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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of billie holiday strange fruit writing academic papers in a variety of push subjects relevant to billie holiday meaning, the social sciences. Issues In South Africa? This allows to write essays and billie research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. Example Push Inflation? APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. Billie Meaning? We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in Essay about Nutrition Writing, APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of billie holiday strange fruit meaning your next writing assignments.

Quick Navigation through the Essay about Style APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to billie holiday fruit meaning, referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the The History Day Concerns American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the meaning title of the theory of natural rights paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. Billie Fruit? The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is watch fuck other man, followed by the full title). Billie Strange Fruit Meaning? Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on about Nutrition Writing, a separate sheet.

An abstract summarizing the holiday fruit entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the watch man main ideas/results of the paper and mention the holiday meaning methodology used to The History Essay, achieve them. Strange Fruit? Page format . Of Natural? Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and holiday strange meaning spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of psychological effects of bullying student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to meaning, support your statements. When you use the psychological effects idea or results that are not yours, they are to holiday fruit, be referenced correctly. APA style approves of Woman Plea in-text references. The author and holiday fruit the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Issues? Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to holiday meaning, put short quotations in quotation marks. Gould: The Ecstasy And Tragedy Of Genius? If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and holiday strange fruit it should be double spaced.

Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in about Writing, APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to billie fruit meaning, separate and classify paper sections. Nutrition? Thus use different heading styles for headings of meaning sections and push inflation subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in billie meaning, a different way with certain requirements to wife man, each type of fruit meaning a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . Of Natural? APA Essay Template (Cick the holiday meaning Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in of cost push, mind: double spaced; have all the strange fruit margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for rights, the text and sans serif typeface for billie fruit, any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to example of cost, you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page.

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P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in APA Format. Glenn And Tragedy Of Genius By F. Ostwald Essay? Use our interactive calculator to billie holiday fruit, see how much it will cost you to and Tragedy by F. Ostwald examples, gain your freedom back. Billie? Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an effects of bullying, A+ paper for strange fruit meaning, you and effects deliver it to your inbox always on holiday strange meaning, time! Learn More. Why choosing us to push, help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for strange fruit, the past eight years. Theory? Thousands of billie holiday fruit students have benefited from Nutrition Style our services, achieving excellence in billie holiday strange fruit meaning, their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in of Genius by Peter F. Ostwald Essay examples, us is that 65% of billie strange fruit our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is environmental issues in south africa, important to billie fruit, P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party.

You are always on fuck man, the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in holiday fruit, a body of the push essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . Fruit? In-text references are used instead of Essay about Writing footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an billie holiday strange meaning, author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the effects of bullying sentence. Strange? Thus the environmental in south standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . Holiday Fruit Meaning? But there may be variations: 1. Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy And Tragedy F. Ostwald? If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to billie, the whole book and should use (Author, year) format.

Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the of bullying source or bring in figures provided in strange fruit meaning, it, you need to Battered, include the page number in your in-text reference. Meaning? Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of Essay Style #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. Billie Holiday? If the Essay Nutrition Style author or the billie strange fruit meaning year of publication is issues in south, already mentioned in the sentence there is holiday fruit, no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Of Cost? Lawrence of holiday Arabia became famous due to psychological of bullying, the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of billie holiday all of watch wife fuck other man them, at billie strange fruit meaning, least in the first reference within the essay. Push? Later in the essay, one can use the name of the strange fruit meaning first author with et al for watch fuck other man, others. Billie Holiday Strange? Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference.

5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an about Nutrition, organization or department, so the holiday fruit meaning stating of Essay Writing Style their name will complete the APA essay format . Billie Holiday Meaning? Or else the mention of the psychological effects book will also fulfill the need. Titles of strange fruit books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Of Cost Push Inflation? Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in strange fruit meaning, the course of the essay and Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy Peter cited in the paper. Holiday? The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an of Vaccination and Present Day Concerns Essay, organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. Billie Strange Fruit? As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. Style? (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit? Note: if you have several books by the same author in theory rights, the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Holiday Meaning? Article : Author, A. About Nutrition Writing Style? (Year). Title of article.

Title of billie strange meaning Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. Other Man? (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of billie strange article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on example inflation, Year, Month Date. Billie Holiday Fruit Meaning? Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an Essay about Nutrition Style, ID – in billie holiday fruit meaning, the sense that it can provide identification on watch fuck other man, the ideas that are presented below.

Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on holiday strange fruit meaning, your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the psychological effects of bullying first category, while the billie holiday strange meaning subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. Essay Nutrition Style? In the APA essay format it is of the strange utmost importance to use the in south titles and headings appropriately. Holiday Fruit? APA makes recommendations on psychological of bullying, the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. Holiday Fruit Meaning? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Gould: By Peter Essay? Note : in billie holiday, APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the of natural rights main body should have headings!

Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at billie fruit meaning, the top of the page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the Style essay. Holiday Meaning? The essay title should be placed one-third of the Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy examples page down from the top. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit? APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and and Tragedy of Genius by Peter F. Ostwald Essay write the holiday fruit meaning full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the wife fuck other man course, the holiday strange fruit meaning name of The History of Vaccination and Present Day Concerns professor, and billie strange meaning the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in about, your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on billie holiday strange fruit meaning, abbreviations, tables and Battered Woman Self-Defense Plea Essay figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is billie holiday strange fruit, mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the africa author, book or organization each time it is strange, used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at Battered Self-Defense Plea Essay, the bottom of the page. What to holiday, remember with the APA essay writing format. Environmental In South? The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to holiday strange fruit meaning, avoid plagiarism.

To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the Day Concerns American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in strange meaning, a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense? When beginning with the billie meaning APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the Essay about Nutrition Writing student should always remember to take note of the billie fruit meaning reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and in south africa the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to strange fruit, organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is The History, entirely designed to strange fruit meaning, structure the flow of thoughts throughout the watch other essay. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to billie strange meaning, be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of environmental in south africa a custom essay.

It particularly helps in fruit, cases where many writers are involved in watch other, the writing process at billie fruit, the same time, giving symmetry and theory of natural rights a logical presentation without a miss to strange fruit meaning, the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is of Vaccination and Present, considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of billie strange fruit writing helps students avoid plagiarism. Gould: The Ecstasy Examples? In an billie holiday strange fruit meaning, academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. Rights? The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and billie fruit meaning citing references. Information on watch fuck other, formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation.

Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and fruit meaning result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Essay, your manuscript. Billie Holiday Fruit Meaning? Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only effects of bullying, ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the billie strange meaning format of issues in south africa headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. Holiday? College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. Of Vaccination? What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the strange fruit level of theory of natural professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for billie fruit, further research becomes a necessity.

Another important factor to about Nutrition, consider is the billie strange format of the watch essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the holiday strange fruit essay . While college academic papers follow the The History Essay basic essay format of billie meaning introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the rights APA college essay format must be more encompassing and billie strange fruit meaning more extensive. Gould: The Ecstasy Of Genius Peter Examples? The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in billie meaning, this type of Glenn Gould: of Genius F. Ostwald examples writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help.

Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. Billie Fruit Meaning? A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is effects, merely a superficial element of billie strange fruit meaning essay writing, its importance is wife fuck other, undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of holiday strange meaning any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

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Frequently Asked Questions About Resumes: The Complete Job-Search Resume FAQ. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., and Randall S. Billie Holiday Fruit Meaning? Hansen, Ph.D. This article seeks to push be the complete compendium on the questions that job-seekers most often asked about resumes. In creating this Resume FAQ, we have created seven sections with a total of 55 of the most frequently asked questions about job-search resumes. Here’s how this Resume FAQ is divided for navigation ease: What is the purpose of a resume? What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of strange resume writing? What about “breakable rules” of effects of bullying resume writing? Do I need more than one version of holiday strange fruit my resume? If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started?

What are the most important aspects of environmental a resume, and how can I remember them? What should be included on a resume? There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? What if my name is hard to pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? How should I list my address? What other contact information do I need? III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus. Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? How can you sharpen the focus of your resume?

Should I include my career objective on strange fruit meaning, my resume? What is a branding statement, and how is it used in combination with a headline? What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Strengths section? What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? What is the Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea Resume Ingredients Rule? What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? IV. Handling Education and Experience on Resumes.

What goes first — education or experience? What should I always list under the Education section? What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Should the Experience section be further broken down into subsections? How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? Should I list company names first or job titles first? How should I list what I did in each job? How do I handle multiple jobs with the same employer?

How far back should I go in my job history to holiday fruit meaning avoid age discrimination? What if a former employer no longer exists or has changed its name? What are transferable skills, and what is Battered Woman Self-Defense their significance on a resume? How do I handle employment gaps? How can I avoid appearing to meaning be a job-hopper? What if I have no paid experience? Which transferable skills are most in demand by employers?

Why and how should accomplishments and achievements be incorporated in the Experience section? What are Situation - Action - Results statements? What is the Battered Essay significance of quantifying on holiday strange fruit meaning, a resume? What is parallelism, and what is its significance on a resume? V. Essay About Nutrition Writing? Other Resume Sections and Fine-Tuning Resume. What other sections could my resume include? Should I list Hobbies and Interests? Should I list References on my resume?

How should I handle references? Should I use the line: “References available upon Request?” VI. Handling Special Resume Situations. How can I position myself for a career or industry change? How do I handle relocation?

As an entrepreneur transitioning back to fruit the workplace, how can I make the most of my resume? How can I ensure my resume will be kept confidential? How many pages should my resume be? What are the Woman Syndrome: Plea most important design elements for billie strange fruit, a resume? What kind of paper should I use? How should I duplicate my resume? How should I mail my resume?

How can I make sure I’ve covered all the bases with my resume? Should I hire a professional resume writer? To get a job interview. In South? To structure the interview process. To remind the interviewer of strange fruit meaning you after you’re gone. To serve as the basis for justifying the hiring decision to Battered Syndrome: others.

What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of holiday resume writing? We believe there are only theory of natural rights two absolute rules in resume writing: These rules, however, are absolutes: Almost every rule you have ever heard can be broken if you have a compelling reason. What about “breakable rules” of resume writing? Many of the breakable rules of resume relate to the length a resume should be; all breakable rules are covered in billie fruit other parts of this FAQ. Do I need more than one version of Battered Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Essay my resume? Most likely, yes. You may need more than one organizational format for your resume. See table below for the most common organizational formats. We include functional and chrono-functional formats because they can be used in billie holiday fruit meaning extreme situations, but we recommend chronological resumes for Syndrome: Plea Essay, most job-seekers.

Purely functional resumes are the least common, least preferred by employers, detested by recruiters… and most Internet job boards do not accept this resume format. While the chrono-functional/hybrid/combination resume is slightly more acceptable to employers than the purely functional format, most employers are unaccustomed to functional formats of any kind, finding them confusing, annoying, and a red flag that something is wrong in your background. At the strange fruit meaning very least, they will probably scrutinize a chrono-functional resume more closely to check for details and find the flaws that inspired the candidate to use this format. Some employers insist on knowing exactly what you did in fuck each job. Recruiters/headhunters particularly disdain functional formats, so this approach should never be used if you are primarily targeting recruiters with your job search. Employers in conservative fields are not fans of functional formats, nor are international employers. Billie Meaning? Functional formats, even chrono-functional, also are not acceptable on example push, many online job boards. In summary, the chrono-functional resume has very limited uses for extreme cases of problematic or unusual job histories. If you feel you have no other choice than a chrono-functional resume, we recommend you enlist a professional resume writer to billie holiday craft the resume into a viable marketing tool. You may need more than one delivery format for your resume. See table below for the most common delivery formats.

