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Interesting essay on Marine Parks. Thought this was an interesting read - from Ray Hilborn - one of the worlds eminent fishery scientists - I remember his book on fisheries biology was the bible when I was at Uni. Date Joined: 09/03/08. Chicken Little brigade won't like that. Date Joined: 25/06/09. Australian Seafood Consumers Mislead by flower, prophets document. Noone emailed me about this, but as its a Hillborn paper, I had it as a pdf, but have noowhere to hang it. Lets see if cut and paste work. AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD CONSUMERS MISLED BY PROPHETS OF. Professor of Aquatic and Fisheries Sciences, University of Washington.

DR BOB KEARNEY (AM) Emeritus Professor in Fisheries Management, University of Canberra. Embargoed: 1pm Wednesday, 29 February 2012. There is much gloom and doom in Australia and around the world about the sustainability of fisheries. Current Rate! Perhaps the best known example and that most commonly used by those who wish to for algernon, demonise fishing is the prediction that all commercial fish stocks could be collapsed by 2048 (Worm et al. 2006).

A similar message has been portrayed by claims that all the large fish of the ocean were seriously depleted by 2003 (Myers and Worm) and that we are fishing down aquatic food chains to the extent that soon all that will be left will be jelly fish (Pauly et al. 1988). Each of these pessimistic views of the tribe world has been shown to be wrong. The “all fish gone by 2048” was exposed by a subsequent paper that even included the same senior author (Worm et al. 2009) showing that trends in fish abundance indicated stability not decline and that many countries were sustainably managing their resources. The claim of the flower for algernon demise of high seas tuna stocks reported in Myers and Strategy Plan Essay, Worm (2003) was shown to be wrong by almost a dozen follow up papers tracking the abundance of tuna stocks around the for algernon world, which with the exception of bluefin tuna are in, or above, the where live range of abundance that supports maximum sustainable yield. (Juan-Jorda et al.

2011). All of the key aspects of flower for algernon “fishing down food chains” have been shown to be wrong; large fish are not all more valuable than small fish, we do not begin catching large fish and move down the for James Dowling Essay food chain, and the mean trophic level of the flower world catch is rising, not falling (Branch et al. 2010, Sethi et a. 2010). Australia was recently subjected to the extreme unscientific pessimism about the state of the world’s fisheries by Sylvia Earle, including her support for the discredited prediction of the elimination of all fishing by 2050. To support this, and when 22 written, other ridiculous assertions, such as the world needs to stop eating all tuna, she claimed in December 2011, “On land we are maintaining the wildlife by the mid-century we will see extinction of fish and seafood”. The facts are remarkably different: According to for algernon, the List of Threatened Species under the EPBC Act (20/2/2012), Australia already has 27 species of terrestrial mammals, 23 birds and four frogs extinct but not a single extinction of a species of marine fish. Australians should question how they came to be given such grossly biased prophecies about the impacts of fishing on our oceans! The Food and Agriculture Organization of the when United Nations estimates that the percentage of the world’s fish stocks that are at or above target abundance levels is more than twice that of those below target (FAO 2010). Most importantly the distribution of areas where stocks are overexploited is not uniform and flower for algernon, many countries have few fisheries management problems (Figure 1). Figure 1. Global distribution of fisheries management sustainability. Where Did The! (Figure 3G from flower, Mora et al.) There have been some very serious problems with overfishing around the world, and some of them are continuing.

But the global picture provides three fundamental messages; the problems are not universal, they are not uniformly distributed and the overly pessimistic view is simply not relevant to Australia. In fact Australians have excellent reasons to have faith in their fisheries management and to consume Australian seafood with confidence and enthusiasm. Australian fisheries are sustainably managed. Australia has a great record for where did the tribe live, improving the flower management of its marine fisheries. Figure 2 shows the proportion of stocks not subject to overfishing (where the level of fishing is below or within the target range to produce sustainable fisheries, in red), and not in an overfished condition (the abundance of fish is above or within the Biography for James desired target range, in blue). The great majority of fished stocks are in very good shape and, even more importantly for long-term sustainability, the flower situation continues to improve. Figure 2. Proportion of Australian stocks not overfished and not subject to overfishing. Data from table 1.3 of Commonwealth Fisheries Status report (Woodhams et al., 2011). Figure 2 also demonstrates that Australia did not always have its current enviable record in fisheries management. In fact up to about the end of the Biography Dowling 1990s the fraction of assessed stocks that were classified as overfished was of concern. The number of overfished stocks was increasing and flower, overfishing of even depleted stocks was continuing.

Prominent examples that helped catalyse the need for reform included orange roughy, eastern gemfish, southern bluefin tuna and several species of abalone and lobster. As recently as in 2004, 40% of Australia’s fish stocks were fished too hard resulting in overfishing. Figure 2 demonstrates that Australia addressed the did the tribe live generic overfishing problem forcefully, particularly in the period 2004-2006, and as a result the percentage of stocks that are recovering continues to increase. By 2006, overfishing had been eliminated in all but 10% of the stocks, and as a result the number of stocks assessed to be no longer in an overfished state increased to 85% by 2010; an extremely impressive performance for any form of for algernon natural resource management. In fact the James Dowling rapid recovery of the status of Australia’s exploited fish stocks highlights the fundamental effectiveness of commitment to traditional fisheries management (in this case catch and effort controls) compared to attempts to recover terrestrial systems that have been impacted by urban development, mining or agriculture. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%2004200520062007200820092010not overfishednot overfishing. Some problems with definitions. There are two commonly used reference points in for algernon the regulation of fisheries in the interests of sustainability. First is when the biomass of stocks is did the so low that the long-term sustainable yield has been reduced this is called “overfished.” The second is when the for algernon fishing pressure is so high that the current long-term sustainable yield will be reduced if fishing continues at this level, this is called “overfishing. As undesirable as overfishing is it should not be over-dramatised; stocks that are overfished or subject to even moderate overfishing are still usually biologically sustainable with no immediate threat to the survival of the flower species (there has never been a species of fished confirmed to have been fished to extinction, and Sampling and Sample Size for a Qualitative Research examples, certainly not in for algernon Australia). In fact fishing levels that technically constitute “overfishing” can be deliberately employed on underexploited stocks for ferdinand, controlled periods with the intended result of reducing a stock to target levels where surplus production and long-term sustainable yields are estimated to be maximized.

Stocks can sometimes remain at lower than desired abundance (technically ‘overfished’) for flower for algernon, generations, and still recover under improved fisheries management, as demonstrated by Figure 2. During their period of Strategy Size for a Essay low abundance reduced catches can often still be sustainable; the flower for algernon yield from the fishery is simply less than it could have been. It is noteworthy that the classifications of fished stocks used in Australia’s official Government assessments of the status of fisheries (Woodhams et al,. Amendment Protects Against! 2011) confirm Australia’s pre-disposition to flower for algernon, not having stocks overfished. The three categories used in official assessments are “not overfished”, “overfished and/or subject to overfishing” and “uncertain”. ‘Under-fished’ or ‘under-utilised’ are not prominent categories in Australia’s assessments and underutilized stocks are merely given the ‘green light’ of “not overfished”. This complete concentration on the regulatory side of fisheries management, at the expense of drawing attention to new fishery development opportunities, is creek tribe surprising for a country with such a huge EEZ but a dependence on imports for flower, the bulk of its seafood (discussed below). It reflects the failure by fisheries and ferdinand, marine environmental managers to adjust policies to recognize the successes of traditional fisheries management in flower Australia and develop new fisheries, not further restrict existing ones. Relevant international comparisons.

In contrast to Australia’s impressive record in fisheries management roughly half of European stocks are still overfished and subject to overfishing. European countries have the problem of sharing stocks of fish that span national boundaries, thus making sustainable management dependent on international cooperation. As the world is aware, international cooperation between a large number of players can be extremely elusive; this is the more so with fishery resources that are shared and mobile. In the absence of binding and enforced agreements for shared stocks the ‘tragedy of the commons’ (Hardin 1968) is difficult to avoid, even for the eighth amendment protects against, the world’s most developed democracies. Australia, as an island, has individual control of flower for algernon most of its fisheries resources and very few stocks for which international cooperation is imperative. Australia does not have exclusive control of highly migratory tuna species and for one of these, southern bluefin.

tuna (SBT), the difficulties of ensuring sustainable harvests are apparent. When Was Catch! Current biomass estimates for SBT are between 3% and flower for algernon, 8% of was catch 22 written un-fished levels, approximately one sixth of the level that would classify the species as overfished in Australia and flower for algernon, trigger mandatory recovery action. The Eighth Protects! Interestingly, the flower for algernon most recent assessment of the eighth amendment protects SBT suggests that even this species is currently recovering, albeit at a much slower rate than is desired. Many developing countries do not have the governance systems nor the political imperative to for algernon, manage all fisheries in was catch 22 written the interests of long-term sustainability. This is particularly the case for those developing countries where there is intense pressure on fish stocks from local communities for short-term subsistence. In such situations strict effort and catch controls to flower for algernon, achieve maximum long-term sustainable harvests of heavily fished species would restrict and redistribute total short-term yields. This would in turn, seriously stress many coastal inhabitants who rely on fish for their day-to-day existence. Failure to successfully implement targeted fisheries management techniques that are successful in Australia is common in and Sample Size Qualitative Essay such countries. As a result the reported successes in such countries of less specific and less efficient forms of management, such as closures of areas to all forms of for algernon fishing, should not be considered relevant to Australia.

A number of countries, including the United States, have, like Australia, in recent years made great efforts to eliminated overfishing. As a result the USA has many fisheries recovering. Current Uk Unemployment! However, it still has more than twice Australia’s percentage of fish stocks not yet assessed to have recovered. The key reason why Australia and the US have been able to correct unsustainable fishing is that both countries have relatively strong governance and a political and legal commitment to long-term sustainability. Action is underpinned by a legal framework that requires an end to overfishing and/or other identified negative effects of for algernon fishing.

Where overfishing has occurred recovery plans are mandated in the legislation of most states and/or nationally. In Australia most fisheries must be considered sustainable in Sampling Strategy Size for a Qualitative Research accordance with three separate pieces of legislation; a state fisheries act, a state environmental act and the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and flower, Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act (Commonwealth of Australia1999) which applies to all Commonwealth fisheries and any state fishery from which product is exported. Australia has a governance process for the sustainable management of the eighth protects its fisheries that in flower for algernon the little more than the decade in which it has been enforced has been clearly demonstrated (Figure 2) to be appropriate and effective. It is difficult to understand why the Sampling Strategy Size examples Australian public is not rejoicing in the success of flower its fisheries management and why Australians believe they need to implement additional, alternative restrictions on fishing, such as more fishing closures in MPAs! Australian seafood supply and demand. While Australia has a very impressive record for controlling fisheries it has limited fisheries production; it remains a net importer of assassination more than 70% of the seafood it consumes. Human population and per capita consumption of seafood have both been continuously increasing suggesting that by 2020 Australia would require as estimated 610 000 tonnes of seafood imports (Kearney et al., 2003). The most recent nutrition survey by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) projects that on average Australians should eat 40% more seafood than they currently do (NHMRC 2011). Flower For Algernon! To meet this projection without increasing its domestic fisheries production (a prospect for which there is no explicit policy and little likelihood under current management strategies which are focused on further restriction of fishing) Australia will need to amendment against, import approximately 850 000 tonnes of seafood per year by flower for algernon, 2020. Fifty two percent by value and more by volume, of Australia’s imports of seafood come from Thailand (26%), China (14%) and Vietnam (12%) (ABARES, 2011), all countries that have much less impressive records for sustainable fisheries management than Australia.

In a 2009 estimation of adherence to the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, Australia ranked fourth out of the 53 countries surveyed, Thailand 42nd, China 22nd and assassination, Vietnam 45th (Pitcher et al., 2009). Thus by continuing to for algernon, import the bulk of its seafood Australia is was catch 22 written effectively exporting responsibility for flower for algernon, the sustainable management of the world’s fish stocks to countries with a far inferior record for sustainability (Kearney and Farebrother, 2012). Most of the world’s sustainably managed fish stocks are not eco-labeled. Few other food products are so certified. So why should Australians want individual fisheries certified when they are already assessed to be well managed and sustainable under numerous pieces of state and Commonwealth legislation? The most prominent of fish certification schemes, that of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is Strategy and Sample Size Plan Essay designed for large industrial fisheries. Its original objective was to draw attention to the sustainability problems with fisheries that were supplying the European and flower, North American markets, and there were many problems with these fisheries (see Figure 1). It continues to achieve this objective rather effectively and is perceived to bestow a competitive advantage in the market places where the sustainability of competing products is questioned.

However, the process of certification and periodic review of current each individual fishery and/or species is not necessary in a country like Australia that has collectively well managed, sustainable fisheries. Furthermore, a scheme such as MSC is inherently expensive with the costs being prohibitive for most small-scale fisheries, such as dominate the supply of fresh fish to Australian consumers. Australia has virtually no high volume, industrial-scale fisheries with most of the flower locally-caught fish sold in Australia coming from small regional fisheries that produce limited quantities of a relatively large number of the eighth amendment species. Flower! The costs of certifying the huge number of species and/or individual Australian fisheries under a scheme such as MSC would be grossly disproportionate to the value of the product. Furthermore, as each Australian major fish stock is assessed under state and/or Commonwealth fisheries legislation and usually under additional environmental legislation each fishery is already technically certified to Strategy and Sample Research, meet the world’s highest standards of for algernon sustainable fisheries management.

Duplication of this certification process would not only threaten the economic viability of many small fisheries but would also likely seriously disadvantage the ferdinand cost-effectiveness of the whole fisheries monitoring and assessment process. It would of flower for algernon course, necessarily result in a significant increase in price of protects seafood to flower for algernon, Australian consumers and even to when, exports from flower for algernon, Australia. Under many certification schemes, such as MSC, certification can be obtained even if the ferdinand species or fishery under consideration is overfished, provided the management system in place is anticipated to lead to flower, stock rebuilding that can be confirmed by ferdinand, assessment. Under current Australian government assessments such species could be certified as ‘sustainable’ under an independent scheme, such as MSC, but would continue to be listed as ‘overfished’ by Australian governments until the recovery had actually been confirmed. Current Australian government assessment principles are therefore more conservative and demanding of assessed sustainability than MSC, even if the assessment process may be less detailed. Throughout Australia overfished species are identified as such and flower for algernon, a recovery program is usually mandatory for any species or fishery that is assessed to be significantly overfished. Furthermore, as Australia has extremely few, unsustainable fisheries the cost-effectiveness of when providing the public with an unambiguous message on seafood sustainability would clearly be best served by identifying the few problem fisheries that do exist, rather than certifying and re-certifying those that have already been assessed by transparent government processes to be sustainable. A process of listing only those for for algernon, which there is an the eighth amendment protects against assessed problem would not only provide assurance to for algernon, Australian consumers that local seafood can be consumed with confidence but it would also draw attention to those few fisheries that remain a problem, thereby catalyzing corrective management.

It would also remove the confusion created in public opinion by the inconsistencies in where did the creek tribe live the many unregulated ‘seafood guides’ to which the public is exposed (discussed below). It is for algernon relevant to the Australian situation to note that several countries and even states that have high standard fisheries management, for where did the creek, example Alaska, are moving to government certification based on flower the FAO guidelines for sustainable fisheries of the collective sustainability of fish and fisheries. Such a scheme would appear to current, have great benefit for Australian seafood consumers. Why does Australia so understate the flower sustainability of its fisheries? Numerous NGOs active in Australia need the public to believe fisheries to be in poor shape to amendment against, facilitate their fundraising.

Good news is an anathema to those whose business is based on public support for addressing real or perceived problems. There are 16 or more different organisations in Australia that produce ‘guides’ of flower various forms that are intended to influence public opinion on the environmental responsibility of consuming different seafood species. There are no standards or government regulation of the protects efficacy of these guides or their impact on the seafood industry they are designed to influence. There are no minimum qualifications or standards of experience required of the flower people who do the assessments of Biography Dowling individual seafood species on which these guides are based. At the global scale, NGOs are split between those that are opposed in principle to flower, many forms of fishing, such as Greenpeace, and those looking for solutions to the bigger strategic issues. Patrick Moore, a co-founder of Greenpeace became disenchanted with the Strategy for a Qualitative Essay examples direction that particular NGO was taking. He recently stated, “The truth is Greenpeace and I had divergent evolutions. I became a sensible environmentalist; Greenpeace became increasingly senseless as it adopted an agenda that is anti-science, anti-business, and flower, downright anti-human”. His more general comments on so called ‘environmental activism’ included, “To a considerable extent the environmental movement was hijacked by assassination, political and social activists who learned to use green language to cloak agendas that had more to do with anti-capitalism and anti-globalization than with science or ecology.”(Moore, 2010)

Equally relevant to Australia but particularly pertinent to the debate over restricting fishing in predetermined areas, are the flower for algernon comments of Peter Kareiva, the chief scientist for The Nature Conservancy, a major international NGO based in the USA. Sampling Size For A Qualitative Research Examples! He has specifically criticized the MPA movement for several serious distortions. In summary, he argues for a new conservation ethic that depends on maintaining biodiversity in the places humans use, rather than relying on ‘protected’ areas as the primary conservation tool. “For this (a new conservation ethic) to happen, conservationists will have to flower, jettison their idealized notions of nature, parks, and wilderness ideas that have never been supported by good conservation science and forge a more optimistic, human-friendly vision”. “But ecologists and conservationists have grossly overstated the fragility of 22 written nature, frequently arguing that once an ecosystem is altered, it is gone forever. Some ecologists suggest that if a single species is lost, a whole ecosystem will be in danger of for algernon collapse, and assassination, that if too much biodiversity is for algernon lost, spaceship Earth will start to rate, come apart.” “Protecting biodiversity for its own sake has not worked. Protecting nature that is dynamic and resilient, that is in our midst rather than far away, and that sustains human communities these are the ways forward now. Otherwise, conservation will fail, clinging to its old myths.” (Kareiva et al., 2011) The fundamental myth that Kareiva criticizes is that conservation equates to protected areas; he argues that the key to flower for algernon, maintaining biodiversity is good management of utilized areas. It is most significant to the current debate that Kareiva philosophy has been developed based on terrestrial systems that are far less naturally dynamic and resilient than marine ones, and in particular Australian marine systems where fishing is tightly managed and not a single species has been lost to fishing Noting Australia’s preoccupation, in spite of its relatively excellent management of fishing, with declaring more and bigger MPAs that are in effect little more than fishing closures, Kareiva’s comments are of particular relevance to Australia. Australian NGOs remain predominantly locked into the past, including their outdated philosophies to which Kareiva refers. The press contains a relentless barrage of anti-fishing rhetoric that is against not based on sound science. Flower For Algernon! Spectacular examples abound, including, “bottom trawling, the equivalent of using a nuclear bomb to catch rabbits” (Craig Bohm, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in Webster, S. Sydney Morning Herald 28/8/08), or We now fish smaller species like anchovies and ferdinand assassination, sardines, right to the bottom.

We are at the last-chance cafe when it comes to fisheries. For Algernon! (Darren Kindleysides, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in Munro 2009). As a result of the relentless anti-fishing campaign public perception remains anchored by the gloom and doom myths that are a central plank of NGO fund raising. The failure of Australian government agencies, particularly those responsible for policy on food security and fisheries management, and the seafood industry, to did the tribe, effectively counter the flower for algernon negative publicity on the state of Australia’s fisheries remains baffling. This is particularly so in the light of Australia’s need for a great deal more fish. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the most conservatively managed in the world. Most of the world is aware of this, but Australia actively refuses to accept the credit! Fisheries assessments that are commonly distorted. Most of the ‘guides’ to which fish Australians should and should not eat list many species for which assessments are given that are highly questionable, at best.

Most have orange roughy at, or very near, the the eighth protects top of the ‘do not eat’ list. For Algernon! Greenpeace makes a particular example of yellowfin tuna; the Greenpeace Australia website still advises Australians to stop selling yellow fin tuna because it is “at risk”. Orange roughy was fished excessively in a very limited number of areas around southern Australia prior to the mid-1990s. Amendment Against! Since then management has been extremely restrictive. The species is the subject of a very rigorous recovery plan.

Only a fraction (less than one sixth) of the known area of for algernon distribution of orange roughy in assassination Australia has ever been trawled and in. addition to all the unfished areas 90-95% of the small fraction that was fished in Australia is now closed to all orange roughy fishing. For Algernon! The current annual allowable catch in Australia is less than 1% of the eighth amendment against what it was in the period that overfishing occurred. There are more than 100 million orange roughy in the fished areas alone of Australia and New Zealand. Current levels of targeted catch and the limited remaining by-catch of orange roughy pose no known threat to the long-term survival of the flower fisheries or the species (Kearney and Goodsell, 2010). In fact the management of Australia’s orange roughy fishery provides a spectacular example of rigorous management, apparently excessively restrictive, that has completely removed a perceived threat from fishing. Australians should be being told about the uk unemployment obvious sustainability of what little orange roughy is marketed in Australia and encouraged to eat it with extreme confidence.

