessimism in causing illness was carried out at Virginia Tech in the mid-1980s. Four Marketing! The study, following 150 students, found that the optimists had only half as many infectious illnesses and harvey dyson visits to the doctor as the four pessimists. A British study followed sixty-nine women with breast cancer for five years. What Instruments! Those who optimistically fought the cancer were less likely to p of marketing, suffer a recurrence and more likely to survive than those who responded to Labeling in Society, their diagnosis with fatalistic passivity.

The rare women who survived long term after two bouts of cancer were those with an optimistic way of thinking. For years it was suspected that the cancer-prone person was inhibited, conforming, and depressive, and suppresses feelings rather than expressing them. Evidence has been accumulating to support this idea. P Of! Even more convincingly, the in Society development of p of marketing cancer tends to be faster and define winkle more severe in those who are passive than in people who fight the cancer, believing they have some control. Psychiatrist Arthur Schale has found a higher incidence of cancer in marketing those who feel helpless and hopeless. Unsubstantiated and exaggerated claims for the power of the mind to influence the Leonardo da Vinci Essay body are easy to find. Yet the evidence now strongly suggests that the way we think and four p of feel does influence our health to norman dyson, a significant degree. This should not be terribly surprising.

Thoughts take place in brains, and brains are integrated into the hormonal system. Minds and brains should be seen as aspects of one system, not as two distinct objects. One likely mechanism explaining the link between pessimism, depression and susceptibility to disease is this: When we feel pessimistic, depressed, or are grieving over the loss of a loved one#151;a situation likely to induce a sense of lost control#151;a group of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in four p of marketing the brain) becomes depleted. Black! When catecholamines become depleted, another group of neurotransmitters, called endorphins, increase in activity. Endorphins are the four p of body#146;s natural opiates. When endorphins increase in activity, the spark notes gulliver's immune system turns itself down. A growing number of studies show that the sense of personal control felt by optimists clearly boosts the immune system. Not only does optimism feel good, not only does it make us more successful, it can also save our lives and keep us in optimal health. TWELVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DYNAMIC OPTIMIST.

Now we have seen evidence supporting the p of intuitive view that optimism is good for us, we can examine the twelve characteristics in more detail. INTERPRETING EXPERIENCES POSITIVELY: (1) Selective Focus: Unimaginably vast in scope and complexity, reality cannot be fully recognized at any one time. Norman Dyson! Even that part of reality I call my life contains so many elements, events, phenomena, causes, consequences, and perspectives that I cannot keep every aspect of it in focus at four, any particular moment. No matter how realistic and define winkle rational we are, we have no choice but to focus our attention. Dynamic optimists choose to focus primarily on thoughts, events, and interpretations that induce joy, encouragement, pleasure, and constructive activity. Optimists will look at the same world as pessimists but notice different things, and see the same things in different ways. One admires a well-tailored suit, the other cannot see anything but a tiny hole in the jacket. One enjoys the exertion of climbing a hill, the other worries about getting sweaty. Optimists spend most of their time focused on opportunities, on being with people who they enjoy and benefit from, and on thoughts that energize them.

Dynamic optimists value rationality. Four! So selective focus does not mean avoiding warning signals, or denying unpleasant events, persons, thoughts, or feelings. Harvey Dyson! It does mean dwelling on the constructive and four p of enjoyable and de-emphasizing pain, difficulty, and frustration. The negative aspects of instruments in african music life can be acknowledged but not fixated upon: Your lower back is sore and and you will seek to remedy the problem; in the meantime you will enjoy the movie. Four! Disagreeable events can be placed in a context of learning. Optimists attend to the downsides of life only to the extent that this will enable them to move ahead. Leonardo As Artist-Scientist! Preoccupied with encouraging, empowering thoughts, optimists have little time for p of dwelling on misery. Optimists can look at a frustrating event, fully accepting its reality, then choose to da Vinci, interpret the event in a way that leads to action, growth, and mastery. A child#146;s irresponsible behavior, for four marketing example, can give a parent an opportunity to improve his communication skills. While the pessimist focuses on as Artist-Scientist Essay, the frustration itself, often excessively and four p of pointlessly, the optimist keeps the event in proportion, enjoys the rest of life, and looks for solutions to the challenge.

This last word is a key part of the optimist#146;s vocabulary: Where the pessimist sees problems , the optimist sees challenges . If things are going well for an optimist, she often takes that as a sign that things will continue to go well, and that she is norman dyson, therefore capable of making things go well in other areas of life. If I#146;m making strong progress at my exercise routine, I can take it as a sign that I can overcome difficulties with my finances. If something goes badly, the optimist sees it as a useful learning experience and focuses on p of marketing, how she will do better in future. The pessimist thinks through an opposing filter. Some anonymous wit defined a pessimist as one who feels bad when he feels good for fear he#146;ll feel worse when he feels better. Pessimists fixate on Labeling Obesity in Society, everything that could possibly annoy, frustrate, or harm them. Four! They worry unconstructively. If something goes well, they refuse to believe it, or they believe it cannot last. If it goes badly, it shows that everything is getting worse. Obesity In Society Essay! Pessimists see every option open to them as crowded with waiting traps, whether bankruptcy, betrayal, or bereavement.

The optimist recognizes the traps but has a wider vision open to solutions, possibilities, and four p of marketing assisting forces. By focusing on constructive, joyful, open-ended aspects of life, the optimist spots more solutions and feels more motivated to what music, overcome obstacles. (2) Refraining from Complaining: Accompanying a positive focus we find the optimist a pleasure to be near. She sees more good than bad, more to praise than to blame, more open paths than closed roads. Even when the optimist thinks of some negative event, she either keeps it to herself, or speaks of it only to four p of, help others or to seek solutions. Dyson Fan! Part of four marketing not focusing on black desert strong fence, the negative is four p of, not talking about it pointlessly. The more we complain to others, the more we notice annoying, frustrating phenomena.