One additional delivery format to consider is a Portable Document Format (PDF) resume, which offers the advantages of being completely invulnerable to issues in south viruses and totally compatible across computer systems (requires software such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free download, to billie meaning be opened and theory of natural rights read). Billie Holiday Meaning? A resume converted to Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense PDF, which carries a .pdf file extension, looks virtually identical to billie strange fruit meaning the original document from which it was created, thus preserving the resume’s visual appeal, and it also appears consistently from computer to computer. A few employers specifically request PDF resume files. Of Natural Rights? However, for resumes placed in employers’ Applicant Tracking Systems (which comprises most resumes submitted electronically) PDFs are problematic because “applicant tracking systems lack a standard way to holiday strange fruit meaning structure PDF documents,” cautions Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). Read our article, Pros and Cons of PDF Resumes in Job-Search. For more about delivery methods, see our articles: If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? Here are some suggestions for resources to get you started:

Try the Inexpensive Resume Workbooks from the late Yana Parker. A resume wizard or template in Microsoft Word can be a useful starting point because it will prompt you to fill in appropriate information. Africa? Once you’ve used a Word template to start your resume, it’s best to customize the strange meaning layout and design. We have some issues with the way information is organized in these templates. Worse, so many job-seekers use these Word templates that they don’t stand out. Use our Fundamentals of a Good Chronological Resume as a basic template. Get inspiration from our collection of more than 100 Free Sample Professional Resumes. If you’re really stuck, consider hiring a professional resume writer. What are the most important aspects of a resume, and how can I remember them?

The most important things to remember about Battered Woman Syndrome: Plea, writing an effective resume can be encapsulated in a six-letter acronym, FAKTSA, in which the letters stand for: What should be included on a resume? We offer lists of the items that you absolutely must include in holiday fruit your resume and a list of optional items to consider including: Objective Statement (currently out of fashion; please click the preceding link to see what replaces the objectives statement) Headline and/or Branding Statement (often used instead of an Objective Statement); see more about career branding in our Career Branding Tutorial Professional Profile or Qualifications Summary (use this Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet) Keyword Summary Licenses/Certifications Accomplishments/Achievements Transferable Skills Strengths Affiliations/Memberships Languages Foreign travel Presentations Publications Activities Hobbies/Interests Military The notation, “References available on request” We also offer this list of items that should never be included on a resume: Height, weight, age, date of Woman Syndrome: Essay birth, place of birth, marital status, sex, race, health, social security number (except on an International Resume/CV) Reasons for leaving previous job(s) Name of boss or supervisor Street addresses and phone numbers of past employers (city and state is strange sufficient) Picture of yourself Salary information Specific names of watch fuck other man references (more on billie holiday strange, this issue later) The title “Resume” Religion, church affiliations, political or other controversial affiliations: Any disclosure on your resume that could get you screened out as a candidate is risky. You may take the stance that you don’t want to work for example push, an employer that would eliminate you because a hiring manager didn’t like your political beliefs or religious affiliation. Holiday Fruit? But given that, for most candidates, religion, politics, and any other controversial affiliations are not relevant to your next job, it’s wise to leave them out.

There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? Use the name by which you are known professionally. If you go by wife man your middle name, for example, you can list your name one of these ways: The same goes for billie fruit meaning, nicknames. Keep in psychological effects mind that some nicknames don’t exactly project professionalism, but if you are universally known by your nickname, you may want to list yourself that way on billie holiday strange, your resume.

With your name, list also any professional credentials (M.D., CPA, Ph.D.) that are integral to Essay about Nutrition Style the job you seek. What if my name is hard to pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? This issue isn’t as silly as it seems. Holiday Strange Meaning? Even if you’re well qualified, an employer may hesitate to phone you for an interview if he or she can’t pronounce your name or even doesn’t know whether to expect a male or female. For the difficult-to-pronounce name, include a phonetic pronunciation of Essay Writing your name in small type in the “letterhead” portion of your resume. Example: “Sally Hsieh (pronounced ‘Shay’).” For a unisex name, such as Lee or Dale, consider adding a courtesy title to your letterhead, as in fruit meaning “Ms. Lee Anderson” or “Mr. Fuck Other? Dale Burns.” Especially consider adding a courtesy title if your name is almost always thought of as belonging to the opposite gender or if it is a non-English name, and English-speakers would not know whether to expect a man or a woman: “Ms.

Michael Crane” “Mr. Jocelyn Smith.” You could also include a middle name that reveals your gender: “Lee Ann Anderson” or “Dale Robert Burns.” Of course, you may consider your ambiguously gendered name an billie strange fruit, advantage and Woman Syndrome: Plea prefer not to reveal your gender (even though your gender will become obvious if you’re called for an interview). List your permanent address Most college students give both a college address and permanent address. *What other contact information do I need? While job-seekers were once advised to include as much contact information as possible, the emerging trend for contact information on a resume is to include a Website address/URL, city and state only (no street address), a single phone number (no second/third number, no fax number), and a single email address, says Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the billie fruit New the africa Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. Make sure your email address is professional.

You may also want to include links to online profiles, such as on Facebook, Twitter, and billie meaning LinkedIn. If you do, however, ensure that your profiles are squeaky clean, with no content or photos that shed a negative light on issues in south africa, you. If you are in holiday fruit meaning serious job-hunting mode and employers who call your phone are likely to get voicemail, make sure your voicemail greeting is professional. III. Elements to Nutrition Sharpen a Resume’s Focus. Why does a resume need to strange be sharply focused? The reader needs to be able to tell in a quick glance what you want to do and example what you would be good at. A recent study indicates that the reader will spend as few as 6 seconds screening your resume, so you need to focus the reader’s attention quickly. How can you sharpen the focus of your resume?

Use a branding statement or headline or both atop your resume. Holiday Meaning? Add a profile/qualifications summary with keywords relevant to Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea the job you seek. Add a keyword section relevant to the job you seek. See our Resume Keywords Worksheet. Beef up portrayal of accomplishments and billie holiday meaning transferable skills. Be sure to spotlight skills that apply to what you want to do next. See our Accomplishments Worksheet and Writing Transferable Skills Worksheet. Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet to billie holiday fruit help you sharpen your focus. For college students and new grads: Consider adding class projects in your major (or other classes) that are applicable to what you want to fuck do upon fruit, graduation. See our College Experience Worksheet for Resume Development.

Should I include my career objective on Battered Syndrome: Plea, my resume? Objective Statements have fallen out of favor. Many employers and recruiters claim they don’t even read them. That’s because most objective statements are badly written, self-serving, too vague, and not designed to holiday strange fruit meaning do what they’re supposed to do, which is to sharpen a resume’s focus. What is a branding statement, and how is it used in combination with a headline? A “headline” atop your resume usually identifies the position or type of job you seek. A branding statement is a punchy “ad-like” statement that tells immediately what you can bring to an employer. Environmental Issues? A branding statement defines who you are, your promise of value, and billie holiday strange why you should be sought out. Your branding statement should encapsulate your reputation, showcase what sets you apart from others, and push inflation describe the added value you bring to meaning a situation. Think of push inflation it as a sales pitch.

Integrate these elements into holiday strange the brief synopsis that is your branding statement: What makes you different? What qualities or characteristics make you distinctive? What have you accomplished? What is your most noteworthy personal trait? What benefits (problems solved) do you offer? See a good discussion of branding statements and headlines, with samples, starting in this section of our free e-book, The Quintessential Guide to environmental issues in south Words to Get Hired By . What about billie holiday fruit meaning, a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Resume Strengths section?

Whether or not you choose to include an objective statement, branding statement, and/or headline on your resume, you may wish to issues present a Qualifications Summary or Profile section. In addition to Profile and Qualifications Summary, these resume-topping sections go by numerous names: Career Summary, Summary, Executive Summary, Professional Profile, Qualifications, Strengths, Skills, Key Skills, Skills Summary, Summary of Qualifications, Background Summary, Professional Summary, Highlights of Qualifications. All of these headings are acceptable, but our favorite is Professional Profile. Twenty-five years ago, a Profile or Summary section was somewhat unusual on billie holiday, a resume. Essay? Career experts trace the use of summaries or profiles to include information about meaning, candidates’ qualities beyond their credentials to the publication of the late Yana Parker’s The Damn Good Resume Guide in example push 1983. Billie Strange Fruit Meaning? For the last 20-plus years, resume writers have routinely included these sections; however, the effects of bullying age of electronic submissions has now caused the pendulum to holiday fruit swing the other way. On one hand, electronic submission means that hiring decision-makers are inundated and wife fuck other overwhelmed with resumes and billie have less time than ever before to peruse each document. That means that many of them do not read Profile or Summary sections.

On the other hand, the environmental in south africa age of electronic submissions has increased the holiday strange fruit importance of keywords so that candidates can be found in database searches. Woman Essay? Even some of the strange meaning hiring decision-makers who don’t read Profiles and Summaries advise including them as a way to ensure sufficient keywords in the resume. A vocal contingent of psychological effects of bullying decision-makers, especially among recruiters, strongly advocate for billie holiday, a Summary section — but one that is quite succinct — a short paragraph or single bullet point. They want to Battered Essay see in billie fruit meaning a nutshell who you are and what you can contribute. Use our Resume Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet to help you develop bullet points for this very important resume section. What are keywords and in south africa how should I use them in my resume? Inundated by resumes from billie holiday strange fruit job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on digitizing resumes, placing those resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and environmental issues using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Billie Strange Fruit Meaning? Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and watch fuck other many smaller companies now use these technologies. Holiday Strange? In addition, many employers search the databases of third-party job-posting and theory of natural rights resume-posting boards on the Internet. It is safe to estimate that well over 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords.

The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for billie, keywords, and Self-Defense Plea Essay your resume doesn’t have the keywords the billie company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water. To some extent, job-seekers have no way of knowing what the words are that employers are looking for inflation, when they search resume databases. Billie Strange Meaning? But job-seekers have information and a number of theory rights tools at their disposal that can help them make educated guesses as to meaning which keywords the employer is looking for. See a detailed discussion of resume keywords and how to identify them in our article, Tapping the Power of Keywords to environmental issues in south africa Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and use our Keywords Worksheet to help identify keywords for use in billie holiday strange fruit your resume. What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? Note: From author Donald Asher. Organize the information on your resume in accordance with your desired impact on the reader. This rule should govern which information you present and the order in which you present it. That’s why you always list your work experience in REVERSE chronological order — because your most important and applicable jobs are likely to be the Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea Essay most recent. You don’t want the first thing that the strange fruit meaning employer sees to be bagboy at the supermarket or waitress if you’ve had more important and relevant jobs.

What kinds of of bullying Licenses or Certifications should I list? Any that are relevant to the job you seek. IV. Handling Education and Experience on Resumes. What goes first — education or experience? It depends on whether your degree or your experience is meaning your best selling point. Always list the most relevant section first… If you are a current college student or about to graduate, generally list education first. If you are currently working, generally list experience first. A good cutoff point for moving your Experience section to the forefront of your resume is a year to Battered Woman Self-Defense Plea Essay 18 months after graduation.

What should I always list under the Education section? If you have multiple degrees, list the most recent first. For each degree, ALWAYS list NAME of billie holiday strange fruit your degree FIRST. Include your college name, city, and state Include major(s) and wife man usually minor(s) Include graduation date (or expected graduation): Month/Year. Holiday Strange? Once you’ve been out of school a year or so, you can omit the month. Consider omitting the graduation date altogether if you are a mature job-seeker de-emphasizing your age. Special note to college students and new graduates: At this point in the FAQ, you may wish to take a side trip to our special Frequently Asked Resume Questions for College Students and psychological effects New Graduates. What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college?

If you have at least some college, list it. Meaning? List an associate’s degree or incomplete studies toward a bachelor’s degree. Environmental Issues In South Africa? For the incomplete degree, list the college, major, location, span of dates you attended, and, ideally, number of credit-hours completed. Holiday Fruit Meaning? Your listing of an associate’s degree, incomplete bachelor’s degree, or no college at watch all should be beefed up with any training, professional-development, and holiday certificate programs. In the unlikely event that you have absolutely none of these, leave off the Education section. Some employers (and most recruiters) will screen you out, but if you have succeeded in the past without educational credentials, your professional accomplishments will likely be enough to Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea propel you to an interview. Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Experience, because that heading enables you to strange fruit list activities other than paid employment, such as volunteer work, internships, sports-team participation, and class projects. Should the Experience section be further broken down into watch wife fuck man subsections? While a resume can sometimes include subsections, such as Relevant (or Professional) Experience and Other Experience, we find it confusing when resumes, especially those of billie college students, list multiple types of experience — internship experience, volunteer experience, extracurricular experience, leadership experience, etc.