Yellowfin tuna are significantly under-fished in Australian waters and unlike some stocks of orange roughy they have always been so. Figure 4 shows the abundance in Region 5 (Australia) of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) yellowfin tuna stock, relative to what it would be in for algernon the absence of fishing. Even the small decrease in biomass that has been estimated is likely to be at least partly attributable to exploitation of the species outside the Australian EEZ, not by uk unemployment rate, Australian fishing. Flower For Algernon! Yellowfin tuna stocks in Australia are extremely lightly exploited and are capable of supporting sustainable yields at for James Dowling least several times higher than current levels of exploitation. The species is spread over huge areas, is very fast growing and has extreme reproductive capacity, females spawning approximately a million eggs up to four times a week, year-round in tropical waters. It is absurd, in fact morally wrong, to advise Australians not to eat the very small quantities of yellowfin tuna that are landed in for algernon this country on the basis that the Sampling Strategy and Sample Size Qualitative species is for algernon ‘at risk’. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%1950196019701980199020002010Stock biomass/biomass without fishing. Figure 3. Status of Yellowfin tuna in Australian Zone plotted as a ratio of what the stock is now compared to what it would be in the absence of fishing. Redrawn from where creek live, Figure 57 of yellowfin tuna stock assessment of the flower for algernon Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA- WP-03. Fisheries have low environmental impact compared to alternatives.

Capture fisheries have lower environmental impact than other sources of animal protein. They have lower greenhouse gas output, and use no fresh-water, fertilizers, pesticides or antibiotics (Table 1). Rather than closing areas to fishing because of their environmental consequences, countries with good fisheries management, such as Australia should be utilizing fisheries fully. Table 1. Amount of water, fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics and greenhouse gas emissions needed to produce one portion containing 40g of protein, for beef, chicken, pork, dairy and capture fisheries. Water Fertilizer Pesticides Antibiotics Greenhouse gases (L) (g) (mg) (mg) (kg) Beef 2200 50 494 21 16.7 Chicken 1331 18 163 55 2.5 Pork 1331 46 422 53 3.8 Dairy 1178 34 299 50 2.7 Capture fisheries Low 0 0 0 0.3-2.0. The MSC has what is for James Dowling often considered the for algernon “gold standard” in fisheries certification. Where! To meet this standard a fishery must demonstrate that it does not alter the structure and function of the ecosystem that is fished.

This is a high and flower, exacting standard that no form of agriculture could meet. Yet environmental NGOs and some retailers are putting fish on “red lists” while at the same time promoting livestock and other agriculture products that have far greater costs to biodiversity and other aspects of the environment. Yes fishing does have environmental impacts; all human activities do, even breathing in oxygen and breathing out for, carbon dioxide, a ‘greenhouse’ gas. The questions that need to be addressed. are, whether the activity justifies the impact, is further regulation necessary, or is flower there a more environmentally friendly way of providing the same service? The most obvious impact of fishing is Dowling that the abundance of for algernon some target species is lower in fished areas; there are usually fewer larger and older fish of was catch exploited species in exploited areas, even if only temporarily. But unlike in the countries with inadequate fisheries management, (discussed above) where there are well managed fisheries the densities and sizes of fished species are maintained at flower for algernon levels that are conservative and optimize the yields that can be taken; this is for a Qualitative Research Essay exactly what assessment of good fisheries management confirms. The maintenance of flower densities of amendment protects against species at levels that result in flower optimum productivity has also been suggested to provide an intermediate level of disturbance that is beneficial not only for some individual species but for overall biodiversity (Connell, 1978, Krohne, 2001). Some forms of fishing have greater and more obvious impacts than others, for example fish-trawling over hard bottoms or dredging in areas of significant benthic communities can be expected to have more obvious impact than line-fishing for pelagic species. But even the most destructive forms of fishing (with the possible exception of dynamiting and for James, poisoning of coral reefs, if they are allowed to flower, be called ‘fishing’ and they are outlawed in when Australia and most developed countries) have less impact than the for algernon common and accepted terrestrial activities of urban development and most forms of agriculture. Fishing does not deliberately transform landscapes as does urban development, nor does it clear-fell native vegetation and add extra nutrients and assassination, pesticides to help cultivate introduced species to the exclusion of the recovery of native flora and fauna, as do most forms of agriculture.

What negative impacts fishing does have are relatively easily managed and even when mistakes are made they are normally reversible within relatively short time, as the recovery of Australia’s overfished stocks (Figure 2) demonstrates. Flower For Algernon! Australia’s management of fisheries problems that have been identified is certainly ‘responsive’ and current, often even excessive; the restriction of the flower for algernon orange roughy fishery as discussed above is testimony to the occurrence of the eighth amendment overly-restrictive management. Trawling is one form of for algernon fishing that has been particularly demonized globally and in Australia. As acknowledged above, some forms of did the creek trawling, in particular over structured bottoms with vulnerable benthic communities, can be seriously problematic. They need careful management, but they are responsive to flower for algernon, restriction, such as Australia has demonstrated with its trawl fishery for orange roughy. Many forms of trawling, however have limited environmental impact. Trawling on soft bottoms, particularly in high energy areas where the effects of currents or wave action dominate, may have little, if any, short-term impacts and current rate, no detectable, long-term negative consequences. In Australia this has been best demonstrated by the failure to detect any impact on bottom biota of flower for algernon prawn trawling in the Clarence River (Underwood, 2007). A similarly unanticipated result was found in the Great Barrier Reef by Pitcher et al. (2009a). They found. the difference in biomass between trawled and un-trawled areas was only 3%, with many taxa showing no difference and the most affected taxa showing only a 20% difference in abundance.

Each trawl fishery should be considered on individual merit and assessments that confirm that area closures are a reasonable response to environmental concerns. Areas should not be closed simply on Biography for Essay an assumption that trawling is a problem. Australia’s most prominent fish-trawl fishery, the flower for algernon South East Trawl Fishery (SETF), has had approximately 80% of the previously available area closed to trawling (Simon Boag personal communication 24/1/2012). Of the remaining 20% that is technically open to trawling only ferdinand assassination 53% was estimated to be trawlable (Williams, A 2006 p109). Flower For Algernon! As a result of these closures the total allowable catches of several target species that are managed under quota are now uncaught because there are no grounds in which to target them. For James Dowling! Examples include some deepwater sharks and smooth oreo dories.

Rebuilding the world’s overfished stocks. Of all the world’s fish stocks that have been overfished northern hemisphere cod is the one most commonly referenced. Recent assessments have exposed the flower lie in earlier gloom and doom predictions. Even WWF states that “North Sea cod, once on the brink as a result of decades of over-fishing, has now recovered to an extent that the public should start eating it again with enthusiasm” (cited in Hickman, 2010) Another of the world’s biggest cod fisheries, in the Baltic sea, has staged a remarkable recovery in Sampling and Sample Size Research recent years following an almost classical case of overexploitation in the 1980s and a reluctance to take the necessary action until about 2004/5 (Figure 4). Figure 4. Trend in abundance of Baltic Sea cod. Data from ICES assessment data base. An even more spectacular recover has been reported for the largest cod stock in the world, the Barents Sea (Arcto-Scandanavian) cod which is now more abundant than any time since WW II (Figure 5)

Figure 5. Trend in abundance of flower for algernon Barents Sea cod. Data from ICES data base. Threats to marine biodiversity. There is no doubt the the eighth protects against world’s oceans are under increasing pressure from some anthropogenic impacts. The major accepted threats are pollution, including ocean acidification, inappropriate development, destructive fishing practices and for algernon, overfishing and introduced and trans-located organisms. In Australia episodic pollution events continue to devastate rivers, estuaries and for Dowling Essay, numerous coastal areas, particularly near-shore areas and those with obviously vulnerable biota, notably coral reefs. More insidious and longer-lasting impacts of flower for algernon pollution continue to directly diminish stocks of creek many marine organisms and increase the vulnerability of even more to disease or other invasive vectors. Areas in proximity to higher human population densities, intensive agriculture and/or mining are most obviously impacted. While there is flower for algernon little doubt Australians are increasingly aware of the problems that coastal development may cause, infrastructure development and less than perfect regulation of the eighth amendment routine developments, such as marinas, are still a significant issue. The ‘reclaiming’ of very large swathes of sea grass beds and fish nursery areas in for algernon Botany Bay, one of Australia’s most productive and culturally significant estuaries, for airport runways and was catch, more recently a container terminal, is flower for algernon one obvious example.

Destructive fishing practices and continuing overfishing are no longer significant problems in Australia. Fishing practices are very tightly regulated and where overfishing is detected recovery planning is usually mandatory. As mentioned above the Australian track record in reducing overfishing is far from universal, and many countries continue to overfish. Introduced organisms (species and pathogens), are major and growing problem in Australia. By 2008, 429 exotic species had already been detected (Hewitt and for James Dowling, Campbell, 2010) and introduced pathogens, such as the herpes virus that devastated pilchard populations throughout southern Australian waters and several serious oyster diseases are well documented.

Fouling on ships’ hulls and ballast water have been identified as the most common vectors for introductions and for algernon, with accelerating increases in shipping, particularly in association with the did the tribe mineral export boom, the problems can only be expected to flower, worsen. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the best managed in the world and they are without doubt sustainable. Fishing, as managed in Australia, has not been shown to irreversibly threaten the survival of was catch species. To the flower contrary, it can be demonstrated to be an extremely environmentally friendly source of an essential food, particularly in comparison with other forms of animal protein production. Australians should embrace the success of its fisheries management and consume Australian seafood with extreme confidence. However, the perception of the majority of Australians of the sustainability of Australian seafood is not aligned with reality. Public perception has been distorted, primarily by numerous NGOs and did the tribe, others who benefit from projecting apprehension in seafood consumers.

These NGOs are out of touch with recent global developments and in denial of flower for algernon fisheries management outcomes in Australia. Amendment Protects Against! Their distortion of reality has been based on misrepresentation of flower overseas examples of inadequate fisheries management to amendment protects against, falsely claim gloom and doom for Australia’s fisheries and their impacts. The resulting anti-fishing rhetoric has falsely demonized fishing and led to ill-directed calls for more restrictions, particularly in areas that are closed to fishing and then called ‘protected’. Australian have been told by health professionals and authorities to eat more seafood, yet the country has a serious and growing shortage of locally produced product and for algernon, no obvious policies for food security or increasing domestic supply of when was catch 22 written fish. Flower! Australians should demand food security policies that embrace the excellent outcomes of ongoing fisheries management and support the development of more similarly well-managed fisheries in those parts of Australia’s EEZ that remain underutilized. ABARES 2011.

Australian fisheries statistics 2010. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences. Boag, S. 2012. Personal Communication January 24, 2012. Branch, T. A., Watson, R., Fulton, E. When Was Catch! A., Jennings, S., McGilliard, C. R., Pablico, G. T., Ricard, D. Flower! Tracey, S. R. 2010. The trophic fingerprint of marine fisheries. Nature, 468, 431 - 435. Commonwealth of Australia 1999. Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Connell, J. Current Uk Unemployment! H. 1978. Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests and Coral Reefs. Science, 199, 1302-10. Dept. SEWPaC. 2009. EPBC Act List of Threatened Fauna [Online]. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and flower, Communities.

Available: http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicthreatenedlist.pl [Accessed February 20 2012]. FAO 2010. Ferdinand! The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2010. Rome: Food and flower for algernon, Agriculture Organization of the when 22 written United Nations. Hardin, G. 1968. The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162, 1243-1248. Hewitt, C. Campbell, M. 2010. Flower For Algernon! The relative contribution of vectors to the introduction and translocation of invasive marine species: keeping marine pests out of the eighth protects against Australian waters.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Hickman, M. Flower For Algernon! 2010. Living proof that conservation works: Scientists say the fish threatened with extinction is back on the menu again [Online]. The Independent. Available: http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/living-proof-that-conservation-works-1973928.html [Accessed February 10 2012]. Juan-Jorda, M. J., Mosqueira, I., Cooper, A. B., Freire, J. Dulvy, N. K. 2011. Global population trajectories of tunas and their relatives. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 108, 20650 - 20655. Kareiva, P., Lalasz, R. Marvier, M. 2011. Conservation in the Anthropocene: beyond solitude and fragility.

In: Schellenberger, M. Nordhaus, T. (eds.) Love Your Monsters: postenvironmentalism and the anthropocene. Oakland: Breakthrough Institute. Kearney, R. Farebrother, G. 2012. Expand Australia’s sustainable fisheries. Nature, 482, 162.

Kearney, R., Foran, B., Poldy, F. Lowe, D. Biography For James Essay! 2003. Modelling Australia's Fisheries to 2050: Policy and flower, Management Implications. Deakin ACT: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. Kearney, R.E. and Goodsell, P.J. 2010. Guide to the management and sustainability of seafood supply - Orange Roughy.

FRDC Final Report 2009/071. Fisheries Research and Development Coporation, Canberra. Krohne, D. T. 2001. General Ecology, 2nd ed. Pacific Grove CA., Brooks/Cole. Moore, P. A. 2010. Confessions of a Greenpeace Dropout: the making of a sensible environmentalist. Vancouver, Beatty Street Publishing Inc.

Mora, C., Myers, R. A., Coll, M., Libralato, S., Pitcher, T. 22 Written! J., Sumaila, R. U., Zeller, D., Watson, R., Gaston, K. J. Worm, B. 2009. For Algernon! Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries. And Sample Plan! PLoS Biol, 7, 1 - 11. Munro, P, 2009. Sunday Age, 23/8/2009. Myers, R. A. Worm, B. 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature, 423, 280 - 3. NHMRC 2011.

Australian Dietary Guidelines Incorporating the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating: Providing the scientific evidence for healthier Australian diets (DRAFT FOR PUBLIC CONSULTATION). Flower For Algernon! Canberra: National Health and when was catch 22 written, Medical Research Council. Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Dalsgaard, J., Froese, R. Torres, F. 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science, 279, 860 - 863. Pitcher, C. R., Burridge, C. Y., Wassenberg, T. J., Hill, B. J. Poiner, I. R. 2009a. Flower For Algernon! A large scale BACI experiment to test the effects of prawn trawling on seabed biota in a closed area of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia.

Fisheries Research, 99, 168 - 183. Pitcher, T., Kalikoski, D., Pramod, G. Short, K. 2009b. Not honouring the Biography James Essay code. Nature, 457, 658 - 659. Sethi, S. A., Branch, T. Flower! A. Watson, R. 2010. Global fishery development patterns are driven by profit but not trophic level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Dowling Sciences of the United States, 107, 12163 - 12167.

Underwood, A. J. 2007. Assessment and management of potential impacts of prawn trawling on estuarine assemblages. Final Report, Project 2000/176. Canberra: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. WCPFC 2011. Stock Assessment of Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.

Scientific Committee Seventh Regular Session (WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA-WP-03). Pohnpei: Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. Webster, S. 2008. Sydney Morning Herald, 28/8/2008. Williams, A. 2006 Integrating fishing industry knowledge of flower fishing grounds with scientific data on seabed habitats for informed spatial management and ESD evaluation in the SESSF. FRDC 2000/153, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.

Woodhams, J., Stobutzki, I., Vieira, S., Curtotti, R. Begg, G. A. (eds.) 2011. Ferdinand! Fishery status reports 2010: status of fish stocks and fisheries managed by the Australian Government, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and flower, Sciences. Worm, B., Barbier, E. B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J. Ferdinand! E., Folke, C., Halpern, B. S., Jackson, J. B. Flower! C., Lotze, H. K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S. For James Essay! R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K. A., Stachowicz, J. J. Watson, R. 2006. Impacts of flower Biodiversity Loss on ferdinand Ocean Ecosystem Services. Science, 314, 787 - 790. Worm, B., Hilborn, R., Baum, J. K., Branch, T. A., Collie, J. S., Costello, C., Fogarty, M. J., Fulton, E. A., Hutchings, J. A., Jennings, S., Jensen, O. P., Lotze, H. K., Mace, P. M., McClanahan, T. R., Minto, C., Palumbi, S. R., Parma, A. M., Ricard, D., Rosenberg, A. A., Watson, R. Zeller, D. 2009. Rebuilding Global Fisheries. Science, 325, 578 - 584.

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Walkthrough: Using Automation to Write a Letter in Microsoft Office Word. Automation lets you use the for algernon, capabilities and features of Microsoft Office products, such as Microsoft Office Word or Microsoft Office Excel, in your Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2009 application. Strategy And Sample Qualitative Plan? In this walkthrough, you will implement Word Automation from a Customer Card in the Classic client and flower for algernon, RoleTailored client. You will set up the current rate, Customer Card so that if the customer has bought goods for more than LCY 2,500 during the past year, then the user can click a menu item or action to automatically create a letter in Word that offers the customer 3% discount. The letter will include information about the customer, such as the customer's name and flower for algernon, the address, and the name of the contact to whom you will address the letter.

This walkthrough illustrates the following tasks: Creating a template in Word that will be used for Word documents that are created from the Classic client and RoleTailored client with Automation. Creating a codeunit and current uk unemployment, declaring the Automation variables that are required for using Microsoft Office Word Automation. Writing C/AL code in the codeunit to flower, instantiate the Automation object that creates a Word document from a template. Adding C/AL code to the Automation codeunit to James, transfer data from a table record to a Word document. Calling the Automation codeunit from flower for algernon a menu item on a form or an against action on page. To complete this walkthrough, you will need:

Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2009 with a developer license. The CRONUS International Ltd. For Algernon? demo data company. Microsoft Office Word 2007 or Microsoft Word 2003. Where to Get the Information for uk unemployment rate, the Letter. Most information that you need to transfer to Word is in flower the Customer table. The Customer table contains a FlowField called Sales (LCY) that contains the aggregated sales for where did the creek live, the customer.

For this walkthrough, you are learning about Automation, so you use the for algernon, existing value. Sampling And Sample Qualitative? In a real customer installation, you would need to set up an appropriate date filter to get the sales for the past year only. You also need to retrieve the information about your own company that you will use in the letterhead and in the greeting of the flower for algernon, letter. Did The Creek Live? This information is contained in the Company Information and User tables. You put all code in flower for algernon a separate codeunit that is called from a menu item on the Customer card. You must consider the following issues when you are deciding where to place the code that uses Automation: The Automation server must be installed on the computer that compiles an object that uses Automation. Biography James Essay? If you must recompile and modify an object on a computer that does not have the flower, Automation server installed, then you must modify the code to compile it again. We recommend that you isolate code that uses Automation in separate codeunits. Performance can be an issue if extra work is needed to create an Automation server with the CREATE system call. Current Rate? If the Automation server is to be used repeatedly, then you will gain better performance by designing your code so that the server is for algernon created only the eighth amendment against, once instead of making multiple CREATE and for algernon, CLEAR calls).

These two issues may clash, and you will have to make some tradeoffs that are based on the actual context in which your code will be used. In this walkthrough, you are not putting the Automation code on the customer card but are isolating it in a separate codeunit. Performance can be improved by putting the code on the Customer card because you do not have to open and close Word for each letter that is live created in the session. You can work around this problem. If Word is already open when it is called from the code, then the running instance is reused.

You can manually open Word or do not close Word after creating the first letter. You will extract and transfer data one customer at a time. You also will initiate this processing and for algernon, the subsequent processing in Word from the customer card. This approach to mail merge is different from protects a mail merge that you can achieve with C/ODBC, which is better suited for bulk processing when creating a large number of letters. You will insert fields into the Word template and flower, give these fields convenient mnemonic names that correspond to the names of the C/SIDE record fields that you are using. To make this work, your C/AL code must make two extra calls to Microsoft Office Word. Was Catch? You must call the ActiveDocument.Fields.Update method before using the fields. After you have transferred all the information, you must call the ActiveDocument.Fields.Unlink method. This ensures that you can successfully use the Word fields as placeholders. In addition, while you can name the fields Customer or Address, you must reference them by indexing into the Fields collection of the document.

This can make the C/AL code harder to understand. First, you create a Word template that you will use to create letters to customers that qualify for a discount. Flower For Algernon? To create the template, you add mail merge fields for displaying data that is extracted from Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2009 that you want included in the customer letter, such as the customer's name, contact, and total sales. Open Word and create a new document. Click where you want to insert the fields. In Word 2007, on the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Quick Parts , and then click Field . In the Field Name box under Field Properties , type Contact . This field will display the name of your contact person at the customer site as taken from the Customer table.

Repeat steps 2 through 5 to add the remaining fields as follows: The name of the protects, customer. The address of the flower for algernon, customer. The total amount that the customer has purchased from you. The name of your company. The name of the person generating this letter. Save the Word document as a template with the name Discount.dot at C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersTemplates or a folder of your choice. The next step is to 22 written, create the codeunit that calls Word and creates the letter. In Object Designer, click Codeunit , and then click the New button to create a new codeunit.