Whatever we focus on desert fence, expands. Complaining, whining, moaning all make us fix our attention on four marketing, our woes. They also make us boring! The less we complain, the more room exists in our minds for the constructive, the creative, the delightful. If life sometimes presents tough obstacles, the optimist recalls the words of Theodore Roosevelt, who said I wish to preach not the black strong fence doctrine of ignoble ease, but the doctrine of four p of strenuous life. A common form of complaint heard from pessimistically-focused thinkers sounds like this: Life isn#146;t fair.

I don#146;t deserve this. Leonardo! Why me? When something bad befalls us, it may be true that we do not deserve it, or that the four marketing world is not fair. But to whine about it can only be irrational. Yes the world is not fair. It just is.

The world was not built for our benefit. Norman! Other people are not here to four p of marketing, serve us or to make us happy. Obesity! When the pessimist complains of unfairness, they reveal an underlying irrational belief that life ought to be fair. Marketing! Living effectively includes recognizing that the world will continue just being , rather than being fair . Making ourselves and travels others miserable by carping about it will get us nowhere. Such pointless, irrational moaning can only generate resentment.

Resentment leads to anger, hostility, and envy. The optimist expects no fairness (though is marketing, delighted when she finds it). Optimists search out people, circumstances, and events that will assist them in life. When they run into opposing forces, they accept them calmly and with good humor look for ways around the obstacles thrown in define winkle their path. (3) Questioning Limits: Iron-clad limits do exist. You cannot jump unaided from here to the moon. You cannot run faster than light. Four Marketing! You cannot make a million dollars by saying Shazam! These kinds of limits have little to black desert, do with the things we want to accomplish in life. The laws of physics (at least as we currently understand) rule out p of marketing certain goals but outside that realm we will have to look hard to find many provably impossible goals.

Most of what we might want to achieve in life, whether it is making millions, making major breakthroughs in a field of study, becoming famous, achieving our ideal body, or finding a wonderful life partner, may be difficult yet many people succeed. For almost any improbable goal, we can find those who have made their dream a reality. Optimists nurture a constructive skepticism that challenges the limiting beliefs held by in Society Essay, ourselves, our associates, and four p of our society. Optimists display a deep and pervasive creative openness to possibilities. They challenge unquestioned, traditional beliefs about limits where no convincing demonstration of impossibility has been made. Optimists#146; confidence in their ability to achieve their goals cannot easily be shaken. A rational optimist will not persistently attempt the truly impossible.

However, in human affairs we will not often be able to prove an black fence, endeavor to be impossible. Even if we can demonstrate some desired goal to be impossible, the optimist will not draw unnecessarily frustrating conclusions. Many limits are limits only within a specific context. We may be able to change the context and thereby change what is possible. Perhaps you simply cannot make your fortune in marketing that small town, but the instruments are used music same goal can be eminently achievable in a large city.

Some of the goals of Life Expansion as I am outlining it in this book have long been considered impossible. Extending the four human life span past 120 has been declared impossible. Moving off this planet was considered impossible. Becoming more than human is still believed by many to be impossible or unthinkable. Dynamic optimists are especially suspicious of supposed limitations that others claim to be sacred, natural, or inherent in the divine order. Optimists with a sense of history and some understanding of current technological developments see that each of these traditional human limitations may not be invincible after all. Each age, lacking the necessary vision, will, and technology, elevates temporary limits to the achievement of our goals to the status of unalterable facts that must be accepted, even glorified and worshipped. (If life cannot be extended, why then, mortality must be good and natural!) The dynamic optimist challenges personal and socially accepted limits through the spark notes directed application of p of marketing reason, analysis, and creative thinking to a problem. The pessimist accepts limits without question, feeling comfortable with the given, and desert strong lacks the drive to search for solutions. The optimist probes the supposed limits, staying open to new pathways, applying creativity, and determination. Four P Of Marketing! Actor Christopher Reeve has provided a shining example of a person challenging limits.

Instead of giving up after being severely crippled in a horse-riding accident, he has persistently pushed himself to regain strength and control. He had the courage to what are used music, appear before a billion people at the 1996 Academy Awards. His example has inspired millions to four marketing, laugh at the relatively trivial obstacles in their own lives. The Wright Brothers, the Apollo rocket launches, and spark the gerontologists probing at the mechanisms of aging all represent the optimist#146;s unwillingness to acquiesce in what others see as inevitable limitations. (4) Sense of Abundance: Pessimists see the four p of world as full of obstacles and almost empty of options. They feel that someone else#146;s success means their failure. They see life as what economists call a zero-sum game#151;gains by one person must be matched by losses for others, so the total gain is zero. This belief (often unconscious) in limited rewards, limited successes, and limited options leads to envy and resentment.

The effective optimist, by contrast, understands that everyone can improve their situation. Another person#146;s success is to be admired, not resented. The success of others not only does not keep us down, it can help us: success in others provides a model for us to learn from, and concretely shows that success is possible. If my friend writes a best-selling book, why then, perhaps I can too! Dynamic optimists feel free to do what they want to do.

As self-directed persons driven by positive values rather than fear or envy, they experience the world as crammed with endless possibilities they can choose from. Typically, they feel no coercion from people or circumstances to do anything. All they do is driven by their passions, not by norman, external pressures. They work at what they love, not because it was their parent#146;s profession or because it is respectable. Optimists live with passion, fixing their attention on what they want to achieve and p of marketing how they can achieve it. Strong! They appreciate what they have and love the world for all that it offers. Four P Of! Rather than complaining about harvey having to make a living, for example, optimists apply their sense of abundance by fully appreciating the vast range of possible occupations open to them. If they do not possess all the skills needed for four a desired occupation, they learn them. Gulliver's! Pessimists settle for what they see as the realistic option. Crucial to fostering a sense of abundance is being for things, not against things.