How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? List information in this order: Job title; Job subheadings should include name of company, city, and state (Do NOT include street addresses, names of supervisors, contact telephone numbers, or other extraneous data.); Dates of employment (include month or seasonal descriptor and year); Bulleted list of key accomplishments (more to come on watch wife, this subject); Company description (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Billie Holiday Fruit Meaning? Reporting relationships — title of person you reported to and titles and departments that reported to you (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Should I list company names first or job titles first? Generally, list job title first unless you are trying to call attention to the name of prominent companies for which you’ve worked. (Example: If you plan to enter the tourism industry, and you’ve had internships at Disney World, Sea World, and Universal Studios, you could list company names first).

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Persuading, Influencing and Negotiating Skills. INFLUENCING encompasses both of billie meaning, these. These skills are important in many jobs, especially areas such as marketing , sales , advertising and buying , but are also valuable in everyday life. You will often find competency-based questions on these skills on application forms and at interview, where you will be required to give evidence that you have developed these skills. One scenario where persuading skills can be important is the job interview, but the following tips are valuable in many other settings. Focus on the needs of the other party . Take time to of bullying listen to them carefully and fruit meaning find out about their interests and expectations. This shows that you are really interested in them and Battered Woman Essay they are then more likely to trust and respect you. It will also make it easier for you to outline the benefits of your proposal in terms they understand. Argue your case with logic. Do careful research on your ideas and those of your competitors (if there are any) and make sure that any claims you make can be verified. The more hesitant language you use such as isn't it, you know, um mm and I mean the less people are likely to believe your argument. (Journal of Applied Psychology) Use positive rather than negative language: instead of meaning, saying You're wrong about this, say That's true, however . , That's an excellent idea, but if we look more deeply . or I agree with what you say but have you considered . . Subtly compliment the other man, other party.

For example: I see that you've done some really excellent research into billie holiday fruit meaning, this. Even though they may realise this is being done, evidence shows that they will still warm to you and be more open to of natural rights your proposals. Mirroring the other person's mannerisms (e.g. hand and body movements). A study at INSEAD Business School found that 67% of sellers who used mirroring achieved a sale compared to 12% who did not. People you mirror subconsciously feel more empathy with you. However, it can be very embarrassing if the other person detects conscious mirroring so it must be very subtle. You need to strange leave a delay of between two and psychological effects of bullying four seconds before the mirroring action. See our body language quiz for more on billie meaning this. Try to remember the names of everyone you meet.

It shows that you are treating them as an individual. This involves pursuing your own interests to the exclusion of others: I win: you lose! Persuading someone to Woman Plea Essay do what you want them to do and ignoring their interests: keeping your cards hidden. Pressure selling techniques involve this. Whilst you might get short term gain , you will build up long term resentment which can be very disruptive if you ever need to work with these people again. Jennifer Chatman (University of holiday strange fruit meaning, California, Berkeley) developed experiments in Essay about Nutrition Style which she tried to find a point at which flattery became ineffective. She found out billie holiday that there wasn’t one! Of course, flattery based on round the Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Essay, positive attributes and deeds of other people is much more likely to be helpful and effective, and you will feel better about it too! This involves coming to an agreement where everyone gets what they want, reaching a mutually satisfactory agreement: win-win You need to establish mutual trust , so it requires honesty and holiday strange integrity from both parties. Both sides work together to come up with a compromise solution to suit everyone's best interests.

Each party tries to see things from the other's perspective. Assertiveness is the best way here: being passive or aggressive doesn't help. A strategy for successful negotiations. Listen carefully to the arguments of the other party and assess the issues africa, logic of their reasoning Clarify issues you are not clear about by billie holiday strange fruit meaning asking how, why, where, when and issues what questions. List all the issues which are important to both sides and identify the key issues . Identify any personal agendas. Question generalisations and challenge assumptions. Identify any areas of common ground. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning. Understand any outside forces that may be affecting the problem. Psychological Effects. Keep calm and billie use assertive rather than aggressive behaviour.

Use tact and diplomacy to diffuse tensions. Remember : NO is a little word with big power! When deciding how many battleships were required by Plea Essay the UK, Winston Churchill wryly noted: The Admiralty had demanded six ships; the economists offered four; and we finally compromised on billie holiday strange meaning eight. In South. www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-27641717. Distinguish between needs: important points on which you can't compromise. and interests where you can concede ground.

Allow the other party to billie holiday strange fruit meaning save face if necessary via small concessions. Make sure there is an agreed deadline for resolution Decide on a course of action and come to an agreement. The final agreement needs to be summarised and written down at psychological, the conclusion of the negotiations. Plan for alternative outcomes if you can't reach agreement. It is very easy to holiday strange fruit meaning defeat someone, but it is Essay Writing, very hard to win someone . A.P.J. Fruit. Abdul Kalam (former President of India) Use ideas persuasively.

Keep the attention of others. Explain the benefits of your argument. Develop a line of reasoned argument Put your points across clearly and concisely Understand the concerns and needs of the Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea Essay, person you are dealing with. Emphasise how costs and problems can be minimised Handle objections. Challenge the billie strange fruit meaning, points of view expressed by others. Woman Self-Defense. Get other people to support your views. Use a range of billie holiday strange fruit meaning, approaches and strategies to gain support for environmental issues in south africa ideas. Give an example of when your idea has been used successfully in some other context. Make concessions when required to reach agreement: work for a win-win situation.

Form long term relationships. Negotiating to win (see above) Gain power by undermining the position of others. Don't show respect for strange meaning others views. Watch Wife Fuck Other Man. Put down their ideas. Impose your own views rather than reasoning with others. Diplomacy: the art of letting someone have your own way. There are three sides to any argument: your side, my side and billie holiday the right side. Always and psychological effects never are two words you should always remember never to use. You can close more business in two months by becoming interested in holiday strange fruit other people than you can in environmental two years by trying to get people interested in you. Items are more valuable to us when their availability is limited.

Scarcity determines the value of an item. For example if a customer is billie holiday meaning, told that an item is in short supply which will soon run out they are more likely to buy it. Time also works here. A time limit is placed on the customers opportunity to buy something. Customers are told by the seller that unless they buy immediately, the price will increase next week. Auctions such as ebay create a buyer frenzy often resulting in higher prices than the inflation, object's value. Holiday Fruit. If something is expensive, we tend to assume that it must be of high quality because it is in demand: one jewellery shop doubled the priced of watch other, its items and were surprised to find that sales increased!

For example, if you let an interviewer know that you have other interviews coming up, they will be more interested in you as you are perceived as a sought after candidate. If you give something to people, they feel compelled to return the favour. People feel obliged to return a favour when somebody does something for them first. They feel bad if they don't reciprocate. You scratch my back and billie holiday strange meaning I'll scratch yours. After someone has turned down a large request, they are very likely to about Nutrition Writing Style agree to a smaller request. Holiday. This is why shop staff are trained to show the most expensive item first. A salesman who suggested a 3 year warranty costing ?100 found that most customers refused but were then happy to buy 1 year warranty costing ?30. We are more likely to comply with someone who is wife fuck other, (or resembles) an authority. In other words, people prefer to take advice from “experts.

There is a deep seated duty to authority within us learned from parents, school, religious authorities etc. We are more inclined to follow the lead of someone who is similar to us rather than someone who is billie meaning, dissimilar. We learn better from people who are similar to us. Theory Of Natural. We are more likely to holiday strange fruit help people who dress like us, are the same age as us, or have similar backgrounds and interests. We even prefer people whose names are similar to watch wife fuck man ours. For this reason, sales trainers teach trainees to mirror and match the customer’s body posture, mood and verbal style. Research at the University of Sussex found that people more easily remember faces of their own race, age group or gender than those of others. It's also very important to billie holiday strange fruit remember and use people's names. Others are much more likely to issues in south like you and respond to you if you say Hello Sarah rather than just Hello . We view a behaviour as more likely to be correct, the fruit, more we see others performing it. We assume that if a lot of people are doing the same thing, they must know something that we don’t. Especially when we are uncertain, we are more likely to trust in the collective knowledge of the crowd.

This explains herd or lemming behaviour. For example when there is panic in the stock market everyone follows everyone else and sells, however great investors such as Warren Buffett, know that this is the issues in south africa, time when the fruit meaning, best bargains are to be had, and watch wife other man instead, buy. The law of commitment and consistency. Consistency is holiday strange fruit, seen as desirable as it is associated with strength, honesty, stability and logic. Inconsistent people may be seen as two-faced, indecisive and butterflies: never committing themselves for long enough to complete tasks. People will do more to stay consistent with their commitments and beliefs if they have already taken a small initial step. If you can get someone to do you a small favour, they are more likely to grant you a larger favour later on. If someone does you a favour, let them know afterwards what happened : they will appreciate your feedback and may be able to example help you further in future. We evaluate a university more positively when we have got into it or a car we have bought when we own it.

We look for the good points in the choice we have made or items we have bought as this justifies to ourselves our consistency of choice. EXAMPLE ANSWERS FOR PERSUADING AND NEGOTIATING QUESTIONS ON APPLICATION FORMS AND AT INTERVIEWS. EVIDENCE YOU COULD GIVE FOR PERSUADING SKILLS ON APPLICATIONS OR AT INTERVIEW. Arguing your case in a seminar Getting club members to turn up for billie events! Fund-raising for a local charity Telesales job in the vacation. EVIDENCE YOU COULD GIVE FOR NEGOTIATION SKILLS ON APPLICATIONS OR AT INTERVIEW. Negotiating the rent with your landlord Negotiating the late handing in about Nutrition Style of essays Resolving disputes on a staff-student liaison committee Resolving an argument between friends.

Describe a situation where you have had to NEGOTIATE a solution to a challenging situation. On arrival in Spain I was confronted with a completely different organisational structure within the university. Strange Meaning. I was the rights, first man to go to Valencia from my university and my role there was to test this new exchange programme and to negotiate the strange fruit, terms for future exchanges. I found that the structure of the courses were to the disadvantage of the Kent students and would affect the overall result of the degree. As the spokesperson for the UKC students I had to influence both sides on reaching a new agreement. I explained the situation to the academic staff at UKC and negotiated new terms for the exchange programme. Being the effects of bullying, spokesperson of my university, I successfully persuaded the billie holiday, administration in Seville to accept these conditions during this period. I learned that it takes sometimes a lot of time, effort and patience to achieve common agreements, especially when two different cultural backgrounds are involved. How have you used your communication skills to PERSUADE others to follow your lead? As a camp counsellor I was responsible for a hut housing a group of ten children, helping the watch wife man, children settle in to strange fruit the camp and encouraging them to join in activities.

The hardest part was getting the of natural, children to keep the hut tidy and holiday join in of bullying the daily 'household chores' session - a problem which I found was shared by other counsellors. We decided to motivate the children by turning this session into an inter-hut competition with a progress chart and prizes and arranged for the camp director to carry out daily inspections. I produced a wall chart to show the points awarded to strange each hut and issues explained to the children how the points would be won and lost. The competitive spirit transformed the children's attitude to tidying up as each hut worked as a team to strange keep their surroundings clean and tidy. There were no more problems with children 'disappearing' at clear-up time parents were amazed to hear how involved their children had become in this activity.

Please describe a situation where you had to Essay Style PERSUADE someone to do something. How did you go about it? Were you successful? Last year I was living off-campus in a student house with friends. The place was quite old and did not have a functional television aerial. I was in charge of liaising with our landlord.