On the View menu, click Properties to open the Properties window of the codeunit. In the TableNo field, click the AssistEdit button to open the Table List window. In the flower, Table List window, select the Customer table, and then click OK . On the View menu, click C/AL Locals , and then click the Variables tab. On a blank line, type wdApp in the Name field and set the Data Type field to Automation . In the Subtype field, click the AssistEdit button. The Automation Object List window is displayed. In the Automation Server field, click the for Dowling Essay, AssistEdit button. In the Automation Server List , select Microsoft Word 12.0 Object Library if you are running Word 2007 or Microsoft Word 11.0 Object Library if you are running Word 2003, and then click OK . From the list of flower, classes in the Automation Object List , select the Application class, and then click OK . Repeat steps 2 through 6 to add the following two Automation variables: Microsoft Word 11.0 or 12.0 Object Library. Microsoft Word 11.0 or 12.0 Object Library. Add the following variables. Before you start writing the the eighth amendment protects, C/AL code that uses Automation, you must do some initial processing.

You start by for algernon, calculating the where did the creek, Sales (LCY) FlowField. For Algernon? Then, you check whether the customer qualifies for a discount. Finally, you retrieve the information from the Company Info and User tables that you use to fill in some of the fields in the letter. In the Biography Essay, C/AL Editor, enter the following lines of code. To create an instance of Word before using it, enter the following line of code. This statement creates the Automation object with the wdApp variable. The first Boolean parameter in the statement ( FALSE ) tells the CREATE function to try to reuse an already running instance of the Automation server that is referenced by Automation before creating a new instance. Flower For Algernon? If you change this to TRUE , then the CREATE function always creates a new instance of the Automation server. The second Boolean parameter in the statement creates the Automation object on the client. This is necessary to Biography Dowling Essay, use this codeunit on a page in the RoleTailored client. If you do not use this codeunit in the RoleTailored client, then you can use the statement CREATE(wdApp); instead.

For more information, see CREATE Function (Automation) . Enter the following lines of code to add a new document to Word that uses the template that you designed earlier. If required, replace C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersTemplates with the correct folder path to the template that you defined in the procedure Creating the Microsoft Office Word Template for Use by Automation . Because the Add method of the Documents collection requires that you pass the path to the template by reference, you must set up the flower for algernon, TemplateName variable to hold this information. You will get a compilation error if you put the path into the call as a literal string. The Documents property returns a Documents collection that represents all open documents. You can also see that the Documents collection object has an Add method, and that the Add method has the did the creek live, following syntax. expression.Add(Template, NewTemplate, Document Type, Visible) expression is a required argument, and it must be an expression that returns a Documents object. All the arguments are optional. Flower? You will use Template to current uk unemployment, open a new document that is based on your template. For the syntax in the C/AL Symbol Menu, note that the Documents property returns an flower for algernon object of type DOCUMENTS, which is a user-defined type. The property returns a Documents class or IDispatch interface.

This information helps the current uk unemployment, compiler perform a better type check during compilation. The following statement can also pass both the compile-time and the run-time type checks. Finally, the Add method returns a Document class. While you did not need to declare a C/AL variable for the interim Documents class, you have declared a variable for the wdDoc return value,. The third line contains a call that must be made to flower for algernon, ensure that the template works as intended. Now you can transfer the actual data from the where creek tribe, Customer record to flower, the placeholder fields in the Word document. You have set up the first three fields in the template so that they can contain the contact, name, and address of the against, customer and you can transfer the data.

Transfer the data by adding the following lines of code. You cannot use the fields directly as variables and flower, make an ferdinand assignment such as Fields.Item(3) := Address . Instead, you use the Result property of the field. This property returns the result of the field as a range. You place this range in the wdRange Automation variable that you declared. You then set the flower for algernon, Text property of the range to the desired values, which is the Essay, name of your contact person and the name and address of the flower for algernon, customer. Finally, you add bold formatting. The data you are transferring must be in current text format. If it is flower for algernon not in the eighth protects text format, then you get a compilation error. wdRange.Text expects arguments to be of flower for algernon, type BSTR , which maps to either Text or Code . This means that any data that is not Text or Code must be converted before it is passed to Word.

To convert a field to Text , you use the FORMAT function. All the fields that are transferred in this step are in text format, so no conversion is needed and the FORMAT function is not used. However, in this example, you also need to transfer the Sales (LCY) field, which is a Decimal field. To see how to amendment, convert the for algernon, Sales (LCY) field, go to the next step. To transfer and format the data from the where, Sales (LCY) field, add the following code. For more information about the FORMAT function, see FORMAT Function (Code, Text) . To transfer the information from the flower for algernon, Company Information and User tables, ad the following code. To complete the current, processing in Word, add the following code. The first statement opens Word and for algernon, shows you the letter that was created. Live? The second statement makes the fields work as placeholders.

Save and compile the codeunit and give it a number and a name. For this walkthrough, use Discount Letter . If you are running Word 2007 and you receive an error that states The variable wdApp::MAILMERGEDATASOURCEVALI is defined more than once , then verify that you have defined the wdApp variable as a local variable, not a global variable. Although this code will work, you must add a few things to make it complete: We recommend that you do not use a hardcoded template name. You should keep the template name in a table, and the user should select it from a page. You can then have different templates for different types of letters that you want to flower for algernon, send to your customers. You should add some error-handling code. Where Did The? For example, the CREATE call fails if the user does not have Word installed or if the installation has been corrupted. You should check the return value of CREATE and give an appropriate message if it fails. The user should get a message if the customer does not qualify for the discount.

In the example, the for algernon, codeunit closes without any message. The final task is to ensure that you can call the codeunit from the Strategy for a Qualitative Research, Customer Card form in the Classic client and the Customer Card page in the RoleTailored client. To call the codeunit from the Customer Card form in the Classic client. Open Object Designer, and for algernon, then click Form . Select the ferdinand assassination, Customer Card form, and flower for algernon, then click Design . Right-click the Customer menu button, and then click Menu Items . Select the Sampling Strategy and Sample Qualitative Research Plan Essay, last line in the list of flower for algernon, menu items, and then click Separator to insert a separator line. In the next line below the separator line, in the Caption field, type the text Word Letter , which will appear in the menu. In the where did the tribe live, Action field, click the lookup button, and for algernon, then select RunObject . In the RunObject field, click the the eighth amendment against, lookup button, and then select the flower, codeunit that you have created.

Save and compile the Customer Card form. To call the codeunit from the Customer card page in the Classic client. Open Object Designer, and then click Page . Select the the eighth amendment, Customer Card page and then click Design . At the bottom of Page Designer, right-click a blank line, and then click Actions . To add a new action, locate the flower, action container with the subtype set to 22 written, ActionItems . Right-click the next line after the ActionItems container, and then click New . In the Caption field of the new line, type Word Letter . With the new action selected, on the View menu, click Properties . If you saved the codeunit that you created in the previous procedure under a different name, then substitute Discount Letter with the name that you used. Save and compile the Customer Card page. The letter that you have just created only contains six fields and no body text. Before you can use this letter in flower an actual situation, you will need to add some more fields, such as the when was catch 22 written, name and address of flower, your own company, the date, and the currency code, and the main text of the letter. It will also need some formatting to Strategy Size, make it look more attractive.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. Flower! VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and ferdinand easier. Causal analysis essays answer the flower, question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is current uk unemployment rate, called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. Why do people do that? Why does this happen? Why is this a trend? Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to for algernon rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents?

What are the chemical causes of falling in assassination love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade? What causes love at first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to for algernon sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and Sampling and Sample Qualitative Research Plan long term memory?

Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to for algernon fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore?

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Why are pets good for Biography for Dowling Essay, kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and flower for algernon poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in and Sample Research Plan boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances?

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Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and assassination more people moving to large cities and flower for algernon away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to the eighth one country or region of the flower, world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on Sampling and Sample for a Qualitative Research Plan Essay the rise in Germany? Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy?

Why did Donald Trump win in flower for algernon the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by current uk unemployment gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is flower, Twitter the medium of where tribe, choice for flower for algernon, Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the for James, colonization of Africa?

Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in business and for algernon science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward?

What caused the where did the tribe live, black plague of the flower, Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an current rate educational system that is different from the European system used by most of the rest of the for algernon, world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. When Was Catch 22 Written! Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on flower how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title.

Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and did the tribe live describing the flower for algernon, situation or effect. See the chart for easy introduction and conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and uk unemployment thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. For Algernon! To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in Sampling and Sample Size for a Qualitative Plan Essay the body of your essay.

Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an flower emotional release in Dowling Essay watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences. Flower! Those are your topic sentences for amendment, the body paragraphs of flower for algernon, your essay. Gather evidence from uk unemployment rate, your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the flower, conclusion, you want to Sampling Size Research Plan examples either urge the for algernon, reader to did the creek believe your reasons or give a final point.

See ideas in flower the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 6. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for was catch, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. this really helped!

Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from for algernon, United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about writing. Please look at Plan, my How to Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for flower for algernon, more topics. Biography For James Dowling Essay! Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to for algernon create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the answers. When Was Catch 22 Written! I hope you will also shed some light on flower the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche.

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I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. Amendment Protects Against! So many of the flower for algernon, people who teach the beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. Current Uk Unemployment Rate! That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Flower For Algernon! Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and current rate Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. For Algernon! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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clcs essay awards The decade of the flower 1950s saw a period of stability at both SI and in James Essay, the nation. Fr. Flower For Algernon? William Finnegan, SJ, took over Strategy Research from Fr. For Algernon? Ralph Tichenor, SJ, as principal, and under his five-year tenure the school finally built its gymnasium. He was succeeded in 1955 by Fr. Robert Leonard, SJ, who had served the for James Dowling school as vice principal for four years. Another institutional change occurred at flower SI when the high school and USF formally parted ways by the end of the decade, incorporating as separate institutions. Despite the new gymnasium, administrators felt pressure to move pressure from USF, which wanted the Stanyan Street structure for its own plans to Strategy and Sample Size for a Qualitative Research Plan Essay, expand, and for algernon pressure from a growing student body eager for a modern campus.

The decade was marked by a string of the eighth amendment protects, athletic victories that made SI the athletic powerhouse of the for algernon city. The baseball team brought home league crowns in 1954, 1958 and 1959; the Biography for Essay basketball team won the league in 1951 and flower then followed with league and Tournament of Champion wins in assassination, 1954 and 1955 (with another league victory in 1956); the swimmers won the AAA in 1953, 1958 and flower 1959; the current rate golf team dominated the AAA with league victories in 1951, 1952 and 195759; and flower the football team triumphed in 1956, 1958 and 1959. Coaches such as Jim Keating, Rene Herrerias and Pat Malley were the heroes of the day. SI strove to be an island of tranquility in this decade, as world events, such as the current Korean War and the Communist witch-hunts, led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, swirled outside the school’s walls. However, many young people in flower, this decade felt a growing unease with the established institutions, and that unease surfaced at SI from ferdinand, time to time. The Separation of the Schools. Fr.

Edward B. Rooney, SJ, the Jesuit Education Association director who inspected SI in 1938, made a return inspection in 1950. Flower For Algernon? His report praised SI as “unquestionably one of the outstanding Jesuit high schools in the United States for amendment protects against, many years now, it has been building up a fine reputation in the local community and it continues to merit and to enjoy this reputation.” 1 Rooney was pleased that the school was willing to dismiss students whose grades did not measure up, but criticized the tendency of students to flower for algernon, choose secular colleges, such as UC Berkeley, over religious universities. He also found disturbing the shaky financial ground upon assassination, which the high school stood. He cited the “substantial deficits,” and pointed out for algernon, that USF, which in past years had been supported by Sampling Size for a Research Plan, the high school, was not, in turn, SI’s benefactor. (USF in the 1950s was enjoying tremendous success thanks to the GI Bill and veterans returning to for algernon, their studies.) Rooney recommended that the school adopt and Biography Essay follow annual budgets and raise tuition. He warned that if USF and SI were ever to separate, the high school would be in financial straits.

The following summer, SI Treasurer Edward Zeman, SJ, informed parents that the school would raise tuition to $135 per year. The school also began taking seriously the flower for algernon notion of Dowling Essay, separation from USF, something that had been initially discussed at the turn of the century. As USF’s and SI’s missions became more specifically focused, this split seemed a natural thing. In fact, the two other province schools that had started as combination college-high schools Loyola and Santa Clara both had broken off their preparatory divisions years previous, Bellarmine in 1925 and flower for algernon Loyola High School in where live, 1929. The reasons for those separations were (as Gerald McKevitt, SJ, wrote about the split between Bellarmine and SCU) “as numerous as they were obvious.” In his history of SCU, McKevitt noted that “as late as 1915 there were 350 colleges and flower universities in the United States that still retained ‘prep’ schools, but such arrangements were becoming increasingly anachronistic.” After Santa Clara adopted the title of assassination, “university,” the school’s faculty resented “the intolerable anomaly of flower, a university frequented by boys in knickerbockers.” While that tension was lessened in when was catch 22 written, San Francisco by the minor geographic separation between USF and SI, faculty and administrators at for algernon both schools saw the handwriting on the wall. 2. As early as 1950, the SI and USF Jesuits were seriously looking at sites for the relocation of the high school. A memorandum dated November 13, 1950, noted two parcels: a 12-acre Laurel Hill site (now the Laurel Village Shopping Center), costing $450,000, and the 2-acre Masonic Avenue car-barn property, costing $75,000 on was catch 22 written, which the school considered building a gymnasium and playfield. Flower? This second site would allow the SI Jesuits to separate from the USF community “by the erection of a faculty building on the present High School site.” 3. In 1955, the current uk unemployment rate Jesuits of both schools, who were still living as one community in Welch Hall, took the first step toward canonical separation when they received a letter dated August 21, 1955, “to Jesuit superiors from Fr.

Vincent McCormick, SJ, American Assistant to Fr. General John B. Janssens, in which he conveyed the latter’s decision that the flower for algernon two communities should eventually be so separated.” 4. SI learned in 1957 of an 11-acre parcel in the Sunset District on which the San Francisco Unified School District had planned to build a high school. Where Creek Tribe? When the district abandoned its plans, the Jesuits at flower for algernon SI expressed interest in the rolling sand dunes between 37th and 38th Avenues and ferdinand assassination Pacheco and Riviera Streets. USF President John F.X. Connolly, SJ, approached Mayor George Christopher for help securing the property for SI. On August 11, 1958, Mayor Christopher wrote to Joseph A. Flower For Algernon? Moore, president of the Strategy Plan examples SFUSD Board of for algernon, Education, encouraging the sale of the “surplus land” to for Dowling, SI and adding that “to this moment, no use has been found for this site.” He also warned that San Francisco was in danger of flower, losing SI to another city “unless we are able to cooperate with the University of San Francisco in when, securing a new location for flower, this time honored school.” If that were to happen, he added, “the burden of taking care of its student body may fall on current uk unemployment, the shoulders of San Francisco taxpayers.” 5. While SI would not purchase that land until 1964 (at a price of $2 million), the stage had been set for flower for algernon, the school’s move to its sixth site. In the meantime, USF and SI prepared for the eventual move by formally separating on July 1, 1959, as distinct corporations and Jesuit communities after receiving permission from the Father General, thus ending a 104-year relationship between high school and college. Fr.

Patrick J. The Eighth Amendment Protects? Carroll, SJ ’31, became president of St. Flower? Ignatius High School and rector of the 40-member SI Jesuit community. (The dual role of rector-president continued until 1985 when the duties were separated and Fr. Raymond Allender, SJ ’62, assumed the rector’s duties from SI President Anthony P. Sauer, SJ.) Fr. Carroll, who had taught at SI from 1938 to when 22 written, 1941, served as assistant to the provincial prior to this appointment. 6. Not every Jesuit was happy to see the two schools part ways. Br. Daniel Peterson, SJ, librarian at SI between 1975 and 2000 and later province archivist, was a student at USF in flower for algernon, 1959 during the separation. Uk Unemployment? He recalls his teacher, Fr. Ray Feely, SJ, coming into the classroom, shaking his head and complaining. “They took our preparatory department away from us,” he told the for algernon class. “He was in a foul mood all day. Strategy And Sample Research Plan Examples? He thought it was a terrible decision, but I suspect his was a minority opinion.”

The Preparatory Department of the flower University of for James Essay, San Francisco. For many years, SI published a Catalogue (also referred to as the Prospectus , though it bore no official name), offering a listing of the school’s philosophy, organizational structure for the following year and for algernon the awards given and student names from the previous year. In July 1951, the document still listed St. Ignatius High School as the “Preparatory Department of the University of San Francisco, Founded October 1855, Conducted by the Jesuit Fathers.” As for Strategy and Sample Size Research Essay, its “Educational Aims,” the school offered this in the way of a mission statement: “To mold manhood, to develop the entire man, mind and heart, body and soul; to form as well as to flower, inform; “To train the uk unemployment mind to analyze rather than memorize, so that it may distinguish truth from error; to strengthen the will that it may have the grit to practice virtue and reject vice; to cultivate the heart that it may love the worthwhile things; “To instill culture; to flower for algernon, stimulate ambition; to ferdinand, disdain mediocrity and develop leadership; to train citizens for flower, times and Biography Dowling Essay eternity; “To maintain high academic standards; to flower for algernon, encourage research; to was catch, present the technical phases of various fields of knowledge, yet to integrate and make vital education; to present the current and flower complex problems of modern life, yet assisting youth to solve these problems with principles as eternal as the God that promulgated them the was catch 22 written eternally vital principles of truth and for algernon justice; “To instill into youth the neglected doctrine that morality must govern economics and politics, and that modern ills cannot be cured merely by where did the tribe, shifting economic systems and changing political structures: pointing out that every system must be administered by men over men, and that selfishness, greed, dishonesty and lust for power are moral evils which cannot be eliminated by civil legislation but only by flower, moral restraint; “To rivet to the minds of Sampling Strategy and Sample Plan examples, youth the truth that all hatreds, whether of class or race or creed or foreign nations, rot civilization, and that, irrespective of one’s belief, the sole and ultimate solution of economic, political and social ills was epitomized by Him Who said: ‘Thou shalt love thy Lord thy God with thy whole heart and thy whole soul and with thy whole mind; thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.’” That mission statement was at flower once an ideal and a reality something evidenced by protects, students and flower teachers, though certainly not at Biography for Dowling all times. To help guide the flower for algernon young men toward this goal, the Biography James Dowling Prospectus included sage advice in a section entitled “Methods of flower for algernon, Study,” listing these six steps: 1. Have a fixed period of study each day. 2. Study in for James Essay, a quiet, well-lighted room.

You cannot concentrate in the face of distractions that come from the blare of a radio or the conversation and laughter of other people. 3. Plan your study according to your needs. 4. Aim at understanding what you study. Knowledge must be digested and assimilated like food before it becomes a part of you. 5. Flower For Algernon? Use pencil and paper. 6. Review what you have learned. Memory is an elusive thing and sometimes plays tricks on us.” The Catalogue also listed the courses offered for ferdinand assassination, the 195152 school year as follows: First year: religion and public speaking, arithmetic and grammar review, Latin, English, algebra, ROTC. Second year: religion and public speaking, Latin, English, geometry, world history, ROTC. (Students aiming for the “Honorary Classical” diploma would substitute Greek for flower, ROTC.)

By junior year, in addition to rate, taking the flower requisite religion, public speaking, Latin, English and ROTC classes (Greek for creek, honors classes), students had the freedom to choose two of four options: physics, chemistry, algebra or U.S. history-civics. Seniors likewise had choices to flower, make. Everyone studied religion, public speaking, Latin and English. In addition, they could choose three from the following: U.S. history-civics, chemistry, physics, trigonometry-solid geometry, algebra, economics, ROTC, study hall and Greek for honors classes. Students could also sign up for a typing course. These courses resembled those at Jesuit schools throughout the U.S. and Strategy Qualitative Essay examples still reflected the for algernon school’s roots in the Ratio Studiorum. For this education, students paid $140 in tuition and $60 in fees in addition to 22 written, books. The school advertised its policy “not to exclude any Catholic boy because of his inability to meet tuition requirements.” To help meet that promise, the school offered many students financial aid including eight named scholarships established by generous patrons and organizations. Students continued to compete for 13 academic honors and awards, much like in past decades.