You may be against many things: crime, war, being overweight, the budget deficit, intolerance, aging. Optimists restate anything they oppose in positive terms. Rather than being against four government, be for liberty and responsibility. Rather than being against your company or office manager, be for making improvements. Instead of saying no to drugs, say yes to what music, healthy pleasures.

I am not merely playing a word game here: Your energy goes wherever you focus your attention. When you are against something you will expend your time and energy attacking it, complaining about it, and reacting to it. When you are for an alternative, you focus on changing it, creating alternatives, exciting others about new options, and feeling productive and creative#151;you will be proactive rather than reactive. Four P Of Marketing! Being for things, and a strong sense of abundance creates personal energy. Spark Notes Travels! An optimistic sense of abundance encourages cheerfulness and activity. In a high-energy optimistic state you want to p of, tackle tasks because you expect to gulliver's travels, enjoy the activity and expect to make progress at it.

This creates a self-reinforcing cycle: Optimism breeds increased enthusiasm; this leads to effort and four progress which validates optimism and generates more of it. Labeling Obesity In Society Essay! The virtuous circle of four marketing optimism replaces the vicious circle of pessimism. (5) Humor: Humor acts both as a cause and a consequence of dynamic optimism. Not surprisingly, optimists, being cheerful types, will tend to see more humor in everyday events than gloomy pessimists. Feeling good lends itself to spotting funny incongruities and enjoyable oddnesses. Pessimists, if humorous at all, display a more cynical, snide, nasty form of humor. Essay! Humor for them provides a way of tearing down and deriding the accomplishments and character of others. More surprisingly, humor adds to p of marketing, optimism.

Since optimism requires an openness to new possibilities and different perspectives, it helps to Leonardo da Vinci Essay, be able to four p of marketing, laugh at dogmatic thinking in ourselves and others. Essay! Healthy, good-natured humor can reveal fresh approaches. Humor will be particularly helpful when the four rigidity or irrationality is found in ourselves. Without humor, we may lock up emotionally, defending to the death the wisdom of what we are doing and who are. Labeling Obesity In Society Essay! With humor, we can look on our shortcomings with amusement. Most humor involves seeing old things from unexpected angles. This explains the power of humor to promote self-transformation: We will find it easier to change ourselves if we can use humor to step aside from four p of, who we are right now and see who we could become. Nietzsche told us that laughter means to rejoice at another#146;s expense, but with a good conscience. We can laugh at our own foibles with a good conscience because humor allows us to separate our core sense of identity from the foolishness we currently see in ourselves. INFLUENCING OUTCOMES POSITIVELY: (6) Rational: Being rational means doing our best to see reality as it is spark notes, rather than as we want it to be.

Rationality involves apportioning our belief according to the evidence: withholding commitment to unsupported beliefs, even if we want them to be true; not being certain of uncertain ideas; and always being open to revision of four p of marketing beliefs as new evidence and new reasons appear. Norman! The dynamic optimist applies reason to find ways of assessing and achieving goals, and does not confuse what he wishes to be true with what is true. Blind, wishful optimism is not dynamic optimism, it is an irrational optimism or faith in an unreal world. The rational optimist#151;the optimist who works with reality rather than against it#151;separates his emotional urges from his understanding as far as possible. The rational optimist thinks critically and marketing logically about the world around him. He also turns the bright light of reason on himself, examining the causes and reasons of his motivations and beliefs about himself. Rational optimism means using reason to discover what truly works. Reason involves learning how to assess evidence for claims, how to analyze arguments, assess motivations, figure out gulliver's travels who and what to believe and how far to believe it. Is supplemental vitamin E good for my health?

Should I invest in stocks or bonds? Should I believe the claims of homeopathy? Should I always trust my intuitions? Reason also involves ensuring that that your goals are attainable and that you have chosen effective means to p of marketing, them, and making sure your goals are consistent and coherent together. (7) Self-Improving: Dynamic optimists see themselves in transformational terms#151;they see the self as a process , not a static entity. Optimists recognize the what in african possibilities for continuing growth, self-correction, and four p of marketing self-improvement. Rather than seeing their current psychology and personality as the ultimate form of themselves, optimists view it as a transition to a better self. If we are to expand our lives, overcoming limits to achievement and happiness, we need to detach ourselves from who we are today.

More fundamentally we need to see ourselves as an evolutionary process of ever-improving development. Our current personalities serve as one link in the chain of our being. Define Winkle! As Henri Bergson said in Creative Evolution : To exist is to change, to change is to mature, to mature is to go on creating oneself endlessly. The powerful drive to improve, to overcome existing limitations in the self, in optimists is marketing, not pushed by fear or self-dislike. Instruments In African! This drive is marketing, pulled by an inspiring self-image.

Optimists form an image of who they want to become and what are used music use it as a guide for action. They stride towards their ideals rather than running away from who they are now. They seek to become beautiful, not to four marketing, cover their ugliness; they patiently strive for calmness rather than berating themselves for their bad temper. Optimists feel a basic sense of happiness, but it is a happiness without self-satisfaction. The drive to self-transformation comes not from spark, a rejection of the self, but from an identification with the self#146;s continual process of maturation and strengthening. Optimists recognize the four p of marketing natural law: Develop or perish. To remain the same leads to stagnation and to falling behind, especially in strong the modern world#146;s frantic and four p of marketing accelerating rate of spark notes travels change. Four P Of Marketing! Dynamic optimists seek to be not masters of the present, but masters of transformation. The drive for self-transformation, perpetual self-improvement, distinguishes the Labeling in Society dynamic optimist from the passive optimist.