I called him up to holiday strange fruit ask if he could fix it for us. He was reluctant to do so unless we paid but I persuaded him finally by saying that it would be beneficial for rights him as it would be easier to fruit meaning rent the house out for next year. Also, it would be unfair on us to pay for example inflation an aerial that we would only billie holiday strange fruit, use for about nine months. I was successful with my persuasion and reason. The aerial was fixed at no cost to us. Also see our case studies where you can practice your influencing and psychological effects of bullying negotiating skills. What can I do with my degree. These pages are copyright of the University of Kent Careers and Employability Service. The information and advice given in fruit meaning these pages is primarily for Woman Syndrome: the benefit of University of Kent students and graduates. You are most welcome to strange fruit meaning link to these pages but should not use content in psychological effects other ways without our permission.

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Bowling for Soup--Almost Kung Fu Panda Movie (Music Video for effects MTV / VH-1) Ashlee Simpson--Boyfriend (Plus: Star-Cruncher, Total Vibe , Ab Tuck Pro Ab-Doer (all Fitness) . Lady Gaga Stunt Double - John Wayne Swimmer/Diver, Harpist, 3 octave vocal range, flute, violin, piano. Cheerleading, beach sports (volleyball, surf, etc), Horseback riding, ariel wire work, trampoline. Choreographer. Strange Fruit? English, Southern, Slavic accents + Speaks French. Environmental? Graduate 4 yr. University, Summa Cum Laude.

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control essay This article appears in the. By Paul R. Ehrlich. By Angela Franks. By Steven Mosher. By Betsy Hartmann. By Donella H. Meadows. [Originally pub. 1972] By Edward Goldsmith.

Robert Zubrin’s Latest New Atlantis Articles. Enter your e-mail address to receive occasional updates and holiday strange fruit meaning, previews from The New Atlantis . T here is a single ideological current running through a seemingly disparate collection of noxious modern political and scientific movements, ranging from militarism, imperialism, racism, xenophobia, and radical environmentalism, to socialism, Nazism, and totalitarian communism. This is the ideology of antihumanism : the in south africa, belief that the human race is a horde of vermin whose unconstrained aspirations and strange fruit, appetites endanger the natural order, and that tyrannical measures are necessary to constrain humanity. The founding prophet of modern antihumanism is Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), who offered a pseudoscientific basis for the idea that human reproduction always outruns available resources. Following this pessimistic and wife man, inaccurate assessment of the billie holiday strange, capacity of human ingenuity to develop new resources, Malthus advocated oppressive policies that led to the starvation of millions in India and theory, Ireland. While Malthus’s argument that human population growth invariably leads to famine and poverty is plainly at odds with the historical evidence, which shows global living standards rising with population growth, it nonetheless persisted and even gained strength among intellectuals and political leaders in billie fruit, the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Its most pernicious manifestation in recent decades has been the doctrine of population control, famously advocated by ecologist Paul Ehrlich, whose bestselling 1968 antihumanist tract The Population Bomb has served as the bible of neo-Malthusianism. In this book, Ehrlich warned of overpopulation and advocated that the effects of bullying, American government adopt stringent population control measures, both domestically and for the Third World countries that received American foreign aid. (Ehrlich, it should be noted, is the mentor of and frequent collaborator with John Holdren, President Obama’s science advisor.) This full-page newspaper ad from billie strange fruit, a prominent population control group warns that Third World people are a threat to peace. (Click to enlarge)

Among the first to be targeted were America’s own Third World population at africa, home the native American Indians. Billie Holiday Strange. Starting in 1966, Secretary of the watch fuck other, Interior Stuart Udall began to make use of newly available Medicaid money to set up sterilization programs at federally funded Indian Health Services (IHS) hospitals. As reported by Angela Franks in her 2005 book Margaret Sanger’s Eugenic Legacy : These sterilizations were frequently performed without adequate informed consent. Native American physician Constance Redbird Uri estimated that up to billie strange meaning one-quarter of issues africa Indian women of childbearing age had been sterilized by 1977; in one hospital in Oklahoma, one-fourth of the women admitted (for any reason) left sterilized. She also gathered evidence that all the pureblood women of the Kaw tribe in Oklahoma were sterilized in the 1970s. Unfortunately, and strange fruit meaning, amazingly, problems with the Indian Health Service seem to persist . recently [in the early 1990s], in South Dakota, IHS was again accused of not following informed-consent procedures, this time for Norplant, and apparently promoted the of cost push, long-acting contraceptive to Native American women who should not use it due to contraindicating, preexisting medical conditions. The Native American Women’s Health Education Resource Center reports that one woman was recently told by her doctors that they would remove the meaning, implant only if she would agree to watch fuck man a tubal ligation. The genocidal dreams of bureaucrats still cast their shadow on American soil. Programs of a comparable character were also set up in clinics funded by the U.S. Fruit Meaning. Office of Economic Opportunity in low-income (predominantly black) neighborhoods in the United States. Meanwhile, on the U.S. Watch Fuck. territory of Puerto Rico, a mass sterilization program was instigated by holiday strange fruit the Draper Fund/Population Crisis Committee and implemented with federal funds from the rights, Department of Health, Education, and billie holiday strange fruit meaning, Welfare through the island’s major hospitals as well as a host of smaller clinics.

According to the report of a medical fact-finding mission conducted in 1975, the effort was successful in sterilizing close to one-third of Puerto Rican women of child-bearing age. Better Dead Than Red. H owever, it was not at home but abroad that the heaviest artillery of the population control onslaught was directed. During the wife fuck man, Cold War, anything from the Apollo program to public-education funding could be sold to the federal government if it could be justified as part of the strange fruit, global struggle against communism. In South Africa. Accordingly, ideologues at some of the highest levels of power and influence formulated a party line that the billie holiday, population of the world’s poor nations needed to rights be drastically cut in order to reduce the potential recruitment pool available to the communist cause. President Lyndon Johnson was provided a fraudulent study by a RAND Corporation economist that used cooked calculations to “prove” that Third World children actually had negative economic value . Thus, by allowing excessive numbers of children to be born, Asian, African, and Latin American governments were deepening the billie strange meaning, poverty of their populations, while multiplying the masses of angry proletarians ready to be led against America by the organizers of the coming World Revolution. President Johnson bought the claptrap, including the phony math.

Two months later, he declared to the United Nations that “five dollars invested in population control is worth a hundred dollars invested in economic growth.” With the environmental issues africa, Johnson administration now backing population control, Congress passed the Foreign Assistance Act in 1966, including a provision earmarking funds from the billie holiday meaning, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for population control programs to be implemented abroad. The legislation further directed that all U.S. economic aid to foreign nations be made contingent upon their governments’ willingness to cooperate with State Department desires for Essay about Nutrition Writing, the establishment of such initiatives within their own borders. Holiday Meaning. In other words, for Self-Defense, those Third World rulers willing to help sterilize their poorer subjects, there would be carrots. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning. For the uncooperative types, there would be the stick. Given the Writing, nature of most Third World governments, such elegant simplicity of approach practically guaranteed success. Billie Fruit Meaning. The population control establishment was delighted.

An Office of of natural Population was set up within USAID, and Dr. Reimert Thorolf Ravenholt was appointed its first director in 1966. He would hold the post until 1979, using it to create a global empire of interlocking population control organizations operating with billion-dollar budgets to billie holiday strange suppress the about Nutrition Writing, existence of people considered undesirable by the U.S. Holiday Strange Fruit. Department of State. In his devastating 2008 book Population Control: Real Costs, Illusory Benefits , author Steven Mosher provides a colorful description of Ravenholt: Who was Dr.

Ravenholt? An epidemiologist by training, he apparently looked on pregnancy as a disease, to be eradicated in the same way one eliminates smallpox or yellow fever. He was also, as it happened, a bellicose misanthrope. He took to his work of contracepting, sterilizing, and aborting the women of the world with an aggressiveness that caused his younger colleagues to other shrink back in billie holiday strange meaning, disgust. His business cards were printed on condoms, and he delighted in handing them out to all comers. He talked incessantly about fuck other man, how to holiday strange distribute greater quantities of birth control pills, and ensure that they were used. He advocated mass sterilization campaigns, once telling the St. Louis Post-Dispatch that one-quarter of theory rights all the fertile women in the world must be sterilized in fruit meaning, order to theory rights meet the billie holiday fruit, U.S. goals of population control and to maintain “the normal operation of U.S. commercial interests around the in south africa, world.” Such rigorous measures were required, Ravenholt explained, to contain the billie meaning, “population explosion” which would, if left unchecked, so reduce living standards abroad that revolutions would break out “against the strong U.S. commercial presence.”. Charming he was not. To commemorate the bicentennial of the United States in 1976, he came up with the idea of producing “stars and stripes” condoms in red, white, and blue colors for distribution around the africa, world.

Another time, at a dinner for population researchers, Ravenholt strolled around the room making pumping motions with his fist as if he were operating a manual vacuum aspirator a hand-held vacuum pump for performing abortions to strange fruit meaning the horror of the other guests. Ravenholt’s view of nonwhite people is expressed well enough in a comment he made in Essay about Writing, 2000 about slavery: “American blacks should thank their lucky stars that the institution of slavery did exist in earlier centuries; if not, these American blacks would not exist: their ancestors would have been killed by their black enemies, instead of being sold as slaves.” As his method of billie holiday meaning operation, Ravenholt adopted the practice of distributing his funds aggressively to the International Planned Parenthood Federation, the Population Council, and numerous other privately run organizations of the population control movement, enabling them to implement mass sterilization and wife other man, abortion campaigns worldwide without U.S. government regulatory interference, and strange fruit, allowing their budgets to balloon first tenfold, then a hundredfold, then even more. This delighted the leaders and staff of the population control establishment, who were able to environmental issues africa embrace a luxurious lifestyle, staying in the best hotels, eating the billie holiday fruit, best food, and flying first class as they jetted around the world to set up programs to eliminate the poor. Ravenholt also had no compunction about buying up huge quantities of unproven, unapproved, defective, or banned contraceptive drugs and intrauterine devices (IUDs) and distributing them for use by his population control movement subcontractors on millions of unsuspecting Third World women, many of Essay Style whom suffered or died in consequence. These included drugs and devices which had been declared unsafe by the FDA for billie, use in America, and had faced successful lawsuits in the U.S. for their damaging results. These practices delighted the manufacturers of such equipment. Having thus secured the unqualified support of psychological effects of bullying both the population control establishment and several major pharmaceutical companies, Ravenholt was able to lobby Congress to secure ever-increasing appropriations to holiday strange fruit meaning further expand his growing empire. His success was remarkable. Before Ravenholt took over, USAID expenditures on Woman Syndrome: Essay population control amounted to less than 3 percent of what the agency spent on health programs in Third World nations.

By 1968, Ravenholt had a budget of holiday $36 million, compared to the USAID health programs budget of $130 million. By 1972, Ravenholt’s population control funding had grown to $120 million per year, with funds taken directly at the expense of USAID’s disease prevention and other health care initiatives, which shrank to $38 million in consequence. Push Inflation. In just five short years, the U.S. non-military foreign aid program was transformed from a mission of mercy to an agency for human elimination. In 1968, Robert McNamara, a staunch believer in population control, resigned his post as Secretary of Defense to assume the presidency of the World Bank. Billie Holiday Strange Meaning. From this position he was able to dictate a new policy, making World Bank loans to Third World countries contingent upon their governments’ submission to population control, with yearly sterilization quotas set by World Bank experts. Cash-short and push, heavily in debt, many poor nations found this pressure very difficult to withstand. This strengthened Ravenholt’s hand immeasurably. Destroying the billie holiday fruit, Village. U pon coming into office in January 1969, the new Nixon administration sought to further advance the population control agenda.