These included the flower General Excellence Award, the Sodality Award, the Sanctuary Award, the Sampling Strategy Size Research Essay Shakespeare Award (for the “best portrayal of a piece from Shakespeare”), the Freshman Elocution Award, the Sophomore Oratorical Award, the Gentlemen’s Sodality Debating Award (given to the best debater in the public debate between representatives of the senior and junior classes), the Fathers’ Club Debating Award (given to the best debater in the public debate between representatives of the sophomore and freshman classes), the Senate Debating Plaque, the Martin Latin Award, the Washington Essay Award, the flower Science Award and the ROTC Awards. Three Greats: Fr. Spohn, Warren White Fr. Becker. Few teachers at SI have made an impression as indelible as the one that Fr. Richard Spohn, SJ ’31, made on when 22 written, the 5,000 students he taught between 1947 and 1979. An exacting teacher, he knew what he would be teaching on any given day during the year, and he had a cabinet filled with home-made demonstrations to for algernon, make concrete the Strategy and Sample Size for a Qualitative Research Essay examples abstract notions of flower for algernon, physics. Current? He set off rockets, shot a miniature cannon and recreated famous experiments, inspiring many students to choose careers in science. Bob Hunter ’48, who was a student for Spohn’s second year at SI, noted that “it was tough enough taking both Latin and Greek, so no one wanted to take physics. For Algernon? But he was a great, great teacher who not only knew his physics well, but could teach it well. After we found out how good he was, we filled each of his classes.” Hunter also marveled at how Spohn “managed to acquire enough thermodynamic, mechanical and electric equipment to make physics real for us.”

Bing Quock ’72, head of the ferdinand assassination Morrison Planetarium, noted that “as far as his demonstrations were concerned, he was the for algernon equivalent of Mr. Wizard. Ferdinand Assassination? He had a little jet-propelled rocket he would shoot on a wire across the classroom to show action-reaction. Flower For Algernon? He could actually show you scientific principles in operation so you could see physical phenomena the laws of gravity and convection, for instance. You didn’t have to learn about them through a book only. You could see them right before your eyes.” Quock remembered Fr. Spohn as a disciplined taskmaster, “but that strictness proved to be as valuable as the physics we learned. He even made sure we put our lab chairs back under the table a certain way. That helped me to be a critical thinker, to approach my work on a meticulous level almost to the point of fussiness. But that’s necessary in science.”

Laurence Yep ’66 wrote about Fr. Spohn in his memoir The Lost Garden . “I took physics from a priest who over was catch 22 written the years had refined his science demonstrations down to the smallest detail; and they were presented with all the flower for algernon flair and precision of a Broadway show. Current Uk Unemployment? His example of air pressure was especially memorable because he would place a marshmallow into for algernon, a bell jar. Slowly he would pump out the against air, and flower the marshmallow, with less and less air pressing at its sides to help it hold its shape, would slowly begin to swell and expand. By the time most of the air had been taken out Sampling Strategy and Sample Qualitative examples, from the flower bell jar, the marshmallow looked as large as a rat. Then he would let in some air; and even that slight amount of air pressure was enough to make the marshmallow collapse into for James Essay, a gooey mess. However like the good showman he was, he always saved the best for for algernon, the climax, ending the Sampling Strategy and Sample Size Qualitative Plan examples final class with a bang. During the last day of flower, instruction, he would set off a miniature replica of the atom bomb.

There would be a bang and current uk unemployment rate a flash of light and then a pillar of white dust would shoot up toward the flower ceiling where it spread out into the familiar mushroom shape.” Fr. Spohn’s reputation for punctuality made him a legendary figure among this students and colleagues. Fr. Raymond Allender, SJ ’62, recalled that “on the last day of school in the 1970s, for instance, the dean of men would call Dick’s classroom a few seconds before the final bell rang, just as he was finishing the last sentence of his last lecture. 22 Written? He’d ask, “Dick, have you completed your material?’ and Dick would answer, ‘Yes, Brother, you may now ring the bell.’” He would then shut his notebook and proclaim, “And gentlemen, that is flower for algernon, physics.” In 1976, his venerable schedule was thrown off for the first time when Fr. McCurdy made a surprise announcement declaring that the where creek tribe live last day of class would be a holiday. Tom Kennedy ’63 recalled that Fr. Spohn “knew that he was going to be absent for flower for algernon, a particular class, so he put that day’s lecture on a tape recorder so the class would not miss a thing.

The class was intently listening and the eighth amendment protects against taking notes, and flower for algernon about 20 minutes into where live, this taped lecture, Fr. Spohn’s voice boomed out, “Shut up, Brandi!” As you might have guessed, Tom Brandi was talking at this exact moment. Needless to flower, say, both he and the class remained quiet for the rest of the period.” “Dick gave such credibility to when, the science department and for algernon the profession of teaching because he was such a thorough professional,” added Fr. Allender. “No doubt about it. He was a dominating figure. He was Jesuit education.” Fr. Spohn made school history by having his class go coed nearly 20 years before the rest of the protects against school. When SI moved to its Sunset District campus, it offered morning physics classes to girls from the flower for algernon city’s Catholic high schools. Current Uk Unemployment Rate? “He loved teaching the girls,” said Fr.

Allender. “They brought out flower, his gentle side. To him, they were his girls.” Fr. Spohn complimented the girls as being “eager, inquisitive and challenging. The worst thing you could do would be to underestimate them.” He retired in 1979 when his diabetes worsened, but he continued to live at SI and helped out in Biography for Dowling Essay, classes while he trained to become a spiritual director. “That was typical of him to start a whole new field once he retired,” said Fr. Allender. Flower? “As with physics, he was very diligent in learning the art of spiritual direction.” Eventually, he moved to the Jesuit retirement center in Los Gatos, though he kept in touch with former students and sent newspaper clippings to teachers at SI offering ideas for current rate, their classes. He died in January 1989, and his memorial Mass was celebrated in Orradre Chapel on the SI campus, presided over by his nephew William Spohn ’62. Fr. Spohn wasn’t the only great teacher at SI. Another favorite of flower for algernon, many students was Warren White, who taught at the Stanyan Street campus between 1948 and 1955.

He was also the originator and first moderator of Inside SI and the director of numerous plays. Where Did The Tribe Live? White attended USF and spent three years in the service before returning to SI to teach. “Suddenly, my former teachers were colleagues, including Mr. For Algernon? McNamara, Red Vaccaro, Barney Wehner, Sgt. Storti, Edward Dermot Doyle, Fr. Joe King, SJ, Fr. Alex Cody, SJ, Fr. William O’Neil, SJ, Fr. Ray Buckley, SJ, and President Dunne. I recall that the faculty room was a smoke-filled den containing the for a Qualitative Research Essay faculty mailboxes, some lounge chairs and a common table where one could work on papers.

Other than the physics and chemistry rooms, there were no dedicated rooms and the faculty had no offices. The faculty room also served as a lunchroom if you brown-bagged it, but there was a provision of coffee. In the cafeteria, we sat in an area screened off from the students, but it was not very attractive. The Jesuits repaired to their rectory on the Hilltop, and we laymen made do. “When I first taught, I was surprised when students asked me what I had done in the war. I wondered how they knew I was a veteran. Then I realized I was wearing a lapel pin of an eagle that all veterans received and which we called a ‘ruptured duck.’” “ Everyone in the English department used the same anthology Literature and flower Life published nationally with separate editions for public and parochial schools.

The one we used had writers such as Chesterson and Belloc and Agnes Replier, who didn’t make it into the public school edition. One advantage to this was that almost every high school senior in the U.S. would be familiar with at least four plays by Shakespeare, some of the sonnets, Gray’s ‘Elegy in a Churchyard,’ Tennyson’s ‘Ulysses,’ and when 22 written T.S. For Algernon? Eliot’s ‘The Hollow Men,’ for example. Student choice was honored in the assignment of book reports at least one a semester. Students could select what they wished, subject to approval. Junior year was devoted to American literature, senior to British.” With the sudden death of James Gill in where creek tribe live, 1949 (who had directed the school’s plays for 20 years), White took over the director’s job. He had acted in USF’s College Players under Gill’s direction. “Gill was better known as a baseball player than as a director, but he avoided any hint of amateurism in his productions.

What I knew was what I had learned from him, and it worked for me by and large. “The annual play was a fund-raiser for the gymnasium and had gone from using the Little Theatre at USF to performing at flower the Marines Memorial Theatre on Sutter Street. It was my responsibility to select the play and cast, organize a stage crew, build the Size for a Plan Essay sets, get the furnishings and props, schedule rehearsals and supervise the for algernon move to Marines and back to uk unemployment rate, Stanyan Street. A stipend of $500 was added to my annual pay. “Shortly after I had replaced Gill, Fr. Joe King came to SI with his enthusiasm for flower, glee clubs and music of all kinds. He started organizing talent shows, and they evolved into current, musical productions in which I began to take a part. One was called Win Winsocki. MGM had produced a “B” list musical set in a small Midwest college whose survival rested with the success of for algernon, its football team. We ignored the book and the title of the creek live film, but used the fight song, which went, ‘You can win Winsocki if you only try,’ and for algernon other stereotypical sentiments. It was a wonderful song, and live it served as the basis for a pastiche of songs, dances, sketches, whatever Fr.

King, the students or I could devise. The following year we topped it with a work we called Souther Pacific , which combined bits of Rogers and Hart with The Caine Mutiny, Mr. Flower For Algernon? Roberts , and other ideas from Fr. James Dowling? King, the students or myself. These performances were at USF’s Little Theatre, and it didn’t occur to any of us that we should have paid royalties. I trust a statute of limitations applies. “One year, Bing Crosby wanted to use the Marines Memorial for a broadcast, but we had the lease for the theatre. We were asked if we could come into the theatre late so Crosby could complete his broadcast. We did make up and costume by the swimming pool there and had our sets off to the side in the wings.

Crosby was aware of the conflict, and he made sure the stage was cleared in time for our show. “The Marines Memorial productions included Yellow Jack , a Pulitzer-winning play about the conquering of for algernon, yellow fever in Cuba as a prelude to building the Panama Canal. For Dowling Essay? We did comedies such as Three Men on a Horse, Here Comes Mr. Jordan, and The Gentleman from flower for algernon, Athens . All had been successful on live, Broadway and had been made into motion pictures. All the flower for algernon female roles had to be changed into male roles. Against? My last shows at flower Marines, and I think the last time SI used the hall, was for Billy Budd , a man-of-war saga, which had no female parts and needed no altering. “A Jesuit seminary in when was catch 22 written, the Midwest had established a cottage industry rewriting standard plays to for algernon, change female roles to current rate, male ones. There were many boys’ schools and colleges, and thus a demand for for algernon, scripts with all-male roles existed. The rationale, at least at was catch SI, was that as a school activity, a school play should be open to as many students as possible.

Using a girl in a part would exclude one Ignatian, and that didn’t seem right. Nor did the thought of female impersonation ever suggest itself. The policy, at least in my years at SI, was never a stratagem for separating the sexes. We had school dances after all, and girls were encouraged to swell the stands at sporting events. In the next few years, Mr.

Dick McCurdy, SJ (later principal at SI), having succeeded me, chose to use the more convenient stage of the Presentation Theatre on Turk Street.” In 1958, a young Jesuit came to SI and stayed for 20 years. Fr. John Becker, SJ, was a remarkable English teacher and flower Inside SI moderator known for his propensity for punning, his highly structured curriculum that became the creek tribe live department standard and his manner of inspiring students. Over the for algernon years, a number of Ignatians who now write for a living point to Fr. Becker as the man who convinced them they had talent worth pursuing. Dragonwings author Laurence Yep ’66, Frasier creator Peter Casey ’68 and Chronicle political reporter John Wildermuth ’69 are just three who praise Becker for giving them their start. Fr. Becker was born in Oak Park, Illinois, and attended St. Philip’s in Chicago and St. Monica's High School in Santa Monica before entering the Society on July 1, 1943.

He earned a Master’s degree in English at Loyola University and has taught high school since 1950, at uk unemployment rate Bellarmine, SI (from 1958 to 1978) and Brophy. For Algernon? While at SI he moderated Inside SI (and taught students to print four-color magazines using a press in for Dowling Essay, the basement of the school), taught English and religious studies and for algernon took students to Europe each summer, buying a Volkswagon van in Germany and touring for six weeks with 10 or so students who slept on the floors of Catholic school gymnasiums. Did The Live? In 2003, he wrote his first novel, a murder mystery called Father, Forgive Them . A Curious Encounter with the Ladies’ Auxiliary of the VFW. In 1958, when Fr. John Becker came to teach English at St. Ignatius, I was a senior. The focus of flower for algernon, Senior English was writing, a discipline with which I had mixed success. The teaching style of the new teacher would be crucial.

I had never been able to write well under a formulaic, write-by-the-numbers approach, but did well and enjoyed myself when the atmosphere was exploratory and creative. For the first few weeks, the way Fr. Assassination? Becker operated in the classroom was of high interest to me. Tall, dark-haired and for algernon lanky, he projected a curious combination of intensity and cool. His posture was relaxed, but his mind was focused. The issue at ferdinand hand was always how to communicate effectively in writing. He didn’t have all the answers, but he did have questions. How might this scene be rendered so the reader feels he is flower for algernon, part of it?

How can your position on an issue be presented so the reader looks at ferdinand assassination it in a new light? There wasn’t one right answer or a single approach. Writing was like a fingerprint, unique to the individual who produced it. Flower For Algernon? He was very serious about what we were doing, but there was a droll humor in Sampling Strategy Size Qualitative Essay examples, the way he regarded the human comedy. After those first few weeks I relaxed.

This was going to work out fine. As assignments for his writing workshop, Fr. For Algernon? Becker would have us respond to the prompts of writing contests, and then would actually enter our most promising efforts in Biography, the contests. We wrote essays for the American Eyesight Institute and whoever else had a contest going. Well into the school year I was pleased to learn that the five hundred words I’d written on “The Space Age Challenge to America” for the local Ladies’ Auxiliary of the Veterans of Foreign Wars had won the second prize of for algernon, $15. Since his students had swept all the prizes with first going to my classmate Leroy Fritsch Fr. Becker accompanied us and our guests to where did the, the Friday evening awards ceremony at a meeting room in flower for algernon, the San Francisco Opera House. My guests were my mother and my girlfriend, Maeve (now my wife of more than 40 years).

We didn’t know what to expect. My mother, straight from a long day in a downtown billing office, was in a Thank-God-It’s-Friday mood, wanting nothing more than to unwind and relax. Maeve and I were hoping things would be short but sweet. The Eighth? We joined Fr. Flower For Algernon? Becker on the street and went in to see what awaited us. We were met in the hallway by a phalanx of six ladies in military outfits of where did the creek tribe live, a cut somewhere between the Girl Scouts and a guerilla band of Daughters of the American Revolution. Two ladies took each prizewinner securely by the arms. Then, the ornate doors of the flower meeting room were thrown open and we were summarily marched into a gallery of 50 or 60 uniformed ladies, who were clapping loudly to a Souza march on the phonograph. After being marched twice around the room, we were led to a platform upon which an uk unemployment rate, elderly woman of commanding figure motioned us to our positions.

Grinning to keep from bursting into laughter, I searched the room for Maeve and my mother, and found them in the visitor’s gallery with Father Becker. Maeve was wearing the twin of my grin, but my mother was clearly having a harder time containing an outburst. I looked from them to Fr. For Algernon? Becker, who, cool as always, gave me a nod that said, “We can get through this. Hang in there.” Things unfolded quickly. The commander read out the awards in stentorian tones I knew would further tickle my mother’s funny bone. “And now,” she announced, “the photographer will step forward and take a photograph of the prize winners.” A little rouged corporal came before us with her camera, complete with flash.

My mother was doing a little dance to contain herself. The camera was aimed. The corporal pushed the Sampling Strategy and Sample Size for a examples button, but nothing happened. She tried a second and a third time but nothing happened. At this point in the proceedings, mother had broken into a jig, Maeve’s smile was about to burst, and flower for algernon even Fr. Sampling Strategy And Sample For A Research Plan? Becker’s crooked smile was stretched to the limit. The corporal adjusted the camera and tried yet again to snap the shot. Flower For Algernon? Nothing. Finally the current rate commander descended from the platform, brusquely took the camera, fiddled with it a few seconds, handed it back and returned to her place on the platform. “That should do it,” she said confidently.

Smile everyone,” said the corporal. I was smiling as broadly as I’d ever smiled in my life. She pushed the button. The camera exploded with a puff of white smoke. Over the embarrassed laughter that filled the room, I heard my mother’s hilarity burst from the gallery, like a fox finally able to run free. As we stood in the street, decompressing before heading home, Fr.

Becker smiled his crooked smile and shook his head. As a teacher, whose job was to civilize but not suppress the sensibilities of teenagers, he no doubt had witnessed comic vignettes in flower, the yards and halls of St. Ignatius on a daily basis that rivaled the evening’s proceedings with the ladies’ auxiliary. You could see him rolling them around in his mind like a piece of candy. His humor had no hard edge, no ridicule. I’ve tried to maintain that same perspective. In his 20 years at St. Ignatius, Fr. Becker deeply influenced writers such as Lawrence Yep ’66, whose fiction includes the Newbery Honor Book Dragonwings , and Peter Casey ’68, creator and producer of NBC’s Frasier.

I expect he opened windows into aspects of their worlds that they didn’t know existed. That’s what he did for me. It’s hardly a thankless task, but sometimes the thanks aren’t directly expressed. Teachers have to be subtly aware to discern the appreciation students feel. I’m confident, from what I know of Fr. John Becker, that such discernment sweetened his task. By the way, since I'm crediting Fr. Becker as my first writing teacher, it is germane to note that I went on to earn a doctoral degree in creative writing and to work as a writer and when 22 written teacher of writing.

Laurence Yep Peter Casey on for algernon, Fr. Tribe Live? Becker. Laurence Yep ’66, the author of Dragonwings and dozens of other books, wrote about Fr. Becker in his autobiography, The Lost Garden . Flower For Algernon? Here is an excerpt from his book: “In my senior year, we had Father Becker who taught us English by having us imitate the Sampling Strategy and Sample various writers and various forms. We had to write poems in flower for algernon, the complicated rhyme scheme of the sestina; and we had to write scenes imitating Shakespeare. Our writing would never make anyone forget William or the other greats of English literature; but we learned the nuts and bolts of a style. To this day, I have to be careful what I read because I tend to current, imitate that writing.

“Early in the semester, Father took some of us aside and said that if we wanted to get an ‘A’ in his course, we would have to get something accepted by a national magazine. All of us were intimidated by the prospect; but in those days you didn’t argue with a Jesuit priest and you still don’t. All of us tried. None of us got anything accepted; and he later retracted the threat and graded us by the same standards he used for the rest of the class. However, I got bitten by the bug and kept on trying.” Peter Casey ’68, a writer for Cheers and Wings and the creator of Frasier (the most honored sitcom in TV history), was also a student in flower for algernon, Fr. Where? Becker’s class. “He was tough,” Casey said in an interview that appeared in the Spring ’95 Genesis III. “He could nail you if you weren’t paying attention, but he never did it in a malicious way. I respected his opinion tremendously. When he told me that I could write, it made an impression on me.

Heading into college, I wasn’t exactly sure what direction I wanted to go. That praise helped steer me to major in journalism at flower for algernon a junior college and in broadcasting when I transferred to San Francisco State University.” On April 20, 1997, SI dedicated a courtyard next to the campus ministry center in honor of Fr. Biography Dowling Essay? Becker. Casey donated funds for the project, which, with its fountain and benches, is a place that invites students to gather in small groups and discuss a novels and poetry. Centennial Celebration the New Alumni Association.

To mark the flower for algernon 100th anniversary of the founding of St. Ignatius College, USF and St. Ignatius High School held a centennial week in October 1955. SI celebrated a solemn Mass on October 13 sung at St. Ignatius Church by Fr. William Tobin, SJ, with a sermon delivered by Fr. Charles Casassa, SJ ’28, then president of Loyola University in the eighth amendment, Los Angeles. SI students also took part in USF’s celebrations, which included an October 14 University Memorial Mass for deceased students and flower an October 16 Mass celebrated by Archbishop John J. Mitty, who was assisted by a former SI religion teacher, the Right Rev. Msgr.

Harold Collins. In the 1955 yearbook, SI Principal Robert Leonard, SJ, asked Ignatians to commemorate the centennial by referring to the key image of the 1950s the Atom. “This is an Atomic Age: of fusion and fission; of unbounded energies harnessed and exploded; of contracting and scattering; of elements merged and 22 written particles ejected. An analogy may be drawn between the atomic process and your lives. Remember, however, it is a resemblance, not a parallel. During your days at St. Ignatius there was a building up of, a search for unity a fusion with God, with truth, with one another; in a word, the fusion of flower, faith, hope and charity. Now is the zero hour of fission.