The latter sits back, does nothing, and four p of tells himself that everything will work out fine, and that he need not make any effort to improve his approach to living. The dynamic optimist acts on Essay, the recognition that continual transcendence of marketing personal limits fuels success, achievement, and happiness. As Goethe tells us in The Mysteries : All force strives forward to work far and wide. To live and grow and ever to expand; Yet we are checked and thwarted on each side. By the world#146;s flux and swept along like sand: In this internal storm and outward tide. We hear a promise, hard to understand: From the compulsion that all creatures binds, Who overcomes himself, his freedom finds. (8) Experimental: Pessimists and define winkle passive optimists both cling to the old and familiar, the authorized, regulated and approved.

The dynamic optimist will be among the first to adopt more effective practices. Effective optimism requires more than a belief that things will improve; it requires actively searching for and creating novel approaches. P Of! Certainly the optimist eagerly learns from culturally entrenched practices, whether these are ways of define winkle organizing a business, principles for four p of marketing a marriage, or methods of dyson fan boosting athletic performance. Yet he will put no unquestioning faith in ideas simply because they are old and widely accepted. The optimist evaluates each idea, each method on marketing, its merits, being quick to try fresh approaches where they appear to Labeling Obesity in Society, offer advantages. The optimistic personality continually seeks out better ways of doing things, jumps out of ruts before they can wear deep, and four p of marketing questions dogmas and unthinking traditions. Labeling Obesity! Nietzsche expressed this urgent drive to challenge the four old: #133; Not to question , not to tremble with the craving and joy of questioning#133; that is what I feel to gulliver's travels, be contemptible , and this feeling is the first thing I seek in everyone: some foolishness persuades me ever and again that every human being has this feeling, as a human being.

As Nietzsche recognized with disappointment, many humans do not share this joy of questioning. Pessimists and passive optimists feel comfortable and satisfied with the accepted and traditional. Only dynamic optimists exhibit a fundamental openness to new and better paths. An optimistic attitude encourages openness to new sources of four information and new methods of improving life. Norman Dyson! When it forms part of your personality, an actively optimistic attitude programs your brain to p of, apprehend opportunities and possibilities. Define Winkle! This open, experimental attitude will both see more new approaches and show more willingness to try them out.

By applying his experimental attitude, the dynamic optimist becomes intensely creative. Willingness to experiment implies a tolerance for risk-taking. P Of Marketing! Remembering the importance of rationality, this does not mean wild, random risk-taking, but a willingness to assume calculated risks for anticipated benefits. We might think that sticking with widely accepted methods is safe, but where improvement is needed, failing to experiment is spark, itself risky. The optimist heeds the advice of Thomas Watson, founder of four marketing computer giant IBM, who told us: The way to succeed is to double your failure rate. Optimists see the strong fence self as a process not a static entity.

This allows them to four p of, identify with improving their ideas, methods, and practices, rather than desperately needing to be seen as right . Optimists, expecting success or at least learning from their experiments, will not be paralyzed by Labeling Essay, fear of failure. They keep their mind on their goals, unlike pessimists who shy away from uncertain attempts because they entertain all the marketing possible undesirable outcomes while feeling that being mistaken means being failures and fools. (9) Self-Confident: We all feel confident in specific areas of fence life. You might be confident when playing tennis, or in closing a deal, or in p of marketing giving a speech. But you might lack confidence in notes gulliver's travels changing a diaper, replacing your computer#146;s hard drive, or singing in tune. The dynamic optimist cannot help but lack competence in numerous areas, yet retaining a solid confidence . Self-confidence means not confidence in four specific areas, but a fundamental conviction that I am competent to live. I may lack a skill or ability needed to da Vinci as Artist-Scientist Essay, get a particular job or to solve a relationship difficulty, but I feel confident that I can acquire those skills. I feel assured that I can think up or discover existing solutions, or find someone with sound advice. Four! If a person lacks this basic sense of da Vinci as Artist-Scientist self-confidence, a pervasive pessimism will be hard to avoid. Four Marketing! Acquiring self-confidence requires an effort; anyone promising to deliver it to norman dyson fan, you in one quick painless fix is lying. The underlying confidence I refer to four p of, comes from repeated experiences of black desert strong fence successful learning and problem-solving, each of which takes attention and effort.

By repeatedly achieving, as well as recognizing and celebrating our achievements, we can build self-confidence. While the passive optimist hopes that someone else will make the future better, the dynamic optimist believes he can and will bring about what he wants. He does not leave the future up to four p of marketing, passive hoping and wishing, he takes action. If he wants a more enjoyable job, he does not wait for define winkle an offer, he goes out and p of searches for one, confident that he has the necessary skills or that he can acquire them. Effective optimism implies confidence in dyson fan being able to four marketing, create the desert strong fence future we want. Self-confidence generates persistence by giving us the power to keep trying in the face of four p of marketing resistance and spark setbacks. With self-confidence we will continue making an effort until we finally overcome all obstacles. Pessimists, believing desirable goals to p of marketing, be unattainable, do not persist. In giving up so soon, and thereby failing, they reinforce their sense of personal inefficacy.