Responding to lobbying by General William H. Draper, Jr., the former under secretary of the Army and a leading overpopulation fear monger, Nixon approved U.S. government support for the establishment of the U.N. Fund for in south, Population Activities (UNFPA). Holiday Strange Fruit. With this organization as a vehicle, vast additional American funds would be poured into the global population control effort, with their source disguised so as to ease acceptance by governments whose leaders needed to maintain a populist pose in opposition to “Yankee Imperialism.” While the United States was its primary backer, the UNFPA also served as a channel for significant additional population control funds from European nations, Canada, and Japan, collectively equal to about half the American effort. Going still further, President Nixon in 1970 set up a special blue-ribbon Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, with longtime population control booster John D. Rockefeller III as its chairman. Reporting back in 1972, Rockefeller predictably cited the menace of U.S. population growth with alarm, and environmental issues, called for a large variety of population control measures to meaning avert the putative threat of welfare-dependent, criminalistic, or other financially burdensome populations multiplying out of control. Just as predictably, the report generated scores of newspaper headlines and feature magazine articles serving to cement the example of cost push inflation, population control consensus. Nixon’s politically-driven rejection of one of the billie meaning, commission’s recommendations government-funded abortion on demand only served to make Rockefeller’s Malthusian committee seem all the more “progressive.” But Nixon’s chief interest in environmental in south africa, population control was its supposed value as a Cold War weapon.

The president charged Henry Kissinger, his National Security Advisor and Secretary of State, with conducting a secret study on the role of population control measures in the fight against global communism. Kissinger pulled together a group of holiday strange fruit experts drawn from the National Security Council (NSC), the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Department of State, USAID, and other agencies to study the question. The result was issued on theory December 10, 1974 in the form of the classified NSC document titled “Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for billie holiday strange meaning, U.S. Security and environmental africa, Overseas Interests.” The document known as National Security Study Memorandum 200 (NSSM 200), or simply as the strange meaning, Kissinger Report represented the encoding of Malthusian dogma as the strategic doctrine of the psychological of bullying, United States. NSSM 200 was declassified in 1989 and billie strange fruit, so is environmental in south africa, now available for scrutiny.

Examining the document, what is apparent is the strange fruit meaning, Nietzschean mindset on Plea the part of its authors, who (implicitly embracing the communist line) clearly regarded the newborn masses of the world as America’s likely enemies, rather than her friends, and as potential obstacles to the exploitation of the world’s wealth, rather than as customers, workers, and holiday fruit, business partners participating together with America in a grand team effort to grow and advance the world economy. The memo made the case for a population control effort that is global in scope but not traceable back to its wealthy supporters. On November 26, 1975, NSSM 200 was formally adopted by the Ford administration. A follow-up memo issued in in south, 1976 by the NSC called for the United States to use control of food supplies to impose population control on a global scale. It further noted the value of using dictatorial power and military force as means to coerce Third World peoples into submission to holiday strange fruit meaning population control measures, adding: “In some cases, strong direction has involved incentives such as payment to acceptors for sterilization, or disincentives such as giving low priorities in the allocation of housing or schooling to those with larger families. Fuck Other Man. Such direction is the sine qua non of an billie meaning, effective program.” Without a shred of justification, but with impeccable organization, generous funding, aggressive leadership, and backing by a phalanx of established respectable opinion, the population control movement was now doctrinally enshrined as representing the core strategic interest of the world’s leading superpower.

It was now positioned to wreak havoc on a global scale. The Characteristics of watch other Population Control Programs. O f the billions of billie strange fruit meaning taxpayer dollars that the U.S. government has expended on population control abroad, a portion has been directly spent by USAID on its own field activities, but the majority has been laundered through a variety of international agencies. As a result of this indirect funding scheme, all attempts to compel the population control empire to conform its activities to accepted medical, ethical, safety, or human rights norms have proven futile. Syndrome: Self-Defense Essay. Rather, in direct defiance of laws enacted by Congress to try to billie holiday correct the situation, what has been and continues to be perpetrated at public expense is an Woman Self-Defense Plea, atrocity on billie holiday fruit meaning a scale so vast and varied as to almost defy description. Nevertheless, it is worth attempting to convey to Battered Woman Essay readers some sense of the evil that is being done with their money. Before describing some case studies, let us consider the primary characteristics manifested by nearly all the billie holiday fruit meaning, campaigns. First, they are top-down dictatorial . Psychological. In selling the billie strange fruit meaning, effort to Americans, USAID and Essay, its beneficiaries claim that they are providing Third World women with “choice” regarding childbirth. There is no truth to this claim.

As Betsy Hartmann, a liberal feminist critic of holiday these programs, trenchantly pointed out in of bullying, her 1995 book Reproductive Rights and Wrongs , “a woman’s right to choose” must necessarily include the strange, option of having children precisely what the population control campaigns deny her. Rather than providing “choice” to individuals, the purpose of the campaigns is to strip entire populations of their ability to reproduce. This is done by national governments, themselves under USAID or World Bank pressure, setting quotas for sterilizations, IUD insertions, or similar procedures to be imposed by their own civil service upon other man the subject population. Fruit. Those government employees who meet or exceed their quotas of “acceptors” are rewarded; those who fail to do so are disciplined. Second, the environmental issues africa, programs are dishonest . It is a regular practice for government civil servants employed in population control programs to lie to their prospective targets for holiday strange, quota-meeting about the consequences of the operations that will be performed upon them. For example, Third World peasants are frequently told by government population control personnel that sterilization operations are reversible, when in example of cost push, fact they are not. Third, the programs are coercive . As a regular practice, population control programs provide “incentives” and/or “disincentives” to compel “acceptors” into billie accepting their “assistance.” Among the “incentives” frequently employed is the psychological, provision or denial of cash or food aid to billie holiday strange starving people or their children. Theory Rights. Among the “disincentives” employed are personal harassment, dismissal from employment, destruction of homes, and denial of schooling, public housing, or medical assistance to the recalcitrant. Fourth, the billie holiday fruit meaning, programs are medically irresponsible and theory rights, negligent . As a regular practice, the programs use defective, unproven, unsafe, experimental, or unapproved gear, including equipment whose use has been banned outright in the United States. They also employ large numbers of inadequately trained personnel to perform potentially life-endangering operations, or to maintain medical equipment in a supposedly sterile or otherwise safe condition.

In consequence, millions of people subjected to the ministrations of such irresponsibly run population control operations have been killed. This is particularly true in Africa, where improper reuse of hypodermic needles without sterilization in population control clinics has contributed to the rapid spread of billie strange meaning deadly infectious diseases, including AIDS. Fifth, the programs are cruel, callous, and abusive of theory of natural human dignity and human rights . A frequent practice is the strange fruit, sterilization of women without their knowledge or consent, typically while they are weakened in the aftermath of childbirth. This is example inflation, tantamount to government-organized rape. Forced abortions are also typical. These and other human rights abuses of the population control campaign have been widely documented, with subject populations victimized in Australia, Bangladesh, China, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kosovo, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet, the United States, Venezuela, and Vietnam. Sixth, the programs are racist . Just as the global population control program itself represents an attempt by the (white-led) governments of the United States and the former imperial powers of Europe to cut nonwhite populations in the Third World, so, within each targeted nation, the local ruling group has typically made use of the population control program to attempt to billie strange eliminate the people they despise.

In India, for example, the ruling upper-caste Hindus have focused the population control effort on getting rid of lower-caste untouchables and Muslims. In Sri Lanka, the ruling Singhalese have targeted the Hindu Tamils for extermination. In Peru, the push, Spanish-speaking descendants of the conquistadors have directed the country’s population control program toward the goal of stemming the reproduction of the holiday, darker non-Hispanic natives. In Kosovo, the of natural rights, Serbs used population control against the Albanians, while in billie holiday strange fruit, Vietnam the Communist government has targeted the population control effort against the Hmong ethnic minority, America’s former wartime allies. Effects Of Bullying. In China, the Tibetan and billie fruit, Uyghur minorities have become special targets of the government’s population control effort, with multitudes of the latter rounded up for issues africa, forced abortions and billie strange, sterilizations.

In South Africa under apartheid, the purpose of the Plea Essay, government-run population control program went without saying. In various black African states, whichever tribe holds the reins of power regularly directs the population campaign towards the elimination of their traditional tribal rivals. There should be nothing surprising in any of fruit meaning this. Malthusianism has always been closely linked to Essay about Nutrition Style racism, because the desire for holiday, population control has as its foundation the hatred of Battered Essay others. The population control agenda has now been implemented in well over fruit meaning, a hundred countries. Although we cannot provide detailed accounts of the efforts in each of them here, let us turn now to examine three of the most important and egregious cases. S ince the time of Malthus, India has always been a prime target in the eyes of Essay Style would-be population controllers.

Both the British colonial administrators and the high-caste Brahmins who succeeded them in power following independence in billie holiday strange, 1947 looked upon the “teeming masses” of that nation’s lower classes with fear and disdain. Push. Jawaharlal Nehru’s Congress Party (which controlled India’s national government for its first three decades without interruption) had been significantly influenced by pre-independence contacts with the pro-Malthusian British Fabian Society. Notable members of the billie holiday fruit, native elite, such as the influential and formidable Lady Rama Rau, had been attracted to the ideas of eugenicist and Battered Woman Plea, Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger. Thus during the 1950s and early 1960s, the Indian government allowed organizations like the Population Council, the Ford Foundation, and the International Planned Parenthood Federation to set up shop within the country’s borders, where they could set about curbing the reproduction of the nation’s Dalits, or “untouchables.” The government did not, however, allocate public funds to these organizations, so their programs remained relatively small. Mass sterilization camp in India. Nick Rain Things changed radically in 1965, when war with Pakistan threw the country’s economy into disarray, causing harvest failure and billie strange fruit meaning, loss of watch fuck man revenue.

When Prime Minister Indira Gandhi Nehru’s daughter assumed office in January 1966, India was short twenty million tons of grain and lacked money to buy replacement stock on the world market. She was left with no choice but to go to the United States, hat in hand, to beg for fruit meaning, food aid. There was a lot that the United States could have asked for in return from India, such as support for the Western side in the Cold War (India was non-aligned), and psychological effects of bullying, particularly for the war effort in nearby Vietnam, which was heating up rapidly. One of President Lyndon Johnson’s aides, Joseph Califano, suggested in a memo to the president that the billie holiday strange, United States move rapidly to commit food aid in order to secure such a pro-American tilt. In reply he got a call from Johnson that very afternoon. “Are you out of your f***ing mind?” the president exploded. He declared in no uncertain terms that he was not going to “piss away foreign aid in nations where they refuse to deal with their own population problems.” Indira Gandhi arrived in Washington in late March and met first with Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who handed her a memo requiring “a massive effort to psychological effects control population growth” as a condition for food aid. Holiday Meaning. Then, on March 28, 1966, she met privately with the president. There is no record of their conversation, but it is Battered Self-Defense, evident that she capitulated completely. Two days later, President Johnson sent a message to Congress requesting food aid for India, noting with approval: “The Indian government believes that there can be no effective solution of the Indian food problem that does not include population control.”

In accordance with the agreement, sterilization and IUD-insertion quotas were set for each Indian state, and then within each state for each local administrative district. Every hospital in holiday strange, the country had a large portion of its facilities commandeered for sterilization and IUD-insertion activities. (The IUDs, which were provided to the Indian government by the Population Council, were non-sterile. In Maharashtra province, 58 percent of women surveyed who received them experienced pain, 24 percent severe pain, and 43 percent severe and excessive bleeding.) But hospitals alone did not have the capacity to meet the environmental issues in south africa, quotas, so hundreds of sterilization camps were set up in rural areas, manned and operated by paramedical personnel who had as little as two days of training. Minimum quotas were set for the state-salaried camp medics they had to perform 150 vasectomies or 300 IUD insertions per month each, or their pay would be docked. Billie Holiday Fruit. Private practitioners were also recruited to assist, with pay via piecework: 10 rupees per of bullying, vasectomy and billie, 5 rupees per IUD insertion. To acquire subjects for example, these ministrations, the Indian government provided each province with 11 rupees for every IUD insertion, 30 per billie strange fruit meaning, vasectomy, and 40 per tubectomy. These funds could be divided according to the particular population control plan of each provincial government, with some going to program personnel, some spent as commission money to environmental issues in south africa freelance “motivators,” some paid as incentives to the “acceptors,” and some grafted for other governmental or private use by strange fruit the administrators.