You are divided and hurled forth, not to dissipate your substance nor to lose your character in Sampling Strategy and Sample for a Qualitative Essay, the world, as atomic particles are hurled forth never to return. For you, the bond of these earlier years will never be broken. The field of your operation will simply be ever widened as a chain reaction.” 7. The modern Alumni Association started in flower, 1956 with the amendment celebration of the school’s centenary, and the school gathered 58 graduates to put together a roster for a general alumni reunion to be held June 2, 1956. For Algernon? At that event, alumni gathered by year in classrooms. “These rooms became pretty lively places, and some men who had not seen their classmates for Biography for James, quite a few years were having a field day,” reported the Ignatian Bulletin , the precursor to the Genesis alumni magazine. When the crowd came together for dinner, student yell leaders led them in Wildcat yells “and even gave the school fight song a whirl. Then former yell leaders took over under the leadership of Danny Galvin ’42. Flower? Dan still [had] the touch, and the alumni responded long and loud.” Then the first Alumni Association president Tom King ’22 was named, along with his officers Darrell Daly ’15, Superior Judge Edward J. Molkenbuhr ’18, Charles Creighton ’30, Richard B. Sampling And Sample Qualitative Research Plan Essay? Doyle ’21 and flower Dan O’Hara ’35. 8.

Fr. Robert Leonard, SJ Fr. Amendment? Thomas Reed, SJ. In the June 6, 1957, Inside SI , editor Dan Flynn ’57 paid tribute to outgoing principal, Fr. Robert Leonard, SJ, who had come to flower, SI in 1951 as its vice principal and when dean of discipline and who had served as principal starting in for algernon, 1954.

Flynn wrote that students came to did the tribe live, respect Fr. Leonard. For Algernon? “For one thing, Father was a star athlete himself an All-Stater in Arizona in football, basketball and baseball.” When Leonard took over as principal, it was “a popular choice,” wrote Flynn. Was Catch 22 Written? “In the flower for algernon semesters that followed, strange things began to happen. Students were trusted with more and more privileges. SI had a principal who was with and for the students every inch of the way. The main secret of Fr. Leonard’s success lay in the fact that he trusted the students. He knew the good, positive method of protects against, directing them. Seldom was he heard criticizing the student body on for algernon, the PA system. Instead of criticism, he boomed out the strong encouraging words which gave the students the assassination confidence they needed.”

His replacement would be Fr. Thomas Reed, SJ ’34, a native San Franciscan and an SI grad. Born in 1917, Fr. Reed entered the Society after graduating from flower for algernon, high school and taught at SI between 1942 and 1944. He studied education at the eighth St. Flower? Louis University, Stanford and USF where he received a doctoral degree in education counseling and psychology in 1985. He served as principal of SI between 1957 and 1964 before leaving for USF to serve as acting dean of education. In one of his first acts as principal, he created a split lunch period, given the large enrollment of 1957, with seniors and sophomores eating before juniors and freshmen. He also added fluorescent lights to the first floor corridor. Fr. Reed was known as a forthright man who always spoke his mind, but “his frankness and off-the-cuff manner could be controversial,” according to current, his obituary published in the National Jesuit News . He made an unsuccessful bid in 1972 for a seat on for algernon, the San Francisco Board of Education, but was appointed to the board by where creek tribe live, Mayor Joseph Alioto to fill a vacancy and served until 1977.

Basketball in the New Gym. In November 1950, SI students finally enjoyed a gym after 25 years of fundraising. Construction began in March 1950, with money coming from all sources, including a “till that bulged with greenbacks from the play” and the generous donations of parents and local businesses. The money was not enough to pay the entire cost of construction, and the school still faced a $30,000 debt in 1951. By 1955, however, it cleared the books on that debt. 9.

When construction was completed, Rene Herrerias ’44 began coaching the Wildcat hoopsters. After graduating from flower for algernon, SI, Herrerias played for did the creek tribe, USF, where, at 5-feet, 9-inches, “his flashy and sound playing thrilled the crowd at Madison Square Garden when his team won the NIT in 1948.” Herrerias returned to coach at SI, succeeding Phil Woolpert, who had left to coach at USF. 10. In all, Herrerias led the for algernon Wildcats to four AAA championships (1951 and 195456) and two Tournament of rate, Champions victories in flower, 1954 and 1955). Creek? He began his auspicious career in the fall of 1950 by leading the 120s to flower for algernon, an undefeated record. (The 110s and 120s played in the fall in those days.) The 120s were captained by Mic Kelly ’52 and featured two Prep Hall of Famers, Bernie Simpson ’54 and Ray Paxton ’54, as well as Steve Moriarty ’53 and Jim Stephens ’53. The 130s also won their division, captained by Bill Parker ’52 and featuring Dan Powers ’52, Nils Fernquist ’52, Bob Braghetta ’53 and Speed DeConti ’52. The varsity made it a trifecta by also winning the AAA.

Herrerias captured his first varsity league victory in March 1951 in a 4037 win against Commerce (which starred Casey Jones) with the starting five of George Hayes, Bob Wiebusch, Stan Buchanan, Bill Bush and Rudy Zannini, all five of whom matriculated to USF, three on athletic scholarships. Where Did The Live? (Other stars of that era include Ray Healy and Bill Mallen.) The shortest among those five was Zannini, who, at 5-feet, 6-inches, averaged 15 points each game, the for algernon third highest in the league. He was nicknamed “The Mouse” and “The Watch Guard” by his teammates, but continued to play at was catch USF side-by-side with teammate Bill Russell and later earned entry into flower, the San Francisco Prep Hall of Fame. The star of the 1954 and 1955 Tournament of Biography Essay, Champion teams was Fred LaCour ’56, one of the most gifted men to play basketball for SI. Flower For Algernon? (He later played with the St. Louis Hawks from 196062 and the Warriors the following year.) In 1954, he tied an AAA scoring record in Sampling Strategy and Sample for a Plan, his junior year at SI against Galileo, scoring 29 points. He shot for 22 points against for algernon Salinas in the first round of the Tournament of where did the creek, Champions on flower, March 10, 1955, and later shared honors with Team Captain Dan Casey ’55, both named as all-tournament players. A commemorative issue of Inside SI noted that for the finale, “the Coach of the Year, Mr. Rene Herrerias, and the Team of the Sampling Strategy and Sample Qualitative Year, the St.

Ignatius Wildcats, [rode] high on the shoulders of the SI students as they triumphantly paraded and cheered through the scene of flower for algernon, their glorious victory champions all!” In his senior year, LaCour earned All-American honors and led his team to a 71 league finish and the championship. His team won the first two games at the Tournament of Champions, but LaCour suffered a broken finger and Dowling did not play against flower El Cerrito, which won 2620. Fred LaCour'56: A gifted by flawed Bay Area legend. Spiritus Magis gave three paragraphs to when, Fred LaCour ’56, but the book didn’t tell the whole story of this gifted athlete. That was left to John Horgan, whose story appeared in the San Mateo Daily Journal on Jan. Flower? 2 this year. Fred LaCour. The Eighth Against? The name is all but forgotten today. But he is one of just three Bay Area high school basketball stars ever to be named California’s Mr. Basketball in two consecutive years.

Archbishop Mitty of San Jose’s Aaron Gordon and St. For Algernon? Joseph’s of the eighth amendment protects, Alameda’s Jason Kidd are the others. Younger followers of the sport are probably unaware of who LaCour was. But he was in a rarefied class with few others. He was one of the greatest prep basketball players ever to grace the Bay Area hoops scene. He saw his first varsity action as a tall, willowy sophomore at SI 60 years ago this season. It was a different era. There was no cable-TV, no Internet, no Twitter, no McDonald’s All-Star Game. LaCour, until he was preparing to graduate, was a California sporting phenomenon only. National attention for standout high school athletes was extremely limited. But, for those who knew him, played with or against him or just watched him demonstrate his myriad gifts on for algernon, the basketball court, LaCour was something special.

At about 6-5 in height and just under 200 pounds, the 1956 SI graduate was smooth, graceful, multi-talented and supremely gifted with a basketball in his hands. He was the current uk unemployment rate ultimate on-court facilitator. As another SI hoops alumnus, Jim Brovelli ’60, a former USF and flower Serra High School head coach, put it recently, “Fred LaCour was the Oscar Robertson of the West Coast.” LaCour’s high school coach, Rene Herrerias ’44, agreed and said the comparison was apt. “He was the best player I ever coached,” added Herrerias, a former Cal head coach and ex-teacher at El Camino High School. With his size, court vision, selflessness and array of ball-handling/passing and shooting skills, LaCour could play any position on the floor; his effortless, fluid style made the game look almost too easy. Maybe it was. In the mid-1950s, LaCour was regarded as the Bay Area’s, and California’s, premier college recruit. After the 195455 and 195556 seasons, he was named the Golden State’s Mr. Basketball.

Writing in his blog, Tom Meschery, a friend of LaCour’s through much of their lives, stated that, “Aside from the eighth amendment protects, Jason Kidd, I can’t think of another prep in all of Northern California who was as skilled at that age.” Meschery is a former Lowell of San Francisco star who went on flower for algernon, to further success at St. Mary’s College and in the NBA. A writer, Meschery dedicated a book of poetry in memory of LaCour. An All-American prep in several national publications, LaCour was a bona fide sensation at SI. His three Wildcat teams had a combined 8112 record, with three Academic Athletic Association titles and two Tournament of Champions crowns. The TOC, in effect, decided high school basketball supremacy in Northern California prior to the advent of sectional and Biography James Essay state tournament competition. In 195556, LaCour broke his own AAA season scoring record. Against Galileo, he had 39 points.

Against the Stanford freshman team, he tossed in a shocking 41 in a signature performance that had the Indians’ head coach, Howie Dallmar, shaking his head in wonderment and singing the SI senior’s praises afterward. Dallmar was quoted by San Francisco News sportswriter Al Corona later: “I couldn’t believe my eyes. Here was a high school kid doing things that would do credit to any collegiate star I have seen.” When the season was completed, he was named the MVP of the prestigious North-South all-star game held in Kentucky. For Algernon? He was the first Californian to win that coveted award. He was also one of the first players of ferdinand, African-American heritage to participate in the contest. As such, he was something of an anomaly. Prior to the game, LaCour was warned that he would face institutionalized racism for the first time. Of Louisiana French Creole mixed-race descent, LaCour could never quite come to for algernon, grips with who he was, according to those who knew him well. He would struggle to fit in as his athletic profile rose. Privately, he was a tortured soul.

The Civil Rights Movement had barely begun when LaCour came onto the scene. His timing was poor. He was born too soon. Today, his ethnicity would not register even a vague blip on the sporting radar screen. After his SI years, LaCour matriculated right across the street to USF. The Dons, like SI, were a dominant basketball program in the 1950s, having won two consecutive NCAA championships and a then-record 60 games in a row. LaCour, after playing on the USF freshman team, started on the Dons’ nationally-ranked 195758 team as a sophomore.

USF went 252 that year. But LaCour had begun to slide, both in his personal life and on the basketball court. Friends like Meschery recalled that LaCour continued to ferdinand assassination, drink, smoke and gamble at cards. And he was missing a lot of classes. His USF coach, Phil Woolpert, in a letter written several years after LaCour died, stated that his young star was deeply troubled. His dual racial identity was the root of his problems, according to Woolpert. “His attempts to for algernon, integrate into when 22 written, a white-type culture met rebuff after rebuff,” noted Woolpert. For Algernon? And he would not, or could not, identify as a black person, Woolpert said. “The poor guy couldn’t win.” Woolpert referred to LaCour’s personal dilemma as “the most difficult and tribe insoluble problem I ever confronted.” In a private meeting with LaCour’s parents at the family home in the Richmond District of San Francisco to try to discuss the sensitive matter, Woolpert said he was told to leave. The subject was not brought up again. LaCour, who eventually left USF after an eligibility-shortened junior year in 195859, was drafted in the third round by the NBA’s St.

Louis Hawks in 1960. Flower? That turned out to be an unfortunate career move. Where Did The Creek Tribe Live? St. Louis, in those days, was not a particularly welcoming place for African-Americans, professional athletes or otherwise. Lenny Wilkens, another Hawks’ rookie that year, recently recalled that, beyond the racial issues, “the (Hawks’) veterans were tough on rookies.” LaCour lasted one full season and part of another with the Hawks. Flower? He left the team abruptly during the 196162 season. Where Creek Tribe Live? No official reason was given for his departure. Meschery, to this day, suspects prejudice was involved, at flower for algernon least in part. “In those days, St. Louis was not a good town,” he said. “And Fred was dating white girls.

Fred pissed off management. The Eighth? But he wouldn’t talk about it.” More than likely, though, the complex LaCour’s personal flaws played a role as well. After leaving St. Louis, LaCour played briefly with the San Francisco Saints and Oakland Oaks of the soon-to-be-defunct American Basketball League. Flower? He then had an unproductive 16-game stint with the San Francisco Warriors of the NBA. Meschery was one of his Warrior teammates. Bob Feerick, the the eighth protects Warriors’ coach at flower the time, said LaCour was a skilled player but “he lacked aggressiveness, toughness he tried to get by on his skills alone but it wasn’t enough.” He finished his pro assassination career with the for algernon Wilkes-Barre Barons of the James Dowling Eastern Professional Basketball League. After that, LaCour’s sad downward spiral accelerated. There were reports of drug use and bad checks.

A short marriage failed. Finally in the summer of 1972, there was word that Fred was seriously ill at a San Francisco hospital. He had terminal cancer. Some of his old friends, including Meschery and Herrerias, visited during those last days. The end came quickly. Fred LaCour died Aug. 5, 1972. His obituary in the San Francisco Chronicle was just one short paragraph. He was 34. He is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in Colma.

John Horgan has been writing about Bay Area sports for 50 years. He can be contacted at johnhorganmedia@gmail.com. Reprinted with permission from the San Mateo Daily Journal. After Frank McGloin retired from for algernon, coaching, SI baseball teams were led by John Golden (who also coached football) and Grove Mohr, who, in 1950, led SI to a 72 season. In 1954, Mohr captured the current rate AAA championship with stars such as Ken Dito ’54 (who later worked as a broadcaster for flower, KNBR), Ray Paxton ’54, Roger Ferrari ’55 and Jack Scramaglia ’55. The last three later became members of the San Francisco Prep Hall of Fame. Paxton also played basketball at SI, but his star was brightest on the diamond, and in his junior year he earned a pitching spot on the all-league second team for the AAA after pitching a no-hitter against amendment protects against Lincoln. At one point, he had 21 straight scoreless innings. In his senior year, he helped SI take both the for algernon AAA basketball league crown and the Tournament of Champions. Paxton was named to the All-AAA, All-TOC, All-Metro and All-NorCal teams.

Later, pitching for the Wildcats under coach Grove Mohr, Paxton took SI to its first AAA baseball title in James Dowling Essay, 24 years and flower earned a spot on the all-league first team and on Biography for James Dowling, the Examiner All-Star team. Also, he was named MVP of the Chronicle /Lions Club EastWest All-Star game after pitching all nine innings and collecting four hits while leading his team to a 154 victory. That victory won him a trip to the World Series in New York where he saw Willie Mays make his famous catch against Cleveland at the Polo Grounds. Paxton was named both San Francisco and NorCal Athlete of the Year in 1954 before his freshman year at SCU. He later spent a year playing for a Red Sox farm team in Las Vegas but found that baseball had lost its allure. Paxton credits his success with the fact that he played alongside great players. “Those were special times,” Paxton recalls. “The 1950s were so peaceful. Everyone seemed to get along so well, and I had many great friends.” Roger Ferrari, who played his senior year for Jim Keating, was twice selected to play in the San Francisco EastWest All-Star game and for algernon batted .425 in his senior year, earning All-City honors. He went on to earn MVP status for the East/West game where he hit three for five. As MVP, he represented San Francisco at the Hearst Sandlot Classic at the Polo Grounds in New York.

After graduating from SI, Ferrari attended City College where he made the All-Conference and All-Northern California teams for Sampling Strategy and Sample for a Qualitative Research Plan Essay, two seasons. “I still remember the first time I walked onto flower for algernon, the field at Seal Stadium,” recalls Ferrari. “It was during the CYO championship game in 1951 in my eighth grade year at Sts. Peter and Paul. I thought I had made the big time. That was the year Mickey Rocco was the star first baseman, and Biography for James Dowling Essay I always watched him, trying to imitate his moves. He wore number 4, so that was always the number on flower for algernon, my jersey and my lucky number.”

Jack Scramaglia played varsity baseball in ferdinand, each of his four years and flower for algernon made the ferdinand all-city team in flower for algernon, both his junior and seniors years. As a senior he hit .464 and led the current uk unemployment league in hits. That year, the Examiner selected him to play on its all-star team that traveled to New York. After SI, he attended USF for one year before signing a contract with the Giants. He played three seasons in flower for algernon, the minor leagues before leaving to where did the live, become a teacher and coach at Roosevelt Junior High School in San Francisco. In 1997, the San Francisco Prep Hall of Fame inducted him into its ranks. In 1955, Jim Keating took over as baseball coach. He won his first league championship in 1958 with stars such as Don Leonardini, Ron Cook, Ken Dekker and all-Northern Californian John Giovanola. He recaptured that crown the following year despite predictions in flower, the city papers that SI would never beat SH. Thanks to Chuck Rapp’s pitching and Ron Calcagno’s hitting, SI won 43. (Read more on uk unemployment rate, Jim Keating in the next chapter.) The SI Golf team dominated the 1950s, winning league championships in 1951, 1952 and 19571959.

Bob Callan ’57 helped SI in flower, his senior year to take the league crown and also captured the Biography for James Dowling Essay San Francisco City Junior title. While a student at SCU, he led its golf team to flower for algernon, three consecutive league titles. He went on when was catch, to win several city and county titles during his college career and flower then received a bachelor's degree in business from rate, SCU and a law degree from USF. Currently a real estate investor, Callan has continued to excel in senior’s competition. Consistently ranked as one of the flower for algernon top players in the state, he has been selected to represent the Northern California Golf Association in team competition on 13 occasions. In 2003 he became the first player to ferdinand assassination, win the San Francisco City Senior, Alameda Commuter, San Francisco County Senior and Oakland City Senior championships in the same year. He also won the prestigious Western Seniors title in Guadalajara, Mexico.

Most recently, in 2004, he won his fourth consecutive San Francisco County Senior title. Soccer had its start at SI in 1952 when coach Bill Cox put together a team comprising 27 students. The following year, moderator James Straukamp (a Jesuit scholastic, who later became an Anglican priest) came to assist Cox. The 1953 Ignatian reported that the for algernon all-city captain Bob Braghetta ’53 and Class of was catch 22 written, ’52 seniors Barney Vannucci, Steve Sullivan, Jack Murray, Terry Curran, Bob Del Moral and Don Kelleher led the for algernon team to a victory against Lowell and a tie with Washington. Aside from Braghetta, standout juniors included Jim Flanagan and Mike Balibrera.

The team earned its first playoff berth in 1959 after a 43 season, coached by the eighth protects, USF veteran Eric Fink. The first mention of an SI cross country team occurs in the 1955 yearbook with a photograph of the first 21 runners. The following year, Inside SI praised the efforts of students Walt Van Zant, Steve Barrett, Jim Leary, Mike Deasy and George De Cat and praised the new cross country course in for algernon, Golden Gate Park that started at Broom Point and went “through Lindley Meadow, around the police stables, around the middle lake, and then back down the for James Essay south side of the Polo Fields, through another meadow and finally to the finish line just west of Lloyd Lake,” covering “1.9 miles of flower, rough terrain.”11. One of the stars of the day was Gil Dowd ’57 who helped lead SI to the AAA football championship in 1956. Dowd played on the frosh and JV teams and watched as the varsity struggled against strong teams from the AAA. By the time Dowd was a senior, it had been 11 years since SI had captured the league crown. Something happened in 1956 to change SI’s luck. Varsity Coach Sarge MacKenzie left to Biography Dowling, teach at USF and for algernon Pat Malley ’49, whose father had coached at SI, took his place. Malley, who had been a star athlete both at SI and SCU, suffered an injury in his senior year at Santa Clara and, after serving in the Army, returned to Dowling, SI to teach and coach. He brought along Gene Lynch ’49, his teammate from SCU.

Early injuries contributed to losses against Poly and Washington, but the Wildcats went undefeated after that and took the for algernon city championship by beating Poly and then Balboa for the Turkey Bowl game before a crowd of where creek, 30,000. “Coach Malley’s squad scored an early touchdown and had to rely on the defense the flower for algernon rest of the way. With three minutes to go in the game, Balboa had the ball first and goal. With their backs to the wall, SI’s defense tightened up and the Bucs were unable to the eighth against, cross the goal line. SI had won its second championship, as the scoreboard read SI 7, Balboa 6.”12. Dowd, who entered the Prep Hall of flower for algernon, Fame in 2003, credited the entire team with the success. The Eighth Protects Against? “My classmates Ed Rothman and Bob Isola and I each took turns excelling in for algernon, the backfield. We each did our share of running.” Dowd eventually earned All-City honors and was named Player of the Year by two of the city papers. He also earned All Northern California Second Team and All Metro Team honors and was named East BayWest Bay All Star Game MVP.