Pervasive pessimism in a person goes hand in hand with a self-image conveying failure, inability and resignation. A drive towards self-improvement and a willingness to experiment with novel approaches cannot exist without self-confidence. (10) Self-Worth: Self-confidence combines with self-worth to notes gulliver's, form self-esteem. Whereas self-confidence means a fundamental sense that I am competent to live and marketing flourish, self-worth means a sense that I deserve to desert, live. Some unfortunate individuals lack self-worth, sometimes due to destructive parents who continually undermined them as children, and sometimes due to religious doctrines proclaiming that we are inherently evil, corrupt, and four unworthy. While we can practice dynamic optimism even without a sense of self-worth, believing that we are worthy of success and happiness makes optimism far easier. How motivated will a person be to create the fan conditions for his success if he believes he does not deserve to flourish? How strongly will he pursue happiness if he believes he deserves to be punished? This motivation may still exist: the person might be motivated to achieve in order to p of marketing, serve someone else, or as an offering to a god. Such externally-based motivation risks building resentment.

Self-worth bonded to Leonardo Essay, self-confidence forms a powerful core of self-esteem. When self-esteem suffuses our personality, we can forcefully tackle any new challenge with assurance. (11) Personal Responsibility: Effective optimism requires understanding the part we play in bringing about the results we want. The passive optimist, with his comfortable faith that other people and institutions will do it all, refuses to acknowledge his own role. Four P Of Marketing! I cannot endorse the common New Age belief that we entirely create our own reality. Gulliver's! Yet our own thinking and action does radically affect our chances of success. Unlike the passive optimist, the dynamic optimist realizes that goals can be reliably achieved only four marketing through personal effort. Wishful thinking cannot substitute for notes travels active pursuit of the four marketing life we want. Taking responsibility for ourselves requires a strong sense of purpose.

Without a clear vision of our destination we will find it hard to get anywhere. Being responsible asks of harvey dyson us self-discipline: as we make our choices through the day we need to keep our goals and p of values in mind, stay focused, and resist distractions. Da Vinci Essay! More than that, taking responsibility means persisting at p of, working toward what matters to what music, us. Persistence and perseverance are virtues of character found in all successful persons. Standing out as a great model of persistence, Thomas Edison tried endless combinations of materials and structures before finally creating the light bulb. His mind stayed focused tightly on his goal, allowing no doubts to p of marketing, stop him, and he persisted through hundreds of failed attempts. Personal responsibility combines psychological characteristics with ethical values. Being responsible involves more than personal effort, focus, and persistence. Spark Notes! It also requires integrity: living according to your values.

An integrated personality has developed a consistent and rational set of values conducive to four, successful living. If we profess our values yet live according to Labeling Obesity in Society Essay, whim, social pressures, or expediency, we will find ourselves pulled in opposing directions. Lack of marketing integrity saps our will by pitting our values against our outward words and deeds. Like a car trying to move with its parking brake on, we will struggle harder to create the life we want if we give up our integrity. Living with integrity is black desert, profoundly practical, not merely a nice abstract ideal. Taking responsibility for four keeping our words and in african actions consistent with our values means exercising our autonomy#151;our ability to make our own choices even in the face of external pressures. Being responsible for ourselves can be a great challenge when surrounding us we find government programs to take care of p of marketing us, and authority figures wanting to run our lives (whether these are parents, gurus, or officials). These stealers of responsibility seduce us by offering ease and security if we will only give up personal control and let them make the spark decisions. But once we give up our autonomy and responsibility to others, we also give up our control over our future. (12) Selecting Environment: We can maintain an optimistic, creative, solution-finding attitude in any environment.

The ability to four marketing, separate our thinking, to choose how we feel and act, is an aspect of our autonomy as humans. Even in what are used in african the Nazi death camps, some stayed alive and sane by focusing their thoughts on their hopes and on what they could control. Clearly, though, we will find it far easier to persist in a dynamically optimistic approach to life when surrounded by others who fuel us rather than drain us. Some of us may be unfortunate enough to live and work with those who continually tell us why we cannot do what we want, why our efforts are doomed to fail, and who point to all the possible obstacles and p of marketing relate tales of every failure they have heard of. Da Vinci Essay! While stuck in such an environment we will need to maintain more vigilance over our own thinking. If we find ourselves smothered in p of marketing this miasma, we would do well to devote plenty of effort to changing our circumstances. This may mean changing jobs or offices, or fending off negative co-workers, relatives, or acquaintances. Dynamic optimists will find themselves attracted to persons and environments that inspire, support, and assist, not those that discourage, distract, and da Vinci undermine. Still, we should take this recommendation in the context of the four marketing other characteristics of a dynamic optimist, and not take it to an extreme in isolation. Since success requires a clear understanding of the world as it really is, not as we wish it to be, we need to place ourselves among those who will not always agree with us. If we hear only agreement from strong fence, those who think just like us, we will fall into a distorted view of the world.

Our beliefs, values, and goals need to be tested, questioned, challenged. Only by surviving the criticism of others (and ourselves) or mutating into new forms can our beliefs and goals offer any assurance of p of being realistic. The optimist will therefore select the environment so as to norman fan, surround himself not with only those who agree with him, but with those who will either agree and support him or constructively, reasonably, usefully criticize his goals and methods. Hostile, destructive criticism can still be useful, but is p of, harder to learn from and can undermine our motivation. The dynamic optimist carefully selects the define winkle environment to achieve a balance of support with constructive disagreement.

Optimism and Uncertainty. Bertrand Russell, one of the most prolific and long-lived philosophers of the 20 th century, pointed out that: Many people would sooner die than think. In fact they do. Russell#146;s barbed observation continues to be all too true. P Of! At this stage in human development, most of us display a deep desire for certainty. Is this due to culture or our biological nature? Given the are used in african cross-cultural persistence of the need for certainty, I suspect it is partly rooted in our evolutionary past. Back in our hunter-gatherer days, those who were uncertain about whether to run, how to marketing, throw a spear or stone, or whether to mate, were likely to die, their genes being forever taken out of the gene pool. Define Winkle! The choices then were relatively simple.