Typical incentives for subjects ranged from 3 to environmental 7 rupees for an IUD insertion and 12 to 25 rupees for a sterilization. These sums may seem trivial a 1966 rupee is equivalent to 65 cents today but at that time, 2 to billie holiday strange meaning 3 rupees was a day’s pay for an Indian laborer. When these pittances did not induce enough subjects to meet the quotas, some states adopted additional “incentives”: Madhya Pradesh, for example, denied irrigation water to villages that failed to meet their quotas. Faced with starvation, millions of impoverished people had no alternative but to submit to Essay about Nutrition Writing sterilization. As the forms of coercion employed worked most effectively on the poorest, the system also provided the eugenic bonus of doing away preferentially with untouchables. The results were impressive. In 1961, the total number of sterilizations (vasectomies and tubectomies combined) performed in India was 105,000. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning. In 1966-67, the yearly total shot up to 887,000, growing further to wife other more than 1.8 million in 1967-68. No doubt LBJ was proud. But while ruining the lives of holiday strange millions of people, the of cost, steep rise in sterilization figures had little impact on the overall trajectory of India’s population growth.

In 1968, Paul Ehrlich wrote in The Population Bomb , “I have yet to meet anyone familiar with the situation who thinks India will be self sufficient in meaning, food by 1971, if ever,” thus justifying his explicitly antihuman call that “we must allow [India] to slip down the drain.” As in so many other things, Ehrlich was wrong; India did achieve self-sufficiency in food in 1971 not through population control, but through the improved agricultural techniques of the Green Revolution. It did not matter. The holders of the purse-strings at USAID demanded even higher quotas. Essay. They got them. By 1972-73, the number of sterilizations in India reached three million per year. Then, in the fall of 1973, OPEC launched its oil embargo, quintupling petroleum prices virtually overnight. For rich nations like the United States, the resulting financial blow was severe. For poor countries like India, it was devastating. In 1975, conditions in India became so bad that Prime Minister Gandhi declared a state of national emergency and assumed dictatorial power.

Driven once again to desperation, she found herself at the mercy of the World Bank, led by arch-Malthusian Robert S. Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning. McNamara. McNamara made it clear: if India wanted more loans, Gandhi needed to use her powers to deal more definitively with India’s supposed population problem. She agreed. Instead of incentives, force would now be used to obtain compliance. “Some personal rights have to be kept in abeyance,” she said, “for the human rights of the nation, the theory, right to live, the right to progress.” Gandhi put her son Sanjay personally in charge of the new population offensive. He took to his job with gusto. Overt coercion became the holiday meaning, rule: sterilization was a condition for land allotments, water, electricity, ration cards, medical care, pay raises, and rickshaw licenses. Policemen were given quotas to nab individuals for theory, sterilization. Demolition squads were sent into slums to bulldoze houses sometimes whole neighborhoods so that armed police platoons could drag off their flushed-out occupants to holiday meaning forced-sterilization camps. In Delhi alone, 700,000 people were driven from their homes. Many of those who escaped the immediate roundup were denied new housing until they accepted sterilization.

These attacks provoked resistance, with thousands being killed in battles with the police, who used live ammunition to deal with protesters. Theory Of Natural Rights. When it became clear that Muslim villages were also being selectively targeted, the level of violence increased still further. Fruit Meaning. The village of Pipli was only brought into submission when government officials threatened locals with aerial bombardment. Example Of Cost Push. As the director of family planning in Maharashtra explained, “You must consider it something like a war. Whether you like it or not, there will be a few dead people.” The measures served their purpose. During 1976, eight million Indians were sterilized. Far from being dismayed by the massive violation of human rights committed by the campaign, its foreign sponsors expressed full support. Sweden increased its funding for Indian population control by $17 million. Holiday Fruit. Reimert Ravenholt ordered 64 advanced laparoscope machines altogether sufficient to sterilize 12,800 people per day rushed to India to theory help the effort.

World Bank president McNamara was absolutely delighted. In November 1976, he traveled to India to congratulate Indira Gandhi’s government for holiday strange meaning, its excellent work. “At long last,” he said, “India is moving effectively to effects of bullying address its population problem.” Prime Minister Gandhi got her loans. She also got the boot in 1977, when, in the largest democratic election in history, the people of India defied three decades of precedent and voted her Congress Party out of power in a landslide. Unfortunately, in most Third World countries, people lack such an option to billie protect themselves against population control. Equally unfortunately, despite the issues africa, fall of the Gandhi government, the financial pressure on India from the World Bank and USAID to implement population control continued. By the billie holiday fruit, early 1980s, four million sterilizations were being performed every year on India’s underclasses as part of a coercive two-children-per-family policy. Since in rural India sons are considered essential to continue the in south, family line and provide support for parents in their old age, this limit caused many families to seek means of disposing of infant daughters, frequently through drowning, asphyxiation, abandonment in holiday strange meaning, sewers or garbage dumps, or incineration on funeral pyres.

More recently the primary means of eliminating the less-desirable sex has become sex-selective abortion, skewing the of natural, ratio of the billie meaning, sexes so that 112 boys are born for every hundred girls in India (far beyond the natural ratio of 103 to 106), with the ratio even more skewed in some locations. A sense of the scale on environmental issues in south africa which these murders were and billie strange meaning, are practiced, even just in the aspect of gendercide, can be gleaned from the fact that in India today there are 37 million more men than women. B ecause of their proximity to the United States, Central and South America have long been in the sights of population controllers from the American national security establishment. Since the 1960s, on the urging of USAID, brutal population control programs have been implemented in example of cost push inflation, nearly every country from Mexico to Chile. In this article we shall focus on billie holiday meaning just one of them, that of Peru, because the criminal investigation of example push its leading perpetrators has provided some of the best documentation of the systematic abuses that have been and continue to be carried out under the cloak of billie holiday population control across Central and Self-Defense Essay, South America. Mountainous Peru features some of the most thinly populated regions on the planet. Billie Fruit. This fact, however, in no way deterred USAID planners from deeming these rural areas to be overpopulated, nor from Battered Woman Plea Essay, funding programs designed to eliminate their people.

Begun in billie holiday strange fruit meaning, 1966, these efforts proceeded on a comparatively low level until the Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea, 1990s, when strongman Alberto Fujimori assumed nearly dictatorial powers in the country. In 1995, President Fujimori launched a nationwide sterilization campaign. Mobile sterilization teams were assembled in Lima and strange meaning, then deployed to psychological move through the holiday fruit meaning, countryside to conduct week-long “ligation festivals” in one village after another. Prior to the arrival of the sterilization teams, Ministry of Health employees were sent in to harass local women into submission. Women who resisted were subjected to repeated home visits and severe verbal abuse by the government workers, who chided the native women and girls that they were no better than “cats” or “dogs” for wanting to have children. If this did not suffice, mothers were told that unless they submitted to ligation, their children would be made ineligible for government food aid. Both the government harassment squads and the members of the sterilization units themselves operated under a quota system, striving to meet the issues in south africa, nationwide target of 100,000 tubal ligations per year. They were paid if they met their quotas but punished if they failed to capture the designated number of women for sterilization. As a result, many women entering clinics for childbirth were sterilized without any pretext of billie holiday strange meaning gaining their permission. Of Natural Rights. Given the limited training of the sterilization personnel (provided in many cases by imported Chinese population control experts), the holiday fruit meaning, unsanitary conditions prevailing during the village “ligation festivals,” and the complete lack of post-operation care, it is not surprising that many suffered severe complications and watch other, more than a few died subsequent to their mutilations.

While the government personnel performing the mass sterilizations were urbanites of Spanish derivation, the overwhelming majority of the victims were rural Quechua-speaking natives of Inca descent. This, of course, was no coincidence. When Fujimori was booted out in 2000, the new president, Alejandro Toledo, asked the Peruvian Congress to authorize an investigation into the population control campaign. Accordingly, an investigative commission known as the AQV was formed under the direction of Dr. Hector Chavez Chuchon. Billie Strange Meaning. The AQV submitted its report to the Human Rights Commission of the Peruvian Congress on June 10, 2003. According to the report, in the course of a five-year effort the Fujimori government had sterilized 314,605 women. Furthermore, Fujimori’s population control campaign had “carried out of cost push inflation, massive sterilizations on strange meaning designated ethnic groups, benefiting other ethnic or social groups which did not suffer the scourge with the same intensity . the action fits the inflation, definition of the crime of Genocide.” The report went on to make a “Constitutional Indictment” Fujimori and various officials of his government “for the alleged commission of crimes against Individual Liberty, against Life, Body, and fruit meaning, Health, of Criminal Conspiracy, and Genocide.” The primary funders of Fujimori’s genocide campaign were USAID (which ignored U.S. law and a 1998 congressional investigation to effects continue its financial support for the effort), the billie holiday strange fruit meaning, UNFPA, and the International Planned Parenthood Federation. I n June 1978, Song Jian, a top-level manager in charge of developing control systems for the Chinese guided-missile program, traveled to Helsinki for example push inflation, an international conference on billie holiday strange meaning control system theory and design.

While in Finland, he picked up copies of psychological The Limits to billie strange Growth and Blueprint for Survival publications of the Club of Rome, a major source of Malthusian propaganda and made the acquaintance of several Europeans who were promoting the psychological of bullying, reports’ method of using computerized “systems analysis” to predict and design the human future. Fascinated by the possibilities, Song returned to China and republished the Club’s analysis under his own name (without attribution), establishing his reputation for brilliant and original thinking. Indeed, while Club of Rome computer projections of impending resource shortages, graphs showing the shortening of billie holiday fruit meaning population-increase times, and discussions of “carrying capacities,” “natural limits,” mass extinctions, and the isolated “spaceship Earth” were all clichés in the West by 1978, in China they were fresh and striking ideas. In no time at all, Song became a scientific superstar. Essay About Nutrition Style. Seizing the moment to grasp for greater power and billie strange, importance, he pulled together an elite group of mathematicians from watch wife man, within his department, and with the help of a powerful computer to provide the necessary special effects, issued the profoundly calculated judgment that China’s “correct” population size was 650 to holiday strange fruit 700 million people which is to say some 280 to 330 million less than its actual 1978 population. Song’s analysis quickly found favor at of cost push, top levels of the Chinese Communist Party because it purported to prove that the reason for meaning, China’s continued poverty was not thirty years of disastrous misrule, but the very existence of the Chinese people. Of Cost Inflation. (To make the utter falsity of Song’s argument clear, it is sufficient to note that in 1980, neighboring South Korea, with four times China’s population density, had a per capita gross national product seven times greater.) Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping and his fellows in the Central Committee were also very impressed by the pseudo-scientific computer babble Song used to dress up his theory which, unlike its Club of Rome source documents in the West, ran unopposed in the state-controlled Chinese technical and popular media. Song proposed that China’s rulers set a limit of one child per family, effective immediately. Deng Xiaoping liked what Song had to billie holiday strange fruit meaning say, so those who might have had the power to resist the one-child policy were quick to protect themselves by lining up in support. At the critical Chengdu population conference in December 1979, only one brave man, Liang Zhongtang, a teacher of Marxism at rights, the Shaanxi Provincial Party School, called upon his party comrades to consider the brutality they were about to inflict: “We have made the peasants’ suffering bitter enough in the economic realm. We cannot make them suffer further.” Liang also tried to argue from a practical standpoint.

If we implement this policy, he said, every working Chinese married couple will need to holiday fruit meaning support four elderly grandparents, one child, and themselves a clear impossibility. None of the environmental issues in south, children will have any brothers or sisters, or uncles or aunts. None of the parents will have any relatives of their own generation to help out in time of need. The social fabric of village life will break down completely. There will be no one to serve in the Army. But such commonsense objections were of billie holiday strange no avail.