Coach Pat Malley his Amazing Bag of Tricks. Playing football for did the creek tribe live, Coach Pat Malley ’49 was like being a warrior in flower for algernon, fealty to a resourceful and uk unemployment rate determined Celtic chieftain. Well, maybe that’s a little too much historical-romantic spin, but when Pat Malley returned to St. Ignatius in 1956, where his father had coached and he had been team captain, he brought a code and for algernon style that probably did derive from such roots. It was a good fit.

He was tough but imaginative. Practice sessions presided over by Pat Malley and line coach Gene Lynch were hard-hitting. When you were called to Biography for James Essay, jump into the tackling circle, runners came at for algernon you from every direction, helmets lowered and knees pounding. Your job was to tackle one, then spin around and get the next and the next. It was no picnic, but there was also an element of the eighth amendment, play in for algernon, those practices that brought out the Qualitative Research Essay examples best in us. Gordie Lau, who would later argue in flower, the Supreme Court about equal educational opportunity, would let out a shout with each tackle, which Coach Malley played up to Sampling Strategy Size Essay examples, add a note of flower for algernon, levity. Wind sprints sometimes became a game where first the Italians lined up and ran shouting down the field, and the eighth protects against then the Irish, and then an ethnic assortment known as “the rest of you guys.” Off the practice field, Mr. Malley had a way of for algernon, beaming a beneficent smile when you passed him in the hall that validated all your efforts.

Our offense was nicely balanced. Mick Doherty and when was catch Ron Tocchini were a running tandem that pounded defenses until they broke, and Ron Calcagno at quarterback could air out 30- and for algernon 40-yard passes to a talented corps of receivers, including Pete Ackenheil, who doubled as kicker of field goals, PATs (points after touchdown) and booming kickoffs. Ferdinand? It was a team deep in athletic talent on flower for algernon, which every player had honed his skills to fill a need. When SI played Poly High in the Thanksgiving Day Classic in 1958, a share of the city championship was at stake. Poly, coached by old-time Santa Clara Bronco Milt Axt, had dominated the city league for years, and we had lost to when 22 written, them in the regular season 96. Their main offensive threat was a fullback named Gary Lewis, who would play several years with the 49ers. Flower For Algernon? Like us, they were hard-hitting and seasoned. Ferdinand? Their offense wasn’t as multi-dimensional as ours, but they were tough on defense and flower Lewis, a speedster at uk unemployment rate 6-feet, 3-inches and 220, was a dimension unto himself when he arced off tackle and headed downfield. Some of Malley’s playfulness came to the fore when Poly High spies were detected lurking along the fence taking notes during our final practice. He called a team huddle, concocted four or five off-the-wall plays, and had us run through them, surely flummoxing the spies and flower for algernon very possibly setting up the current confusion that Poly experienced in the game two days later. Coach Malley also managed to spike us up psychologically with new short-sleeved red jerseys and refurbished white helmets just like the college powerhouse Oklahoma Sooners.

When we ran onto flower for algernon, the field before 22,000 fans at Kezar Stadium, we felt sharp and cohesive, especially when we saw the Poly players doing jumping jacks in inexpertly washed uniforms on which red from the numerals had bled pink across the white jerseys. Score a subtle advantage for ferdinand, the Wildcats. At this late date I can’t do a play-by-play description of the game. I don’t know if it was Doherty or Tocchini who tore through the for algernon Poly line for uk unemployment rate, the first score. I do know that Gary Lewis soon answered with a long TD gallop in the second quarter. In the third, Coach Malley sent in flower for algernon, a newly-installed trick play called Helter Skelter in which the entire line pulled left and Ron Calcagno seemed to be following the flow on a roll out. But then Ron planted his feet and for a Plan Essay reeled off a long cross field pass to Ed Nevin, who had run left with everyone else, but then cut back into the open flat for a touchdown. It was a hot Indian summer day. Malley substituted freely, which kept our legs fresh. We kept the Poly defense on the field with a couple of drives that didn’t score but left them huffing and puffing. We were up by a few points midway through the fourth quarter the score something like 149 but Gary Lewis was always a threat to for algernon, go all the way.

And the when Poly defense, winded though they were, had wised-up to our passing game. Flower For Algernon? They were yelling, “Watch for Helter Skelter!” when we broke from the huddle in passing situations. We tried Helter Skelter a couple of times more, but Poly’s left corner hung back and easily broke it up. That’s when Pat Malley came up with another foxy move in which I played a part that I savor to this day. I was standing on the sidelines, hoping we could hold the ferdinand line, when Pat Malley called my name.

I ran to his side where Ron Calcagno was standing. Our defense had pushed Poly back around their own 30. Our offense was about to flower, take the field. Coach Malley fixed us with his fierce blue eyes and quickly mapped out a variation on Helter Skelter in Biography for James Dowling Essay, which I, at right end, continued across the field, rather than cutting back against the student body left flow. I hadn’t caught a pass all season. The good thing about my sudden insertion into the lineup was that I didn’t have time to flower, get too nervous. Ferdinand? Calcagno leaned over center Dave Favro, who would go on flower, to play at UC Berkeley, and amendment called the count. Flower For Algernon? The play unfolded in basic high anxiety slow motion. Never fleet of when was catch, foot, I pounded across the field on a diagonal, head down.

At the flower point when Nevin had earlier cut back, I fired off whatever afterburners I could muster and looked back to where Calcagno had pulled up from his roll out and let fly with a somewhat wobbly pass. Biography James Essay? I was on the 8-yard line and the Poly defensive back, having hung back as Malley calculated, was off me maybe ten yards. I caught the pass, up against my helmet, wheeled around and crossed into the end zone as the angry defensive back hit me with everything he had. I felt nothing but unadulterated bliss. Time running out, the Poly Parrots, in their sweaty, vaguely pink jerseys, were starting to wear that dazed look teams get in the final minutes of flower, a losing effort. The sequence of scoring is Biography James Essay, a little blurred in memory, but at flower some point Pete Ackenheil kicked a long field goal to put the score somewhere around 239. That perfect end-over-end goalpost splitter nicely highlighted the package of skills our team possessed.

We won that game with a beautifully balanced team effort, but also high on the list of positive factors was the craftiness of Pat Malley, who spontaneously responded to the game as it unfolded before him with one brilliant surprise after another. I have had many splendid Thanksgivings in the intervening years, but never have I floated 10 feet off the ground as I, and was catch the rest of our band of warriors, did that day. Extracurriculars Campus Ministry. The Senior Retreat. For the most part, the issues of the separation of the schools or of the Korean War did not impact the students, who continued to focus on the day-to-day routine of classes, their extracurricular activities, their spiritual growth and their social lives. For Algernon? The three-day senior retreat continued to be a highlight of uk unemployment, their time at SI. In 1950, the flower yearbook reported on this hallmark of Jesuit education: “Dear Lord, teach me to did the creek tribe live, be generous. Teach me to for algernon, serve Thee as Thou deservest, to give and not to count the cost, to labor and not to seek for rest; to toil and ferdinand not to seek reward, save that of knowing that I do Thy will.

“Long will thoughtful Ignatians remember this short but powerful prayer, the traditional keynote of the annual three-day Senior Retreat at flower for algernon El Retiro. “They will remember, too, the new but uplifting experience that was theirs during those few days, when far away from the turmoil and nervousness of city life, they turned their minds and hearts to God. “Some among them, such as Moore, Sheehan, Fazzio and Sampling Strategy and Sample for a Qualitative Essay examples Enright, will remember special duties that helped keep the retreatants in that atmosphere so necessary for a good. retreat. Flower? All will remember the strict silence, the soul-searching meditations and the impressive Stations of the Cross. “They will remember especially the Sampling Strategy Size Qualitative Plan Essay spirit of the retreat, which perhaps remained with them after their departure from El Retiro; how it rendered them quiet and flower thoughtful, anxious to put their retreat resolutions into faithful practice, hopeful some day to return to El Retiro for another ‘spiritual checkup.’” 13. The St. Ignatius Church Monthly Calendar ran a few student reflections on this retreat, written by members of the current rate class of 1950.

Here are a few excerpts: “I went to for algernon, El Retiro to get out of when 22 written, school and to have a good time, but after a few hours I changed my mind. I think the main reason for the change was the total lack of flower for algernon, distraction. My thoughts there were more serious than at any other time of my life. I changed my mind, too, as to what made up the important things of life, for the things that seemed so important a few days before now seem to protects, be trifles. I made resolutions; I pray to God that He will give me the for algernon strength to where did the tribe live, keep them.” “I have made many retreats before, but none impressed me so greatly. I think the reason for this is the wonderful atmosphere of the place. I enjoyed the whole retreat, but I especially enjoyed making the out-door Stations of the Cross and saying the rosary while walking through the lovely gardens and visiting the for algernon outdoor shrines.” “When I first came to El Retiro, I must admit I was prepared for a rather boring time. Assassination? I had always considered myself as one on whom religion had little effect. I had never thought much about for algernon, God, religion or life after death. I just believed them mechanically, like one believes that two plus two equals four. I never tried to reason any religious matters out, but took the word of the teacher.

But as I look back on the eighth amendment protects, it now, I didn’t really believe my religion, and flower because I attended a public school for quite some time, I was even at times prone to disbelieve. However, at El Retiro, I had a chance that was never offered me before to think these problems out, and today I am convinced that the for Dowling Essay Catholic Church is the right church, that God exists, and many other matters of Faith on which I was weak. Flower For Algernon? What at El Retiro helped me clear up my mind? I believe it was the atmosphere. As a mountaineer, I have visited places in the huge canyons of the Strategy Size for a Research examples Sierra where probably no one has ever trod, and in these places with a few chosen friends I did most of my thinking. At El Retiro I believe the atmosphere of the mountains was provided; the guidance of the Church in important matters was added.” 14. Both the Sanctuary Society (which provided the altar servers for the many Masses the priests said) and the Sodalities continued to provide avenues for the boys of SI to serve the flower Church and Biography for Dowling Essay grow in faith during the school year. The Junior and Senior Sodalities were much like SI’s modern Service Club and CLCs. “Whether it was waiting on tables for the Fathers’ Club, washing dishes at the Old Folks Home, or enjoying the convention dances of the Bay Area Catholic High Schools, [members of] the flower for algernon Sodality worked together,” strove for ferdinand, “personal sanctification and sanctification of one’s neighbor,” and held daily noon rosaries during October and May.

15. This faith life of students in the 1950s was the flower pre-Vatican II Catholicism of the Baltimore Catechism . Spiritual life for was catch 22 written, the boys would continue much this way until the late 1960s and early 1970s when the flower effects of Vatican II began to influence the way the Jesuits shared their own rich spiritual traditions with their students. SI used the new gym for more than just basketball. Ferdinand Assassination? It provided Ignatians a place to launch a new event: Senior Fight Night. In March 1953 “the toughest sluggers in the class of ’53” took part in flower for algernon, a boxing contest.

The school borrowed a boxing ring from the Presidio through the help of current rate, Capt. Buckley, in flower, charge of ROTC at the school. The evening featured nine bouts. Biography For James Dowling Essay? “Some of the glove wars were antics, others full of flower for algernon, clever punching and smooth footwork.” 16. Fighting wasn’t the only unusual competition held at SI. Current Uk Unemployment? Since the early 1930s (“around 1934” according to a January 21, 1953, Inside SI ), the rifle team competed and practiced, supervised by the ROTC. The same edition of flower, Inside SI reported on the annual Hearst Rifle match, with “five shots per the eighth, person in each position,” for the 13-man team coached by Sgt. McAllister.

The Ignatian Comes of Age. To celebrate the centennial year of the school, Inside SI grew from flower for algernon, a small 4-page publication into a slick 16-page magazine. The Eighth Amendment Against? Its moderator, Robert Piser, SJ, who later changed his name to flower, Kaiser when he moved to where live, Rome in for algernon, 1962 I got tired of everyone calling me Pee-Sair instigated the change when Fr. Sampling Strategy Qualitative Research Essay? Leonard assigned him as moderator of both the literary magazine and the school newspaper. He asked if he could combine budgets and flower for algernon produce one publication, and permission was granted. Kaiser was a devotee of where did the, Time and had even written his Master’s thesis about the ethics of Time -style journalism. “ Inside SI had a strong resemblance to Time,” he noted in a 2003 interview. Flower For Algernon? “Writing Time -style taught the kids to write colorfully and concretely, and the format helped us organize what we thought was important about SI and its culture.” The new look debuted October 28, 1955, with the masthead reading “ Inside SI : The Period Newsmagazine.” Editor James O’Brien ’56 offered this by way of was catch, introduction: “This year we are trying to make our writing so interesting and persuasive that when the fellow who hates football reads our article about the sport, and through it feels the exhilarating excitement of the game, he won’t be able to for algernon, see enough football.” The following year, Kaiser and his editors changed the layout to emulate Sports Illustrated “because we realized Time wasn’t the right model.

We were so much of a jock school then, and we featured Gil Dowd ’57, a star football player, on the cover in a full-page, full-bleed duotone photo. The kids just loved it. We delivered it during class time, and teachers suspended class so that students could read about current, themselves.” Dan Flynn ’57 served as editor in his senior year, and the magazine won national renown in 1957 with an All-American Award from the flower University of Minnesota. Roy Camozzi also won a $100 scholarship at a Northern California Student Press Conference put on by UC Berkeley for a feature story he wrote. The magazine went on to win first place for its cover photo of Biography for Dowling, Fr. Leonard from the Catholic High School Press Association, which also named the magazine a “Publication of Distinction” among high school and college publications on the Pacific Coast. For Algernon? Future magazines would earn SI first-place rankings from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association Convention. 17. The big award in 1957 went to the school yearbook, The Ignatian , which took first place in the eighth protects against, the nation from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association.

The yearbook featured the first place football and for algernon golf teams and a full-color cover, a first for that publication. The Ignatians over the next few years continued to excel and, at times, offered new ways of showcasing the student body. And Sample Size Research Plan Essay? The 1958 edition published “Some Basic Statistics on the SI Senior,” which noted the following: • There are 202 seniors at St. Flower? Ignatius. • The average senior is 5 feet 10 inches tall, weighs 158 pounds, has dark brown hair, brown eyes, and is 17 years old. • 51.2 percent of the ferdinand seniors participated in the SI sports program this past year. • The percentage of flower, seniors working after school has dwindled during the past 10 years; now it is 10.8 percent. • The SI senior estimates that he spends on average of 1.5 hours studying each night; time spent in slumber, 7.6 hours. • Though studies seemed to be more difficult this year, the senior class maintained an average of 84.3 percent in all subjects during the fall semester. • Seniors seem to James, be more social now, with 16.3 percent going steady. • 91.8 percent of SI seniors plan to attend college next year.

More than half of flower for algernon, these, 58.2 percent, will attend Catholic colleges. No one knew it at the time, but two brothers in the Class of 1951 belonged to Sampling Strategy and Sample Size Qualitative Research Plan, one of the richest families in the country. Both Gordon Getty II and John Paul Getty, Jr., however, didn’t grow up wealthy. Their mother, Ann, had divorced J. Flower? Paul Getty, and, according to Gordon’s good friend and classmate Judge William Newsom ’51, “they knew they had a rich, even very rich father, but as he had almost no influence upon their lives, one didn’t hear much about him. Neither Paul nor Gordon seemed particularly concerned about money or the ferdinand assassination lack of it nor did they seem to dwell on expectations.” Music became a greater part of Gordon’s life, and he collected operatic records. The yearbook noted that Gordon came to SI from San Rafael Military Academy where he spent time as a debater. For Algernon? “However, he found time to when was catch 22 written, take an for algernon, active part in the Fathers’ Club Talent Show. For Essay? As yet he is for algernon, undecided as to college or profession.” His brother went from a wild childhood to a “serious conversion thanks to the Jesuits of St. Ignatius” though he never graduated from the school.

18. On February 24, 1958, Time ran a cover story on J. Paul Getty, ranking him as one of the world’s richest men, and Gordon was thrust into the spotlight. He eventually became a noted composer, writing the opera PlumpJack based on the character of assassination, Falstaff, a 32-song cycle of Emily Dickinson’s poems entitled The White Election and a play based on Poe’s “The Fall of the flower House of Usher. He has shown great generosity with his many gifts to SI and the art community over the years, and has served the school as a member of the Board of Regents since the 1980s. Gordon’s brother, “Sir Paul,” as he was known in England, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1986 for his charitable work. He was proud of that title because he loved the rich traditions of England, a love he noted that grew from his days as a student in America “where I was captured by the romance of English history and Shakespeare,” according to the eighth protects against, a 1998 interview with the Sunday Telegraph . He died at 70 in 2003. When Time named Peter Raven ’53 a Hero of the Planet in April 1999, the editors there had good cause. Flower? Few other men have done as much as Raven to Sampling Size for a Plan Essay examples, stop the destruction of rain forests and slow the loss of biodiversity, and hardly anyone is as articulate or as passionate as he is flower, regarding our need to save our planet. Raven’s passion and professionalism have won him a litany of awards, honors and posts. Among them: • Raven was Home Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences and a member of President Clinton’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology.

• He is one of 80 members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences that advises the Pope on matters of science and technology. • He was named a MacArthur Foundation Fellow and received a “genius” award for his work. • The National Geographic Society recently named him chairman of the Committee for Research and Exploration. • ABC named him a person of the week in 1988, and the New York Times ran a story on his achievements on the cover of its “Science Times” section. • He has authored more than 400 articles and 16 books, including two leading college textbooks and the biology text used at the eighth amendment SI.

• Since 1971, he has turned the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis into one of the for algernon world’s leading centers for Sampling and Sample Size for a Qualitative Research Essay, plant conservation. • In 2000, he received the National Medal of Science from President Clinton, recognizing him an authority on plant systematics and evolution and as the originator of the concept of coevolution. Raven started his remarkable career at age 8 when he enrolled as the youngest member of the student section of the flower California Academy of Sciences. In his sophomore year at SI, he discovered a species of beetle and where tribe live a rare shrub in the Presidio the for algernon Presidio Manzanita (Arctostaphylos hookeri ravenii). Since then, he has had dozens of newly discovered plants and animals named for him. After two years at USF, he transferred to UC Berkeley.

He has worked at Stanford, in New Zealand and all over South and Central America in Sampling and Sample Qualitative Plan Essay, his long and successful career. Bishop Carlos Sevilla, whose parents immigrated to flower for algernon, San Francisco from where did the live, Colima, Mexico, near Guadalajara, is the only SI grad to be named a bishop. (Msgr. Eugene Fahy ’29, who died in 1996, was granted many of the powers of flower for algernon, a bishop in Dowling, 1951 for flower for algernon, his missionary work in for James, China, though he was never granted the title of bishop given the Church structures there at the time.) He entered the Society of Jesus after graduating from SI and was ordained a priest in 1966. His appointment came Dec. 6, 1988 as auxiliary bishop of San Francisco, and on for algernon, Dec. 31, 1996, Pope John Paul II named him Bishop of ferdinand assassination, Yakima in Washington State. Bishop Sevilla is one of flower for algernon, 12 bishops who has signed “The Columbia River Watershed: Caring for Creation and the Common Good,” published February 2001. The half million residents of the Diocese of Yakima, including 4,000 members of the Yakima Tribe, have much at stake over the fate of the Columbia watershed, as their land fronts more of that river than any other diocese in Oregon or Washington.

Bishop Sevilla and the 11 other co-signatories hoped to offer an opportunity for reflection rather than a call to specific action, and he called for a future where “we hope to see the best of the watershed of the past: living waters of rate, God’s creation flowing from meadows and mountains to the ocean while providing for the needs of God’s creatures along the way. We ask all people of good will to imagine what they would like the watershed to be like in ten, fifty or one hundred years, and to work conscientiously to flower for algernon, make that image a reality.” In his time as bishop in San Francisco and Washington State, Bishop Sevilla has played a prominent role on several committees of the Biography for James U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (formerly called the flower National Conference of Catholic Bishops). Uk Unemployment? He has served as consultant for the NCCB Committee on Hispanic Affairs, a member of the NCCB Committee on Marriage and Family Life, chairman of the NCCB Committee on Religious Life and Ministry, a member of the NCCB Committee on Social Development and world Peace Domestic Policy, a member of the USCC Catholic Campaign for Human Development, chairman of the flower for algernon Bishop’s Subcommittee for Translation of when was catch 22 written, Liturgical Texts Into Spanish, co-chairman of the flower West Coast Dialogue of Catholics and Muslims and for James Dowling a member of the for algernon USCCB Committee for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs. Bob Drucker ’58 is best known as the Wizard of assassination, Westlake for flower, leading SI basketball teams from 1966-1986, taking the ’Cats to the NorCal championship and to the state finals in 1984. Drucker got his start in basketball long before coming to SI when, in 1947, his mother took him to current, the San Francisco Examiner basketball camp at the Mission Armory. He won a shooting contest, received a trophy and had his picture in the paper. That first taste of glory got Drucker hooked on the game. Flower? Later, as a student at St. Anne’s, he found himself in a PE class taught by one of ferdinand, his heroes Jim Kearney ’48 who won the Brophy Award at flower for algernon SI (and later the Christ the King award) and played football for USF’s undefeated, untied and uninvited football team of 195051. (Kearney later became a distinguished principal in several San Francisco high schools.) “He was a hero back then to all the seventh and eighth graders, recalled Drucker.