Quick, decisive, certain choices probably conferred a survival advantage. If a tendency toward certainty and the dogmatic thinking that results really is four, built into our brain, advanced genetic technology may be the only effective way to in Society Essay, remedy it. In the meantime, only those who remain aware of this tendency, and strive continually to combat it in themselves, will have a chance of being the rational beings philosophers have long proclaimed us to be. We find it more comfortable to believe things with certainty. Four P Of Marketing! Certainty assures us we need look no further: we have found the final, unalterable truth. We need not think, we need not make new decisions, we need not experiment or question ourselves. The desperate desire for certainty insinuates itself into every aspect of our lives but especially in the area of religious and political beliefs. Dogmatic religious beliefs extol certainty, even making faith#151;belief in something despite the evidence#151;into a virtue. This attitude toward certainty and dogmatic faith was stated in an especially unapologetic and black fence extreme form by the Church father Tertullian.

After Jesus we have no need of speculation, after the Gospel no need of research. When we come to believe, we have no desire to believe anything else; for we begin by believing that there is nothing else we have to believe. Certainty reduces our chances of succeeding in many situations because it prevents us opening ourselves to new sources of information. It leads us to p of, conclude further investigation and experimentation to be a waste of time. The emotional reward that keeps people coming back to certainty like a favorite drug is harvey norman dyson, its ability to pacify us, to soothe us, and to relieve us of responsibility. Four P Of Marketing! Optimism tainted with dogmatic certainty can appeal to us since it lets us believe that success requires no action, or at least no new action. If you feel certain that a desired event or outcome will occur, you need not contribute to bringing it about. If you hold a belief with certainty you need not go to the trouble of looking for contrary evidence. Unfortunately we cannot draw a sharp, unmistakable dividing line between dynamic optimism and passive optimism and its reliance on certainty. Keeping in mind the twelve characteristics of the dynamic optimist will help keep optimism active and open.

It is up to us to guard against allowing our dynamically optimistic thinking to degenerate into passive Pollyanna optimism. Spark Notes Travels! We cannot reliably distinguish rationally and irrationally optimistic beliefs on the basis of the strength of those beliefs (though this can be one indication). Faith, or dogmatically optimistic beliefs, can be weak, though this is generally an unstable state, and many perfectly ordinary beliefs are extremely strongly held. For instance, I am very sure that I currently live in Southern California, that the four marketing Earth orbits the sun and spark that I am biologically male. How can we distinguish life expanding optimism from dogmatic optimism? Let me emphasize some of the twelve characteristic of dynamic optimists to help with this question:

Both kinds of optimistic thinking involve selective focus, or selective filtering of marketing information and experience, but in what instruments different ways. Dogmatic optimists refuse to consider evidence that things are not going the way they want. They avert their eyes from obstacles to their goals. They see only encouraging signs while blanking out disturbing signs. The dynamic optimist uses selective focus differently: He chooses not to four, dwell endlessly and pointlessly on unpleasant and unchangeable events or persons. He remains open to recognizing and accepting obstacles to strong, his goals. Rather than blind himself to them, he sees them as challenges, and thinks cheerfully, creatively, and marketing openly about how to harvey dyson fan, deal with them. We have seen that dynamic optimists continually seek to improve themselves. While valuing who they are now, they strive to become ever better.

They may be satisfied with their progress, but they are never self-satisfied in four thinking they are the best they can be. To prevent life expanding optimism from decaying into self-satisfied passive optimism check your behavior over time. Have you stopped looking for ways to improve? Do you approach every conversation as a chance to show the other fellow where he#146;s gone wrong? Have you made real progress with your goals, or are you just telling yourself that you have or you will start to real soon now? We can check our optimism also by noting our degree of rationality and experimentalism. You may be facing a problem or choice: Whether to stay with this job or change companies or professions; whether to Obesity in Society Essay, tell the truth or lie to stay out of a conflict; whether to vote for government welfare or subsidies or to oppose them. How do you go about making these decisions? Do you look for answers and solutions always in the same places?

Is there one book that you look to four, every time for certain answers? Do you stick with what you have always done in the past? Do you look at in Society Essay, information always from the same sources, or do you consult diverging books, magazines, speakers? Dynamic optimists never rely on dogmatic authorities (though they will listen for possible wisdom even from self-proclaimed gurus or authorities), whether these are living persons, massive institutions, or old books. The dynamic optimist tries to think as a critical rationalist#151;someone who leaves everything open to question and who treats no authority as an absolute guarantee of truth. Rather than being disturbed by having his beliefs or favorite sources challenged, the four rational optimist welcomes feedback and new perspectives. (This does not mean wasting time with uninformative fools who only want to impose their ill-formed ideas on anyone within reach.) You can feel confident that your optimism remains rational and effective so long as you see plenty of signs of continued searching, critical experimentation, and personal responsibility for learning in open ways. The active and passive forms of optimism differ in an obvious way when it comes to the issue of notes gulliver's personal responsibility. The passive optimist believes that he will succeed in his endeavors, or circumstances will improve, not as a result of his own efforts but primarily or solely because of external factors. If someone expects their problems to be solved by the government, their parents, their spouse, or a god, they abdicate personal responsibility for their lives. P Of Marketing! You can spot the slide from dynamic to passive optimism if you see yourself no longer taking action to what music, better your circumstances, instead sitting back and thinking someone else will take of it. Marketing! Dynamic optimists realize that they cannot control other people, only themselves.

They place confidence in their own ability to change the fence shape of the four future. They jump in and actively set about creating the outcome they desire. Adopting certain habits and harvey norman dyson practices can help guard against letting our dynamically optimistic thinking deteriorate into the more common passive form. The crucial first step involves thoroughly understanding the characteristics of the dynamic optimist and how they differ from the passive optimist. Once that understanding has been absorbed deep down, we will find it easier to marketing, detect and prevent the infiltration of passive thinking. As part of regular daily and weekly meditation and life-review habits, we can check our recent thinking and behavior. Define Winkle! Regular sessions for setting personal goals and priorities provide an four p of, opportunity for a reality check.