The word soon came down from the watch wife fuck other man, top: one child per billie holiday strange fruit meaning, family was now the policy of the infallible Party leadership, and no further disagreements would be tolerated. Thus began the environmental issues in south, most forceful population control program since Nazi Germany. Billie Strange. No more would the population controllers need to depend on tricks, bribes, denial of theory of natural benefits, traveling ligation festivals, or slum demolition platoons to obtain their victims. They now had the organized and unrelenting power of billie a totalitarian state to enforce their will, holding sway over not only a massive bureaucracy, but gigantic police and military forces, secret police, vast prison facilities, total media control, and tens of millions of Nutrition Writing Style informers. In The Population Bomb , Paul Ehrlich had called for state control of human reproduction, with “compulsory birth regulation.” Now, just twelve years later, Ehrlich’s utopian dream had become a nightmare reality for one-fifth of the human race. Qian Xinzhong, a Soviet-trained former major general in billie holiday strange meaning, the People’s Liberation Army, was placed in theory of natural rights, charge of the campaign. He ordered that all women with one child were to have a stainless-steel IUD inserted, and to be inspected regularly to make sure that they had not tampered with it. To remove the device was deemed a criminal act. All parents with two or more children were to be sterilized.

No pregnancies were legal for holiday meaning, anyone under 23, whether married or not, and Battered Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense, all unauthorized pregnancies were to be aborted. “Under no circumstances is the birth of a third child allowed,” Qian said. Women who defied these injunctions were taken and sterilized by force. Babies would be aborted right through the ninth month of pregnancy, with many crying as they were being stabbed to billie holiday strange meaning death at the moment of birth. Those women who fled to try to save their children were hunted, and if they could not be caught, their houses were torn down and their parents thrown in Plea, prison, there to linger until a ransom of 20,000 yuan about three years’ income for a peasant was paid for billie holiday fruit meaning, their release. Babies born to such fugitives were declared to be “black children,” illegal non-persons in the eyes of the environmental, state, without any right to employment, public schooling, health care, or reproduction. The leaders of the UNFPA and the International Planned Parenthood Federation were delighted, and rushed to send money (provided to them primarily by billie meaning the U.S. State Department) and personnel to help support the example of cost push inflation, campaign. China was so openly brutal in its methods that IPPF’s own information officer, Penny Kane, expressed alarm not at what was being done to millions of Chinese women, girls, and infants, but at the possible public-relations disaster that could mar the IPPF’s image if Americans found out what it was doing. “Very strong measures are being taken to reduce population,” Kane wrote from China, “I think that in the not-too-distant future this will blow up into a major press story as it contains all the ingredients for sensationalism Communism, forced family planning, murder of billie holiday strange meaning viable fetuses, parallels with India, etc. When it does blow up, it is going to be very difficult to defend.

We might find it extremely difficult to handle the press and the public if there were a major fuss about the Chinese methods.” Babies born in China in spite of the one-child policy are declared “black children” and have no right to food, health care, or education. If female, they are frequently killed, either at inflation, birth, or if apprehended later, at orphanages where they are gathered. Shown above is Mei Ming, a two-year-old girl tied to a chair in a “dying room.” The bucket below her is to catch her urine and feces as she dies over the next several days from starvation and neglect. The above photo was taken by a British TV crew during their filming of the billie strange meaning, 1995 documentary exposé The Dying Rooms . The Chinese government denies the existence of dying rooms. Courtesy Care of China’s Orphaned and Abandoned Disregarding Kane’s concerns, the IPPF stepped up its support for the campaign. True to her worries, however, the story did begin to break in the West. Battered Woman Self-Defense Essay. On November 30, 1981, the Wall Street Journal ran an eyewitness story by Michele Vink reporting women being “handcuffed, tied with ropes, or placed in pig’s baskets” as they were being hauled off for forced abortions. According to billie Vink, vehicles transporting women to hospitals in example push, Canton were “filled with wailing noises,” while unauthorized infants were being killed en masse. “Every day hundreds of fetuses arrive at the morgue,” one of Vink’s sources said.

On May 15, 1982, New York Times foreign correspondent Christopher Wren offered an even more devastating exposé. He reported on stories of thousands of Chinese women being “rounded up and forced to fruit meaning have abortions,” and Essay Nutrition Writing, tales of women “locked in detention cells or hauled before mass rallies and meaning, harangued into consenting to abortion,” as well as “vigilantes [who] abducted pregnant women on the streets and hauled them off, sometimes handcuffed or trussed, to of cost push abortion clinics.” He quoted one Chinese reporter who described “aborted babies which were actually crying when they were born.” The horror became so open that it could not be denied. By 1983, even Chinese newspapers themselves were running stories about the “butchering, drowning, and leaving to die of female infants and the maltreating of billie holiday women who had given birth to girls.” Unfazed by the press coverage, Qian redoubled the effort. Local Communist Party officials were given quotas for sterilizations, abortions, and IUD insertions. If they exceeded them, they could be promoted. If they failed to meet them, they would be expelled from the Party in disgrace. These measures guaranteed results. In 1983, 16 million women and 4 million men were sterilized, 18 million women had IUDs inserted, and over 14 million infants were aborted.

Going forward, these figures were sustained, with combined total coerced abortions, IUD implantations, and sterilizations exceeding 30 million per year through 1985. In celebration of Qian’s achievements, the of cost, UNFPA in 1983 gave him (together with Indira Gandhi) the first United Nations Population Award, complete with diploma, gold medal, and $25,000 cash. In a congratulatory speech at the award ceremony in New York, U.N. Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar said: “Considering the fact that China and India contain over 40 per cent of billie holiday strange fruit meaning humanity, we must all record our deep appreciation of the way in which their governments have marshaled the resources necessary to implement population policies on a massive scale.” Qian stood up and promised to continue “controlling population quantity and raising population quality.” The U.N. was not alone in expressing its appreciation. The World Bank signaled its thanks in the sincerest way possible that is to say, with cash, providing China with $22 billion in loans by 1996. Given the supreme importance to rural Chinese families of having a son, both to take care of aging parents and to continue the line and honor family ancestors, many peasants simply could not accept a daughter as their only child. The resultant spike in of cost inflation, female infanticide was perhaps not especially troubling to the authorities in itself, given their attitude toward related matters, but the total social breakdown it betokened was. Facing this reality, in 1988 the government in some provinces compromised just a little and agreed that couples who had a daughter as their first child would be allowed one more try to have a son provided that there were no unauthorized births or other violations of the holiday fruit meaning, population policy by anyone in the couple’s village during that year. While giving a bit on the population front, this “reform” had the salutary effect from the inflation, totalitarian point of view of destroying peasant solidarity, which previously had acted to shield local women giving birth in hiding.

Instead, hysterical group pressure was mobilized against such rebels, with everyone in the village transformed into strange government snoops to police their neighbors against Battered Woman Self-Defense, possible infractions. The killing of daughters, however, continued apace. Billie Holiday Fruit. During the period from Essay Nutrition Writing Style, 2000 to billie holiday fruit 2004, almost 1.25 boys were born for every girl born indicating that one-fifth of all baby girls in China were either being aborted or murdered. Psychological. In some provinces the fraction eliminated was as high as one-half. The Terrible Toll. I n 1991, UNFPA head Nafis Sadik went to China to congratulate the oligarchs of the People’s Republic for billie holiday strange fruit meaning, their excellent program, which by that time had already sterilized, implanted IUDs in, or performed abortions on some 300 million people. “China has every reason to feel proud of and pleased with its remarkable achievements made in its family planning policy and control of its population growth over of natural, the past ten years,” she said. “Now the country could offer its experiences and holiday fruit meaning, special experts to help other countries. UNFPA is going to employ some of theory of natural [China’s family planning experts] to work in fruit meaning, other countries and Essay, popularize China’s experience in population growth control and family planning.” Sadik made good on her promise. With the help of the UNFPA, the holiday fruit meaning, Chinese model of population control was implemented virtually in its entirety in Vietnam, and used to enhance the brutal effectiveness of the antihuman efforts in many other countries, from Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to Mexico and Peru. Meanwhile, many other countries have similarly grim stories. The Indonesian population control program was extensive and coercive; Betsy Hartmann has recounted a case in 1990 in which “family planning workers accompanied by theory the police and army went from house to house and took men and women to a site where IUDs were being inserted.

Women who refused had IUDs inserted at gunpoint.” The Indonesian government’s longstanding commitment to population control meant that other areas of billie holiday strange meaning health care were not prioritized, which is why the country’s infant mortality rate is double that of neighboring Malaysia and Thailand. The misallocation of scarce health resources is even more apparent in sub-Saharan Africa. Health care professionals and programs that should be dedicated to fighting malaria and other deadly diseases are instead dedicated to population control. In South Africa. As Dr. Stephen Karanja, former secretary of the Kenyan Medical Association, wrote in 1997: Our health sector is collapsed. Billie Holiday Strange. Thousands of the Kenyan people will die of Syndrome: malaria, the treatment of which costs a few cents, in health facilities whose shelves are stocked to the ceiling with millions of dollars’ worth of billie strange fruit pills, IUDs, Norplant, Depo-Provera, and so on, most of which are supplied with American money. Special operating theaters fully serviced and not lacking in instruments are opened in hospitals for the sterilization of Battered Woman Syndrome: Plea Essay women. Strange Meaning. While in the same hospitals, emergency surgery cannot be done for psychological effects of bullying, lack of basic operating instruments and supplies.

In a 2000 interview, Karanja continued, “You can’t perform operations because there is no equipment, no materials. The operation theater isn’t working. Billie Strange Fruit Meaning. But if it is for a sterilization, the theater is equipped.” Worse still, as Steven Mosher has argued in his book Population Control , there is good reason to believe that the 100 million hypodermic needles that were shipped to Africa since the 1990s for Writing, injecting contraceptive drugs have been a major cause of the continent’s horrific AIDS epidemic which has resulted in tens of millions of billie holiday deaths, with nearly two million more deaths expected this year, and next, and for years more to come. Around the world, the population control movement has resulted in billions of watch wife fuck other lost or ruined lives. We cannot stop at billie holiday strange fruit, merely rebutting the pseudoscience and Woman Self-Defense Essay, recounting the crimes of the population controllers. We must also expose and confront the underlying antihumanist ideology.

If the idea is accepted that the billie strange fruit, world’s resources are fixed with only so much to theory rights go around, then each new life is unwelcome, each unregulated act or thought is billie holiday strange fruit, a menace, every person is fundamentally the in south, enemy of every other person, and holiday meaning, each race or nation is the enemy of every other race or nation. The ultimate outcome of such a worldview can only be enforced stagnation, tyranny, war, and genocide. The horrific crimes advocated or perpetrated by antihumanism’s devotees over the past two centuries prove this conclusively. Only in a world of unlimited resources can all men be brothers. That is why we must reject antihumanism and embrace instead an ethic based on faith in the human capacity for creativity and invention. Environmental In South Africa. For in doing so, we make a statement that we are living not at the end of history, but at strange fruit meaning, the beginning of history; that we believe in freedom and not regimentation; in progress and not stasis; in love rather than hate; in life rather than death; in hope rather than despair. Robert Zubrin, The Population Control Holocaust, The New Atlantis , Number 35, Spring 2012, pp.

33-54.

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essay on sea turtle Travis had a blast exploring Lighthouse Cave on holiday fruit San Salvador, Bahamas. See other beautiful phenomena from the about Nutrition Writing Style Bahamas. The biology of the sea turtle and facors affecting its population. Upon first sight of the great sea turtle it might just think that it is billie holiday meaning, like any other turtle. The truth is that marine turtles are beautiful creatures spending a majority of their lives wandering endlessly through our massive ocean.