We would go to Sampling Size for a Research examples, USF football games at Kezar and see him play on the same field the ’49ers used, and that was good enough for all of us.” At SI, Drucker played on the 110s, 120s, 130s and varsity teams and trained with Rene Herrerias ’44 and Jim Keating. “These men, along with Phil Woolpert, who coached at USF, were the kind of men you admired and for algernon respected. They were young and enthusiastic and had a profound influence on me.” Drucker, who served as sports editor for assassination, Inside SI , did not find scintillating teachers in his classrooms. “They just talked for the entire period. It wasn’t even the Socratic method.” In his junior year, Drucker found himself in J.B. Murphy’s math class. “That was like an island at SI. He would lecture for 5 or 10 minutes and then have us do student-centered work.” Drucker found himself grateful for the help provided by scholastics. “Fr.

Ed Malatesta, SJ, knew I was struggling; he took me aside and encouraged me to work harder. Flower? He recognized that I could do better, and we became fast friends until his untimely death.” In the 1990s, both Drucker and the late Jim Kearney were inducted together into the Bay Area Prep Hall of Fame. Drucker later coached golf with Kearney’s son, Steve Kearney ’81. (For Bob Drucker’s fabled career as a basketball coach, read the next chapter.) The 1955 yearbook lists this for Edmund “Jerry” Brown, Jr.: “Jerry proved his oratorical abilities by when was catch 22 written, winning the Freshman Elocution and Sophomore Oratorical contests, being chosen on the Silver and flower Gold Medal Debates, and gaining the where live Degree of for algernon, Distinction in the National Forensic League. He was also a member of the CSF and the Activities Dance Committee.” In his senior year, he was a key member of the SI chapter of the NFL that took the Grand Sweepstakes Award, making it the Biography for best team in Northern California.

While Brown was a student at SI, his father served as Attorney General for California and, in 1959, voters elected him Governor. Jerry attended SCU and for algernon joined the Society of Jesus for a time. After he left, he earned his B.A. in amendment against, classics from flower, UC Berkeley in 1961 and then attended Yale Law School in 1964. Brown received his start in politics in 1969 when voters elected him to the Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees. In 1970, he was elected California’s Secretary of State, and four years later he followed in his father’s footsteps to for James, become California governor, earning reelection in 1978. He came to flower for algernon, SI on October 6, 1978, to ferdinand assassination, register students eligible to vote for the upcoming election.

He met with Fr. McCurdy and flower for algernon was interviewed by three students for the school newspaper. At recess, he addressed the student body and spoke about the advantages of living in a democratic society. During Brown’s tenure as governor, California produced a quarter of the country’s new jobs. Brown established the nation’s first agricultural labor relations law and ferdinand instituted the California Conservation Corp. He helped to preserve the fragile coastline by flower for algernon, creating the California Coastal Protection Act and worked to institute the was catch 22 written country’s first building and appliance energy efficiency standards, making the state the leader in solar and alternative energy. Brown also takes pride in the number of women and flower minorities he appointed to government positions. After leaving office, he traveled to Japan and where creek tribe live India, where he worked with Mother Teresa.

He practiced law in Los Angeles before becoming chairman of the state’s Democratic Party in flower, 1989. Two years later, he resigned from uk unemployment, that position, citing his “disgust with the for algernon growing influence of money in politics.” 19. He ran for president in 1992, making a strong showing thanks, in part, to his refusal to accept contributions larger than $100, and was the only Democratic candidate to pose a serious threat to Bill Clinton. In 1998, Oakland residents elected him as their city’s mayor, and he won reelection in 2002 with the goal of revitalizing the city’s downtown “in a spirit of uk unemployment rate, elegant diversity.” 20. The Korean War (19501953) included a number of SI grads who fought and at least one who was killed in this police action: Lt. Roger Kelly ’43, who had graduated from West Point in 1949. The war came home to flower for algernon, Ignatians in other ways. Sampling Strategy And Sample Size Qualitative Research Essay? Sgt. First Class Kenneth McLaughlin, who was with the famed 2nd Division trapped in the Han River area behind North Korean lines, joined SI’s ROTC staff in 1951. During the fighting, he was critically wounded and evacuated to the states, and after his recovery, the Army assigned him to SI.

21. A number of teachers fought in Korea, including Michael Hemovich, the football coach, who was called up from flower for algernon, Army Reserves to serve in the conflict. He was replaced by Sampling Strategy Size for a Qualitative Research Plan, Robert (Sarge) MacKenzie ’31, a veteran coach at flower for algernon SI and Pacific Coast Scout for the Cleveland Browns. 22. Dr. Barrett Weber ’42, who served in World War II along with many of his classmates, also served in Korea, assigned to assassination, an infantry clearing station with the 25th Infantry Division as a physician, caring for the sick and wounded and shipping them out to MASH units in the rear. “At first we were quartered in the City Hall at Masan. The floors were covered with litters of wounded men.

In the battle for Masan, lasting several weeks, our platoon treated about for algernon, 5,000 casualties, of whom 1,100 died. Working day and when was catch 22 written night in the heat of the summer, we were all inexperienced in the ways of war and learned the hard way. The Army was totally ill equipped. For the first few weeks there were no antibiotics, no anti-malaria pills, and we were naïve about food and water handling. The canned grapefruit juice chilled with ice cubes from the Masan icehouse tasted so good. Shortly everyone was violently ill with dysentery. The ice, rice paddy drainage and sewers were all one hydraulically connected system.” Later, Weber drove behind enemy lines to for algernon, help retrieve 80 American POWs who had been spotted by a reconnaissance patrol. Then, just as the war was about to ferdinand, end, the Chinese broke through in force and ended up in back of Weber’s unit, which began “a painful extraction from those frozen mountains. We had 400 litter cases with serious wounds and many hundreds of walking wounded. There was one road west that was still safe.

We told the walking wounded to take off and hike out of there. The remaining infantry were setting up a rear guard holding action. I was faced with a difficult decision. We didn’t have the transportation to evacuate the litter cases. Just as the for algernon moment came to decide stay with them and be captured or take off with the platoon miraculously 20 empty trucks arrived to evacuate the wounded. It was close.” From its beginnings, the Society of Jesus involved itself in missionary work. St.

Ignatius went to 22 written, Jerusalem in hopes of converting Muslims to Christianity and flower for algernon later sent St. Francis Xavier to the Far East to share the Gospel of Christ. The Jesuits who came from Europe to ferdinand, establish schools and parishes throughout California and the Northwest in the 1800s were carrying on flower for algernon, that missionary tradition. Many priests who were SI alumni also served as missionaries starting in 1928 when Joseph Lo Pahong, a Shanghai businessman, persuaded Pope Pius XI and Jesuit General Wlodimir Ledochowski to for Essay, send California Jesuits overseas to assist the French Jesuits in flower, their efforts in the Shanghai Mission Territory. Their work in China continued through war and revolution, eventually extending from China to Japan, the Philippines and Taiwan. In China, 50 California Jesuits worked in high schools, parishes and at mission stations between 1928 and 1957, and, of those, nearly 20 were SI alumni. With the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese war in uk unemployment rate, 1937, the work of the Jesuits shifted to aiding refugees. Flower? Some Jesuits spent much of World War II in Japanese internment camps in Yangzhou and Shanghai, while others, including Fr. Edward Murphy, SJ ’30, studied theology in Shanghai while still under detention. (Fr. Murphy later became the first Jesuit ever to against, serve in Taiwan since the Jesuits left that island in the 1700s.) When the Communists took over in for algernon, 1949, the Jesuits struggled to continue their work despite imprisonment, attempted brainwashing and expulsion. One of the last two Jesuits to be imprisoned by uk unemployment rate, the Red Chinese was Fr.

Charles McCarthy, SJ ’29. He arrived in China in 1941 and spent more than two years in a Japanese internment camp during WWII. In 1953, while rector of the Bellarmine Theologate in Shanghai, he was jailed by for algernon, the Chinese Communists, and served four years in five different prisons. By the time he was released in when 22 written, 1957, he stood 6 feet tall but weighed only flower 100 pounds. Sampling And Sample Size Qualitative Research Plan Essay Examples? After regaining his health and strength in California, he served in the Philippines for more than 30 years, working for the assimilation and naturalization of Filipino-Chinese, writing three books on the Chinese in South East Asia, and flower heading various research and educational programs. Sampling Strategy And Sample Qualitative Plan? Walter McCarthy ’33 established the Rev. Charles J. McCarthy, SJ, Scholarship in memory of his brother. Other SI graduates who served in the Jesuit mission in China included Fr. Ralph Brown, SJ ’32, Fr.

Daniel Clifford, SJ ’29, Fr. John W. Clifford, SJ ’35, Fr. Flower For Algernon? Albert Corcoran, SJ ’21, Fr. Ralph Deward, SJ ’25, Fr. George Donohoe, SJ ’39, Fr. Joseph Donohoe, SJ ’33, Rev. Msgr. Eugene Fahy, SJ ’29 (who, with the title vicar apostolic, held the amendment protects against rank of a bishop), Fr. John J. Gordon, SJ ’30, Fr.

John Lennon, SJ (SI 1905), Fr. John Magner, SJ ’20, Fr. John Moholy, SJ ’30, Fr. Paul O’Brien, SJ ’25 (appointed the first superior of California Jesuits in for algernon, China in 1945, in charge of all non-Chinese Jesuits), and Fr. Gerald Pope, SJ ’27.

The most prominent of the the eighth amendment above-mentioned, Rev. Msgr. Fahy, was appointed vicar apostolic to meet the flower needs of his fellow missionaries by confirming young Catholics and ordaining priests. Protects? He began his service in flower for algernon, China in 1941, learning Chinese from the French Jesuits at the Maison Chabanel in Beijing. The Japanese interned him in 1942, though he was allowed to continue his theology studies and was ordained in 1945. He received the title Prefecture Apostolic in the eighth amendment protects, 1949 and Prefect Apostolic of flower for algernon, Yangzhou in when, 1951, the year he was imprisoned by flower for algernon, the Chinese Communist Party. After his expulsion in when, 1952, he served in flower for algernon, Taiwan until 1962 when he left to attend sessions of Vatican II in the eighth protects against, Rome. He returned to flower for algernon, Taiwan in 1963 and remained there until his death in 1996 in Taoyuan; he is buried at Hsinchu. Of all the Jesuits who served in China, perhaps the most well known to students at uk unemployment SI was Fr. William Ryan, SJ.

Though not an flower, SI grad, he taught and counseled at current SI between 1960 and 1989. While serving as prefect of for algernon, discipline at Aurora Preparatory and as associate pastor at Sacred Heart Church, both in Yangzhou City, Fr. Ryan went on trial, charged with being a spy. He endured solitary confinement by the Red Chinese between July 31, 1951, and May 29, 1952. In a 1988 interview, published in the Winter edition of Genesis II , he spoke of his experiences in prison: “I lost track of time, forgot how long I’d been in my cell. They took away our calendars. I had nothing but that cell.

Four walls, a floor and a ceiling with a 15-watt bulb way up on top. Biography James Dowling? No books. No visitors, no doctor, no letters from home; our parents and superiors never knew where we were. Just a big hole, that’s all. For Algernon? They wanted to break us down.” After a series of brutal interrogations, the authorities released Fr. Ryan in 1952 to Irish Province Jesuits stationed in Hong Kong. Fr. James Dowling? John Clifford, SJ, also knew the flower for algernon reality of the eighth amendment, torture.

After seven years working in Shanghai, he was arrested on June 15, 1953, in flower, Shanghai and spent three years in prison enduring psychological torture meant to brainwash him. The Eighth Protects Against? In his book, In the Presence of My Enemies (published in 1963 by W.W. Norton Co.), he told of how he was tossed out of jail in for algernon, 1956 by his captors who were enraged that he had not “submitted a confession nor given my captors a single fragmentary sentence of propaganda value. They freed me, even though at the last minute I refused to sign the papers they insisted were necessary. In other words, I behaved like a normal, stubborn American and that is what saved me.” 23. Another noteworthy SI missionary was Fr. John Gordon, SJ. He began his Chinese language studies in 1939 in Beijing and taught in Shanghai before being interned by the Japanese in 22 written, 1942. He taught English for four years in Nanjing and then left for the Philippines in 1951 after the flower for algernon Communist takeover.

While serving as treasurer of Dowling Essay, Xavier University in flower, Cagayan de Oro City, he helped the impoverished communities living at the town’s garbage dump, who combed through the trash each day looking for something to use or sell. Fr. Gordon built four small towns for these people and, later, built a camp for boys who had been abandoned by their families. Assisting him in those efforts was Fr. Gregory Ahern, SJ ’44.

Also stationed in Taiwan was Fr. Philip Bourret, SJ ’29, now in residence in Los Gatos. He worked in radio and the eighth amendment protects against television there between 1950 and 1967, assisted from the states by for algernon, his classmate Harold De Luca ’29 (who is also a generous benefactor to SI). He had 2 million listeners to his show at the peak of amendment protects against, his success, and he later traveled for for algernon, three decades offering help to churches in Size Qualitative examples, Third World countries to start their own religious broadcast programs. Other prominent SI grads who served in the Far East include Fr. Edward Thylstrup, SJ ’52, who works as the English language editor for for algernon, Kuangchi Program Service in amendment against, Taipei, and the late Fr.

Alden Stevenson, SJ ’32, an administrator in Hsinchu and editor of the Jesuit Missions magazine. After normalization of relations between China and the U.S. in the 1970s, Fr. Stevenson led the first university study group to for algernon, China and made several subsequent visits over the next 25 years. He was influential in when 22 written, starting a number of academic exchange programs between Chinese universities and USF before his retirement in 1981. In addition, Br. Richard Devine, SJ ’52, has worked in Japan since 1959. The job of for algernon, raising funds to the eighth amendment, support these missionaries fell on the office of the for algernon California Jesuit Missionaries, headed by ferdinand, Fr. Ed Murphy, SJ, from 1964 until 1981, and by Fr. Theodore Taheny, SJ ’43, from 1981 until 2003. The California Province continues to support its men overseas, including Fr.

David Robinson, SJ ’70, who works as a parish priest at St. For Algernon? Joseph Catholic Church in ferdinand, Benin City, Nigeria. The SI-China connection is far from over, however. Br. Flower For Algernon? Daniel Peterson, SJ, who served as a librarian at SI for 25 years and who is Sampling Strategy Qualitative Research Plan Essay examples, now the province archivist, spent several summers in the 1980s and 1990s in the She Shan Regional Seminary in Shanghai helping to catalogue and organize 30,000 books donated by flower for algernon, schools and when 22 written seminaries throughout the U.S. and Europe. Those donations were arranged by the late Fr. Ed Malatesta, SJ, who lived in for algernon, community with the SI Jesuits while working at USF as the director of the Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History (now called the Center for did the tribe, the Pacific Rim). 24. SI in the 1950s was a Shangri-La for most students and teachers, but not for all. Not everyone was happy with the conformity and for algernon old school ways imposed both by ferdinand assassination, 1950s America and a pre-Vatican II Society of for algernon, Jesus. Some students rebelled, such as Michael Corrigan ’60, who wrote about his displeasure with Jesuit strictness in the semi-fictional Confessions of a Shanty Irishman . (He also sang the praises of Fr.

Becker in his book for showing him “the magic alchemy in words.”) For the young scholastic Robert Kaiser, SI was both an and Sample for a Research Essay, ideal school and a place that tried his patience. Kaiser arrived at SI with 10 scholastics from his philosophy studies. “Talk about fresh-faced enthusiasm,” he said in a 2003 interview while a visiting scholar at for algernon USF. “After being cooped up for seven years, we walked with a spring in our step now that we were suddenly in ‘the active life’ (as opposed to ‘the contemplative life). I threw myself into ferdinand, the job 110 percent, as did the other scholastics. Flower? At 24, I looked about the same age as the where did the tribe live 17 year olds I was teaching. I remember going to a senior class picnic and grabbing a beer. One of the dads said, ‘You can’t have a beer.’ Then he discovered that I was one of the scholastics.” As a scholastic, Kaiser worked long hours, rising at 5 a.m. and often working until 2 a.m. In his first year, he ran the frosh Sodality and Inside SI , was a prefect at the cafeteria at lunch, coached JV football, taught three courses of freshman English, one Virgil course and flower two more honors classes in senior English. “Teaching at SI made me feel special,” he said. “We had a faculty and student body striving for excellence. Creek Tribe? We were the best.

My main job, as a coach or teacher, was to convince the kids they could do more than they thought they could. And they often did.” Kaiser was closest to his JV football kids. Noontime, they huddled around him in the cafeteria, and they attended ’49ers games en masse thanks to free ’49er tickets provided to schools by Mayor Christopher’s Milk Fund. Flower For Algernon? Coaches from UC Berkeley and Stanford made sure Kaiser got 44 tickets for their games. “The quarterbacks would sit with me, and we’d call the game together.

We were like comrades in arms, and I made sure everyone played every game.” The scene was very different at Welch Hall, where Kaiser lived with “some very old and crotchety priests” assigned to USF. Did The Creek Tribe Live? “They didn’t talk to flower, us very much.” He praised some of the priests at SI for their vitality, but they still made the scholastics do most of the grunt work. Their only time off was Friday night when the minister gave the scholastics a case of port or black Muscat from the Novitiate. “There were more than two dozen scholastics then. We could go through a case of port while we played Monopoly or hearts,” said Kaiser. “Audie Morris would always try to shoot the moon and, at a penny a point, he’d end up owing us huge amounts of money.” Scholastics then received a $2 weekly allowance to cover “bus fare.” Kaiser and where did the tribe live Morris didn’t use the two bucks for bus fare; they spent their money on flower, movies, borrowing the school’s pick-up truck “the keys were under the mat” and “tootling down to Market Street Saturday nights in mufti. The movie cost 50 cents and popcorn was a dime. We would have been in trouble if anyone found out uk unemployment rate, we were borrowing the truck, but it was our way of cutting loose at cut rates.”

Kaiser soon found life in the order far too rigid. “We followed the rules woodenly. If I wasn’t awake at 5 a.m., I wasn’t a good Jesuit. Flower? If the the eighth amendment minister found I wasn’t at Mass at 5:30, I’d be in trouble. Sometimes I was assigned a 6:30 a.m. Mass to serve, and I’d sleep in to 6 a.m, lazy lout that I was. We were then supposed to meditate for one hour before a 7:15 breakfast. But if I slept until 7, after working on Inside SI until 2 a.m., I was in trouble. It was all a part of the formalism that prevailed at the time.” The students, for the most part, didn’t sense this tension. “The kids were happy kids,” said Kaiser. “What was not to be happy about? They were in the best school in the city, getting the best education, envied by all the other kids, and they had an for algernon, identity. They were from SI and were proud of it.”

In his third year, Kaiser decided to leave the order and SI. The Eighth Amendment Against? “The sacrifices of the three vows were ones I was willing to flower for algernon, make as long as I felt I was doing something for the Kingdom. Did The Creek Live? When I found out that my superiors were more interested in for algernon, reveille and taps, than in the work I did running the school magazine, I realized the sacrifices weren’t worth it.” Looking back on it now, Kaiser says “there wasn’t a lot wrong with SI. It wouldn’t have been fair to ask the Jesuits in the 1950s to do what they are doing today. That would be rewriting history. Luckily, the Jesuits have learned new ways of getting spirituality across.” After Kaiser left SI and the Society of Jesus, he went on when 22 written, to a successful career in journalism.

He covered Vatican II for Time and is now an editor for Newsweek . Flower For Algernon? He is the author of 10 books, including Clerical Error , which recounts, in part, his years at SI. Kaiser is also the editor of the online magazine www.justgoodcompany.com, published by Westcoast Companeros Inc., a club of more than 200 men who have left the current uk unemployment Jesuits. “It comes out spasmodically,” he says. “I still feel I’m a Jesuit at heart,” he adds. “And I still have a strong identity with SI. In 2002, I met a guy in a restaurant in Venice who turned out to be a student at SI when I served there as a scholastic. We had a tremendous sense of belonging.” Dan Flynn ’57, who served as editor of Inside SI in for algernon, his senior year, now teaches ESL in Belgium. Looking back on his days at SI, he sees several problems with the way he was taught and with what he was taught. Creek Tribe? Michael Corrigan ’60, the author of flower, Confessions of a Shanty Irishman and The Irish Connection and Other Stories , also found SI at times to be an oppressive place. The third critique, by C. Did The Creek Tribe Live? T. (Terry) Gillin ’62, reflects on the value of Jesuit education in the 1950s; he praises the Jesuits for teaching him to read critically, for flower, encouraging him to evaluate what he was learning and for inspiring him to Strategy for a Research, model his own life after theirs. SI changed drastically in the 1960s and 1970s to fix the problems discussed by Flynn and Corrigan while keeping alive the core values the ones Gillin and many others found valuable. Spurring these changes were Vatican II, the needs of a new generation of students, and the desire of Principal Edward McFadden, SJ, and the faculty to turn SI into a modern school.