These sessions give us a quiet time in which to reassess short-term and long-term goals and the effectiveness of the Leonardo da Vinci Essay means being used. During meditation sessions we can renew our optimistic perspective, rooting out p of marketing pessimism, while also checking that our optimism remains active and open. Another way to maintain a high level of optimism while avoiding intellectual passivity and certainty is to Labeling Essay, subject your ideas to evaluation by four p of, others of similar commitment. Such individuals and groups should also be oriented towards a rational, active optimism. Such persons allow you to test your ideas and black desert goals in an environment both friendly and able to four p of, restrain unbridled flights of fantasy. Instruments In African! Testing your ideas in groups that are fundamentally opposed to four p of, your goals, or who cannot comprehend them, is neither encouraging nor enlightening. Harvey Norman Dyson Fan! Testing your ideas in supportive yet critical and analytical communities is vital.

Once we understand dynamic optimism thoroughly we have taken a giant leap toward being able to implement it fully in our lives. Shaping our thinking in an optimistic direction will be easier if we have some specific ideas of what to watch for in our thinking. I can only four p of briefly explain a handful of these mental patterns here. I refer the reader to the Resources for black desert strong more writings and workshops on the subject. P Of! Cognitive psychologists such as David Burns and Albert Ellis have done us a great service in define winkle clearly identifying many thinking patterns typically found in four marketing pessimists and depressed persons. Since my focus is on desert strong fence, the positive#151;on becoming ever better than we are#151;rather than on the negative side of what causes depression and lack of motivation, I will point out a few positive correlates of the thinking patterns identified by these therapists. PARTICULARIZE: When the optimist has been frustrated by four p of, obstacles to his goals, he reacts appropriately: He inspects the obstacle and sees it for what it is, then considers how to remove it. The pessimist, especially if depressed, does the opposite. A depressed person will see a single negative event as an desert strong fence, endless pattern of defeat.

A woman went for four marketing a first job interview. Being nervous and inexperienced she performed at less than her best and was not called back for desert strong a second interview at four, the firm. She told herself: I never get a break. I#146;m so rotten at this that no one will employ me. What#146;s the use? From a single experience she irrationally overgeneralizes to a belief about strong all future interview experiences. Four P Of Marketing! A shy teenage boy asked out a girl he was attracted to.

Being insensitive or perhaps simply not knowing how to as Artist-Scientist Essay, respond any other way, she told him Only in your dreams. The boy tells himself: I#146;m ugly and boring. No girl will go out four p of with me. Overgeneralizations like this can turn into black strong fence, self-fulfilling prophecies since the irrational belief leads the person to refrain from p of marketing, more attempts. With no more attempts to black desert, get an interview or a date, there can be no successes and so the person#146;s belief seems to be confirmed. The optimist refrains from overgeneralizing. Effective thinkers look at the frustrating situation as a particular event. That event need not represent any pattern; it can lead to very different future events if treated as a learning experience.

If the woman going for the interview had been aware of her thinking, she might have stopped the self-defeating cognition, instead telling herself: Well, I didn#146;t do so well at p of marketing, my first attempt. I#146;ll do better next time. Now I know better what to expect. Let#146;s see, I could practice my responses to what are used, the questions I was asked, I could sit straighter and speak up confidently, and I could take more initiative in asking questions when given the four marketing opportunity. Similarly, the rejected boy might have reminded himself that this girl might have been having a bad day, and not all other girls would react the black strong same way.

He might ask himself if he contributed to her response, perhaps by being too tentative, and consider how to come across more engagingly. The optimistic response to a bad experience is to four p of, look at it as a particular event, not an omen of Leonardo da Vinci as Artist-Scientist perpetual failure, and to learn from marketing, it in order to correct course and home in on the desired goal. EMPHASIZE THE POSITIVE: Depression-prone individuals usually suffer from Leonardo, anhedonia#151;the inability to enjoy anything. One cause of p of marketing this is their tendency to what instruments in african music, disqualify their positive experiences. Even non-depressive, hard-driven Type A personalities can fall into this trap. Upon being given a major promotion with raise in pay and benefits, an executive immediately started worrying about her new responsibilities.

She did not hold a party to four marketing, celebrate, turned down friends#146; invitations to dinner to congratulate her, and forgot about all the ways she earned the promotion. A man in da Vinci his sixties who has exercised for years and maintained sound diet and health habits was complimented on his trim, youthful appearance. I#146;m just lucky he replied. Have you ever replied to a compliment or commendation with phrases like You#146;re just being nice, It was nothing really, or It doesn#146;t really count for anything? If so, you have disqualified your positive experiences. When this becomes a pattern, we deplete our motivation and darken our view of the world.

Having pushed aside our joyful, successful, affirming experiences, we are left looking only at our mistakes, shortcomings, and setbacks. Four Marketing! Even if someone has enough motivation or self-discipline to what are used in african music, keep accomplishing things despite disqualifying the positive, he will derive little pleasure from his successes. If our goal is to p of marketing, both move forward in our lives and what instruments music enjoy doing so, we need to affirm our positive experiences. The dynamic optimist does not need to seek approval, and does not abuse compliments by puffing himself up in a falsely self-aggrandizing manner. On the other hand, the optimist can confidently acknowledge compliments and rewards. Instead of replying with It was nothing, he says Thank you. The optimist celebrates both his own and other people#146;s successes, enjoys each victory and advance, and appreciates what he has earned. While the optimist looks forward to tackling new responsibilities and to moving on to fresh goals after achieving old ones, he does not forget to appreciate the efforts that got him where he is. Set realistic goals and four p of marketing standards: The tendency to black, disqualify the positive often festers side by side with the vice of perfectionism.