These reptiles have the ability to environmental issues, do amazing things. Some of fruit these things include evolving to a range of of bullying purely innate responses to the demands of a changing suite of environments and having remarkable navigations skills for their excursions that may last up to meaning, several years. Sea turtles have been in existence for in south, more than 100 million years and researchers have been studying them for great deal of time. During the billie strange fruit past 20 years however, the of cost push inflation natural history of billie holiday strange meaning marine turtles has received growing attention and much has been learned (Bjorndal 19). Instantly you will fall in love with their beauty and majestic way of example of cost inflation life.

The biology behind these amazing animals causes them stand out from much of the ocean life. There are seven different species of sea turtles. These species include Kemps Ridley, Flatback, Loggerhead, Olive Ridley, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and the Hawaiian Green Turtle (Gardner 2004). Unlike many animals the female sea turtle is generally larger than the males. Billie Strange Fruit Meaning? The main distinction between the two is that the male tends to have a longer tail. The core part of the sea turtle and the part that helps protect them from predators is the shell. The shell grows around the body protecting the organs of the animal. There are different sections that cover the psychological effects shell, which are called scutes. The skin that covers their body is billie fruit, a leathery material.

Marine turtles also have a beneficial shape that allows them to environmental issues in south, glide through the water with their paddle-like flippers. These flippers provide the main movement and mobility of the turtles and contain a claw and in some cases two claws. Courtship between among sea turtles begins when the male turtle first approaches the billie holiday fruit female it swims round to face the female and nuzzles her head. Continued nuzzling on the neck and shoulder accompanied by nonaggressive bites leads to biting actions at one of the rear flippers. If the female accepts she will turn toward him and assume a vertical position in Woman Self-Defense Plea the water (Bjorndal 30). Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning? The male will the attempt to mount the Woman Self-Defense Essay female and reproduction occurs between the fruit male and female through sperm that is passed to the female though the males tail. The beginning of mating takes place in the water and then concludes on other land (Ching 21). A sea turtle lives most of its life in the water, however the female will return to land to lay her eggs. Biologist believe that nesting female turtles return to the same beach where they were born. This beach is referred to as the natal beach: (Gardner 2004).

The female sea turtle will lay her eggs at nighttime, making her way up on to the land to holiday, find a good place to construct a pit for her offspring. The process of laying eggs is as follows: she dug a pit for her body with her flippers. She nested in it and used her back flippers, like shovels, to issues in south africa, scoop out a bottle-shaped hole. Billie Holiday Strange Meaning? Now she drops about one hundred white, leathery eggs that look like ping pong balls into this hole. When she finishes she will cover the nest with sand and slowly go back to Essay about Writing, sea, leaving a trail behind her (Jacobs 13). Heat from the sun helps the growth and development of the unhatched sea turtles. Usually two months are needed for the eggs to hatch. When they have reached maturity they have a sharp snout that they uses to billie holiday meaning, cut open and escape from the shells. Environmental In South Africa? A nest of holiday strange fruit meaning sea turtles will hatch at about the same time. This is beneficial because the movement as a group helps each egg. When the watch fuck baby sea turtles are out of the shells they start scraping away the sand when they feel the cool sand and then they know that it is night.

The little hatchlings will spend a couple of days digging its way to billie holiday fruit meaning, the surface. Push Inflation? Once they have reached the surface they make their way towards the ocean. Only a few make it to adulthood. Holiday Fruit Meaning? They have many predators like birds and lizards on theory the beach and even the fish will eat them in billie holiday meaning the ocean. If they do make it to the ocean they have a chance to example of cost push inflation, live a long adventurous life. Sea turtles are not generally considered social animals, however some species do congregate offshore. Even hatchlings, once they reach the water, generally remain solitary until they mate. Billie Fruit Meaning? In the ocean turtles may spend hours at the surface floating, apparently asleep or basking in the sun while seabirds perch on their backs.

Sea turtles tend to dive in a cycle that follows the daily rising and sinking of the dense layer of plankton and effects, jellyfish. As dawn approaches, their dives become deeper as the plankton and jellyfish retreat to deeper water and away from the light of day. The turtles bask at the surface at midday when the layer sinks beyond their typical diving range. As dusk approaches, the turtles' dives become more shallow as the layer rises. Migration habitats are different among species and different populations of the fruit meaning same species as well. Some sea turtle populations feed in the same general areas and issues africa, other will travel great distances. Holiday Strange? The Green sea turtle population migrates primarily along the coasts from nesting to feeding grounds. However, some populations will travel across the Battered Woman Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea Essay Atlantic Ocean from the Ascension Island nesting grounds to the Brazilian coast feeding grounds. Billie Strange Fruit? Researchers have documented nonmigratory and short-distance migratory populations among sea turtles.

Leatherbacks have the longest migration of all sea turtles. They have been found more than 4,831 km (3,000 miles) from their nesting beaches. A sea turtles diet also varies with species. Some maybe be carnivorous, others herbivorous, or both plant and psychological, meat eating. The jaw structure of the species can indicate their diet.

Marine turtles with finely serrated jaws are more adapted for a vegetarian diet of sea grasses and algae. The Loggerheads and Ridleys have jaws that are tailored for crushing and grinding crabs, mollusks, shrimps, jellyfish, and billie fruit, vegetation. The hawksbill has a narrow head with jaws meeting at an small angle, adapted for getting food from crevices in coral reefs. They eat things like sponges, tunicates, shrimps, and squids. As sea turtles age they sometimes change their eating habits from carnivorous at environmental in south hatching and to billie fruit meaning, a herbivore as an adult.

Sea turtles can be spotted around the globe. Adults of most species are found in shallow, coastal waters, bays, lagoons, and estuaries. Some also venture into the open sea. Younger sea turtles of some species may be found in bays and estuaries, as well as at sea. Despite the abundance of interest and love of sea turtles they are still endangered.

There are many factors that contribute to the threatened lives of sea turtles. One main cause of the death of about Writing Style sea turtles is from holiday strange, hunters. Marine turtles are hunted for Woman Syndrome:, their meat, eggs and their shell, which is usually used for tools and ornaments (Olafsson and Daly 2). Their skin is often used to make leather goods. The Hawksbill is strange, prized for fuck, its shell to make tortoise shell combs, brush handles, eyeglass frames, buttons, hair clips and billie strange fruit, jewelry (Jacobs 21). Sea turtles are even killed and then stuffed to be hung on Essay Style peoples walls.

Once dead fat is taken from these reptiles to make makeup. Now the holiday strange meaning sea turtles are under the Endangered Species Act. This has helped them make a slow recovery and the population is slowly increasing. Another great cause of the death of sea turtles is within the fishing industry. Shrimp trawling, one of the worlds most destructive fishing practices, had been documented as the greatest threat to the continued survival of Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea sea turtle populations (Fugazzotto and Steiner 1).

When people are fishing for shrimp they drag a big net behind a boat. This results in sea turtles getting caught in the net and then dragged for many hours. Strange? They die from the Woman Essay exhaustion from attempting to escape. A simple and inexpensive technology, known as TED (Turtle Excluder Device), can be attached to shrimp nets to billie holiday strange meaning, prevent the needless decimation of the remaining sea turtles. New ideas to help preserve the last of our precious sea turtles are happening are being made every day. Recently they have discovered tumors developing on the skin of the sea turtles. Scientists have identified the tumors as fibropapillomas because it is a tumor that grows and develops on fibrous tissue. Environmental Issues Africa? Fibropapillomas develops and appears as lobe-shaped tumors. Billie Holiday Strange Meaning? They can appear and can infect all soft portions on the turtles body, which is mainly its skin (Gardner 2004). The tumors start out small at first but can grow to 10 centimeters or more in diameter. The causes of the push tumors are yet to be discovered.

Researchers have not been able to determine and pinpoint the major factor leading to the cause of death of these turtles. The size and location of the tumors implied that much of the turtles died because they were unable to breathe normally or eat. The impact that this disease has on the population of sea turtles is tragic and unfortunate. Most of the turtles contract these tumors and die in billie holiday fruit just a few years. Human are a sea turtles largest predator aside from the birds, lizards, and large fish that eat them when they are newly hatched. Humans need to example, get rid of strange fruit meaning waste causes things like plastic bags and other harmful things to be put into the ocean. Often times the turtles will mistake plastic bags as jellyfish. The plastic is very hard for them to digest and ends up staying in their bodies for theory, a long period of time. This can also clog the turtles digestive system (Gardner 2004).

Marine turtles are also sensitive to all kinds of oils and chemicals that are often spilled into the ocean. Humans and their needs for a beachfront property sometimes take up the breeding grounds for turtles leaving them no place to lay their eggs. There are many conservations programs that are set up to help protect these wonderful creatures. As mentioned before shrimping nets are often equipped with the TED to prevent sea turtles from being trapped in the net and killed. Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Meaning? Each of the eight species of Battered Self-Defense sea turtles are listed as threatened or endangered on holiday meaning the U.S. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants List.

Which makes it illegal to theory of natural rights, harm, or in any way interfere with, a sea turtle or its eggs. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of billie holiday strange fruit meaning Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international treaty developed in 1973 to regulate trade in certain wildlife species. CITES protects all species of sea turtles. The U.S. and 115 other countries have banned the import or export of sea turtle products. Other things that can be done are protecting the nests by Style, covering them with a screen, maintaining wildlife refugees, managing sex ratios, and fruit meaning, zoos like Sea World with an Animal Rescue and Rehabilitation Program. Sea turtles are amazing animals for their beauty and intelligence. They have roamed our oceans for Battered Syndrome: Self-Defense Plea Essay, millions of years and hopefully with our help we can keep it going. Billie Holiday Meaning? Now that you have learned more knowledge about sea turtles here are a few interesting facts: Scientists believe that sea turtles navigate by using their own innate global positioning system. Hatchlings are born with the ability to watch fuck other man, navigate using the earth's magnetic field. The leatherback is the most ancient species of living sea turtle, as well as the largest and heaviest turtle in billie strange meaning the world.

Studies have shown that loggerhead eggs incubated at about 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) or higher develop into females. Eggs incubated at 82 degrees F (28 degrees C) or below produce males. Incubation temperatures between the two result in both males and females. Ancona, George. (1987). Turtle Watch. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Bjorndal, Karen A. (Ed.). Psychological? (1979). Biology and billie fruit, Conservation of Sea Turtles. Washington London: Smithsonian Institution Press. Bolton, Alan B., Blair E. Witherington. (2003). Loggerhead Sea Turtles. Washington: Smithsonian Books. Bush Entertainment Corporation. (2002). Sea Turtles.

Retrieved March 31, 2004, from http://seaworld.org. Ching, Patrick. (2001). Sea Turtles of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press. Committee on Sea Turtle Conservation. (1990). Decline of the Sea Turtles: Causes and psychological effects of bullying, Prevention. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Florida Marine Research Institute. (2004). Sea Turtles. Retrieved March 31, 2004, from http://flordiamarine.org. Fugazzotto, Peter, Todd Steiner. (1998).

Slain by Trade. Sea Turtle Restoration Project. Garder, Emily M.S. (2004) Hawaiis Marine Wildlife: Whales, Dolphins, Turtles, and Seals: A course study. Retrieved April 19, 2004, from http://www.earthtrust.org/wlcurrie/index.html. Jacobs, Francine. Billie Holiday Strange? (1995).

Sea Turtles. Hawaiian Island Humpback Whale National Sanctuary and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Klemens, Michael W. (Ed.). (2000). Turtle Conservation.

Washington London: Smithsonian Institution. Olafsson, Hugi, Trevor Daly (1990). Sea Turtles: Endangered and Exploited. Spachee Environmental News Alert no. 2. Here is a list of responses that have been posted to your discussion topic. If you would like to post a response to this topic, fill out this form completely. Article complete. Click HERE to return to the Pre-Course Presentation Outline and Paper Posting Menu. Or, you can return to the course syllabus. Listen to a Voice Navigation Intro! (Quicktime or MP3)

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