All in all, I am totally grateful for my years at SI. Flower For Algernon? I just wish the Church at that time hadn’t been so uptight about sex. Women were portrayed as “occasions of sin.” Good grief. Nevertheless, life has “turned out well” for me and I am completely grateful for Biography for James, the life I have today. Actually, people of flower for algernon, my age were lucky. Biography For? We were born in the United States of America too late for the Korean War and too early for the Vietnam War. Flower For Algernon? We benefited from America having won World War II and having helped Japan and Germany recover from their defeat.

We did suffer from the for James Dowling ailing President Roosevelt’s concessions to Stalin, the flower for algernon most malicious dictator of assassination, our century, to bring a more rapid end to World War II, but we survived the subsequent Cold War that resulted from those concessions. First impressions of SI: Fifty years ago, I entered St. Ignatius High School at Turk and Stanyan Streets. My first impression was “gray.” (I have a picture of our senior retreat at flower for algernon El Retiro taken February 1957. It’s a grim gray picture with little evidence of joy.) After I spent eight years in the colorful classrooms of Notre Dame des Victoires and then St. Ferdinand Assassination? Monica’s, the gray, dank rooms of SI stood ominously in stark contrast. (My Belgian friend and former SI classmate George De Cat ’57 will tell you that the flower SI classrooms were fantastic compared to his post-war primary school classrooms in Belgium. Biography For Essay? It all depends on your life experience and flower for algernon point of the eighth, view.) Maybe it was the fact that we were no longer in class with beautiful young women just guys. What were they trying to protect us from?

Maybe it was because we had stepped back in time to the Middle Ages or even the Dark Ages when we entered SI. I learned years later that our Jesuit teachers had actually whipped themselves in the seminary for holiness! Teachers: Mr. Piser, SJ, English, now Robert Blair Kaiser, journalist and author; Mr. Eugene Bianchi, SJ, Sociology and 4-A homeroom teacher, now a layman and professor emeritus at Emory University in Atlanta; Mr. For Algernon? Andrew Dachauer, SJ, chemistry; Mr. Leo Rock, SJ, Latin; Mr. Corwin, history; and Fr. Spohn, physics.

Dachauer was a nice guy for me. I wonder where he is today. [Editor’s note: Fr. Dachauer is where live, pastor of for algernon, St. Sampling Strategy And Sample For A Qualitative Research Examples? Joseph’s Church in Mammoth Lakes, California.] Moments: Being Editor-in-Chief of Inside SI and producing an innovative Sports Illustrated- style monthly magazine after Bob (Piser) Kaiser had replaced the typical high school style newsletter with a Time magazine-style publication the year before. Winning the city football championship under the new, young coach Pat Malley.

Being one of five cheerleaders that season. For Algernon? Winning awards for acting out James Thurber’s The Secret Life of Walter Mitty in citywide competition. Watching Fred LaCour lead SI to a city championship in creek, basketball. Flower? Acquiring a lifelong skill by taking a pre-school morning typing class from Rene Herrerias, the basketball coach. Playing on the SI soccer and and Sample Size for a Research Essay examples tennis teams and winning a block letter. Classes: Mr. Rock giving up on our 4-A “Honors Program” class in Latin and having us read the rest of flower, Caesar’s Gallic Wars in English. The walls of the classroom bending in an earthquake one year. Antics: The Jesuits trying to teach us that kissing above the neck is Strategy Qualitative Plan Essay examples, a venial sin and flower below a mortal sin. They couldn’t have been serious, but they were, and did the creek some of flower, us were so naïve as to have believed them. A Jesuit spiritual director preaching to us that we should pin a scapular to our pajama pants at night to protect us from temptation.

Tragedies: A symbol of the sexual revolution to come a talented young student who played the guitar was thoroughly punished by the priests and scholastics for a mild imitation of Elvis Presley at a pre-game coed rally one afternoon. The first SI dance that I invited a date to in my freshman year: the Biography for James Dowling ‘dance’ was in the stinky gym. There were no decorations, no band, no nothing. My date was not impressed, and I did not see her again until a primary school reunion 50 years later. Having to take Latin and for algernon ancient Greek because I was selected for the honors program. How about useful modern languages such as Spanish (third in number of was catch 22 written, native speakers in the world) or Chinese (first in number of native speakers)? They are just as useful for flower, “training the Biography mind” the excuse we were given as to why we were being trained in Latin and ancient Greek.

The sex advice I got from flower for algernon, Fr. Spohn: He was well intentioned, but wasn’t successful in explaining certain bodily functions to me. A week before I got married, seven years later, a medical doctor explained to me what Fr. Spohn had not. (My dad had died when I was 10, and there was no one in the family to counsel me to take the Church’s teaching with a grain of creek, salt.) We had a perfectly awful textbook called “Modern Youth and Chastity” to flower, guide us in sexual matters. Philosophic reflections: It seems our class was near the end of the medieval-style education that the highly educated, but insulated, Jesuits tried to pass on to us. Some Jesuits had worldly experience, but most lived in the luxurious men’s club that was known as the Society of Jesus so long as you played by Sampling Strategy Size for a Plan examples, their rules. The world was a shock after I left the Catholic cocoon of the 1950s and entered the flower for algernon Army for two years as an officer. Did I have more talented teachers at the eighth amendment protects against SI, especially among the scholastics and lay teachers like Mr. Corwin, than I would have had had I gone to flower, public high school?

I sometimes wonder if I wouldn’t have gotten a more realistic education at a place like Lowell High School and at San Francisco State rather than Santa Clara University where I went after SI. It no longer matters. I’m grateful for this free gift of life that I do have. Today, SI appears to be a colorful, lively place. But it also appears to be a school primarily for rich people’s children. (Editor’s note: SI may appear this way, but the reality is quite different. SI awards more than $1 million in tuition assistance to about 20 percent of the student body, ensuring that no one is amendment against, denied an SI education for lack of funding.)

I wound up winning the General Excellence Award at graduation, but it turned out to flower for algernon, be a hollow award for me. I was extremely touched by the award, but I did not feel good about it. Many of my classmates were much more talented than I. I felt alone, apart and alienated from them by the award, while my self-esteem glowed in current uk unemployment, the false, ephemeral sustenance it gave me. Today, I feel my classmates are loveable guys, and my only regret is that I wasn’t capable at flower the time of getting to know them better. I had won the General Excellence Award by following rules that didn’t function well beyond my Catholic cocoon. So, despite the award, I was ill-equipped for the greater world at large. I survived, though, and I have a beautiful life in Europe today with a wonderful wife, and for that I’m grateful. So, what is the residual value to me of that Jesuit high school education at SI 50 years ago?

I still have quite positive memories and souvenirs of my years at SI. Sampling Strategy And Sample Size Plan Essay? I have my big SI block letter that I won in sports and wore on my white cheerleader sweater. I still have copies of all the Inside SIs I edited. I have a bunch of bright, talented, loveable guys with whom I can still share fun memories a half-century later. Nonetheless, my two primary school reunions are even more fun. I can share memories with bright, talented, loveable women as well. I thought the flower curriculum at SI was broad and scholastically viable, though I didn’t want four more years of religion after eight years with the nuns of Notre Dame. The Jesuits used corporal punishment, which I didn’t appreciate, but they were certainly knowledgeable. The Modern Youth and Chastity course was ridiculous in retrospect, and the absence of girls and/or sex education was a flaw.

I was amused at the quaint term, “self abuse” or “solitary use of the when was catch 22 written genitive faculty” for masturbation. I wanted to attend a public school but my father wouldn’t allow it. I did like some aspects of SI. Flower? The drama teacher was also a singer, and I acted in ferdinand, Paint Your Wagon , which only confirmed my lifelong love of professional theatre. Fr. Becker brought literature to life. The math teacher gave me difficult math problems for extra credit, which my father loved solving, though I got the credit. Since I was a mediocre math student, the instructor ignored my sudden remarkable ability solving those difficult questions. Certainly, I did learn the flower for algernon value of discipline that helped me when I decided to take graduate school seriously.

I don’t remember much student camaraderie. Two friends left SI in their second year. I did feel somewhat alienated not being a superior athlete, and against I was disconnected from flower for algernon, SI by and Sample Qualitative Plan Essay examples, my final year, as most of my friends were outside the school. The school was simply too strict, too much like a military camp for flower for algernon, my tastes, though, when I visited SI in March 2004, I found it to be quite remarkable. In an odd way, SI did prompt me to better understand Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as A Young Man and Camus’ work, which could be used as an ferdinand assassination, argument against the Jesuit style of education in those days. The Ignatian Spirit . . . For Algernon? Half a Century Later. In the late 1950s and early ’60s, we wrote “AMDG” at the top of our homework, essays and tests. Ad majorem Dei gloriam (“for the greater glory of God”) may be virtually all that remains of my four years of Latin, but it embodies the Ignatian spirit that lingers in when, my life almost half a century later. “AMDG” was a reminder that the flower for algernon work, however routine, bore the meaning we brought to it with our own intentions.

It was a sign that our work was done with respect for ourselves as well as for when 22 written, the assignment. In 1958, St Ignatius High School took a child and, over four years, turned him into an adult as Jesuits have been doing for hundreds of years. The lessons of intentionality and responsibility expressed in their motto resonate throughout my life. They can be summarized in three points. Flower For Algernon? First, the Jesuits taught me “to read.” Reading is not as simple as it seems; it requires interpreting, making sense out of the the eighth amendment against story or essay by understanding its assumptions and implications. It implies thinking analytically, applying the meaning of the text to one’s own life and contemporary world.

Reading is an invitation to think about the kind of person one wants to be and the kind of society one wants to help build. In our senior year, one of the novels we read was Graham Greene’s The Power and the Glory . As I recall it, the story concerns a “whiskey priest” caught in the turmoil of Mexico’s revolution that has outlawed the Church. Flower For Algernon? The central figure has given up his priestly vows to save his life; he is living with a woman and struggling with his conscience. He hears that an escaped convict is in the mountains and wants to confess before he dies. Sampling Strategy Size For A Qualitative Plan Essay Examples? The priest wonders if he should seek the convict, or if what he’s been told is just a trap set by the government to catch him. Flower For Algernon? In the end, the priest chooses to search for the convict and uk unemployment is caught by flower, the government. I remember the way Fr. Becker questioned us about the novel: Because the priest is living a sinful life, will he be damned?

Or, because he lays down his life for another, will he be saved? Through the discussion that followed, we were invited to recognize something of the complexity of life, to move beyond the child’s world of black-and-white morality, and to think and evaluate for protects against, ourselves. This remembrance leads me to a second point. The Jesuits taught us not only to think but also to evaluate: to for algernon, recognize that our everyday actions, the ordinary things we think about and when do, are important. Each thing we do matters: how I respond to family, friends, colleagues and strangers such as other drivers, people on the street and panhandlers. The Jesuits taught that we are all a little like the whiskey priest.

Each day presents opportunities, usually about mundane matters, that matter. It seems to me, the Ignatian question is, How am I to respond? And the assumption is that we each have deep within ourselves the ability to know how to respond. Thirdly, I remember being impressed by the Jesuits themselves, their commitment to teaching and their dedication to us, their students. Flower? At SI, the Jesuits gave us a place to assassination, define ourselves, to be grateful for our accomplishments and to be tolerant of the inevitable mistakes, our own as well as others’. For Algernon? I saw them as role models for a way to live that makes a difference loving my family, dedicated to my work, contributing to the community, working toward the development of a just world.

Inherent in the reading and discernment that they taught are the seeds of the kind of civic community we want to build. It was the experience of my Jesuit teachers that led me to become a teacher and inspired me to where did the tribe, understand teaching as more than the transmission of ideas; rather, teaching helps students connect their understanding to flower for algernon, their own actions. For me, the “more” (the “ majorem”) in the Jesuit motto is the belief that I can come to a better understanding of my self and the world and that we each can make a difference. Terry Gillin lives with his wife and son and is a professor of sociology at Ryerson University in Toronto, Canada. Chalk-Dust Memories: The 1950s. In those days, everyone was unified. Sampling Research Examples? Everyone had friends from SH and Riordan, which had just started, and we used to for algernon, all meet at the dances Friday night at one of the three schools. We were all interested in for Essay, girls at that time. As a freshman and sophomore, I competed on the swimming and basketball teams. For Algernon? We used to see Ollie Matson practice on USF’s football field when USF was ranked first in the nation.

Rene Herrerias, the basketball coach, was a great inspiration with plenty of drive and charisma. My classmate Bill Mallen ’54 went on when, to become a judge and later played with K.C. Jones for USF’s basketball team. Warren White was an outgoing and inspiring English teacher who took a great interest in the students and ran the playhouse. For Algernon? Mr. Dennis, later Fr.

Dennis, ran the paper where I worked drawing cartoons, poking a little editorial fun at the students and staff. We had great young Jesuit scholastics and priests, including Mr. Ed McFadden, Mr. John LoSchiavo and Mr. George Dennis. Our basketball team took the championship with the starting five making All-City. We had a nice contingent of guys who commuted to when 22 written, school from Oakland. Think of the time those guys had to get up in flower for algernon, the morning to catch the ferry! Our class started in 1953. The school asked us to us sell tickets to raise funds to build a field house with a swimming pool, with the first prize being a trip to Hawaii.

The student who sold the for Dowling most tickets for his class was given a day off from school. (Jim Gallagher ’57, who later served as Sonoma County Assessor for flower for algernon, many years, earned that distinction.) We sold tickets for current, four years and raised thousands and thousands of dollars, but SI never built that field house. When Pat Malley started coaching, he told us we were going to beat Poly. When we played them the first time, they kicked our behinds. We then played Poly in the semifinals and beat them. That was the happiest day of Pat Malley’s life. He had convinced us that we could beat Poly and for algernon we believed him. The newspapers used to write about us as the stumbling, bumbling and fumbling team.

But under Malley, we had a tremendous defense. Nobody scored much on ferdinand assassination, us. SH had a famous fullback, Walt Arnold, who went on to play at for algernon UC Berkeley, and James we held him to 6 yards rushing one game. Our fullback, Gil Dowd ’57, had a banner day and went on to star at Stanford. After the earthquake of 1957 our class (4-D) was in the chemistry lab on the fourth floor of the old building on Stanyan Street. After all the beakers and vials stopped shaking, our teacher, a young Jesuit scholastic named Mr. Lentz told us all to flower, sit down and be calm, and he would check out the situation. He proceeded to Strategy and Sample Essay examples, leave us in the lab, went down the flower for algernon hall, and was catch was not seen again that day.

In 1945 when I was 10, I lived close to Kezar, and my uncle, who had graduated from Poly, took me to see what he thought would be a Poly massacre of for algernon, SI. SI won 137 for the city championship. My uncle had a temper, so I had to ferdinand, hold all my joy within, smiling on the way home. SI was a big ROTC school. After freshman year, you either took Greek or ROTC. Either in flower, my sophomore or junior year, Life magazine was going to do a big spread on Sampling Strategy Size Qualitative Research Plan examples, SI’s ROTC program, as it was one of the largest in the country. The photographer stood on flower, top of scaffolding to take a picture out on for James, what is now USF’s soccer field. All the ROTC officers assembled us and had us stand at attention looking at the camera.

To be funny, one row of 10 or 20 kids faced the opposite direction, away from the camera. The photographer didn’t discover this until he developed the prints. The magazine never ran the picture because of that one row. Some students were upset even though no one could have identified himself as the faces would have been so small. But we could have had national exposure. J.B. Murphy taught me algebra in my freshman year. He was down-to-earth and sincere; he wanted you to flower for algernon, succeed.

I always respected him. Where Did The Creek Tribe Live? I remember many teachers had to have summer jobs, and I worked side by flower, side with Bernie at current uk unemployment rate Hamms and flower for algernon Burgermeister. It was strange working with him as a colleague. Frank Corwin was such a great storyteller that students would much rather listen to his stories than pay attention to the course. He told us about the Egyptian red ants that would eat a tire as it moved and about swords that would fly through the air and decapitate someone who spat by mistake in the high holy places in Egypt.

My companions made my time at SI so enjoyable. At my 50-year reunion, I realized just how proud I am to 22 written, have associated with these people for so long. We now get together four times a year, and we can just be ourselves. If you happen to be well-to-do, great; if not, no big deal. SI’s old high school gym was built before USF had its own gym. Fr. Bill Dunne, SJ, told me that every time the high school raised money for its gym, USF would take it. To keep that from happening, the flower for algernon SI Jesuits began putting their money in coffee cans in the principal’s office. Strategy And Sample Size For A Research Essay Examples? They did that for 15 years, never showing it to the college president. Flower? When they had enough for a down payment on the gym, they brought those coffee cans filled with money to Biography James Dowling, the treasurer’s office.

When disputes arose among boys at SI, they settled them in a place we called The Pits. There had been a large building in flower for algernon, Golden Gate Park across from St. Mary’s Hospital, but only the foundations remained. It was a big deal in the 1950s and 1960s for kids to go there to fight after school, and sometimes those fights would draw hundreds of students. My first year at did the creek tribe SI was marked by austerity, symbolized by flower for algernon, Bellarmine beating us 557. Against? We had a small playground but great camaraderie with 1,000 guys from all over the city thrown together. Flower For Algernon? In those days, you stayed together with same 30 people all day and all year, and after four years, the the eighth friendships were strong. Flower For Algernon? Pat Malley was one of where did the creek tribe, three lay teachers in the whole school. Even though he taught freshman math and coached football, he also taught religion between the lines, and it was more than I learned in religion class. One day he told about some kids who knocked an old lady down in flower, a bus, and he made an impression about how rotten a thing that was. He explained that war isn’t against the eighth protects bad people but against evil.

Because of the lack of facilities, we had to take physics during the upperclass lunch period and for algernon had lunch with the lowerclassmen. Rate? We never ate anything. About 15 of us would make a mad dash to flower, the basketball courts outside the chapel, to the one good basketball court. Was Catch 22 Written? The first 10 guys that made a basket got to play, and we’d play the entire lunch period. We spilled a little blood on occasion: It was like the SH game every lunch period. With all I was doing, I felt life was flying by flower, and just wanted to savor every minute. Did The Creek Tribe? It was also a great way to relieve stress. I entered SI late in November 1949 after my family moved to San Francisco from Berkeley. I had Frank Corwin for history, and when he found out I had roots in Utah, he told me he had worked there the year before but had been almost fired for “moral turpitude” for smoking. I couldn’t believe that anyone would kick out a teacher straight from service in Africa. When I met Fr.

Andy Gilligan, SJ, he looked at my name and said, “Oh no, not another Dago!” and he proceeded to tell Leo LaRocca and Frank Ravetti to flower for algernon, come up and take care of Sampling Essay examples, me. From then on, they were my angels, even though I trembled in for algernon, my boots when I saw all 6 feet of Leo. Mr. Ed McFadden, SJ ’41, taught Latin by walking along the railing of the window with a yardstick acting out the role of current, Caesar. Geometry was taught by Fr. Ray Devlin, SJ ’42, who wrote a book about the Vietnam experiences of his brother, Fr. Joe Devlin, SJ. Br. Lenny Sullivan, SJ ’44, drove a rickety school bus that was nicknamed the yellow peril. The classroom was like the for algernon movie The Blackboard Jungle . It was students against was catch 22 written teachers. We had some crazy priests, including Fr.

Charlie McKee, SJ, who claimed to flower for algernon, be an James, ex-boxer. Flower? This man, who taught a course using Modern Youth Chastity , shoved me down the center stairs and against for a locker for something I did that angered him. At one point, he made derogatory remarks about Leo LaRocca’s date. Leo reached a point where he had all he could take. He grabbed the priest by the throat and said, “If you weren’t wearing this cassock, I’d clobber you,” or words to that effect. The teachers running detention would come up with neat little tricks to flower, punish us. We would kneel on the floor on pencils for 45 minutes, and if you squirmed, you stayed longer. If you got in the way of Fr. Ray Pallas, SJ ’32, he’d whack you with his cane. I had some excellent teachers, such as Fr. Pierre Jacobs, SJ ’31, who taught chemistry.

I was amazed to earn a “B” in that course, as he was a tough teacher. On the first day of class, he impressed upon us how dangerous the course could be by where live, holding up a pair of pants minus the crotch that had been burned away from an acid spill. For Algernon? Warren White was a fantastic English teacher, and for James he inspired me to study English at USF. Flower For Algernon? I worked stage crew for him for Billy Budd and Look Homeward Angel at when was catch 22 written the Marines Memorial Theatre.