Optimism has nothing to do with wanting to be perfect. Optimism as I have explained it involves a confident drive to continually improve oneself and four marketing one#146;s circumstances. But not only does continual improvement not require perfection, it is not even compatible with it. If you are perfect, or believe you are, you have no room for further improvement. Optimists expect to do well and to keep getting better. Leonardo As Artist-Scientist! They feel no need to be perfect or do a job perfectly. They do not have to mow the lawn magnificently, just well enough. They do not need to four, write to Obesity, their friends with unprecedented wit and skill; they just need to four, say things clearly. By setting realistic goals and standards for themselves, optimists succeed more often, thereby reinforcing their optimism and motivation.

If I feel I must ski not just well but perfectly, I will get frustrated and angry at travels, myself for being only fairly good. Four P Of! Since I know I will not ski perfectly next time, I am likely to avoid trying it again. Perfectionism, by setting us up for failure, may discourage us from ever starting on a project. If we do start we may leave it unfinished, so we can tell ourselves: Well, if I had finished it, it would have been superb. If we do finish the project, we will be unable to fully enjoy the Leonardo da Vinci as Artist-Scientist imperfect result.

We can see perfectionism as an example of black-and-white, all-or-nothing thinking. Either we must do a job superbly, magnificently, with unprecedented excellence, or it is four p of, not worth doing at all. Thinking more rationally, optimists breeze past the perfectionist, content to simply do things well or even adequately and then to do them better the next time. Many of us feel drawn to perfectionist attitudes because we believe this to help us perform at our best. Norman Fan! Consider some reasons why perfectionism can have the opposite result, apart from discouraging us in the first place: Facing such a lofty standard you may get so nervous that you cannot perform well. You may be too afraid to experiment with uncertain procedures that might produce superior results. You may be afraid to make mistakes that could reveal useful information. Turning perfectionist standards outward to other people, you will become intolerant of others and may drive them away. Since perfection is almost never attainable#151;or even definable (how would you run a marathon perfectly?)#151;you will always feel frustrated, unhappy, and bitter so long as you put perfectionism in place of realistic goals and standards. KEEP EVENTS IN PROPORTION: A woman went to pick up her car from the mechanic, expecting it to be fixed by 3pm. She was looking forward to meeting a date at 4pm on the other side of town.

Smiling tightly at her, the mechanic explained that he hadn#146;t been able to fix the engine trouble yet, and would have to keep the car for another couple of hours. You#146;re ruining my life! the woman shouted. This exaggeration in four p of thinking afflicts almost all of us sometimes, and some of us all too frequently. The housecleaners do an imperfect job and we complain Everyone#146;s incompetent! Perhaps you notice a minor mistake on a report for your company after it has been printed for everyone to read. How awful! you tell yourself. That#146;s terrible. How could I be so sloppy?

Everyone will think I#146;m an idiot. Damn it! We can call this kind of negative exaggeration magnification or catastrophizing . It involves blowing up a minor irritation into a major calamity. The old cliche about making mountains out of molehills arose from Labeling Obesity in Society Essay, someone noticing how some of marketing us like to turn small annoyances and frustrations into world-shaking (or at least life-threatening) catastrophes. Obesity In Society! We feel so much more important when every little setback can be seen as a dramatic cataclysm in the epic of our life! Unfortunately, the drama is a tragedy, where each day we are fated to suffer incalculable misery. Cognitive therapist David Burns has referred to this distortion in thinking as the binocular trick.

You look at negative events in such a way as to blow them up in size and importance. Four P Of Marketing! If you tend to compare yourself to others, you might also magnify the define winkle other fellow#146;s accomplishment, making yourself feel more threatened by comparison. The binocular trick works from the other end too, in which case we call it minimization. Here you look through the other end of the binoculars at your accomplishments (or your competitors imperfections) and shrink them down to four marketing, an insignificant size. What Instruments Are Used In African Music! When we regularly practice the binocular trick we overwhelm ourselves. Obstacles to achieving our goals appear enormous; they become mountains too high and rocky to p of marketing, climb. Our motivation drains away, leaving us apathetic and notes gulliver's travels unproductive. The dynamic optimist, being aware of marketing this seductive tendency to as Artist-Scientist, catastrophize, strives to keep events in proportion. Life as a dramatic tragedy is replaced with life as a balanced, steady march forward, drama finding its place in the major accomplishments in one#146;s life. Attaining a developed ability to four p of marketing, keep things in proportion can take self-discipline for define winkle many of us. Letting one#146;s destructive emotions run wild may feel easy.

In addition, we may believe that we can get what we want more effectively by four marketing, exaggerating our hurt. Indeed this can be an effective short-term method of manipulating others, but not a healthy or effective long-term approach. It will lead to a loss of respect from define winkle, others, avoidance of involvement in our little dramas, and four distract us from directly and rationally confronting obstacles. Developing and strengthening this dynamic, practical optimism is one of the most effective ways of adding to our personal power. A thorough-going dynamic optimist cannot be stopped. He cannot be pushed aside, blocked out, or shut down. What Music! He will respond to all obstacles, all attacks, all setbacks with calmness, determination, and a creative, problem-solving attitude. Optimism and pessimism affect our entire worldview. Our whole approach to living will be either empowered or chained depending on which style of thinking predominates.

The principles of p of marketing dynamic optimism provide keys for fan unlocking our full potential. In the next chapter I will reveal another, complementary, approach to bringing emotions and four p of marketing moods into the realm of black desert strong choice.